The Science Connecting Environment, Diet, Behavior, and Health
Full Text Documents and Abstracts
Updated May 27, 2021

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In March, 2000, a 14-year-old boy died suddenly of a heart attack. Rumors of "underlying heart defect" were circulated in the parent suport groups for ADHD, but none of the articles about him had interviewed a cardiologist. So I interviewed a cardiologist, as well as the medical examiner involved, and this is my article, with links to others pulished at the time and later.

  1. AABY 2018
    Evidence of Increase in Mortality After the Introduction of Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine to Children Aged 6-25 Months in Guinea-Bissau: A Time for Reflection?
    • Conclusion: "Although having better nutritional status and being protected against three infections, 6-35 months old DTP-vaccinated children tended to have higher mortality than DTP-unvaccinated children."
    • Aaby, Mogensen, Rodrigues, Benn. Denmark.

  2. AACAP 1997 - American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry - Practice Parameters 1997
    • see also PRACTICE PARAMETERS 1997 for more information
    • ADHD

  3. AACAP 2007 - American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry - Practice Parameters 2007
    • ADHD; says in 1997 there was no evidence to support diet and "no studies have appeared since then that would justify their use."

  4. AAGAARD 2011
    The occurrence of adverse drug reactions reported for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications in the pediatric population: a qualitative review of empirical studies
    • ADHD, medication side effects, drug reactions, Aagaard, Hansen

  5. AALAA 2017
    Influence of MTHFR gene variations on perceived stress modification: Preliminary results of NURSE study.
    • MTHFR genotype nurses perceived more stress than those with normal genotype. This is a risk factor for nurses.
    • Aalaa, Varzaneh, Maghbooli, Samandari, Mostafavi, Salemi, Mehrdad, Sanjari. Iran.

  6. AALTO-KORTE 2000
    Allergic contact dermatitis from tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) in a vegetable hydraulic oil
    • allergy, TBHQ, BHA, dermatitis, Finland

  7. AAP 1985
    "Inactive" Ingredients in Pharmaceutical Products
    American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs
    • Food Dye, Color

  8. AAP 1997
    "Inactive" Ingredients in Pharmaceutical Products: Update
    American Academy Committee on Drugs
    • Food Dye, Color

  9. AAP 2001 American Academy of Pediatrics: 2001
    ADHD - Unproven Treatments
    • Note that DIET is no longer listed as an "unproven treatment" ... well it's a far cry from being a recommended treatment, but maybe that will come in another 30 years?

  10. AAP 2001
    Clinical Practice Guideline: Treatment of the School-Aged Child With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • adhd,American Academy of Pediatrics

  11. AAP 2002
    Document about getting parents to vaccinate and form template for doctors to use for parents who refuse.

  12. AAP 2001
    Counseling Families Who Choose Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Their Child With Chronic Illness or Disability
    • "make empathetic statements that acknowledge the families' deep concerns" and "Identify risks or potential harmful effects"

  13. AAP 2008:
    Grand Rounds - February 2008
    • "we ... admit we might have been wrong."

  14. AARDOOM 1997
    Food intolerance (food hypersensitivity) and chronic complaints in children: the parents' perception.
    • Conclusion: Doctors should talk to parents about the possibility of food intolerance for patients with asthma, rhinitis, hay fever, diarrhoea, or hyperactivity.

  15. AASETH 1998
    Rheumatoid arthritis and metal compounds—perspectives on the role of oxygen radical detoxification
    • Gold, iron, zinc, copper, inflammation, toxic oxygen, thiols.
    • Aaseth, Haugen, Forre. Norway
  16. ABDEL AZIZ 1997
    A study on the reproductive toxicity of erythrosine in male mice
    • Erythrosine (Red 3) reduced sperm count and increased sperm abnormality.

  17. ABDELLI 2019
    Propionic Acid Induces Gliosis and Neuro-inflammation through Modulation of PTEN/AKT Pathway in Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • In-vitro study. Concludes "data supports a significant role for PPA (Propionic Acid) in modulating hNSC patterning leading to gliosis, disturbed neuro-circuitry, and inflammatory response as seen in ASD (autism)
    • Abdelli, Samsam, Naser

  18. ABDEL-LATIF 2006
    Effects of Breast Milk on the Severity and Outcome of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Among Infants of Drug-Dependent Mothers
    • Breast feeding helps baby go through withdrawal (apparently because of drugs in the breast milk).
    • Abdel-Latif, Pinner, Clews, Cooke, Lui, Oei. Australia

  19. ABDEL-SALAM 2012
    Studies on the effects of aspartame on memory and oxidative stress in brain of mice
    • artificial sweetener, monoamines, brain, water maze, inhibition of brain serotonin, noradrenaline, dopamine, decreased brain glucose.
    • Abdel-Salam, Salem, El-Shamarka, Hussein, Ahmed, El-Nagar. Egypt.

  20. ABDEL-SAMIE 2008
    Erythrosine, a colour additive, induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats: Histological, ultrastructural, and biochemical studies.
    • Red 3 given to rats caused time-dependent damage to liver, blood vessels, mitochondria, etc.
    • Similar results found in other studies of MSG, sugar, lnitrites, benzoates.
    • Abdel-Samie, Bayomy, Zarad. Egypt

  21. ABDEL-WAHAB 2005
    Potential neuroprotective effect of t-Butylhydroquinone against neurotoxicity—induced by 1-Methyl-4-(2.-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydropyridine (2.-Methyl-MPTP) in mice
    • TBHQ prevented some oxidative stress caused by a neurological toxin in mouse model of parkinson's, but TBHQ failed to protect against induced pathology.
    • Egypt.

  22. ABDULLAH 2008
    Binding ability of Allura Red with food proteins and its impact on protein digestibility.
    • Food dyes. Red 40, binds to proteins, no effect on digestion.
    • Abdullah, Baduruddin, Sayeed, Ali, Riaz. Pakistan.

  23. ABDULLAH 2012
    Heavy metal in children's tooth enamel: Related to autism and disruptive behaviors?
    • Neurotoxicant, children, behavior. lead, mercury, manganese prenatal, postnatal teeth -
    • found no differemce in prenatal teeth betweem well and sick children.
    • Looking at Table 1, almost all levels LOWER in sick children; wondering if this means the toxins are not being eliminated through teeth effectively.
    • With only 20 or 22 in each group, differences have to be rather large to be significant.
    • Abdullah, Ly, Goldberg, Clarke-Stewart, Dudgeon, Mull, Chan, Kent, Mason, Ericson.

  24. ABEBE 2002
    Herbal medication: potential for adverse interactions with analgesic drugs.
    • aspirin and acetaminophen (tylenol) interactions with various herbs cause bleeding, hepatoxicity, nephrotoxicity (liver, kidney);
    • sedatives, CNS, opioids. Animal studies needed.

  25. ABEL 2017
    Maternal Iodine Intake and Offspring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a Large Prospective Cohort Study
    • Iodine deficiency in mother is associated with more ADHD symptoms in child at 8 years, but not increased diagnosis of ADHD. Supplementing Iodine did not help.
    • In fact, beginning iodine supplement in early pregnancy was associated with increased risk ADHD.
    • Abel, Ystrom, Caspersen, Meltzer, Aase, Torheim, Askeland, Reichborn-Kjennerud, Brantsaeter. Norway.

  26. ABHILASH 2011
    Effect of Long Term Intake of Aspartame on Antioxidant Defense Status in Liver
    • animals. Rats, Glutathione, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

  27. ABHILASH 2014
    Chronic effect of aspartame on ionic homeostatis and monoamine neurotransmitters in the rat brain
    • animals. brain, apoptosis, dopamine & serotonin decreased.
    • Tyrosine hydroxylase & amino acids altered in brain.
    • Possible effect on cognitive function.
    • Abhilash, Alex, Mathews, Nair.

  28. ABIKOFF 1984
    Does behavior therapy normalize the classroom behavior of hyperactive children?
    • Behavioral treatment normalized aggression but not adhd or hyperactivity.
    • Abikoff, Gittelman

  29. ABIKOFF 1985
    The normalizing effects of methylphenidate on the classroom behavior of ADDH children.
    • ADHD. "... continued to be significantly less attentive"
    • Abikoff, Gittelman.

    Physiological effects of some synthetic food colouring additives on rats.
    • animals. Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Blue 1, etc. decreased red cell count, color in liver, hemorrhage in liver & kidney, congested blood vessels

  31. ABRAHAMS 1997
    Geophagy (soil consumption) and iron supplementation in Uganda
    • eating dirt, iron deficiency

  32. ABRAMOVITCH 2013
    Correlates of Physical Activity with Intrusive Thoughts, Worry and Impulsivity in Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study
    • ADHD symptoms correlated with self-report of activity.
    • Abramovitch, Goldzweig, Schweiger. Israel.

  33. ABRAMS 1979
    Perspective in clinical research: A review of research controversies surrounding the Feingold Diet
    • behavioral toxicology, reviews early studies and difficulties in design.
    • Abrams, Schultz, Margen, Ogar.

  34. ABRAMS 1997
    Absorption of calcium, zinc, and iron from breast milk by five- to seven-month-old infants
    • minerals well absorbed from breast milk.
    • Abrams, Wen, Stuff.

  35. ABRAMSON 1989
    Elevated blood serotonin in autistic probands and their first-degree relatives
    • Levels of serotonin, genetics. Levels higher in families with autism.
    • Abramson, Wright, Carpenter, Brennan, Lumpuy, Cole, Young.

  36. ABRIL-GIL 2015
    Development and Characterization of an Effective Food Allergy Model in Brown Norway Rats
    • Give rats ovalbumin (egg white protein) with aluminum & toxin from pertussis vaccine, and they will become allergic to egg white.
    • Abril-Gil, Garcia-Just, Perez-Cano, Franch, Castell. Sprin.

  37. ABU-TAWEEL 2014
    Cognitive and biochemical effects of monosodium glutamate and aspartame, administered individually and in combination in male albino mice
    • MSG, aspartame together caused measurable decrease in dopamine, serotonin, glutathione.
    • Each caused disruptiion in cognitive ability, memory, learning - together was worst.
    • Abu-Taweel, M.A., Ajarem, Ahmad. Saudi Arabia

  38. ACCARDO 1994
    Nutrition and Behavior: The legend continues
    • ridicules diet, food additives as treatment for ADHD
    • "The parent who wants to engage in scientific debate about the harmfulness of food additives needs to be sent off to read the article by Shaywitz ..."

  39. ACOSTA 1995
    Hidden sources of galactose in the environment
    • GALT deficiency. So much hidden galactose, there may be no galactose-free diet.
    • Acosta, Gross.

  40. ACWORTH 1988
    Tyrosine: Effects on catecholamine release
    • Complicated by feedback mechanisms. Phenylalanine, dopamine.
    • Acworth, During, Wurtman

  41. ADAMS 1981
    Lack of behavioral effects from Feingold diet violations
    • ADHD, diet. This is often quoted as one of the "negative" studies.
    • If you add up the individual amounts of coloring that they list in Table 2 on Page 311, you will discover that they actually only add up to 18.8 mg and NOT the 26.3 mg total listed.

  42. ADAMS 1997
    Nutrition and its relationship to autism.
    • tutorial, nutrition, candidiasis (yeast), gluten/casein intolerance, celiac disease, diet, vitamins, minerals.
    • Case studies.

  43. ADAMS 2000
    Workshop to identify critical windows of exposure for children's health: Neurobehavioral Work Group Summary
    • developmental developmental disorders, behavior
    • Adams, Barone, LaMantia, Philen, Rice, Spear, Susser

  44. ADAMS 2004
    Pilot Study of a Moderate Dose Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement for Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
    • B6 test before study looked like kids with autism are high in B6; they apparently convert to active form slowly and are low in THAT.
    • Good overview of a variety of other nutrients in autism.
    • Adams & Holloway.

  45. ADAMS 2009
    The Severity of Autism Is Associated with ToxicMetal Body Burden and Red Blood Cell Glutathione Levels
    • The severity of autism is related to toxic metals body burden and glutathione levels.
    • Adams, Baral, Geis, Mitchell, Ingram, Hensley, Zappia, Newmark, Gehn, Rubin, Mitchell, Bradstreet, El-Dahr

  46. ADAMS 2011
    Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children, and the association with autism severity

  47. ADAMS 2011
    Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism
    • Improvement in methylation, glutathion, exidative stress, sulfation, ATP, NADH, NADPH. "...a vitamin/mineral supplement is a reasonable adjunct therapy ... * for most children and adults with autism."
    • Adams, Audhya, McDonough-Means, Rubin, Quig, Geis, Gehn, Loresto, Mitchell, Atwood, Barnhouse, Lee.

  48. ADAMS 2013
    Toxicological status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children and the association with autism severity
    • children with autism have more toxic metals, levels strongly associated with severity.
    • Adams, Audbya, McDonough-Means, Rubin, Quig, Geis, Gehn, Loresto, Mitchell, Atwood, Barnhouse, Lee.

  49. ADAMSSON 2015
    Role of a prudent breakfast in improving cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with hypercholesterolemia: A randomized controlled trial
    • changing just breakfast helped a little.
    • Adamsson, Reumark, Marklund, Larsson, Riserus. Sweden

  50. ADARAMOYE 2015
    Effects of long-term administration of aspartame on biochemical indices, lipid profile and redox status of cellular system of male rats
    • animals. Aspartame raises cholesterol, urea, triglycerides. damage to kidney, liver, brain, etc. via oxidative stress & glutathione.
    • Adaramoye, Akanni. Nigeria.

  51. ADDITUDE 2016
    9 Foods to Eat (and Avoid) for Improved ADHD Symptoms: Your high-protein, low-sugar, no-additive diet.
    • 13-page book published 8/12/16 per Madalyn Baldanzi at New Hope Media

  52. ADDY 1994
    Aetiological, predisposing and environmental factors in dentine hypersensitivity.
    • not toothpaste; need more research. Addy, Pearce. Wales

  53. ADESMAN 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD
    • Criticism of Pelsser 2011

  54. ADEYEMO 2014
    Mild traumatic brain injury and ADHD: A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis
    • TBI, brain injury, associated with adhd.
    • Adeyemo, Biederman, Zafonte, Kagan, Spencer, Uchida, Kenworthy, Spencer, Faraone.

  55. ADJEI 2002
    Catecholestrogen sulfation: Possible role in carcinogenesis
    • estrogens, quinones, DNA, SULT enzymes (PST) needed
    • Adjei, Weinshilboum

  56. ADJEI 2003
    Human estrogen sulfotransferase (SULT1E1) pharmacogenomics: gene resequencing and functional genomics
    • sulfation, PST, genetic variations.
    • Adjei, Thomae, Prondzinski, Eckloff, Wieben, Weinshilboum.

  57. ADJEI 2008
    Interindividual Variability in Acetaminophen Sulfation by Human Fetal Liver: Implications for Pharmacogenetic Investigations of Drug-Induced Birth Defects
    • Tylenol in pregnancy. Genetic variable involving SULT1A (PST) enzymes related to birth defects.
    • Adjei, Gaedigk, Simon, Weinshilboum, Leeder.

  58. ADRIANI 2004
    Acetyl-L-carnitine reduces impulsive behaviour in adolescent rats
    • animal study. ADHD. acetyl-L-carnitine lowers impulsivity, raises noradrenaline.
    • Adriani, Rea, Baviera, Invernizzi, Carli, Ghirardi, Caprioli, Laviola.

  59. ADVANI 2014
    Eating everything except food (PICA): A rare case report and review
    • Dx & treatment by dentists. possible iron, zinc, calcium deficiency, elevated lead, damaged teeth
    • Advani, Kochhar, Chachra, Dhawan. India

  60. ADZICK 1994
    Cells, matrix, growth factors, and the surgeon: The biology of scarless fetal wound repair
    • adults have more growth factor beta (TGF-B). anti-TGF-B therapies needed.
    • Adzick, Lorenze.

  61. AGHARANYA 1981
    Changes in catecholamine excretion after short-term tyrosine ingestion in normally fed human subjects
    • tyrosine accelerates catecholamine synthesis outside the CNS. Maybe good medicine for peripheral catecholamine deficiency.
    • Agharanya, Alonso, Wurtman

  62. AHAMED 2007
    Environmental lead toxicity and nutritional factors
    • Lead exposure without food is more absorbed; range is from 10% to 80%.
    • lead effects. Food, calcium, zinc, beta-carotene, vitamin B6, vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium, iron
    • Ahamed & Siddiqui. India.

  63. AHARON-MAOR 2000
    The good, the bad, and the ugly of vaccination.
    • autoimmune. TB, MS, MMR, autism, IBD, arthritis, lupus, Reiter's syndrome.
    • Aharon-Maor, Shoenfeld. Israel.

  64. AHARONSON-RAZ 2012
    Pulmonary intravascular macrophages as proinflammatory cells in heaves, an asthma-like equine disease
    • asthma, horse.
    • Aharonson-Raz, Lohmann, Townsend, Marques, Singh. Canada.

  65. AHLSKOG 1996
    Levodopa and deprenyl treatment effects on peripheral indices of oxidant stress in Parkinson's disease
    • Levodopa causes oxidative damage in vitro but not in vivo.
    • Ahlskog, Uitti, Low, Tyce, O'Brien, Nickander.

  66. AHMAD 2014
    Fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain in auatoimmune thyroid disease.
    • hashimoto thyroiditis, pain.
    • Ahmad, Tague

  67. AHMADIPOUR 2018
    Vaccine safety surveillance in Canada: Reports to CAEFISS, 2013–2016
    • Authors work for the CAEFISS
    • Canada's immunization rate is low
    • Their CAEFISS system is both passive and active (12 centers, screen hospital admissions for possible vaccine injury)
    • Note: This would miss most autistic development that would not entail hospital visit. It would also miss most other non-hospital-related reactions.
    • Ahmadipour, Watkins, Frechette, Coulby, Anyoti, Johnson. Canada

  68. AHMED 2008
    Psychogenic and organic movement disorders in children
    • Tourette Syndrome, ataxia
    • Ahmed, Martinez, Yee, Besag.

  69. AHMED 2011
    Induction of Apoptosis, Necrosis and differentiation in hepG2 cell line (Comparison between natural and Synthetic products)
    • Cancer, Tumors, TBHQ, Apoptosis, Malignancies

  70. AJDACIC-GROSS 2019
    A step beyond the hygiene hypothesis—immune-mediated classes determined in a population-based study
    • First study determining immune-mediated early biomarkers for somatic & psychiatric diseases showing up later.
    • Ajdacic-Gross, Mutsch, Rodgers, Tesic, Muller, Seifritz, Wagner, von Kanel, Landolt, Steinemann, von Wyl, Castelao, Strippoli, Glaus, Vandeleur, Marques-Vidal, Voltenweider, Preisig. Switzerland.

