Pharmacological Research, 1999. Sep;40 (3):211-25
DHA and EPA are long-chain omega-3 fatty acids. This review lists the many benefits of these as well as the effects of a deficiency in both infants and adults.
QUOTE: “… deficiencies of DHA are associated with deficits in learning … foetal alcohol syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria, unipolar depression, aggressive hostility, and adrenoleukodystrophy … DHA has a positive effect on diseases such as hypertension, arthritis, atherosclerosis, depression, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, thrombosis, and some cancers.”