  71. AKARSU 2013
    The efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of chronic fatigue syndrome.
    • reduces symptoms of CFS.
    • Akarsu, Tekin, Ay, Carli, Tok, Simsek, Kiralp. Turkey

    Zinc sulfate as an adjunct to methylphenidate for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: A double blind and randomized trial
    • Ritalin. Double blind.
    • Akhondzadeh, Mohammadi, Khademi. Iran.

  73. AKHONDZADEH 2013
    Nutrients for prevention and treatment of mental health disorders
    • vitamins B6, D3, zinc, iron, inositol; depression, adhd, learning, memory. Review.
    • Akhondzadeh, Gerbarg, Brown

  74. AKHTER 2011
    Therapeutic Potential and Anti-Amyloidosis Mechanisms of Tert-Butylhydroquinone for Alzheimer’s Disease
    • Alzheimer's disease, dementia, amyloid, brain, mice, TBHQ, glutathione, antioxidant, oxidative stress.
    • China. Akhter, Katre, Li, Liu, Liu.

  75. AKINBAMI 2011
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children Aged 5–17 Years in the United States, 1998–2009
    • increased 6.9% to 9% average; 9.9% to 12.3% for boys, 3.6% to 5.5% for girls.
    • Akinbami, Liu, Pastor, Reuben.

  76. AKOGLU 2012
    Effects of low pseudoallergen diet on urticarial activity and leukotriene levels in chronic urticaria
    • Diet helped skin allergy, correlated with leukotrienes.
    • Akoglu, Atakan, Cakir, Kolayci, Hayran

  77. AKOGOU 2018
    Antimicrobial evaluation of red, phytoalexinrich sorghum food biocolorant
    • Sorghum extract is used in W. Africa to colour foods including a cheese called wagashi.
    • Claimed to be a preservative but was found to simply make it harder to see the spoiled areas
    • NOTE: Will this become one of the "natural colorings" used to replace Red 40?
    • Akogou, den Besten, Kayode, Fogliano, Linnemann. The Netherlands.

  78. AKSGLAEDE 2006
    The Sensitivity of the Child to Sex Steroids: Possible Impact of Exogenous Estrogens
    • Cancer, hormones disruption, childhood, estradiol, steroids, estrogenic
    • Aksglaede, Juul, Leffers, Skakkebaek, Andersson, Denmark

  79. AKSOY 1993
    Human loiver dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase: Nature and extent of individual variation
    • PST, sulfation, hormones, DHEA, estradiol, liver.
    • Aksoy, Sochorova, Weinshilboum.

  80. AKSOY 1994
    Human liver estrogen sulfotransferase: Identification by cDNA cloning and expression
    • Sulfation, PST.
    • Aksoy, Wood, Weinshilboum

  81. AKSOY 1994
    Thermolabile phenol sulfotransferase gene (STM): Localization to human chromosome 16p11.2
    • PST, sulfation, mouse/human somatic cell hybrid w/ portions human chromosome 16. cloned the gene.
    • Aksoy, Callen, Apostolou, Her, Weinshilboum

  82. AKSOY 1995
    Human thermolabile phenol sulfotransferase gene (STM): Molecular cloning and structural characterization
    • PST catalyzes sulfate conjugation of phenolic monoamines like dopamine. Genetic polymorphism in blood platelets. cloned the gene.
    • Aksoy, Weinshilboum

  83. AKUFFO 2015
    Sustained supplementation and monitored response with differing carotenoid formulations in early age-related macular degeneration
    • lutein, meso-zeaxanthin, zeaxanthin good, meso-zeaxanthin may help contrast sensitivity more.
    • Akuffo, Nolan, Howard, Moran, Stack, Klein, Meuer, Sabour-Pickett, Thurnham, Beatty.

  84. AL ABOUD 2011
    Blue toes after stimulant therapy for pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD, Adderall, Stimulant Medication, Vascular Damage

  85. ALAGHA 2019
    Precocious Puberty Associated with Testicular Hormone-secreting Leydig Cell Tumor
    • Important to consider testicular tumors in boys with precocious puberty.
    • Alagha, Kafi, Shazly, Al-Agha. Saudi Arabia

  86. ALAM 1997
    Platelet sulphotransferase activity, plasma sulphate levels and sulphation capacity in patients with migraine and tension headache.
    • PST, Waring, Sulphation, Sulfation

  87. ALAM 1998
    Plasma levels of neuroexcitatory amino acids in patients with migraine or tension headache
    • excitatory amino acids (glutamic acid, etc) high in migraine, not tension headache.
    • Alam, Coombes, Waring, Williams, Steventon. UK.

  88. AL-ASKAR 2014
    Postnatal treatment using curcumin supplements to amend the damage in VPA-induced rodent models of autism
    • Curcumin can treat brain damage caused by prenatal VPA med. Autism. rats, brain damage.
    • Al-Askar, Bhat, Selim, Al-Ayadhi, Ansary. Saudi Arabia.

  89. ALBERTI 1999
    Sulphation deficit in "low-functioning" autistic children: a pilot study.
    • PST, Waring, Sulphation, Sulfation, Paracetamol, Tylenol

  90. ALBERTI 2016
    Recommendations for the clinical management of children with refractory epilepsy receiving the ketogenic diet
    • Seizures. Ketogenic Diet Working Group.
    • Alberti, Armeno, Cabrera, Cresta, Diez, Ferrero, Gamboni, Mestre, Vaccarezza. Argentina

  91. ALBERTS 2007
    The personal fable and risk-taking in early adolescence
    • children, sense of invulnerability measurements.
    • Alberts, Elkind, Ginsberg

  92. AL-DEGS 2009
    Determination of Three Dyes in Commercial Soft Drinks Using HLA/GO and Liquid Chromatography.
    • Food dyes. Red 40 Allura Red, Yellow 6 Sunset Yellow, Yellow 5 Tartrazine

  93. ALDOUS 1994
    An Outbreak of Illness Among Schoolchildren in London: Toxic Poisoning Not Mass Hysteria
    • Cucumbers, pesticide
    • Aldous, Ellam, Murray, Pike

  94. ALDRED 2003
    Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Children with Autism and Their Families
    • Autism, Asperger; patients, parents & siblings have elevated or reduced levels of some amino acids.
    • Aldred, Moore, Fitzgerald, Waring.

  95. ALDRIDGE 1994
    Lyme Disease: Arthritis by Infection
    • collagen tissue damage, Borrelia burgdorferi microbe.
    • Aldridge, Atkin, Bedell, Burdorfer, Linley, Malawista, diFabio

  96. ALEIXANDRE 2016
    Dietary fiber and blood pressure control
    • Aleixandre, Miguel

  97. ALESSI 1984
    Suicidal behavior amoung serious juvenile offenders
    • major affective disorder, personality disorder, depression.
    • Alessi, McManus, Brickman, Grapentine

  98. ALESSI 1984
    The characterization of depressive disorders in serious juvenile offenders
    • depression.
    • Alessi, McManus, Grapentine, Brickman.

  99. AL FRAYH 2001
    Increased Prevalence of Asthma in Saudi Arabia
    • Asthma in children increased from 8% in 1986 to 23% in 1995
    • Al Frayh, Shakoor, Gad El Rab, Hasnain. Saudi Arabia.

  100. ALHAJ 2016
    Safety and Efficacy Profile of Commercial Veterinary Vaccines against Rift Valley Fever: A Review Study
    • Current RFV virus vaccines have safety concerns.
    • Saudi Arabia.

  101. ALI 1993
    Snoring, Sleep Disturbance, and Behaviour in 4-5 year olds
    • Children, sleep, smoking, hyperactive, aggression,
    • Ali, Pitson, Stradling

  102. ALI 2000
    Locomotor and Learning Deficits in Adult Rats Exposed to Monosodium-L-Glutamate During Early Life
    • animals. Rats, MSG, decreased learning,
    • quote: "MSG treatment in young (weaned) rats induces subtle, long-lasting changes in the dopamine (DA) receptor status and/or DAergic neuronal pathways."
    • Ali, Bawari, Misra, Babu. India.

  103. ALI 2012
    MonoSodium Glutamate-induced Damage in Rabbit Retina: Electroretinographic and Histologic Studies
    • * MSG, glutamate. Lowest dose tested (1 g/kg) had adverse effects on rabbit retina.
    • Higher dose showed extensive damage to retina.
    • Ali, Ed-Gohary, Metwally, Sabra, Sayed. Egypt.

  104. ALI 2013
    Factors associated with perinatal mortality in Kassala, Eastern Sudan: A community-based study 2010-2011
    • babies, deaths, home delivery a risk, iron.
    • Ali, Elgessim, Taha, Adam. Sudan.

  105. ALI 2014
    Effect of drinking water disinfection by-products in human peripheral blood lymphocytes and sperm
    • haloacetic acid, made by chlorine disinfection. Genotoxic to body and sperm cells.
    • Ali, Kurzawa-Zegota, Najafzadeh, Gopalan, Plewa, Anderson

  106. ALIA-KLEIN 2014
    Reactions to media violence: It's in the brain of the beholder
    • Different response to violent media between aggressive and non-aggressive people.
    • Alia-Klein, Wang, Preston-Campbell, Moeller, Parvaz, Zhu, Jayne, Wong, Tomasi, Goldstein, Fowler, Volkow.

  107. ALLAN 2011
    Diet and asthma: Nutrition implications from prevention to treatment.
    • Asthma related to omega 3 - 6 ratio change, vitamin D deficiency, other antioxidants, before birth.
    • Allan, Devereux.

  108. ALLAN 2014
    Maternal vitamin D and E intakes during pregnancy are associated with asthma in children.
    • Low Vitamin D and E in mother increase asthma risk in children.
    • Allan, Prabhu, Craig, McNeill, Kirby, McLay, Helms, Ayres, Seaton, Turner, Devereux.

  109. ALLEGAERT 2004
    Pharmacokinetics of single dose intravenous propacetamol in neonates: effect of gestational age
    • Tylenol. Acetaminophen in newborn babies.
    • Gestational age correlated with drug half-life in blood. Half-life was longer in preterm babies.
    • Allegaert, Van der Marel, Debeer, Pluim, Van Lingen, Vanhole, Tibboel, Devlieger. Belgium.

  110. ALLEN 1976
    Family Studies in Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
    • Genetics, immune response, bird breeders.
    • Allen, Basten, Woolcock. Australia.

  111. ALLEN 1983
    Monosodium glutamate induced asthma.
    • MSG, single blind study.
    • Allen, Delohery, Baker, Wood. Australia.

  112. ALLEN 1984
    Adverse Reactions to Foods
    • Allergy, food intolerance, pharmacological, asthma, MSG, urticaria, hives, salicylate, food, glutamate, nitrates, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, benzoates, colorings, colourings, dyes, sulphite, sulfite, amines, questionnaire, diet at RPAH, Australia
    • Allen, Van Nunen, Loblay, Clarke, Swain

  113. ALLEN 1990
    Neurological deterioration in young adults with phenylketonuria
    • PKU, problems with diet

  114. ALLEN 1993
    Effects of formaldehyde fumigation of housing on carotenoid pigmentation in three breeds of chickens.
    • chickens have more yellow skin (lutein) when housing fumigated. Is it the lack of microbes? Or the addition of formaldehyde?

  115. ALLEN 1999
    Children and recurrent headaches: Assessment and treatment implications for school psychologists
    • Migraine, depression, school psychologist to help pain coping.
    • Allen, Mathews, Shriver.

  116. ALLEN 2005
    Antibodies to peripheral nerve myelin proteins in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
    • similar to Guillain-Barre Syndrome, GBS, autoimmune.
    • Allen, Giannopoulos, Gray, Gregson, Makowska, Pritchard, Hughes. UK.

  117. ALLEN 2010
    Role of Hyperparathyroidism in the Management of Depression and Anxiety

    Mental health of children with learning disabilities
    • QUOTE: "Parents themselves often impose a particular diet in an attempt to improve the behavioural problems of children with autistic-spectrum disorders. Exclusion diets (particularly gluten and casein) and supplements such as fish oils and vitamin B6 are common. The possible benefits of these dietary manipulations have yet to be rigorously evaluated."
    • Behavior, Sleep, ADHD, Self-Talk, Psychosis, Autism, Medications

  119. ALLOWAY 2010
    The Prevalence of ADHD-Like Symptoms in a Community Sample - UK

  120. ALLURA RED (Red 40, E-129)
    • Food dye. History, monograph, date estimate: after 2007

  121. AL-NAJI 2016
    Real Time Apnoea Monitoring of Children Using the Microsoft Kinect Sensor: A Pilot Study
    • Proposed accurate, safe, easy non-contact home sleep monitoring system.
    • Al-Naji, Gibson, Lee, Chahl. Iraq, Australia

  122. AL-NESF 2014
    Complex regional pain syndrome type I following tetanus toxoid injection
    • suggests immune response to the vaccine. case study.
    • Al-Nesf, Abdulaziz

  123. ALOMIRAH 2010
    The Dietary Exposure Assessment to Selected Food Additives and Contaminants for the GCC Countries Population

  124. ALONI 2015
    Is pica under-reported in children with sickle cell disease? A pilot study in a Belgian cohort.
    • younger, more anemic children.
    • Aloni, Lecerf, Le, Heijmans, Huybrechts, Devalck, Azzi, Ngalula-Mujinga, Ferster. Democratic Republic of Congo.

  125. ALPAY 2010
    Diet restriction in migraine, based on IgG against foods: A clinical double-blind, randomised, cross-over trial

  126. ALQAHTANI 2010
    The Comorbidity of ADHD in the General Population of Saudi Arabian School-Age Children
    • Oppositional-Defiant Disorder, ODD, Conduct Disorder, CD, Anxiety, Depression

  127. ALS 2015
    ALSUntangled No. 8: Low dose naltrexone for ALS
    • Not enough research; authors don't recommend it. (linked to Quackwatch)

  128. AL-SHINNAWY 2009
    Physiological Effect of a Food Additive on Some Haematological and Biochemical Parameters of Male Albino Rats
    • animals. Rats, food colors, food dyes, amaranth/Red 2,
    • Egypt.

  129. ALSIDAWI 2011
    Adderall induced inverted-Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
    • stress-induced cardiomyopathy, Adderall overdose (she took the whole month's worth.
    • Alsidawi, Muth, Wilkin

  130. ALSOLAIMAN 2003
    FD&C Blue Dye No. 1 and Blue Nail Discoloration: Case Report
    • Blue 1, Brilliant Blue, Adverse Effects, Tube Feedings, Systemic Absorption

  131. ALTOUNYAN 1974
    A patient's view of asthma
    • written when asthma was thought to be psychosomatic, but a great description & a good story

    Pharmaceutical preparations which contain tartrazine
    • (Spanish) Cross-reaction with asperin allergy; drugs should label additives. 45% of labs said their drugs have Yellow 5

    TSH concentration within the normal range is associated with cognitive function and ADHD symptoms in healthy preschoolers
    • thyroid, behavior, ADHD, children. High TSH related to lower cognitive function; High T4 related to better function; normal ranges should be re-evaluated.
    • Alvarez-Pedrerol, Ribas-Fito, Torrent, Julvez, Ferrer, Sunyer. Spain.

  134. ALVES 1992
    Postvaccinal parkinsonism
    • Child. Vaccine. Parkinsons after Measles MMR shot.

  135. ALVES-SAMPAIO 2010
    NMDA-Mediated Regulation of DSCAM Dendritic Local Translation Is Lost in a Mouse Model of Down’s Syndrome
    • Alves-Sampaio, Troca-Marin, Montesinos. Spain.

  136. ALYAUTDIN 2014
    Nanoscale drug delivery systems and the blood-brain barrier
    • liposomes, nanocarriers, nanoparticles, CNS, blood brain barrier.
    • Alyautdin, Khalin, Nafeeza, Haron, Kuznetsov. Russia.

  137. AL-ZALABANI 2019
    Association between soft drinks consumption and asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    • adults, childen. Soft drink consumption was associated with increased odds of asthma
    • sugar, additives, sulfites, sodium benzoates ...

  138. AMAN 2002
    Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Risperidone for the Treatment of Disruptive Behaviors in Children With Subaverage Intelligence
    • Retarded Children

  139. AMAN 2014
    What Does Risperidone Add to Stimulant and Parent Training for Severe Aggression in Child Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
    • ADHD, aggression, violence, conduct disorder, CD, double blind. Improvement moderate but variable.
    • Aman, Bukstein, Gadow, Arnold, Molina, McNamara, Rundberg-Rivera, Li, Kipp, Schneider, Butter, Baker, Sprafkin, Rice, Bangalore, Farmer, Austin, Buchan-Page, Arradaza, Hurt, Grondhuis, Findling.

  140. AMANO 2005
    Chemical Xenobiotics and Mitochondrial Autoantigens in Primary Biliary Cirrhosis: Identification of Antibodies against a Common Environmental, Cosmetic, and Food Additive, 2-Octynoic Acid
    • Chemicals in perfumes, lipstick, flavorings can cause cirrhosis.

  141. AMCHOVA 2015
    Health safety issues of synthetic food colorants
    • Review of food dyes, azo dyes, EFSA ADI changes.
    • Amchova, Kotolova, Ruda-Kucerova. Czech Republic

  142. AMERI 2012
    Bone mineral density changes after physical training and calcium intake in students with attention deficit and hyper activity disorders
    • adhd weight training increased bone mass more than calcium alone.
    • Ameri, Dehkhoda, Hemayattalab. Iran

    Position of the American Dietetic Association: Use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners
    • All of them are fine in moderation.

  144. AMIN 2010
    Effect of food azo dyes tartrazine and carmoisine on biochemical parameters related to renal, hepatic function and oxidative stress biomarkers in young male rats.
    • animals. High & low doses of yellow 5 & carmoisine damage liver, kidney, biochemical markers.
    • Amin, Hameid, Elsttar. Egypt.

  145. AMIN 2016
    Effect of sweetener and flavoring agent on oxidative indices, liver and kidney function levels in rats
    • animals. artificial sweetener saccharin high & low doses damaged liver & kidney; methylsalicylates flavoring did not.
    • Amin, Al-muzafar, Abd Elsttar. Egypt.

  146. AMINUDDIN 2015
    The effects of black garlic (Allium sativum L.) ethanol extract on the estimated total number of Purkinje cells and motor coordination of male adolescent Wistar rats treated with monosodium glutamate
    • animals. MSG, brain, garlic increased Purkinje cells. MSG shifts cellular redox reactions to pro-oxidant status

  147. AMIRI 2013
    Psychiatric Comorbidities in ADHD Children: An Iranian Study among Primary School Students
    • phobia, ODD, tics, enuresis, bedwettingli

  148. AMMANN 2013
    Omega-3 fatty acids and domain-specific cognitive aging: Secondary analyses of data from WHISCA
    • dementia. No difference found between high and low groups over time.
    • Ammann, Pottala, Harris, Espeland, Wallace, Denburg, Camahan, Robinson.

  149. AMORATI 2003
    Modeling the co-antioxidant behavior of monofunctional phenols. Applications to some relevant compounds.
    • cardiac, heart. phenolic co-antioxidants, alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), resveratrol, BHA, BHT.
    • Resveratrol IS not as good as people think - it may be something else in wine that is protective.
    • Amorati, Ferroni, Pedulli, Valgimigli. Italy.

  150. AMOS-KROOHS 2011
    Neonatal methylphenidate does not impair adult spatial learning in the Morris water maze in rats
    • brain. Ritalin in pregnancy does not change anxiety, swimming, spatial learning in babies. (Cognitive function not tested?). animals.
    • Amos-Kroohs, Williams, Vorhees.

  151. AMOS-KROOHS 2013
    Neurobehavioral phenotype of C57BL/6J mice prenatally and neonatally exposed to cigarette smoke
    • prenatal cigarette smoke exposure affects brain on offspring long-term: anxiety, impaired learning and memory.
    • Amos-Kroohs, Williams, Braun, Graham, Webb, Birtles, Greene, Vorhees, Pisano.

  152. Amphetamines - chapter from textbook Drugs and Human Behavior
    • Amphetamine, Cocaine, Stimulants, Benzedrine, Asthma, Narcolepsy, Depression, Hyperactivity, ADHD, Appetite Suppressant, Combat, Preludin, Ritalin, Crystal Meth

  153. ANASTOPOULOS 1988
    Biological Factors in Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD, review, neurological factors, brain damage, neurological dysfunction, under-reactivity to stimulation, toxic reactions - food dyes "very small percentage of children" ... * quoted studies: Taylor 1979, Conners 1980, and Gross 1987, medication side effects - phenobarbital, dilantin.
    • Anastopoulos, Barkley.

  154. ANASTOPOULOS 1993
    Parent training for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Its Impact on Parent Functioning
    • Anastopoulos, Shelton, DuPaul, Guevremont.

  155. ANASTOPOULOS 2010
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • for doctors - review, treatment, etc. no mention of diet at all.

  156. ANDERSEN 1979
    Feingold Diet
    • Letter to editor re Breakey, environmental factors, hyperkinetic, quotes National Medical Health and Research Council June 1978, family environment, no proof.

  157. ANDERSEN 2002
    Altered responsiveness to cocaine in rats exposed to methylphenidate during development
    • animals. when baby rats get ritalin, they don't like cocaine as adults.
    • Andersen, Arvanitogiannis, Pliakas, LeBlanc, Carlezon

  158. ANDERSEN 2010
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution: a cohort study
    • air pollution contributes to COPD.
    • Andersen, Hvidberg, Jensen, Ketzel, Loft, Sorensen, Tjonneland, Overvad, Raaschou-Nielsen. Denmark

  159. ANDERSEN 2011
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-related Air Pollution: A Cohort Study
    • COPD, asthma, diabetes, heart disease.
    • Andersen, Hvidberg, Jensen, Ketzel, Loft, Sorensen, Tjonneland, Overvad, Raaschou-Nielsen. Denmark.

  160. ANDERSEN 2015
    Occupational pesticide exposure in early pregnancy associated with sex-specific neurobehavioral deficits in the children at school age
    • girls more affected. speech, brain, CNS, prenatal, neurodevelopment.
    • Andersen, Debes, Wohlfahrt-Veje, Murata, Grandjean. Japan

  161. ANDERSON 1987
    Whole blood serotonin in autistic and normal subjects
    • blood serotonin, tryptophan higher in autistic children without meds.
    • Anderson, Freedman, Cohen, Volkmar, Hoder, McPhedran, Minderaa, Hansen, Young.

  162. ANDERSON 1989
    Aspartame: Effect on lunch-time food intake, appetite and hedonic response in children
    • used kool aid w/ and w/o carbs. ate same lunch whether sugar or aspartame.
    • Anderson, Saravis, Schacher, Zlotkin, Leiter. Canada.

  163. ANDERSON 1994
    Milestones marking the knowledge of adverse reactions to food in the decade of the 1980s.
    • Reviews changes of the time. Says Feingold diet not influential; that this opinion was accepted by scientific community, and "since then the issue has not been of major concern."

  164. ANDERSON 1995
    The Brain: Adverse reactions to food and the CNS (Centrai Nervous System)
    • reports that histamines, tyramine, phenyl-ethylamine, etc. aspartame, msg reported to cause headache then proceeds to mnimize Feingold diet and environmental illness in general.

  165. ANDERSON 1998
    Acute Toxic Effects of Fragrance Products
    • Perfume, mice, mouse, sensory, pulmonary, lung, irritation, ASTM-E-981, airflow, nervous system, neurotoxicity, neurological testing, worse on repetition of exposure.

  166. ANDERSON 2010
    Examination of Association of Genes in the Serotonin System to Autism
    • genes, serotonin, chromosome 11. only small effect.
    • Anderson, Schnetz-Boutaud, Bartlett, Wotawa, Wright, Abramson, Cuccaro, Gilbert, Pericak-Vance, Haines.

  167. AMDERSON 2013
    Food-chemical intolerance in the breastfed infant
    • by managing the mother's diet.

  168. ANDERSON 2014
    Cognitive and neurodevelopmental benefits of extended formula-feeding in infants: Re: Deoni et al. 2013.
    • Says Deoni may be wrong that breast milk causes increased cognitive function. Suggestions for research.
    • Anderson, Burggren.

  169. ANDERSSON 1999
    Exposure to Exogenous Estrogens in Food: Possible Impact on Human Development and Health
    • Environmental chemicals, hormone, estradiol, meat,
    • Andersson, Skakkebaek

  170. ANDERSSON 2015
    Association of soda consumption with subclinical cardiac remodeling in the Framingham Heart Study
    • Weight and Left Ventricular Mass increased in diet soda consumers. Adjusting for increased weight nullifies connection.
    • Andersson, Sullivan, Benjamin, Aragam, Jacques, Cheng, Vasan.

  171. ANDRADE 2014
    Determination of synthetic food dyes in commercial soft drinks by TLC and ion-pair HPLC.
    • In some, Yellow 5 (tartrazine) on label but not in drink; in others, more found than allowed.
    • Andrade, Guedes, Vieira, Mendes, Rodrigues, Maia, Avcila, Ribeiro. Brazil.

  172. ANDRADE 2016
    Use of acetaminophen (paracetamol) during pregnancy and the risk of autism spectrum disorder in the offspring.
    • Tylenol. increased risk of autism only when hyperactivity also present.

  173. ANDRE 2015
    In Vitro Bioaccessibility and Bioavailability of Iron from Potatoes with Varying Vitamin C, Carotenoid, and Phenolic Concentrations
    • in vitro testing of potatoes. Effect of iron and other things on iron absorption from potatoes
    • Andre, Evers, Ziebel, Guignard, Hausman, Bonierbale, zum Felde, Bugos. Peru.

  174. ANDREAS 2012
    Association of Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder with Physical Activity, Media Time, and Food Intake in Children and Adolescents
    • ADHD, diet, TV.
    • Andreas, Egmond-Frohlich, Weghuber, de Zwaan. Germany.

  175. ANDRES 1993
    Human brain cortex and platelet serotonin, receptor binding properties and their regulation by endogenous serotonin
    • suicide, affective disorder, schizophrenia. Can use platelet serotonin as model for neuronal function
    • Andres, Rao, Ostrowitzki, Entzian. Germany

  176. ANDREWS 2004
    Thimerosal Exposure in Infants and Developmental Disorders: A Retrospective Cohort Study in the United Kingdom Does Not Support a Causal Association
    • Autism, vaccines, mercury, thimerosal. Andrews, Miller, Grant, Stowe, Osborne, Taylor
    • Note: Taylor testified against Wakefield in Burton Congressional Hearings in 2000;
    • Note: This study was done in the UK where only DPT contained thimerosal, so total exposures much lower than in US.

  177. ANGELAKIS 2007
    EEG neurofeedback: A brief overview and an example of peak alpha frequency training for cognitive enhancement in the elderly
    • Neurofeedback; improved cognitive processing speed, executive function, but not memory
    • Angelakis, Stathopoulou, Frymiare, Green, Lubar, Kounios

  178. ANGULO 1997
    A community waterborne outbreak of salmonellosis and the effectiveness of a boil water order.
    • "Communities with deteriorating water systems risk wide-spread illness" ... 31% of people who were told to boil water didn't; so must improve compliance with boil-water orders.
    • Angulo, Tippen, Sharp, Payne, Collier, Hill, Barrett, Clark, Geldreich, Donnell, Swerdlow.

  179. ANNAMALAI 1967
    Neurological complications following antirabies vaccination.
    • case study of encephalomyelitis after first injection. brain antibodies.
    • Mentioned high mortality (29%, 40%) in some antirabies batches.
    • Annamalai, Shreekumar, Manoharan. Madras.

  180. ANSAR 2014
    Ameliorative effect of butylated hydroxyanisole against ferric nitrilotriacetate-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats
    • animals. Oral BHA prevented liver damage by injected Fe-NTA.
    • Ansar, Iqbal. Saudi Arabia

  181. ANSAR 2015
    Antioxidant and nephroprotective potential of butylated hydroxyanisole against ferric nitrilotriacetate-induced oxidative stress and early tumor events
    • Oral BHA prevented kidney damage by injected Fe-NTA.
    • Ansar, Iqbal. Saudi Arabia.

  182. ANTHONY 1996
    Gastric mucosal contraction and vascular injury induced by indomethacin precede neutrophil infiltration in the rat
    • Ulcers from NSAIDS not dependent on neutrophils. animals.
    • Anthony, Sim, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK

  183. ANTHONY 1997
    Ulceration of the ileum in Crohn's disease: correlation with vascular anatomy
    • GI. vessels supplying ulcerated areas are terminal.
    • Anthony, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

  184. ANTHONY 1997
    Vascular anatomy defines sites of indomethacin induced jejunal ulceration along the mesenteric margin
    • ulcers in bowel. GI.
    • Anthony, Pounder, Dhillon, Wakefield. UK.

  185. ANTHONY 1999
    - letter re Hill's complaint that diet is difficult
    • ADHD, Diet, Omega 6, Zinc

  186. ANTICO 1995 - ABSTRACT
    The role of additives in chronic pseudo-allergic dermatopathies from food intolerance.
    • "additives are a frequent cause of chronic pseudo-allergic dermatopathies in adult patients and, in general, a problem of primary importance in the allergology practice."

  187. ANTICO 1999
    Chronic Allergic-Like Dermatopathies in Nickel-Sensitive Patients. Results of Dietary Restrictions and Challenge with Nickel Salts
    • elimination diet, low-nickel, effective in 39%; double-blind challenge positive in all but one.
    • Antico, Soana.

  188. ANTICO 2015
    Nickel sensitization and dietary nickel are a substantial cause of symptoms provocation in patients with chronic allergic-like dermatitis syndromes
    • nickel allergy in about 11% of those with chronic allergy dermatitis.
    • Antico, Soana.

  189. ANTOLIN 2002
    Protective effect of melatonin in a chronic experimental model of Parkinson’s disease
    • Melatonin passes blood brain barrier, preents nigral cell death. Proposed as treatment or prevention
    • Anatolin, Mayo, Sainz, Brio, Herrera, Martin, Rodriguez. Spain.

  190. ANTRI 2002
    Locomotor recovery in the chronic spinal rat: effects of long-term treatment with a 5-HT2 agonist
    • stimulating 5-HT serotonin receptors recovers some walking ability but only partially.
    • Antri, Orsal, Barthe. France.

  191. ANTSHEL 2011
    Advances in understanding and treating ADHD (Review)
    • adhd, children, adults, cognitive behavioral therapy, neurofeedback (diet not mentioned).
    • Antshel, Hargrave, Simonescu, Kaul, Hendricks, Faraone.

  192. ANTYPA 2009
    Omega-3 fatty acids (fish-oil) and depression-related cognition in healthy volunteers
    • improved on "control-perfectionism" scale. Litter other change.
    • Antypa, Van Der Does, Smelt, Rogers. Netherlands.

  193. AOSHIMA 1997
    Modulation of GABA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by 13-L-hydroxylinoleic acid and food additives.
    • Tenpaku, Rats, Additives, Perfumes, Caffeine, Vanillin, Brain.
    • Aoshima, Tenpaku. Japan.

  194. AOSHIMA 1999
    Potentiation of GABAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by perfume and phytoncid.
    • Rats, Brain.
    • Aoshima, Hamamoto. Japan.

  195. AOSHIMA 2001
    Effects of bisphenol A and its derivatives on the response of GABA(A) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
    • Rats, BPA, Brain.
    • Aoshima, Hossain, Imamura, Shingai. Japan.

  196. APAKAMA 1999
    Hyponatraemic convulsion secondary to desmopressin treatment for primary enuresis
    • bedwetting, enuresis, seizure, coma, overdose.
    • Apakama, Bleetman

  197. API 2006
    Evaluation of the Developmental Toxicity of á-Methyl-3,4-Methylene-Dioxyhydrocinnamic Aldehyde in Rats
    • Fragrance, perfume, by gavage. excess salivation. perioral/perivaginal substance, reduced eating lower doses showed no changes in litter numbers. "not a developmental toxicant" - but no babies were raised to see if they met developmental milestones, behavior, etc.
    • Api, Lewis, Hoberman, Christian, Diener

  198. API 2015
    Criteria for the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials, Inc. (RIFM) safety evaluation process for fragrance ingredients
    • fragrance, perfume, threshold of toxicological concern (TTC), in vitro testing, risk management.
    • Api, Belsito, Bruze, Cadby, Calow, Dagli, Dekant, Ellis, Fryer, Fukayama, Griem, Hickey, Kromidas, Lalko, Liebler, Miyachi, Politano, Renskers, Ritacco, Salvito, Schultz, Sipes, Smith, Vitale, Wilcox

  199. APPLETON, author of Lick the Sugar Habit
    124 ways sugar can ruin your health

  200. ARAI 1998 - ABSTRACT
    Food and food additives hypersensitivity in adult asthmatics. III. Adverse reaction to sulfites in adult asthmatics
    • Japanese. 12 of 20 patients tested in Japan reacted to metabisulfite.
    • Symptoms were asthma, urticaria, etc.

  201. ARAKI 2014
    Phosphorus flame retardants in indoor dust and their relation to asthma and allergies of inhabitants
    • measured in indoor dust. correlated with asthma, dermatitis, rhinitis.
    • Araki, Saito, Kanazawa, Morimoto, Nakayama, Shibata, Tanaka, Takigawa, Yoshimura, Chikara, Saijo, Kishi. Japan.

  202. ARAUJO 2014
    Exposure to non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy and lactation: Impact in programming of metabolic diseases in the progeny later in life.
    • Aspartame causes babies to develop metabolic syndrome and obesity. Changes intestinal glucose absorption, neurotransmitters, etc.
    • Araujo, Martel, Keating. Portugal.

  203. ARBUCKLE 2008
    Meeting Report: Measuring Endocrine-Sensitive Endpoints within the First Years of Life
    • endocrine disrupters, babies, reproduction, child health.
    • Arbuckle, Hauser, Swan, Mao, Longnecker, Main, Whyatt, Mendola, Legrand, Rovet, Till, Wade, Jarrell, Matthews, Vliet, Bornehag, Mieusset. France.

  204. ARCHANA 2012
    Altered Biochemical Parameters in Saliva of Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD, magnesium, other chemicals different for ADHD. Oxidative stress.
    • Archana, Pai, Prabhu, Shenoy, Prabhu, Rao. India.

  205. ARCIA 2003
    Presenting problems and assigned diagnoses among young Latino children with disruptive behavior
    • Hyperactive, ADHD, Hyperactivity, Aggression, ODD

  206. ARDERN 2001
    Tartrazine exclusion for allergic asthma (Review)
    • The Cochrane Collaboration. Of 94 studies, 20 were considered. 6 met inclusion criteria but only 3 could be analyzed and none could be combined for meta analysis.
    • Result = tartrazine has no effect on asthma outcome.

  207. AREVALO 1987
    Tyrosine administration to pregnant rats induces persistent behavioral modifications in the male offspring. Arevalo, Castro, Palarea, Rodriguez. Spain.
    • "large increase in diet tyrosine during pregnancy modifies the behavior of male offspring."

  208. AREVALO 2014
    Diabetic macular edema: changing treatment paradigms
    • Review. retinopathy, AMD, macular degeneration after cataract surgery, & prevention

  209. ARIFFIN 2014
    PASS-assisted design, synthesis and antioxidant evaluation of new butylated hydroxytoluene derivatives.
    • Using BHT as a model for new preservatives.
    • Ariffin, Abdul Rahman, Yehye, Alhadi, Kadir. Malaysia

  210. ARIME 2011
    Translational Research in Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Development of Etiology-Based Animal Models: Animal Models of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Arime, Kubo, Sora. Japan.

  211. ARITA 2005
    A Sabin 3-Derived Poliovirus Recombinant Contained a Sequence Homologous with Indigenous Human Enterovirus Species C in the Viral Polymerase Coding Region
    • studies done identifying recombinant viruses from polio cases caused by polio vaccine.
    • Arita, Zhu, Yoshida, Yoneyama, Miyamura, Shimizu. China.

  212. ARLAPPA 2013
    Fluorosis in India: an overview
    • fluoride. It is referred to as a nutrient in this article. India.
    • disagrees and provides scientific resources including CDC

  213. ARMSTRONG 2000
    A Tiered Approach for Assessing Children's Exposure
    • Exxon Biomedical Sciences - select chemical children exposed to and screen for hazard, margin of exposure, etc.

  214. ARNALL 2006
    The restorative effects of pulsed infrared light therapy on significant loss of peripheral protective sensation in patients with long-term type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus
    • Peripheral diabetic neuropathy, feet.
    • Arnall, Nelson, Lopez, Sanz, Iversen, Stambaugh

  215. ARNALL 2009
    Pulsed infrared light therapy does not increase nitric oxide concentration in the blood of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus
    • diabetic neuropathy, protective sensations.
    • Arnall, Nelson, Stambaugh, Sevilla, Iranzo, Bueno, Sanz, Arnall.

  216. ARNOLD 1990
    Does Hair Zinc Predict Amphetamine Improvement of ADD/Hyperactivity?
    • adhd children zinc deficiency may not respond as well to drugs.
    • Arnold, Votolato, Kleykamp, Baker, Bornstein.

  217. ARNOLD 1999
    Treatment alternatives for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    • Journal of Attention Disorders

  218. ARNOLD 2000
    Does Zinc Moderate Essential Fatty Acid and Amphetamine Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
    • ADHD, zinc, efa, children, Efamol, evening primrose oil, GLA, d-amphetamine
    • Arnold, Pinkham, Votolato, review.

  219. ARNOLD 2001
    Alternative treatments for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
    • "Although oligoantigenic (few-foods) diets have convincing double-blind evidence of efficacy for a properly selected subgroup of children, they do not appear promising for adults."
    • Note: Dr. Arnold explained to us that his conclusion is based, not on a study showing lack of effect, but on the lack of any study on the effect of diet on adults.

  220. ARNOLD 2005
    Zinc in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  221. ARNOLD 2007
    Acetyl-L-Carnitine in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Multi-Site, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Trial
    • significant benefit in inattentive ADHD. Other studies showed benefit in Down's, migraine, Alzheimers.
    • Those in Ohio (NW of Allegheny Mountains) had more benefit.
    • Question: was fluoride level different? Dietary source different? Zinc levels different?

  222. ARNOLD 2010
    Arachidonic Acid-metabolizing Cytochrome P450 Enzymes Are Targets of ù-3 Fatty Acids
    • omega 3, fish oil, heart disease, rats.
    • Arnold, Markovic, Blossey, Wallukat, Fischer, Dechend, Konkel, vonSchacky, Luft, Muller, Rothe, Schunck. Germany

  223. ARNOLD 2011
    Zinc for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Pilot Trial Alone and Combined with Amphetamine
    • ADHD, zinc, larger doses needed,
    • Arnold, DiSilvestro, Bozzolo, Crowl, Fernandez, Remadan, Thompson, Mo, Sbdel-Rasoul, Joseph

  224. ARNOLD 2012
    Artificial Food Colors and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptoms: Conclusions to Dye for
    • ADHD, food dye, FDA

  225. ARNOLD 2013
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Dietary and Nutritional Treatments
    • adhd. Review of vitamins, minerals, diet, efa, essential fatty acids, omega 3, sugar.
    • Arnold, Hurt, Lofthouse.

  226. ARNS 2009
    Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis
    • Review. Effective, esp for attention & impulsivity.
    • Arns, de Ridder, Strehl, Breteler, Coenen. Netherlands.

  227. ARNS 2013
    Letters to editor re Sonuga-Barke 2013 meta-analysis
    • Tuscano, Chacko, Barkley; Arns, Strehl.

  228. ARNS 2013
    - response by Sonuga-Barke


  230. ARONSON 1997
    Attention deficits and autistic spectrum problems in children exposed to alcohol during gestation: a follow-up study
    • ADHD, Aspergers, autism, retardation, cerebral palsy.
    • Clear correlation between degree of alcohol exposure and problems.
    • Aronson, Hagberg, Gillberg. Sweden.

  231. ARP 2005
    The Frequency and Severity of Problem Behaviors Among Individuals with Autism, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Mental Retardation from the Utah DSPD Dataset
    • Masters Thesis.

  232. ARSENEAULT 2000
    Minor Physical Anomalies and Family Adversity as Risk Factors for Violent Delinquency in Adolescence

  233. ARSHAD 2001
    Food Allergen Avoidance in Primary Prevention of Food Allergy
    • Children, prophylactic allergen avoidance, atopy, atopic disorders, urticaria, hives, asthma, breastfeeding, hydrolysed formula, hydrolysate, peanut, egg, additives not discussed.

  234. ARSHAD 2003
    Primary Prevention of Asthma and Atopy During Childhood by Allergen Avoidance in Infancy: A Randomised Controlled Study
    • Children, asthma, atopy, atopic, house dust mite, allergen, allergic, prophylactic, breastfeeding,
    • Arshad, Bateman, Matthews, UK.

  235. ARULSELVAN 2016
    Role of Antioxidants and Natural Products in Inflammation (Review article)
    • Description of acute and chronic inflammatory processes and relation to diseases to aid in developing natural therapies for inflammation-associated diseases.
    • Arulselvan, Fard, Tan, Gothai, Fakurazi, Norhaizan, Kumar. Malaysia.

  236. ASADUZZAMAN 2014
    In vitri acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and the antioxidant properties of Aegle marmelos leaf extract: Implications for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
    • concluded it is useful in Alzheimer's treatment. Brain.
    • Asaduzzaman, Uddin, Kader, Alam, Rahman, Rashid, Kato, Tanaka, Takeda, Sadik. Japan.

  237. ASBJORRNSEN 2010
    An Examination of Shared Variance in Self-Report and Objective Measures of Attention in the Incarcerated Adult Population

  238. ASCHNER 2000
    Methylmercury alters glutamate transport in astrocytes
    • astrocytes, glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity; brain-specific metallothioneins.
    • Aschner, Yao, Allen, Tan.

  239. ASENSIO 2011
    Chemical Stability of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Added with Oregano Essential Oil
    • Asensio, Nepote, Grosso. Argentina

  240. ASENSIO 2012
    Sensory Attribute Preservation in Extra Virgin Olive Oil with Addition of Oregano Essential Oil as Natural Antioxidant
    • Specific oregano improves quality, taste, preservation of olive oil.
    • Asensio, Nepote, Grosso. Argentina.

  241. ASERO 2002
    Multiple Intolerance to Food Additives
    • Letter to editor, behavior, allergy, double blind challenge study, BHA, sodium metabisulfite, MSG, monosodium glutamate

  242. ASERO 2007
    Chronic Rhinitis with Nasal Polyposis Associated with Sodium Glutamate Intolerance
    • MSG, polyps, case study, Asero, Bottazzi, Italy.

  243. ASHIDA 2000
    Synergistic effects of food colors on the toxicity of 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) in primary cultured rat hepatocytes.

  244. ASHLEY 2013
    Children's daily exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls from dietary supplements containing fish oils.
    • All supplements had PCB from fish oil contaminants.
    • Ashley, Ward, Anderson, Schafer, Zaoudeh, Horwitz, Velinsky.

  245. ASKENASY 2003
    Sleep disturbances in Parkinsonism
    • Review.

  246. ASMUS 1999
    Bronchoconstrictor additives in bronchodilator solutions.

  247. ASMUS 2001
    Pulmonary function response to EDTA, an additive in nebulized bronchodilators.

  248. Aspartame:

  249. ASPEREN 1983
    Experience with an elimination diet in children with atopic dermatitis
    • Poor experience; 13 of 29 stuck to diet; 7 of 13 improved but could not identify foods.
    • Only 2 weeks before adding foods every 2 days. (note; way too short)
    • Van Asperen, Lewis, Rogers, Kemp, Thompson. New South Wales.

  250. ASSIES 2010
    Plasma and Erythrocyte Fatty Acid Patterns in Patients with Recurrent Depression: A Matched Case-Control Study

  251. ASTHMA: Indroduction & Definition
    • Reducing asthma from a disease to a symptom

  252. ASTIGARRAGA 2000
    Not broken - just different: Helping teachers work with children with attention-deficit disorders
    • Article for school counselors. Admits diet is a factor but gives no resource; just discusses meds.
    • Astigarraga & McEachern

  253. ATES 2011
    LC/MS Method Using Cloud Point Extraction for the Determination of Permitted and Illegal Food Colors in Liquid, Semiliquid, and Solid Food Matrixes: Single-Laboratory Validation
    • food dyes.
    • Ates, Mittendorf, Senyuva. Germany. Turkey.

  254. ATICI 2001
    Misbehaviour in British and Turkish Primary Classrooms
    • comparison of Turkish & British classroom behavior, expectations, etc.

  255. ATKINS 2016
    Cost-Effectiveness of Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy in the United States
    • cost effective to vaccinate mothers during pregnancy, but not rest of family.
    • Atkins, Fitzpatrick, Galvani, Townsend.
    • NOTE: Recommending DPT booster EVERT pregnancy - resulting in tetanus shots too close together for moms who choose 2 years between bebies.

  256. AU 1991
    Evidence of Significant Absorption of Sodium Salicylate from Urinary Bladder of Rats
    • salidylate is reabsorbed from bladder.
    • Au, Dalton, Wientjes.

  257. AUDET 2010
    Mitigating effects of the adoptive caregiving environment on inattention/overactivity in children adopted from Romanian orphanages
    • Indicates that care-giving certainly does impact ADHD ... so much for statements that "bad parenting" is not at fault

  258. AUER 1998
    Can eliminating monosodium glutamate from the diet affect Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome?
    • Auer claims MSG cannot be eliminated and could not have been factor in child's epilepsy.
    • Author's response.

  259. AUGUSTINE 1980
    Neurotransmitter release from a vertebrate neuromuscular synapse affected by a food dye.

  260. AUGUSTINE 1983
    Neurotransmitter release and nerve terminal morphology at the frog neuromuscular junction affected by the dye Erythrosin B

  261. AUGUSTINE 1983
    Presynaptic effect of Erythrosin B at the frog neuromuscular junction: ion and photon sensitivity.

  262. AUSTERMAN 2015
    ADHD and behavioral disorders: Assessment, management, and an update from DSM-5
    • Review. "Although challenging to accomplish, management of diet, specifically removal of artificial food coloring and sodium benzoate preservatives, has beeen more efficacious than behavioral management in the long-term reduction of core symptoms of ADHD."

  263. AUSTIN 2008
    An investigation of porphyrinuria in Australian children with autism
    • urinary porphyrin profiles. mercury. environmental toxins.
    • Austin, Shandley. Australia

  264. AUTHIER 2001
    Central nervous system disease in patients with macrophagic myofasciitis
    • Myalgias, pain, cns, multiple sclerosis, visual, vision, brain, bladder, vaccine, tetanus, alumininum.
    • Authier, Cherin, Creange, Bonnotte, Ferrer, Abdelmoumni, Ranoux, Pelletier, Figarella-Branger, Granel, Maisonobe, Coquet, Degos, Gherardi. France

  265. AUTISM: National Autistic Society, 2006
    Parental beliefs about autism: Implications for the treating physician.
    • Advice to doctors; diagnose early so parents will have faith in doctor and not use CAM.

  266. AVILA 2010
    Language and focal brain lesion in childhood
    • stroke, learning, development.
    • Avila, Riesgo, Pedroso, Goldani, Danesi, Ranzan, Sleifer. Brazil.

  267. AVILA-RAMOS 2012
    Effects of dietary oregano essential oil and vitamin E on the lipid oxidation stability of cooked chicken breast meat
    • preservation of chicken in its food. Also note soy byproduct oil is cheapest and probably GMO
    • Avila-Ramos, Pro-Martinez, Sosa-Montes, Cuca-García, Becerril-Pérez, Figueroa-Velasco, Narciso-Gaytán. Mexico

  268. AVILA-RAMOS 2013
    Dietary supplemented and meat-added antioxidants effect on the lipid oxidative stability of refrigerated and frozen cooked chicken meat
    • adding honey, or dietary oregano or vitamin E were all better than adding BHT.
    • Avila-Ramos, Pro-Martinex, Sosa-Montes, Cuca-García, Becerril-Pérez, Figueroa-Velasco, Ruiz-Feria, Hernández-Cázares, Narciso-Gaytán. Mexico

  269. AWASTHI 2013
    Population deworming every 6 months with albendazole in 1 million pre-school children in north India: DEVTA, a cluster-randomised trial
    • Regular deworming didn't help keep the kids alive.
    • Awasthi, Peto, Read, Richards, Pande, Bundy. India.

  270. AXON 2012
    Tartrazine and sunset yellow are xenoestrogens in a new screening assay to identify modulators of human oestrogen receptor transcriptional activity
    • food dye. Primary biliary cirrhosis, post-menopausal women, liver disease, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, estrogens.
    • Axon, May, Gaughan, Williams, Blain, Wright. UK.

  271. AXTELL 2000
    Association between Methylmercury Exposure from Fish Consumption and Child Development at Five and a Half Years of Age in the Seychelles Child Development Study: An Evaluation of Nonlinear Relationships
    • Children, mercury, fish, prenatal, postnatal
    • Axtell, Cox, Myers, Davidson, Choi, Cernichiari, Sloane-Reeves, Shamlaye, Clarkson

  272. AZAD 2016
    Association Between Artificially Sweetened Beverage Consumption During Pregnancy and Infant Body Mass Index
    • artificial sweeteners - prenatal exposure causes obesity in infants.
    • Azad, Sharma, de Souza, Dolinsky, Becker, Mandhane, Turvey, Subbarao, Lefebvre, Sears. Canada.

  273. AZEVEDO 1997
    Stress and the Blood Brain Barrier
    • pyridostigmine, acetylcholinesterase, CNS, Israeli soldiers, Gulf War Syndrome, Catecholamines, stress, rats

  274. AZIZ 1997
    A study on the reproductive toxicity of erythrosine in male mice.
    • Red 3 decreased percentage of normal sperms in mice, increased sperm head abnormalities and dysfunction
    • Aziz, Shouman, Attia, Saad. Egypt.

  275. AZIZ 2015
    The spectrum of noncoeliac gluten sensitivity
    • NCGS = noncoeliac gluten sensitivity. Review. IBS, neurological, psychological, fibromyalgia, skin rash, IBD.
    • Aziz, Hadjivassiliou, Sanders. UK.

  276. AZIZ 2015
    The rise and fall of gluten (Conference on Carbohydrates in health)
    • Aziz, Branchi, Sanders. Italy.

  277. BABINSKI 2010
    Late Adolescent and Young Adult Outcomes of Girls Diagnosed With ADHD in Childhood: An Exploratory Investigation

  278. BACHOROWSKI 1990
    Sucrose and Delinquency: Behavioral Assessment
    • low glucose levels, increased insulin secretion after glucose in some criminals.
    • Bachorowski, Newman, Nichols, Gans, Harper, Taylor.

  279. BACKHED 2012
    Defining a Healthy Human Gut Microbiome: Current Concepts, Future Directions, and Clinical Applications
    • GI. Autism, allergy, asthma, celiac (table 1)
    • Backhed, Fraser, Ringel, Sanders, Sartor, Sherman, Versalovic, Young, Finlay. Sweden, Canada

  280. BACKON 1989
    Inhibiting Noradrenergic Overactivity by Inhibition of Thromboxane and Concomitant Activation of Opiate Receptors via Dietary Means
    • Addiction, Serotonin, Melatonin, Calcium, Anxiety, Depression, Schizophrenia, Sleep, Enuresis, TS, Tourette, Parkinson, Alzheimers, Dementia, Anorexia, ADHD, AIDS

  281. BADAWY 1971
    The effects of salicylate on the activity of rat liver tryptophan pyrrolase in vitro and in vivo

  282. BADAWY 1971a
    The effects of salicylate on the activity of tryptophan pyrrolase in rat liver

  283. BADAWY 1982(a)
    Mechanisms of Elevation of Rat Brain Tryptophan Concentration by Various Doses of Salicylate
    • 2.5 mg/kg salicylate displaces tryptophan from binding site causes rise in brain tryptophan.
    • Even 0.5 mg/kg raises brain tryptophan, by inhibiting liver tryptophan pyrrolase (enzyme)

  284. BADER 1982
    On a hitherto unknown fermentation path of several amino acids by proteolytic clostridia
    • amino acids, cells, chemistry. Clostridium.
    • Bader, Rauschenbach, Simon. Germany.

  285. BAENKLER 2008 - (Review Article)
    Salicylate Intolerance: Pathophysiology, Clinical Spectrum, Diagnosis and Treatment

  286. BAG 2014
    Aspirin potentiates blood glucose lowering effect of glimepiride-pioglitazone combination in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
    • Diabetic rats; aspirin lowers glucose itself and potentiates other dugs to lower glucose because it binds to proteins.
    • Bag, Das, Bagchi, Tripathy. India

  287. BAHNA 1994
    Blind Food Challenge Testing with Wide-Open Eyes
    • Allergy, Diet, Food

  288. BAILEY 1993
    The Biology of Autism
    • Autism, genetics, seizures, epilepsy, Down's

  289. BAILEY 1999
    Transmission of primary nocturnal enuresis and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD, enuresis, bedwetting
    • Bailey, Ornitz, Gehricke, Gabikian, Russell, Smalley

  290. BAKER 1956
    Vitamin B12 excretion as index of hepatic disorder
    • Baker, Pasher, Dolger, Sobotka

  291. BAKER 1967
    Vitamins, Total Cholesterol, and Triglycerides in 642 New York City School Children

  292. BAKER 2002
    Asthma Management: Part I: An Overview of the Problem and Current Trends

  293. BAKER 2002
    Asthma Management: Part II: Pharmacologic Management

  294. BAKER 2013
    Macular Edema After Cataract Surgery In Eyes Without Preoperative Central-involved Diabetic Macular Edema
    • Baker, Almukhtar, Bressler, Glassman, Grover, Kim, Murtha, Rauser, Stockdale.

  295. BAKSHI 2012
    Emerging Therapeutic Options for Celiac Disease: Potential Alternatives to a Gluten-Free Diet
    • non-diet alternative to gluten-free diet: GMO gluten-free grain; vaccine; block GI permeability, etc.
    • Bakshi, Stephen, Borum, Doman.

  296. BALARDIN 2010
    Subjective Mild Depressive Symptoms are Associated With Abnormal Diurnal Cycle of Salivary Cortisol in Older Adults

    High-pressure Food Processing

  298. BALATSINOU 2004
    Asthma worsened by benzoate contained in some antiasthmatic drugs.
    * Recommends attention to additives present in some drugs.

  299. BALBANI 2006
    Pharmaceutical excipients and the information on drug labels

  300. BALDWIN 1997
    Introduction to Allergy Research Foundation Conference Procedings, 1997

  301. BALESTRIERI 2012
    HERVs Expression in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    • retrovirus, genetics, genes, environment, dna, autism
    • Balestrieri, Arpino, Matteucci, Sorrentino, Pica, Alessandrelli, Coniglio, Curatolo, Rezza, Macciardi, Garaci, Gaudi, Sinibaldi-Vallebona. Italy

  302. BALESTRIERI 2016
    Transcriptional activity of human endogenous retrovirus in Albanian children with autism spectrum disorders
    • autism, epigenetics, environment, genes, prenatal, virus.
    • Balestrieri, Cipriani, Matteucci, Capodicasa, Pilika, Korca, Sorrentino, Argaw-Denboba, Bucci, Miele, Coniglio, Alessandrelli, Vallebona. Italy, Albania, Germany.

  303. BALLABAN-GIL 1998
    Complications of the Ketogenic Diet
    • Epilepsy, Seizures, Children, side effects
    • Gallaban-Gil, Callahan, O'Dell, Pappo, Moshe, Shinnar

  304. BALLARD 2010
    Do dietary interventions improve ADHD symptoms in children?
    • says "probably not" says outcome measures of studies unvalidated

  305. BAMFORTH 1993
    Common food additives are potent inhibitors of human liver 17a-ethinyloestradiol and dopamine sulphotransferases

  306. BANERJEE 2007
    Environmental Risk Factors for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  307. BANIK 2017
    Review: Maternal Factors that Induce Epigenetic Changes Contribute to Neurological Disorders in Offspring
    • DNA, brain. diet, alcohol, smoking, age, infections, obesity, diabetes, thyroid. autism, Down's, Rett
    • Banik, Kandilya, Ramya, Stunkel, Chong, Dheen. Singapore.

  308. BARAK 2002
    The Effect of Herbal Remedies on the Production of Human Inflammatory and Anti-inflammatory Cytokines
    • Sambucol, Protec, Chizukit, Propolis, Echinacea, Immune System, Barak, Birkenfeld, Halperin, Kalickman

  309. BARANCZYK 1992
    Properties of phenol sulphotransferase from brain of the monkey Rhesus macaca

  310. BARASHNEV 1979 - abstract, Russian
    Role of vitamin B6 in treating children with hereditary metabolic pathology

    Use of next generation sequencing data to develop a qPCR method for specific detection of EU-unauthorized genetically modified Bacillus subtilis overproducing riboflavin
    • GMO bacteria overproducing B12 in feed; method to detect it developed.
    • Barbau-Piednoir, Keersmaecker, Delvoye, Gau, Philipp, Roosens. Belgium.

  312. BARBESINO 1998
    Linkage Analysis of Candidate Genes in Autoimmune Thyroid Disease: 1. Selected Immunoregulatory Genes
    • Barbesino, Tomer, Concepcion, Davies, Greenberg

  313. BARKLEY 1997
    Behavioral Inhibition, Sustained Attention, and Executive Functions: Constructing a Unifying Theory of ADHD
    • Attention, Impulsivity, Hyperactivity, New Model

  314. BARNARD-BRAK 2010
    Coexisting Disorders and Academic Achievement Among Children With ADHD

  315. BARNES 1998
    Difficult asthma
    • Food additives, salicylates. Barnes, Woolcock

  316. BARNHARDT 2012
    Symptoms in Children with Convergence Insufficiency: Before and After Treatment
    • CI symptoms influences ADHD symptoms, reading, and attention. Diet not mentioned.

  317. BARON 2010
    The Gold Medal Face of ADHD - Michael Phelps at the Olympics

  318. BARRATT 2010
    Test of time : Children Who Wait (1973) by Jane Rowe and Lydia Lambert
    • children "in care" ... see others: Tarran-Sweeney 2010, DeJong 2010

  319. BARRETT 2007
    Diet & Nutrition: Hyperactive Ingredients?

  320. BARTAL 2011
    Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats
    • animals. rats freed caged rats.
    • Bartal, Decety, Mason.

  321. BARTON 2005
    Letter to the Editor: Atomoxetine Hydrochloride [Strattera] and Executive Function in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • pilot study, 9 children, adhd
    • Research funded by Eli Lilly (pharma)
    • Barton, Mooney, Prasad. UK & Scotland

  322. BASAK 2014
    Effects of maternally exposed food coloring additives on laryngeal histology in rats.
    • Maternal exposure to "no adverse effect" amounts of food dye causes tissue changes and possible cancer in offspring.

  323. BASARANOGLU 2013
    Fructose as a key player in the development of fatty liver disease
    • obesity, high fructose corn syrup, sugar, diabetes, hyperinsulenemia, insulin resistance, fatty liver.
    • Basaranoglu, Sabuncu, Senturk. Turkey. SEE ALSO TETRI 2008

  324. BASSEY 2011
    Surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2004-2009
    • Vaccines, polio, Africa

  325. BATAINEH 2006
    Impact of 12-Week Ingestion of Sodium Fluoride on Aggression, Sexual Behavior, and Fertility in Adult Male Rats

  326. BATEJAT 1999 - abstract - French
    Evaluation of the attention span of 10,000 school children 8-11 years of age
    • ultradian fluctuation. Low= 8-9:30 am. High=4-4:30 pm. Time change messes kids up for a week. Sleep important too.

  327. BATEMAN 2004
    The effects of a double blind, placebo controlled, artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in a general population sample of preschool children
    • Bateman, Warner, Hutchinson, Dean, Rowlandson, Gant, Grundy, Fitzgerals, Stevenson

  328. BATEMAN 2004
    Discussion of above study in Science

  329. BATEMAN 2004
    Rejoinder to Eigenmann PA, Haengelli CA, Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity (Lancet 2004; 364:823–4) and an erratum

  330. BAUER 2001
    Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) induction of pulmonary inflammation: A role in tumor promotion
    • BHT, cancer
    • Bauer, Dwyer-Nield, Keil, Koski, Malkinson
    • They found that how many tumors the mice get is related to which kind of mouse * and which carcinogen they used with the BHT.
    • In other words, they use the BHT to increase the results of other chemicals that cause cancer. Why? Because they need to study cancer, so they need mice with cancer.
    • So ... why is it still in our breakfast cereal?

  331. BAUER 2005
    Toll-Like Receptor 4 in Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)–Induced Mouse Pulmonary Inflammation and Tumorigenesis
    • Bauer, Dixon, DeGraff, Cho, Walker, Malkinson, Kleeberger

  332. BAUER 2013
    Prenatal and perinatal analgesic exposure and autism: an ecological link
    • acetaminophen, Tylenol. circumcision.
    • Bauer, Kriebel.

  333. BAUMGAERTEL 1999
    Alternative and Controversial Treatments for ADHD
    • Review, Alternative medicine, Diet, Feingold, Allergy, Sugar, Aspartame, Yeast, Supplements, Vitamins, Magnesium, B6, Zinc, Essential Fatty Acids, Omega 3, EFA, Nootropics, Piracetam, DMAE, Vision, Homeopathy, Auditory, Tomatis, Biofeedback, Hypnotherapy

  334. BAXTER 2001
    Salicylic Acid in Soups Prepared from Organically and Non-organically Grown Vegetables
    • Salicylate, Pesticides
    • Baxter, Graham, Lawrence, Wiles, Paterson

  335. BAXTER 2002
    Identification and determination of salicylic acid and salicyluric acid in urine of people not taking salicylate drugs
    • Salicylates, aspirin, see PATERSON 2001, BLACKLOCK 2001
    • Baxter, Lawrence, Graham, Wiles, Paterson

  336. BAXTER 2003
    Salicylism and herbal medicine

  337. BAXTER 2008
    Pediatric fatality secondary to EDTA chelation
    • Note: The wrong chemical was used, and it was pointed out that the names were similar and often used interchangeably. Nevertheless, the take-home message here, was not that medications should be more carefully labeled, or even more carefully used, but that chelation should not be used.
    • Baxter, Krenzelok.

  338. BEAUDET 2012
    Preventable Forms of Autism?
    • hundreds of genes can cause autism, but same genotype sometimes causes no autism.
    • discussion of newborn testing for BCKDK deficiency hoping supplements can prevent symptoms.

  339. BEAUSOLEIL 2007
    Food intolerance and childhood asthma: What is the link?
    • Claims no convincing evidence of food additives, and that food induced asthma is rare.
    • Beausoleil, Fiedler, Spergel, claim "no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant"
    • Note publication is called Pediatric Drugs

  340. BECKER 2010
    Similarities in features of autism and asthma and a possible link to acetaminophen use
    • fever, inflammation, genetic, cytokines, immune system, brain.
    • Becker, Schultz

  341. BECKMAN 2001
    Ascorbate Restores Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilation Impaired by Acute Hyperglycemia in Humans
    • blood vessel dilation impaired by high sugar; better by vitamin C.
    • Beckman, Goldfine, Gordon, Creager.

  342. BEDSON 1931
    Immunization with killed herpes virus
    • Virus killed by heat did not cause immunity; wanted to find out if virus inactivated by formalin could.
    • Used guinea pigs.

  343. BEGEROW 1994
    Long-term mercury excretion in urine after removal of amalgam fillings
    • Mercury, Dental, Begerow, Zander, Freier, Dunemann

  344. BEGLEY 2005
    Perfluorochemicals: Potential sources of and migration from food packaging
    • FDA, PTFE, nonstick, coatings, food packaging, cookware, pots,
    • Begley, White, Honigfort, Twaroski, Neches, Walker

  345. BEHEN 2007
    Abnormal Brain Tryptophan Metabolism and Clinical Correlates in Tourette Syndrome
    • TS, Serotonin, Children,
    • Behen, Chugani, Juhasz, Helder, Ho, Maqbool, Rothermel, Perry, Muzik

  346. BEILHARZ 2015
    Diet-Induced Cognitive Deficits: The Role of Fat and Sugar, Potential Mechanisms and Nutritional Interventions
    • memory, cognition, brain. weight gain, obesity, fish oil, sugar. comega 3, DHA, curcumin.
    • Article, review. Beilharz, Maniam, Morris. Australia.

  347. BEKLE 2004
    Knowledge and attitudes about Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A comparison between practicing teachers and undergraduate education students
    • See Table 3 on Page 156: In the chart of responses of teachers to "myths" the LOWEST correct score is #16 "Diets are usually not helpful in treating most children with ADHD." The teachers were supposed to agree with this statement, but only 23% of teachers and 22% of students agreed.
    • The authors consider this a problem in that "77% of teachers and 78% of students saw diet as being useful in the treatment of ADHD children."
    • Instead of looking for ways to "re-educate" the teachers on this subject, maybe the authors should have considered the possibility that the teachers are right?

  348. BELCH 2000
    Evening primrose oil and borage oil in rheumatologic conditions.
    • "Some clinical benefit."
    • Belch, Hill.

  349. BELL 1977
    Physiological Responses of Human Adults to Foods Containing Phosphate Additives

  350. BELL 1997
    Testing the Neural Sensitization and Kindling Hypothesis for Illness from Low Levels of Environmental Chemicals
    • MCS, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity,
    • Bell, Rossi, Gilbert,Kobal, Morrow, Newlin, Sorg, Wood

  351. BELL 2013
    A Comparison of Daily Consumption of Artificial Dye-containing Foods by American Children and Adults
    • Children, ADHD, food color, food dye, diet;
    • she counted NUMBER of exposures with no amounts.
    • No indication if toothpaste, mouthwash, shampoo, soap, etc. included.
    • Children had more than twice the number of exposures as adults. This was for her Masters Degree.

  352. BELLGROVE 2008
    Spatial Attentional Bias as a Marker of Genetic Risk, Symptom Severity, and Stimulant Response in ADHD
    • Less attention to stimuli on left is related to more severe ADHD and better response to Ritalin. Genetic.
    • Bellgrove, Barry, Johnson, Cox, Daibhis, Daly, Hawi, Lambert, Fitzgerald, McNicholas, Robertson, Gill, Kirley.

  353. BELLINI 2013
    Headache and comorbidity in children and adolescents
    • migraine, depression, znxiety, epilepsy, sleep, adhd, ts, Tourette, atopic, heart (ischemic stroke, patent foramen ovale, genetic

  354. BELLISLE 1998
    Functional food science and behaviour and psychological functions
    • In this review published in 1998, the studies done in 1994 were totally ignored.
    • Bellisle is very negative on the use of diet
    • Note that it is on the ILSI website (ILSI is current name of old Nutrition Foundation - they are international powerful food/additive industry organization).
    • In 1998, the only studies they cite are the 1980 Swanson & Kinsbourne study which they criticize and say "maybe" it was not double-blind although it SAYS in the study itself that it was double-blind, and the Weiss 1980 study which they claim was on 22 hyperactive children -- actually these were NOT hyperactive children -- Weiss specifically says that none of them had any clinically significant psychiatric problems, and NONE of them were diagnosed with hyperkinesis (ADHD).

  355. BEMRAH 2008
    Assessment of dietary exposure in the French population to 13 selected food colours, preservatives, antioxidants, stabilizers, emulsifiers and sweeteners.
    • Most at risk of exceeding ADI: nitrites, sulfites, annatto.
    • Bemrah, Leblanc, Volatier. France.

  356. BEMRAH 2012
    Assessment of dietary exposure to annatto (E160b), nitrites (E249-250), sulphites (E220-228) and tartaric acid (E334) in the French population: the second French total diet study
    • followup of Bemrah 2008. Only sulfites (sulphites) exceeded ADI.
    • EFSA going to reevaluate annatto in 2015.
    • Bemrah, Vin, Sirot, Aquilar, Ladrat, Ducasse, Gey, Retho, Nougadere, Leblanc.

  357. BENAC 2011
    US panel rejects calls for warning labels on link between food dyes and hyperactivity
    • article quoting Dr. Jacobson & Renee Shutters. Dyes

  358. BENDELIUS 2003
    Diet and ADHD: Is There A Relationship?
    • says it is the belief in the diet that works (placebo), the extra preparation, etc., so he suggests doing all the attention, preparation, shopping, and including children on label reading .. without actually doing the diet.
    • Now THERE's an interesting study idea!!

  359. BENNETT 1997
    The Health of Criminals Related to Behaviour, Food, Allergy and Nutrition: A Controlled Study of 100 Persistent Young Offenders
    • hyperactivity, adhd, food allergy, diet, nutrition, behavior
    • Bennett, Brostoff, UK

  360. BENNETT 1998
    The Shipley Project: Treating Food Allergy to Prevent Criminal Behaviour in Community Settings
    • children, EPD, food allergy, mineral imbalance, behavior, diet
    • Bennett, McEwen, Rose, UK

  361. BENTO 2015
    Simultaneous determination of synthetic colorants in yogurt by HPLC
    • food dye detection.
    • Bento, Lima, Paim. Brazil.

  362. BENTON 1988
    Effect of vitamin and mineral supplementation on intelligence of a sample of schoolchildren
    • Double-blind placebo-controlled study. vitamin/mineral supplements improved non-verbal IQ.
    • Benton, Roberts.

  363. BENTON 2001
    Micro-nutrient supplementation and the intelligence of children
    • Review of 13 studies. 10 reported positive response in non-verbal measures.

  364. BENTON 2007
    The impact of diet on anti-social, violent and ciminal behavior
    • Review, Meta-analysis, elimination diet, omega 3, fatty acids, vitamins, blood sugar, aggression, violence.

  365. BENTON 2008
    The influence of children’s diet on their cognition and behavior
    • Says diet works but Egger study using oligoantigenic diet causes him to think Feingold Diet not sufficiently restrictive.
    • schmidt

  366. BERA 2010
    Mitigation of arsenic-mediated renal oxidative stress in rat by Pleurotus florida lectin
    • mushrooms for arsenic poisoning

    Study of strawberry flavored milk under pulsed electric field processing

  368. BERNA 2010
    Induction of Depressed Mood Disrupts Emotion Regulation Neurocircuitry and Enhances Pain Unpleasantness
    • Sad mood caused greater activity in certain parts of brain, related to pain
    • Berna, Leknes, Holmes, Edwards, Goodwin, Tracey

  369. BERNARD 2000
    Autism: A unique type of mercury poisoning.
    • ARC Research
    • Bernard, Enayati, Binstock, Roger, Redwood, McGinnis.

  370. BERNARD 2001
    Autism: A novel form of mercury poisoning.
    • thimerosal.
    • Bernard, Enayati, Redwood, Roger, Binstock.

  371. BERNARD 2002
    The role of mercury in the pathogenesis of autism
    • Autism, thimerosal, vaccines, mercury

  372. BERNARDI 2012
    The lifetime impact of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    • Adults with ADHD often have other disorders: borderline, bipolar, anxiety, PTSD, phobia, narcissistic, antisocial, schizotypal, risky behaviors, alcohol, driving, injury.
    • Bernardi, Faraone, Cortese, Kerridge, Pallanti, Wang, Blanco. Italy, US.

  373. BERNIER 2017
    Handling of thermal paper: Implications for dermal exposure to bisphenol A and its alternatives
    • BPA, endocrine disrupting chemical. current model of handling is not right.
    • Bernier, Vandenberg.

  374. BERNSTEIN 2010
    Comparison of Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections and Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    • Strep, OCD, children, PANDAS, tics, hyperactivity, adhd, ODD, enuresis, anxiety.
    • Bernstein, Victor, Pipal, Williams

  375. BERRIDGE 2011
    Psychostimulants as Cognitive Enhancers: The Prefrontal Cortex, Catecholamines and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • adhd, ritalin. stimulants, dopamine, brain.
    • Berridge, Devilbiss

  376. BERTHIAUME 2010
    Getting Clued In : Inferential Processing and Comprehension Monitoring in Boys With ADHD

  377. BERTOLI 2014
    Ketogenic diet in children with intractable epilepsy: what about resting energy expenditure and growth?
    • Summary of 15 months ketogenic diet treatment. epilepsy. growth slower.
    • Bertoli, Battezzati, Tagliabue. Italy

  378. BERWID 2012
    Emerging Support for a Role of Exercise in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention Planning
    • adhd. brain.
    • Berwid, Halperin.

  379. BESSONOV 2008 - abstract
    Determination of dyes sudans in of raw foods (Russian)
    • Use of forbidden dyes increased;
    • concentration from 3 mg/kg to 500 mg/kg.

  380. BEVAN 1951
    Sound-induced seizures in rats fed an amino-acid deficient diet
    • lysine amino acid deficiency caused more severe seizures, easier & faster.
    • Bevan, Hard, Seal.

  381. BEVERLY 2008
    Communication and Academic Challenges in Early Adolescence for Children Who Have Been Adopted From the Former Soviet Union

  382. BHA
    National Toxicology Program's Twelfth Annual Report on Carcinogens
    • "is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" ....

  383. BHAGAVAN 1975
    The Effect of Pyridoxine Hydrochloride on Blood Serotonin and Pyridoxal Phosphate Contents in Hyperactive Children
    • Vitamin B6

  384. BHATIA 1996
    Allergy to Tartrazine in Alprazolam.
    • Urticaria, bronchospasm, asthma, allergy. dyes. Bhatia. India.

  385. BHATIA 2000 = abstract
    Allergy to tartrazine in psychotropic drugs.

  386. BIDDLE 2011
    Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews
    • depression, anxiety, self-esteem, physical activity, mental health

  387. BIEDERMAN 2005
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Seminar
    • Ignores all recent studies, quoting Connors review in 1980 and the Wolraich sugar study. He says: "Although the idea that particular foods or food additives might cause ADHD received much attention in the media, systematic studies have shown that this theory is wrong"

  388. BIELEFELD 2010
    Age-related hearing loss: Is it a preventable condition?
    • Bielefeld, Tanaka, Chen, Henderson.

  389. BIGSBY 1999
    Evaluating the Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Endocrine Function during Development
    • environment, prenatal, hormones, thyroid, steroids, embryo.
    • Bigsby, Chapiin, Daston, Davis, Gorski, Gray, Howdeshell, Zoeller, vom Saal.

  390. BIERMAN 1978
    Food additives and hyperkinesis - Are there nuts among the berries?
    • vicious attack on Dr. Feingold

  391. BIGFORD 2014
    Supplemental Substances Derived from Foods as Adjunctive Therapeutic Agents for Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Disorders
    • Alzheimer's, dementia, brain injury, Parkinson's

  392. BIME 2012
    Association of dietary soy genistein intake with lung function and asthma control: a post-hoc analysis of patients enrolled in a prospective multicentre clinical trial
    • eating soy improves asthma. diet, lung.
    • Bime, Wei, Holbrook, Smith, Wise.

  393. BING 1950
    Chemicals Introduced in the Processing of Foods

  394. BING 1955
    Chemicals Introduced in Foods: A Committee Report

  395. BING 1956
    Statement on Chemical Additives (Slocum presented to American Public Health Association)

  396. BIO 2011
    Comparison of Levalbuterol and Racemic Albuterol Based on Cardiac Adverse Effects in Children
    • Heart rate measured, children, asthma, bronchodilator, cardiac. No difference in effect.
    • Bio, Willey, Poon.

  397. BIRD 2009
    Food allergy and asthma.

  398. BITSKO 2013
    Health Care Needs of Children with Tourette Syndrome
    • TS, children, asthma.
    • Children with TS and mental disorders had greatest needs and least likely to have needs met.
    • Bitsko, Danielson, King, Visser, Scahill, Perou.

  399. BJORK 2000
    Differential Behavioral Effects of Plasma Tryptophan Depletion and Loading in Aggressive and Nonaggressive Men
    • aggression, tryptophan, brain, serotonin, adults.
    • Bjork, Dougherty, Moeller, Swann.

  400. BLACKLOCK 2001
    Salicylic acid in the serum of subjects not taking aspirin. Comparison of salicylic acid concentrations in the serum of vegetarians, non-vegetarians, and patients taking low dose aspirin
    • Salicylates, aspirin. See also PATERSON 2001
    • Blacklock, Lawrence, Wiles, Malcolm, Gibson, Kelly, Paterson

  401. BLADER 2013
    Callous-Unemotional Traits, Proactive Aggression, and Treatment Outcomes of Aggressive Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • children, aggressive, violence, adhd, stimulant, ritalin, Conduct disorder, ODD. 51% improved, but traits didn't predict who would improve.
    • Blader, Pliszka, Kafantaris, Foley, Crowell, Carlson, Sauder, Margulies, Sinha, Sverd, Matthews, Bailey, Daviss.

  402. BLANCHARD 2001
    The brain decade in debate: III. Neurobiology of emotion
    • symposium in Brazil.
    • Blanchard, Fellous, Guimaraes, Irwin, LeDoux, McGaugh, Rosen, Schenberg, Volchan, Cunha.

  403. BLASZCZYK 2013
    Magnesium: Its role in nutrition and carcinogenesis
    • Article about magnesium & cancer, but mentions low magnesium impacting ADHD symptoms several times.
    • Blaszczyk & Duda-Chodak. Poland

  404. BLAU 2010
    • PKU, Tetrahydrobiopterin sometimes stimulates phenylalanine hydroxylase (enzyme) activity so they can tolerate more Phe.

  405. BLAUCOK-BUSCH 2012
    Efficacy of DMSA Therapy in a Sample of Arab Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
    • Supports DMSA chelation - metals excreted, symptoms improved.
    • Blaucok-Busch, Amin, Dessoki, Rabah. Egypt. Germany

  406. BLAUROCK-BUSCH 2011
    Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Hair and Urine of a Sample of Arab Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
    • compared autistic and normal children. Diff in hair & urine levels of minerals & metals.
    • Suggest mothers be tested for metals before pregnancy.
    • Blaurock-Busch, Amin, Rabah. Germany, Egypt.

  407. BLAUROCK-BUSCH 2012
    Toxic Metals and Essential Elements in Hair and Severity of Symptoms among Children with Autism
    • measured metals, toxins, and level increased with symptom increase.
    • Inverse relation of zinc & anxiety.
    • Blaurock-Busch, Amin, Dessoki, Rabah. Egypt, Germany

  408. BLAYLOCK 1999
    Food Additive Excitotoxins and Degenerative Brain Disorders

  409. BLAYLOCK 2003
    The Central Role of Excitotoxicity inAutism Spectrum Disorders

  410. BLAYLOCK 2004
    Excitotoxicity: A Possible Central Mechanism in Fluoride Neurotoxicity

  411. BLAYLOCK 2007
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Interaction of Activated Microglia, Excitotoxicity, Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species, Lipid Peroxidation Products and the Role of Elevated Androgen Levels in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    • high androgen levels, inflammatory cytokine elevation, brain cell calcium omeostatis disruption

  412. BLAYLOCK 2007
    The Danger of Overvaccination with the Present Vaccine Policy

  413. BLAYLOCK 2008
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 1

  414. BLAYLOCK 2009
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 2: Immunoexcitotoxicity

  415. BLAYLOCK 2009
    A Possible Central Mechanism in Autism Spectrum Disorders, PART 3: The role of excitotoxin food additives and the synergistic effecs of other environmental toxins

  416. BLAYLOCK 2009
    Immune-Glutamatergic Dysfunction as a Central Mechanism of the Autism Spectrum Disorders

  417. BLAYLOCK 2011
    Immunoexcitotoxicity as a central mechanism in chronic traumatic encephalopathy—A unifying hypothesis
    • brain, concussions
    • Blaylock, Maroon

  418. BLAYLOCK 2012
    Immunoexcitatory mechanisms in glioma proliferation, invasion and occasional metastasis
    • glutamate receptors, cytokines, brain, cancer.

  419. BLAYLOCK date unknown
    The Danger of Excessive Vaccination During Brain Development The Case for a Link to Autism Spectrum Disorders

  420. BLAYLOCK date unknown
    Mercury Amalgam Fillings: Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics

  421. BLOCH 2011
    Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation for the Treatment of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • Review of 10 trials. Omega-3 improved ADHD symptoms. Dose-response.
    • Benign, so can use in addition to - or instead of- meds.
    • Bloch, Qawasmi.

  422. BLOCH 2014
    Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Admits some efficacy; suggests studies with more EPA.
    • Says many supplements widely used without evidence they help.
    • Bloch, Mulqueen.

  423. BLOOM 2011
    Cutaneous Adverse Food Reactions in Dogs: Something New to Chew on
    • Editorial, skin, food allergy, CAFR=cutaneous adverse food reactions,
    • CAD = canine atopic dermatitis

  424. BLUM 2008
    Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and reward deficiency syndrome

  425. BLUNDEN 2011
    Diet and sleep in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Preliminary data in Australian children
    • ADHD, sleep, diet, sugar,
    • Blunden, Milte, Sinn. Australia

  426. BOBEK 1976 = abstract
    Effect of long-term fluoride administration on thyroid hormones level blood in rats.
    • Thyroid given to rats changes thyroid hormone in blood

  427. BLOCH 2011
    Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation for the Treatment of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • adhd, serotonin, dopamine, omega-3.
    • Bloch, Qawasmi

  428. BLOCH 2014
    Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • adhd. omega-3, melatonin, iron, zinc, magnesium,herbal supplements.
    • Bloch, Mulqueen.

  429. BLUM 2008
    Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and reward deficiency syndrome
    • adhd, dopamine, brain, addictions, genes.
    • Blum, Chen, Braverman, Comings, Chen, Arcuri, Blum, Downs, Waite, Notaro, Lubar, Williams, Prihoda, Palomo, Oscar-Berman

  430. BOARDMAN 1967
    Clinical Measurement of the Anti-inflammatory Effects of Salicylates in Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • measured swelling w/jewellers' rings.
    • Boardman, Hart.

  431. BOCARSLY 2010
    High-fructose corn syrup causes characteristics of obesity in rats: Increased body weight, body fat and triglyceride levels

  432. BOCCI 2011
    Ozone acting on human blood yields a hormetic dose-response relationship
    • peripheral arterial diseases.
    • Bocci, Zanardi, Travagli. Italy.

  433. BOHANNON 2009
    The Theory? Diet Causes Violence. The Lab? Prison
    BOISSIEU 1997 -- SEE De BOISSIEU 1997

  434. BOLTE 1998
    Autism and Clostridium tetani
    • subacute chronic tetanus infection of GI tract; reduced toxicity. Fragments go to CNS via vagus nerve.
    • Medical Hyppotheses. Strategies to test.

  435. BONAFINA 2000
    ADHD and Reading Disabilities: A Cluster Analytic Approach for Distinguishing Subgroups
    • 4 Subgroups were identified. Somebody should do a study to see which of these subgroups reponds best to the Feingold diet.

  436. BONDI 2009
    Excessive Cow's Milk Consumption and Iron Deficiency in Toddlers : Two Unusual Presentations and Review

  437. BONFIELD 2013
    The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on recovery from mild traumatic brain injury
    • concussion, head injury, brain damage, head trauma, adhd.
    • Bonfield, Lam, Lin, Greene

  438. BONHAM CARTER 1983
    Human platelet phenolsulphotransferase M and P: Substrate specificities and correlation with in vivo sulphoconjugation of paracetamol and salicylamide.
    • PST. Tylenol. Phenol.
    • Bonham Carter, Rein, Glover, Sandler, Caldwell. UK.

  439. BOOIJ 2006
    Diet rich in alpha-lactalbumin improves memory in unmedicated recovered depressed patients and matched controls

  440. Book: Advances in Neurobiology, Volume 24
    Personalized Food Intervention and Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder Management
    • 700 pages. Essa, Qoronfleh, editors. Be aware the Series Editor, Schousboe, is from Dept. of Drug Design & Pharmacology, U of Copenhagen, Denmark.

  441. Book: Critical Issues in Neuropsychology: The Impact of Disease on Behavior, 1988
    • Pg. 322-323.

    • The Sanity of Survival: Reflections on Community Mental Health and Wellness
    • Clinical Manual of Anxiety Disorders
    • Assembling My Father: A Daughter’s Detective Story
    • Cultural Competence in Forensic Mental Health: A Guide for Psychiatrists, Psychologists, and Attorneys
    • Psychiatric Treatment of Sexual Offenders
    • American Mania: When More Is Not Enough
    • Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications
    • Framing ADHD Children: A Critical Examination of the History, Discourse, and Everyday Experience of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Fatal Flaws: Navigating Destructive Relationships With People With Disorders of Personality and Character
    • Closing the Chart: A Dying Physician Examines Family, Faith, and Medicine
    • Cinemeducation: A Comprehensive Guide to Using Film in Medical Education

    3 reviews of: PC, M.D.: How Political Correctness Is Corrupting Medicine, a book by Sally Satel, M.D.; New York, Basic Books, 2000, 304 pages, $27

  444. BORA 2010
    Pitfalls in Salicylate Toxicity

  445. BORGERMANS 2014
    Relevance of Chronic Lyme Disease to Family Medicine as a Complex Multidimensional Chronic Disease Construct: A Systematic Review
    • chronic Lyme disease (CLD), Probable Lyme Disease, Chronic Arthropod-borne Neuropathy (CAN)
    • Bergermans, Goderis, Vandevoorde, Devroey. Belgium.

  446. BORIS 1994
    Foods and Additives are Common Causes of the Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder in Children

  447. BORIS 2004 - pollen
    Pollen Exposure as a Cause for the Deterioration of Neurobehavioral Function of Children with Aautism and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.
    • many pollens contain a lot of salicylate. See Shelley 1964

  448. BORIS 2004 - pollen challenges
    Pollen Exposure as a Cause for the Deterioration of Neurobehavior Function in Children with Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder: Nasal Pollen Challenges

  449. BORKE 1999
    Chronic Fluoride Ingestion Decreases 45Ca Uptake by Rat Kidney Membranes

  450. BORRELLI 2012
    Effects of major ozonated autohemotherapy in the treatment of dry age related macular degeneration: a randomized controlled clinical study
    • safe, effective, well tolerated by patients. 25% gained vision; none lost vision.
    • Borrelli, Diadori, Zalaffi, Bocci. Italy.

  451. BORRELLI 2013
    Visual Improvement Following Ozonetherapy in Dry Age Related Macular Degeneration; a Review
    • stops progression of AMD, improves vision, safe.
    • Borrelli, Diadori, Zalaffi, Bocci. Italy.

  452. BORSTING 2012
    Improvement in Academic Behaviors Following Successful Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency
    • Eyes, vision. Treatment improves schoolwork.
    • Treatment was various exercise programs; Diet not mentioned

  453. BORTOLATO 2011
    Behavioral Outcomes of Monoamine Oxidase Deficiency: Preclinical and Clinical Evidence
    • MOA-A likes serotonin, norepinephrine; MAO-B eats 2-phenylethylamine; degrades trace amines and dopamine.
    • Says future studies will reveal role of gene-evnvironment interactions in mental disorders.
    • Bortolato, Shih

  454. BORZELLECA 1985
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in mice.
    • food dyes. No consistent compound-related or biological adverse effects observed.
    • Note that no cognitive, neurological, developmental, or activity tests performed on this or others by Borzelleca.

  455. BORZELLECA 1985
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats.
    • food dyes. No toxicity or cancers observed, but significant increase in gliomas in high-dose rats (considered not important); food consumption and body weight increased.

  456. BORZELLECA 1986
    Multigeneration study of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats.
    • food dyes. No changes observed, except blue fur, green feces, and some fertility reduction.
    • Borzelleca, Goldenthal, Wazeter.

  457. BORZELLECA 1987
    Evaluation of the potential teratogenicity of FD & C Blue No. 2 in rats and rabbits.
    • food dyes. No toxicity or cancers observed.
    • Borzelleca, Goldenthal, Wazeter, Schardein

  458. BORZELLECA 1988
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) in rats.
    • food dyes. No effect observed.
    • Borzelleca, Hallagan

  459. BORZELLECA 1988
    Chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) in mice.
    • food dyes. No effect observed.
    • Borzelleca, Hallagan.

  460. BORZELLECA 1990
    Lifetime toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C Blue No. 1 (brilliant blue FCF) in rats and mice.
    • food dyes. No observed adverse effects

  461. BORZELLECA 1991
    Lifetime toxicity/carcinogenicity studies of FD & C red no. 40 (allura red) in mice.
    • food dyes. no observed effect of Red 40.
    • Borzelleca, Olson, Reno.

  462. BOS 2015
    Reduced Symptoms of Inattention after Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Boys with and without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • improves attention for ADHD and normal.
    • Bos, Oranje, Veerhoek, Van Diepen, Weusten, Demmelmair, Koletzko, Velden, Eilander, Hoeksma, Durston. Netherlands

  463. BOSCH 2012
    n–3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Dysglycemia
    • omega-3, heart, diabetes. double blind. 1 gram omega-3 not enough.

  464. BOSCH 2020
    Study Protocol: A two arm randomized controlled trial comparing the short and long term effects of an elimination diet and a healthy diet in children with ADHD (TRACE study). Rationale, study design and methods
    • Feingold-type diet planned. Netherlands.

  465. BOSE 2005
    DNA damage and G2/M arrest in Syrian hamster embryo cells during Malachite green exposure are associated with elevated phosphorylation of ERK1 and JNK1
    • Dye used as a parasiticide and antibacterial in fish - okay in aquarium, but in farmed fish for food, it remains in the muscle.
    • It is banned in UK. Banned in US since 1983 for food-related use. In 2007, FDA blocked import of fish from China that had this dye.

  466. BOSE 2006
    Decreased Phosphoactive ERKs and JNKs in Malachite-Green-Transformed Syrian Hamster Embryo Fibroblasts Are Associated with Increased Phosphoactive p38 Kinase: Possible Therapeutic Importance
    • Textile dye, used as food dye in India illegally,
    • Bose, Gour, Motiwale, Rao. India

  467. BOTELHO 2014
    Development and analytical validation of a simple multivariate calibration method using digital scanner images for sunset yellow determination in soft beverages
    • artificial dye, Yellow 6. Cheaper, faster way to detect and measure
    • Botelho, de Assis, & Sena. Brazil.

  468. BOUCHARD 2010
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides.

  469. BOUCHER 2012
    Prenatal Methylmercury, Postnatal Lead Exposure, and Evidence of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among Inuit Children in Arctic Québec
    • Mercury, PCB, Lead. ADHD, behavior. Inuit population, Canada.
    • Boucher, Jacobson, Plusquellec, Dewailly, Ayotte, Forget-Dubois, Jacobson, Muckle. Canada.

  470. BOURBEAU 1996
    Prevalence of the sick building syndrome symptoms in office workers before and after being exposed to a building with an improved ventilation system
    • Bourbeau, Brisson, Allaire

  471. BOURKE 2012
    Exposure to repeated maternal aggression induces depressive-like behavior and increases startle in adult female rats
    • stress, depression, startle.
    • Bourke, Neigh.

  472. BOUTILIER 2000
    Green Colon: An Unusual Appearance at Autopsy
    • Blue 1. Food dye.
    • Boutilier, Murray, Walley.

  473. BOUVARD 1995
    Low-dose naltrexone effects on plasma chemistries and clinical symptoms in autism: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    • Naltrexone improved symptoms a little better than placebo for some kids in a one-month trial
    • What was IN placebo, not mentioned. See also BROWN 2009
    • Bouvard, Leboyer, Launay, Recasens, Plumet, Waller-Perotte, Tabuteau, Bondoux, Dugas, Lensing, Panksepp. France.

  474. BOUVY 2011
    Willingness to pay for adverse drug event regulatory actions
    • Pharmaceutical, regulation of drugs, dialysis.
    • Bouvy, Weemers, Schellekens, Koopmanschap, Netherlands, Dutch

  475. BOUWSTRA 2003
    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids have a positive effect on the quality of general movements of healthy term infants

  476. BOWTON 2010
    Dysregulation of dopamine transporters via dopamine D2 autoreceptors triggers anomalous dopamine efflux associated with ADHD

  477. BOYLAN 2005
    Low iron stores may contribute to ADHD symptoms

  478. BOYLE 2011
    Trends in the Prevalence of Developmental Disabilities in US Children, 1997–2008

  479. BOZZETTO 2012
    Asthma, allergy and respiratory infections: the vitamin D hypothesis
    • Review of data on relationship between vitamin D, asthma, allergy, etc.
    • Bozzetto, Carraro, Giordano, Boner, Baraldi. Italy.

  480. BRADLEY 1937
    The Behavior of Children Receiving Benzedrine - early use of stimulant meds

  481. BRADLEY 2001
    Biological Contributions to the Presentation and Understanding of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review

  482. BRADY 2010
    Methylphenidate Transdermal System in Adults With Past Stimulant Misuse: An Open-Label Trial - funded by Shire
    • NOTE: no abuse noted in this study, but I recall finding a support group for abusers who were discussing how to misuse the patch successfully.

  483. BRAGANZA 2006
    Nutritional Interventions: Part Two: When parents ask about diet therapy for ADHD
    • multiple errors!!
      • Says Feingold eliminated aspartame (did not yet exist)
      • Says aspartame contains salicylate (not true)
      • Lists a few salicylates as though that's all ... complains Dr. Feingold did not say what "dosage" of salicylates are a problem
      • Claims that double-blind trials "demonstrated that hyperactivity symptoms improved in only a very small percentage of children on the Feingold Diet" .... no .... after 60% improved, only a small percent REACTED to tiny dye challenges.
      • Refers to National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives as if it is a government organization - not true; it is an INDUSTRY organization. So is Nutrition Foundation
      • Quoted Weiss 1980 study as "no change" by diet ... not true. It was a CHALLENGE study
      • Quotes 1% improved .... Wender review, 1986. Isn't that just a tad bit OLD? Again, he reviewed CHALLENGE studies, not the DIET.
    • In his opinion, all improvement is due to parental increase of attention ....

  484. BRASHEAR 2014
    ATP1A3-Related Neurologic Disorders
    • Diagnosis of CAPOS-- Parkinson, hemoplegia of childhood, ataxia, optic atrophy, hearing loss, etc.
    • Brashear, Sweadner, Cook, Swoboda, Ozelius

  485. BRAUN 1997
    Control of filament formation in Candida albicans by the transcriptional repressor TUP1
    • yeast. Braun, Johnson.

  486. BRAUN 2000
    TUP1, CPH1 and EFG1 Make Independent Contributions to Filamentation in Candida albicans
    • yeast. several distinct types of filamentous candida.
    • Braun, Johnson.

  487. BRAUN 2001
    NRG1, a repressor of filamentous growth in C.albicans is down-regulated during filament induction
    • Yeast, cancida.
    • Braun, Kadosh, Johnson

  488. BRAUN 2005
    A Human-Curated Annotation of the Candida albicans Genome
    • yeast.
    • Braun, van het Hoog, d'Enfert, Martchenko, Dungan, ... Whiteway, Nantel. France, UK, Canada, Israel, Switzerland.

  489. BRAUN 2006
    Exposures to Environmental Toxicants and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in U.S. Children
    • Braun, Kahn, Froehlich, Auinger, Lanphear
    • "We conclude that exposure to prenatal tobacco and environmental lead are risk factors for ADHD in U.S. children."

  490. BRAWLEY 2004
    Allergic rhinitis in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    • Most children with ADHD had allergic rhinitis. Evaluation and treatment of the rhinitis could help the ADHD.
    • Brawley, Silverman, Kearney, Guanzon, Owens, Bennett, Schneider.

  491. BRAY 2006
    Food Intolerance: Presentation Slides

  492. BREAD 2008
    A “Softer” Approach to Improving the Quality of Refrigerated Bakery Products
    - Note - very different from bread you make at home!!

  493. BREAKEY 1991
    A report on a trial of the low additive, low salicylate diet in the treatment of behaviour and learning problems in children
    • ADHD, hyperactivity, additives, food dyes
    • Breakey, Hill, Reilly, Connell

  494. BREAKEY 1992 - abstract
    Dietary treatment for hyperactive children

  495. BREAKEY - 1996
    Response to NH & MRC: Second Stage of Consultation re Advice for Health Professionals and Educators re ADHD.

  496. BREAKEY 1997
    Review: The Role of Diet and Behaviour in Childhood

  497. BREAKEY 1997
    Letter to the Editor re Diet Therapy, comment on Garland & Weiss 1996 article

  498. BREAKEY 2004 - abstract
    Is food intolerance due to an inborn error of metabolism?

  499. BREHM 2010
    Serum Vitamin D Levels and Severe Asthma Exacerbations in the Childhood Asthma Management Program Study
    • Brehm, Schuemann, Fuhlbrigge, Hollis, Strunk, Zeiger, Weiss, Litonjua.

  500. BREIMAN 2001
    Vaccines as Tools for Advancing More than Public Health: Perspectives of a Former Director of the National Vaccine Program Office
    • Bangladesh.

  501. BRENNER 1977
    A study of the efficacy of the Feingold Diet on hyperkinetic children
    • Dr. Brenner originally intended to prove Dr. Feingold wrong. He couldn't, and changed his mind.

  502. BRENNER 1979
    Trace mineral levels in hyperactive children responding to the Feingold diet
    • There was a significantly higher level of copper in the children who did respond to the Feingold diet

  503. BRENT 2004
    A Pediatric Perspective on the Unique Vulnerability and Resilience of the Embryo and the Child to Environmental Toxicants: The Importance of Rigorous Research Concerning Age and Agent

  504. BRIGGS 1989
    Short-term effects of butylated hydroxytoluene on the Wistar rat liver, urinary bladder and thyroid gland.
    • BHT, Liver tumors.
    • Briggs, Lok, Nera, Karpinski, Clayson. Canada.

  505. BROADBENT 2015
    Comunity Water Fluoridation and Intelligence: Prospective Study in New Zealand.
    • fluoride not neurotoxic, and no diff in IQ.
    • Broadbent, Thompson, Ramrakha, Moffitt, Zeng, Page, Poulton.

  506. BROCK 2003
    Food Safety: Risk Assessment Methodology and Decision-Making Criteria

  507. BROCKEL 1998
    Lead, attention, and impulsive behavior: changes in a fixed-ratio waiting-for-reward paradigm.
    • Rats, exposed to lead could not wait for reward.
    • Brockel, Cory-Slechta.

  508. BROTONS 2010
    Effectiveness of Varicella Vaccines as Postexposure Prophylaxis.

  509. BROWN 1978
    Mutagenicity testing of certified food colors and related azo, xanthene and triphenylmethane dyes with the Salmonella/microsome system.
    • mutagenic testing, DNA, azo dyes.
    • Brown, Roehm.

  510. BROWN 2001
    Theoretical estimation of blood mercury levels from Thimerosal injections using a one compartment biokinetic model.
    • An analysis to “bound” potential mercury tissue levels

  511. BRUENING 2012
    The relationship between adolescents’ and their friends’ eating behaviors - breakfast, fruit, vegetable, whole grain, and dairy intake
    • teens. food.
    • Bruening, Eisenberg, MacLehose, Nanney, Story, Neumark-Sztainer

  512. BRUMBACH 2009
    Effects of Harsh and Unpredictable Environments in Adolescence on Development of Life History Strategies: A Longitudinal Test of an Evolutionary Model
    • Brumbach, Figueredo, Ellis

    Adverse reactions to food
    • Bruijnzeel-Koomen, Orolani, Aas, Bindslev-Jensen, Bjorksten, Moneret-Vautrin,
    • Suthrich. Switzerland.

  514. BRUNETTI 2014
    Pantethine treatment is effective in recovering the disease phenotype induced by ketogenic diet in a pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration mouse model
    • genetic mutation, mitochondria, mouse, ketogenic, nervous system.
    • Italy. Brunetti, Dusi, Giordano, Lamperti, Morbin, Fugnanesi, Marchet, Fagiolari, Sibon, Moggio, d"Amati, Tiranti.brun

  515. BRUNNER 1981
    Food colors and behavior
    • Brunner, Vorhees, Butcher. This is a comment on Weiss's study.
    • Weiss' response ("Brunner et al ascribe to us a position we did not adopt, then attack it...")

  516. BRUNO 1993
    Clinical outcome and brain MRI four years after carbon monoxide intoxication
    • Bruno, Wagner, Orrison. Brain lesions

  517. BRUSCHWEILER 2014
    Identification of non-regulated aromatic amines of toxicological concern which can be cleaved from azo dyes used in clothing textiles.
    • Dyes in cloth are absorbed into body or broken by skin bacteria to release aromatic amines. toxicity, cancer concern.
    • Bruschweiler, Kung, Burgi, Muralt, Nyfeler. Switzerland.

  518. BRUYERE 2015
    Review of the nutritional benefits and risks related to intense sweeteners
    • Review. benefits of weight, glucose, diabetes not proven; risks not proven.
    • Bruyere, Ahmed, Atlan, Belegaud, Bortolotti ... Margaritis.

  519. BRYSON 2004
    Public Deception on Fluoride (book review)

  520. BUCK 1993
    Toxic reaction to salicylate in a newborn infant: similarities to neonatal sepsis.
    • baby, aspirin while pregnant.
    • Buck, Grebe, Bond

  521. BUCKLEY 2012
    Consumer product exposures associated with urinary phthalate levels in pregnant women
    • Questionnaire; nail polish, makeup, eye makeup, perfume use -> higher phthalate. Also, other personal crae products, flooring, paneling.
    • Buckley, Palmieri, Matuszewski, Herring, Baird, Hartmann, Hoppin.

  522. BUHNER 2004
    Pseudoallergic reactions in chronic urticaria are associated with altered gastroduodenal permeability
    • GI, pseudoallergy.
    • Buhner, Reese, Kuehl, Lochs, Zuberbier. Germany

  523. BULLEN 2004
    A pilot study to explore the challenges of changing children's food and health concepts

  524. BURBACHER 2005
    Comparison of Blood and Brain Mercury Levels in Infant Monkeys Exposed to Methylmercury or Vaccines Containing Thimerosal
    • methylmercury via oral gavage, compared to ethylmercury by injection
    • Ethylmercury apparently metabolized and excreted faster
    • Burbacher, Shen, Liberato, Grant, Cernichiari, Clarkson

  525. BURDOCK 2007
    Safety Assessment of Castoreum Extract as a Food Ingredient
    • Beaver butt glands; no known medical uses but in traditional med it is used as analgesic, and to treat restless sleep & menstrual problems.
    • There were two toxicity studies on animals; original data not available; 2 human studies for skin irritation (not food)

  526. BURGESS 2000
    Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

  527. BURLTON-BENNET 1987
    A Single Subject Evaluation of the K-P Diet for Hyperkinesis

  528. BURNETT 2009
    Final Amended Report on the Safety Assessment of Ammonium Thioglycolate, Butyl Thioglycolate, Calcium Thioglycolate, Ethanolamine Thioglycolate, Ethyl Thioglycolate, Glyceryl Thioglycolate, Isooctyl Thioglycolate, Isopropyl Thioglycolate, Magnesium Thioglycolate, Methyl Thioglycolate, Potassium Thioglycolate, Sodium Thioglycolate, and Thioglycolic Acid
    • cosmetic chemicals, used in hair coloring, depilatories, etc. (67 pages long)

  529. BURNS 2005 Book Review
    Fear of Food: A Diary of Mothering

  530. BURROWS 2006
    Same as above, before publication

  531. BURROWS 2009
    Palette of Our Palates: A Brief History of Food Coloring and Its Regulation

  532. BUSSING 1998
    Knowledge and information about ADHD: Evidence of cultural differences among African-American and white parents
    • Black parents less likely to know about ADHD, more likely to think it is caused by too much sugar, and less likely to want to use written information.
    • Criticism of doctors who "still" recommend sugar restriction and special diets.

  533. BUSSING 2002
    Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Suggests doctors should find out what they are using and talk them out of it

  534. BUSSING 2006
    What ‘‘Dr. Mom’’ ordered: A community-based exploratory study of parental self-care responses to children’s ADHD symptoms
    • diet mentioned as not helpful, using up parental resources & most used for ODD.
    • Questionnaire.
    • Bussing, Koro-Ljungberg, Williamson, Gary, Garvan.

  535. BUSTOS 2008
    Including Blood Lead Levels of All Immigrant Children When Evaluating for ADHD

  536. BUTLER 1979
    Biogenic amine metabolism in Tourette syndrome.
    • MHPG, homovanillic acid, serotonin, dopamine.
    • Butler, Koslow, Seifert, Caprioli, Singer.

  537. BUTLER 2000
    Allopurinol Normalizes Endothelial Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetics With Mild Hypertension


  539. CABRAL 2000
    A guide to contraindications to childhood vaccinations
    • "Very few true contraindications."
    • Gives "proper" answers to faq about contraindications. Canada.

  540. CADE 1999 - (actually Sun & Cade)
    A Peptide Found in Schizophrenia and Autism Causes Behavioral Changes in Rats
    The National Autistic Society, Vol 3(1) 85–95

  541. CADE 2000
    Autism and Schizophrenia: Intestinal Disorders
    • 81% of autistic children improved.

  542. CALIFF 2006
    Clinical trials bureaucracy: unintended consequences of well-intentioned policy

  543. CALLEGARO 2010
    Effect of wheat bran and flaxseed on cadmium effects and retention in rats

  544. CAMPBELL 2004
    Attitudes of healthcare professionals and parents regarding genetic testing for violent traits in childhood

  545. CAMPO 2004
    Recurrent Abdominal Pain, Anxiety, and Depression in Primary Care
    • "Helicobacter pylori infection and celiac disease are not etiologic in most cases, and despite suspicions about food allergies, lack of dietary fiber, gluten sensitivity, and lactose malabsorption, results of dietary intervention such as fiber supplementation and lactose-free diets have been disappointing."
    • NOTE: The author discounts dietary change as "disappointing" without suggesting it be ruled out. He does not appear to consider 30 years of reports that while the Feingold diet "cures" many children's abdominal pain (and psychiatric disorder), those who don't get better on Feingold often do get better on a gluten-free/casein-free diet.

  546. CANADA 2010
    Health Canada Proposal to Improve Food Colour Labelling Requirements

  547. CANDURA 2000 - abstract
    Occupational poisoning with psychiatric manifestations (Italian)
    • metals, pesticides, solvents, carbon monoxide, psychosis, brain, alzheimer's.
    • Candura, Butera, Gandini, Locatelli, Tagliani, Fasola, Manzo.

  548. CANNON 2001
    highlights of the 2002 issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry ... including the Gesch study on vitamins for violence, sex and antipsychotic meds, etc.

  549. CANNON 2002
    Perinatal and childhood risk factors for later criminality and violence in schizophrenia: Longitudinal, population-based study

  550. CANSEV 2008
    Oral administration of circulating precursors for membrane phosphatides can promote the synthesis of new brain synapses
    • Omega-3, DHA, synapse, brain, EPA, choline, uridine. stroke, alzheimer's.
    • Cansev, Wurtman, Sakamoto, Ulus. Turkey.

  551. CANT 1986
    Effect of maternal dietary exclusion on breast fed infants with eczema: two controlled studies.

  552. CANTEKIN 2001
    Wall Street Journal: A medical researcher pays for doubting industry claim (article by Crossen)
    • whistle-blower re Bluestone study (Mandel 1987) on Antibiotics for ear infection. Otitis media.

  553. CARABALLO 2011
    Long-term follow-up of the ketogenic diet for refractory epilepsy: Multicenter Argentinean experience in 216 pediatric patients
    • Ketogenic diet helped seizures, and when discontinued 75% continued okay.
    • Caraballo, Vaccarezza, Cersosimo, Rios, Soraru, Arroyo, Agosta, Escobal, Demartini, Maxit, Cresta, Marchione, Carniello, Panico. Argentina.

  554. CARDET 2014
    Alcohol-induced respiratory symptoms are common in patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease
    • asthma, wheeze.
    • Cardet, White, Barrett, Feldweg, Wickner, Savage, Bhattacharyya, Laidlaw.

  555. CARDINAL 2001
    Impulsive Choice Induced in Rats by Lesions of the Nucleus Accumbens Core

  556. CARLTON 2000
    Rational dosages of nutrients have a prolonged effect on learning disabilities.
    • vitamins, adhd, behavior

  557. CARNEIRO 2017 - AMD
    Nutritional and Lifestyle Interventions for Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Review
    • Macular degeneration, the AREDS study, zinc, lutein, genetics.

  558. CARPANINI 1978
    Long-term toxicity studies on Chocolate Brown HT in rats
    • Like many early studies, cancer and death is what they looked for.
    • Carpanini, Butterworth, Gaunt, Kiss, Grasso, Gangolli.

  559. CARR 2014
    The effect of intravenous vitamin C on cancer- and chemotherapy- related fatigue and quality of life.
    • Review.
    • Carr, Vissers, Cook. New Zealand.

  560. CARTER 1985
    A dietary management of severe childhood migraine.
    • Review. melatonin, consistent schedule, morning bright light, treat iron deficiency.
    • Carter, Hathaway, Lettieri.

  561. CARTER 1993
    Effects of a few foods diet in attention deficit disorder
    • Needs legal size paper to print.
    • Emphasis in red is added.

  562. CARTER 2014
    Common sleep disorders in children.
    • Carter, Hathaway, Lettieri.

    Systematized Contact Dermatitis and Montelukast in an Atopic Boy
    • aspartame, formaldehyde, allergy.
    • Castanedo-Tardan, Gonzalez, Connelly, Giordano, Jacob.

  564. CASTELLANOS 1996
    Cerebrospinal fluid homovanillic acid predicts behavioral response to stimulants in 45 boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    • See Homovanillic acid.
    • adhd. brain. spinal tap. high HVA -> abetter drug response.
    • Castellanos, Elia, Kruesi, Marsh, Gullotta, Potter, Ritchie, Hamburger, Rapoport.

  565. CASTELLANOS 2002
    Anatomic magnetic resonance imaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    • Neuroimaging, ADHD, children

  566. CASTELLANOS 2002
    Developmental trajectories of brain volume abnormalities in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD, children, brain volumes, change in medicated children.
    • Castellanos, Lee, Sharp, Jeffries, Greenstein, Clasen, Blumenthal, James, Ebens, Walter, Zijdenbos, Evans, Giedd, Rapoport.

  567. CASTILHOS 2015
    Effect of Uncaria tomentosa extract on purinergic enzyme activities in lymphocytes of rats submitted to experimental adjuvant arthritis model
    • Castilhos, Rezer, Ruchel, Thorstenberg, Jaques, Schlemmer, Doleski, Rossato, da Silva,
    • Casalli, da Cruz, Ferreira, Athayde, Goncalves, Leal. Brazil.

  568. CASTRO 2002
    Interactions Between Additives: Its Effect on Sorbate Stability and Z. bailii Minimum Inhibitory Concentration in Model Aqueous Systems Resembling Salad Dressings

  569. CASTRO 2006
    Antioxidant Treatment Ameliorates Respiratory Syncytial Virus–induced Disease and Lung Inflammation
    • RSV, asthma, children, oxidative stress, lung. mice. BHA as aantioxidant helped.
    • Castro, Guerrero-Plata, Suarez-Real, Adegboyega, Colasurdo, Khan, Garofalo, and Casola

  570. CATALA-LOPEZ 2015
    The pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    • proposed meta analysis review.
    • Catala-Lopez, Hutton, Nunez-Beltran, Mayhew, Page, Ridao, Tobias, Catala, Tabares-Seisdedos, Moher

  571. CATANZARO 1971
    Spectrum and Possible Mechanism of Carrageenan Cytotoxicity
    • Suppresses delayed hypersensitivity by killing macrophages via lysosome damage.
    • Catanzaro, Schwartz, Graham.

  572. CATASSI 2013
    Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity: The New Frontier of Gluten Related Disorders (Review)
    • GI, IBS, autism, schizophrenia, wheat allergy, gluten, diet.
    • Catassi, Bai, Bonaz, Bouma, Calabrò, Carroccio, Castillejo, Ciacci, Cristofori, Dolinsek, Francavilla, Elli, Green, Holtmeier, Koehler, Koletzko, Meinhold, Sanders, Schumann, Schuppan, Ullrich, Vécsei, Volta, Zevallos, Sapone and Fasano. Italy.

  573. CATASSI 2015
    Diagnosis of Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS): The Salerno Experts’ Criteria
    • GI, IBS, gluten, symptoms, double blind.

  574. CATASSI 2015
    Gluten Sensitivity:
    The clinical picture of NCGS is variable and usually includes IBS-like gastrointestinal manifestations and neurological symptoms, such as foggy mind and headache
    • GI, IBS, fatigue, eczema, anemia, neurological problems, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, schizophrenia, autism, depression, anxiety, hallucinations. gluten psychosis.

  575. CAZALS 1998
    Alterations in average spectrum of cochleoneural activity by long-term salicylate treatment in the guinea pig: a plausible index of tinnitus

  576. CAZALS 2000
    Auditory sensori-neural alterations induced by salicylate.
    • The two Cazals studies above show tinnitis (noise in ears) as result of salicylate. This one also says salicylate can produce changes in hearing, difficulty in understanding speech, hypersensitivity to noise, etc.
    • These are some of the problems often improved using the Feingold Program Stage One -- which eliminates salicylate-containing foods.

  577. CDC 1998
    Lead Poisoning Associated with Imported Candy and Powdered Food Coloring -- California and Michigan
    • Case studies, Mexico, spice, lozeena, Iraq, epidemiology, Dorfman, tamarindo, picarindo, jellied, candy, pottery, chili, spices, India

  578. CDC 2014
    MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: State Legislation, Regulations, and Hospital Guidelines for Newborn Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects, US 2011-2014

  579. CECIL 2016
    Editorial: Prenatal diet and childhood ADHD: exploring the potential role of IGF2 methylation
    • adhd, prenatal diet.

  580. CEMEK 2014
    Effects of Food Color Additiveson Antioxidant Functions and Bioelement Contents of Liver, Kidney and Brain Tissues in Rats
    • food dye, yellow 5, tartrazine, carmoisine. dyes alter bioelement levels in organs.
    • "We concluded that tartrazine and carmoisine affect and alter bioelements levels in vital organs e.g. liver, kidney and brain. This issue should be considered by food manufacturers and consumers always."
    • Cemek, Buyukokuroglu, Sertkaya, Alpdagtas, Hazini, Onul, Gones. Turkey

  581. CENCI 2000
    T Cell Vaccination in Mice with Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
    • Cenci, Mencacci, Bacci, Bistoni, Kurup, Romani

  582. CESERANI 1978
    Tartrazine and prostaglandin system
    • Food dye. Tartrazine (Yellow #5) causes bronchoconstriction similiar to aspirin in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics

  583. CEYHAN 2013
    Effects of maternally exposed coloring food additives on receptor expressions related to learning and memory in rats
    • prenatal exposure, food dyes.

  584. CHAN 2003
    Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Childhood Attention and Hyperactivity Problems
    • CAM, adhd, children. 54% of parents use CAM, but 11% tell their doctor.
    • Chan, Rappaport, Kemper.

  585. CHAN 2008
    Toxicity and Carcinogenicity Studies of 4-Methylimidazole in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice.
    • 4MI found in hay, milk, meat, soy sauce, wine, molasses, drugs, dyes, etc.
    • In mice causes lung cancer, seizures, leukemia, etc.
    • Chan, Hills, Kissling, Nyska

  586. CHAN 2012
    Dietary Intervention Enhances Executive Functions and Anterior Cingulate Activity in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Chanyi diet = natural, vegetarian. children improved.
    • Chan, Sze, Han, Cheung. China.

  587. CHANDRA 1989
    Influence of maternal diet during lactation and use of formula feeds on development of atopic eczema in high risk infants
    • Chandra, Puri, Hamed.

  588. CHANG 2013
    Allergic Diseases in Preschoolers are Associated with Psychological and Behavioural Problems
    • allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma, sleep
    • Korea.

  589. CHAPEL 1982
    The Hyperactive Child

  590. CHARACH 2013
    Interventions for Preschool Children at High Risk for ADHD: A Comparative Effectiveness Review
    • PBT (parent behavior training) more effective than ritalin.
    • Charach, Carson, Fox, Usman, Beckett, Lim. Singapore.

  591. CHAUHAN 2006
    Review: Oxidative stress in autism.
    • Glutathione, inflammation, abnormal iron and copper metabolism.

  592. CHAVEZ 2009
    An Update on Central Nervous System Stimulant Formulations in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Conclusion: stimulants are safe and effective.
    • Ritalin less likely than amphetamine to increase blood pressure.
    • Amphetamines ok for 3 yrs old children.
    • Chavez, Sopko, Ehret, Paulino, Goldberg, Angstadt, Bogart.

    Chemical Cuisine: A guide to food additives
    • CSPI

  594. CHEATHAM 2006
    N.3 Fatty acids and cognitive and visual acuity development: methodologic and conceptual considerations

  595. CHEESEMAN 2012
    Artificial Food Color Additives and Child Behavior
    • criticizes Weiss 2012; refers to old studies; Cheeseman is Acting Director, Office of Food Additive Safety, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (of FDA)

  596. CHEN 1980 - abstract
    Clinical study on treatment of children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder by jiangqian granule (Chinese).
    • Jiangqian granule (JQG) lowered blood lead levels and improved behavior better than Ritalin.

  597. CHEN 1980
    Potentiation of acoustic-trauma-induced audiogenic seizure susceptibility by salicylates in mice.
    • noise + salicylates is more seizure risk than noise alone.
    • Chen, Aberdeen.

  598. CHEN 1980
    Potentiation of noise-induced audiogenic seizure risk by salicylate in mice as a function of salicylate-noise exposure interval.
    • Exposing mice to noise 6 hours after salicylate induces seizure; * salicylate makes cochlea vulnerable to noise damage.
    • Chen, Aberdeen.

  599. CHEN 2007
    Stevioside improves pancreatic .-cell function during glucotoxicity via regulation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase

  600. CHEN 2010
    Too much of a good thing: Long-term treatment with salicylate strengthens outer hair cell function but impairs auditory neural activity

  601. CHEN 2012
    Effect of vitamin C deficiency during postnatal development on adult behavior: functional phenotype of Gulo(- /- ) knockout mice
    • these mice required vitamin C.
    • Chronic deficiency led to less movement but hyperactivity with methamphetamine.

  602. CHEN 2013
    Review: Salicylate-Induced Cochlear Impairments, Cortical Hyperactivity and Re-Tuning, and Tinnitus

  603. CHEN 2015
    Tinnitus and hyperacusis involve hyperactivity and enhanced connectivity in auditory-limbic-arousal-cerebellar network

  604. CHEQUER 2012
    Genotoxic and mutagenic effects of erythrosine B, a xanthene food dye, on HepG2 cells
    • Red 3, inhibits enzymes, inhibits protein-protein interactions, toxic to pituitary, toxic to spermatogenesis.
    • NOTE: Red 3 "must be used carefully because it damages the DNA structure." * CAREFULLY???? Do you really want to CAHEFULLY damage your DNA? How about NOT using it?

  605. CHERIN 2000
    Gallium-67 Scintigraphy in Macrophagic Myofasciitis
    • MMF. Diagnostic method.

  606. CHEUNG 2007
    Malignant Tourette Syndrome

  607. CHOI 2010
    Comparative nephrotoxicity induced by melamine, cyanuric acid, or a mixture of both chemicals in either Sprague-Dawley rats or renal cell lines
    • Combination of melamine and cyanuric acid caused kidney damage.
    • Choi, Kwak, Kwak, Kim, Han, Roh, Bae, Ahn, Jung, Kwon, Jang, Lim, Kwack, Han, Kang, Kim, Kim, Lee

  608. CHOI 2012
    Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    • children neurodevelopment, IQ, prenatal exposure.
    • Choi, Sun, Zhang, Grandjean. Denmark. China.

  609. CHOU 2006
    Phthalates in Food and Medical Devices
    • Chou, Wright.

  610. CHOWDHURY 2014
    Vitamin D and risk of cause specific death: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational cohort and randomised intervention studies
    • Vitamin D inversely associated with death from heart, cancer, etc.
    • Chowdhury, Kunutsor, Vitezova, Oliver-Williams, Kiefte-de-Jong, Khan, Baena, Prabhakaran, oshen, Feldman, Pan, Johnson, Crowe, Hu, Franco. UK.

  611. CHRISTIAN 1999
    Developmental toxicity studies of four fragrances in rats.
    • Tested 4 fragrances on pregnant rats, killing them day 20 of pregnancy.
    • Skeletal malformations at high dose only, so concluded it is safe.
    • No behavioral observations made.
    • Christian, Parker, Hoberman, Diener, Api.

  612. CHRISTIAN 2000
    Erratum to "Developmental toxicity studies of four fragrances in rats" (above)

  613. CHRISTIAN 2004
    Chronic aspartame affects T-maze performance, brain cholinergic receptors and Na+,K+-ATPase in rats.
    • Rats, brain, enzymes, maze

  614. CHU 2013
    Aqueous cytokines as predictors of macular edema in non-diabetic patients following uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract surgery
    • Chu, Wang, Xu, Dong. China.

  615. CHU 2015
    Aqueous Cytokines as Predictors of Macular Edema in Patients with Diabetes following Uncomplicated Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery
    • Dong, Xu, Wang, Chu, Tang. China

  616. CHUANG 2000
    Short Communication: Curcumin-containing diet inhibits diethylnitrosamine-induced murine hepatocarcinogenesis
    • ("murine" means mice). curcumin prevented cancer.
    • Chuang, Kuo, Hsu, Chen, Lim, Lai, Hsieh, Cheng. China.

  617. CHUNG 1978
    Reduction of Azo Dyes by Intestinal Anaerobes
    • an oldie but goodie, showing metabolism of dyes by breakage of the azo bond into carcinogenic metabolites.

  618. CHUNG 1981
    Mutagenicity testing of some commonly used dyes.

  619. CHUNG 1983
    The significance of azo-reduction in the mutagenesis and carcinogenesis of azo dyes.
    • food dyes, intestinal microflora reduce azo dyes to aromatic amines.
    • China.

  620. CHUNG 1999
    Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the acetylation of 2-aminofluorene and DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts in the rat.

  621. CHUNG 2005
    Daily intake assessment of saccharin, stevioside, D-sorbitol and aspartame from various processed foods in Korea
    • Artificial sweeteners aspartame & saccharin were low, with "high users" at 40.7% and 11.4% of ADI. Stevia and D-sorbitol have no ADI. Splenda/sucralose not mentioned.
    • Chung, Suh, Yoo, Choi, Cho, Cho, Kim. Korea.

  622. CHUNG 2010
    Importance of a balanced diet on the physical fitness level of schoolchildren aged 6–12

  623. CHUNG 2010
    The Relationship Between Parental Concerns and Final Diagnosis in Children With Developmental Delay

  624. CHUNG 2014
    Fructose, high-fructose corn syrup, sucrose, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or indexes of liver health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Not enough evidence for conclusion.
    • Chung, Ma, Patel, Berger, Lau, Lichtenstein.

  625. CIAPUCCINI 2010
    Aspartame-Induced Fibromyalgia, an Unusual but Curable Cause of Chronic Pain.
    • Ciappuccini, Ansemant, Maillefert, Tavernier, Ornetti

  626. CICMANEC 1996
    Comparison of four human studies of perinatal exposure to methylmercury for use in risk assessment.
    • Mercury, prenatal, Indian, fishing villages, risk management.

  627. CIESIELSKI 2012
    Cadmium Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in U.S. Children
    • cadmium at levels thought safe -> learning disability, LD, ADHD, special ed.
    • Ciesielski, Weuve, Bellinger, Schwartz, Lanphear, Wright.

  628. CLARK 1987
    Rotavirus Isolate W161 Representing a Presumptive New Human Serotype
    • New rotavirus W161 found; author has no explanation for high antibody titers to it in human sera & cow's milk.
    • This was over 20 years ago; perhaps there is more info now?
    • Clark, Hoshino, Bell, Groff, Hess, Bachman, Offit.

  629. CLARK 1995
    An Examination of Dietary Influences on Delinquency
    • No statistical correlation found.
    • Author says self-report of delinquency and diet are poor design.

  630. CLARK 1999
    Autistic symptoms in children with attention de®cit-hyperactivity disorder
    • DAMP = Disorders of Attention, Motor Control and Perception. 65-80% of parents reported autistic symptoms with ADHD; 63.6% also ODD or CD.
    • Clark, Feehan, Tinline, Vostanis. UK

  631. CLARK 2003
    Safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of a live, quadrivalent human-bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine in healthy infants.
    • same as placebo; some virus shedding, showing "at least a low level of replication in the human host.
    • Clark, Bernstein, Dennehy, Offit, Pichichero, Treanor, Ward, Krah, Shaw, Dallas, Digilio, Eiden, Ivanoff, Kaplan, Heaton.
    • Funded by Merck;
    • Researchers were current or former Merck employees.

  632. CLARK 2004
    Vaccines for rotavirus gastroenteritis universally needed for infants.
    • Pediatricians will explain to parents the necessity for a rotavirus vaccine.
    • History of rotashield vaccine and intussusception. Rotashield withdrawn.
    • Rotateq being tested internationally on 60,000 infants.

  633. CLARKE 2002
    EEG evidence for a new conceptualisation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • EEG, 2 groups

  634. CLARKE 2003 - (PKU)
    The Maternal Phenylketonuria Project: A Summary of Progress and Challenges for the Future

  635. CLASSEN 2008
    Evidence childhood epidemics of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are opposite extremes of an immune spectrum disorder induced by immune stimulants. Role of race and associated cortisol activity as a major determining factor of the type of diabetes
    • vaccines stimulate immune system.grass fed horses immunized and obese.
    • author is Classsen Immunotherapies with patents on testing vaccines for ability to cause diabetes.

  636. CLAUSEN 2010
    Prevention of cognitive deficits and brain oxidative stress with superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics in aged mice
    • Clausen, Doctrow, Baudry.

  637. CLINTON 2015
    Whole-Foods, Plant-Based Diet Alleviates the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
    • Clinton, O'Brien, Law, Renier, Wendt.

    Children’s Dietary Recommendations: When Urban Myths, Opinions, Parental Perceptions & Evidence Collide

  639. COCHRANE 2015
    Thresholds in chemical respiratory sensitisation
    • respiratory allergy, asthma, chemicals rhinitis, occupational asthma, routes of exposure.
    • Cochrane, Arts, Ehnes, Hindle, Hollnagel, Poole, Suto, Kimber. Japan. UK.

  640. COHEN 1989
    The Craniosacral Rhythmic Impulse

  641. COHLE 2013
    Fatal coronary artery intimal hyperplasia due to amphetamine use
    • Intimal hyperplasia = overgrowth of inside of vessel wall, considered by some normal, but increases in response to cardiac treatments and overcomes interventions such as stents, bypass, etc.
    • See more:
    • Case report of death of 29 year old man on amphetamine 11 years for ADHD, from intimal hyperplasia after old infarct (previous heart attack)

  642. COHLY 2005
    Immunological findings in autism
    • Immune regulation, cytokines, autoimunity, mercury, measles, genes, cd4 cells, t-cells, Th1/Th1 immunity, thimerosal, MMR, measles.
    • Brain specific antibodies. Inflammatory process. Environmental factos.

  643. COLE 1996
    The Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Hematogenous Candidiasis: From the Laboratory to the Bedside
    • GI, yeast, mice.
    • Cole, Halawa, Anaissie.

  644. COLEMAN 1979
    A preliminary study of the effect of pyridoxine administration in a subgroup of hyperkinetic children: a double-blind crossover comparison with methylphenidate.

  645. COLLINS 1989
    Study of the teratogenic potential of FD & C Red No. 40 when given by gavage to rats.
    • During 19 days pregnancy, given Red 40 up to 1000 mg/kg. Babies killed before birth; no behavioral observations. Fetal resorptions, steletal variations considered "random."
    • Collins, Black, Welsh, Brown.

  646. COLLINS 1989
    Study of the teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 40 when given in drinking water.
    • Red 40 given pregnant rats, killed day 20 pregnancy. Dose-related increase in skeletal variations at one level. No behavioral observations.
    • Collins, Black, Welsh, Brown.

  647. COLLINS 1992
    Study of the teratogenic potential of FD&C Yellow No. 5 when given in drinking-water.
    • food dye Yellow 5 (tartrazine). Rats killed before birth of pups.
    • Statistically significant skeletal changes not considered important because not dose-related.

  648. COLLINS 1993
    Teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 3 when given by gavage.
    • During 19 days of pregnancy, Red 3 not teratogenic at 800 mg/kg ... no behavioral observations of mother or baby rats (killed before birth). Erythrosine.
    • Collins, Black. Ruggles

  649. COLLINS 1993
    Teratogenic potential of FD&C Red No. 3 when given in drinking water.
    • Erythrosine. During 19 days of pregnancy, Red 3 not teratogenic.
    • Babies not born; no behavioral observations of mother except they drank less water.
    • Collins, Black, O'Donnell, Shackelford, Bulhack.

  650. COLLINS 1995
    Developmental Toxicity of Sodium Fluoride in Rats
    • fluoride given to pregnant rats at different doses; 3+ skeletal differences present at high dose, but not considered important. No changes considered significant.
    • Collins, Sprando, Shackelford, Black, Ames, Welsh, Balmer, Olejnik, Ruggles

    Intolerance to Additives

    Clinical spectrum of adverse reactions to tartrazine
    • food dye. Yellow 5. Review of literature and practical approach for doctors.
    • He suggests a diet free of dyes, aspirin, salicylate, sulfur dioxide, sodium benzoate

  653. COLLISON 2012
    Nutrigenomics of hepatic steatosis in a feline model: effect of monosodium glutamate, fructose, and Trans-fat feeding
    • MSG, cat, genes, liver disease.
    • Collison, Zaidi, Saleh, Makhoul, Inglis, Burrows, Araujo, Al-Mohanna.

  654. COLLISON 2012
    Gender Dimorphism in Aspartame-Induced Impairment of Spatial Cognition and Insulin Sensitivity
    • mice. weight gain, elevated glucose, insulin resistance, spatial cognition trouble.
    • Collison, Makhoul, Zaidi, Saleh, Andres, Inglis, Al-Rabiah, Al-Mohanna. Saudi Arabia.

  655. COLLISON 2013
    Prediabetic changes in gene expression induced by aspartame and monosodium glutamate in Trans fat-fed C57Bl/6 J mice
    • nutrasweet, aspartame, msg. Liver, trans-fat, cholesterol. Mice.
    • Collison, Makhoul, Zaidi, Inglis, Andres, Ubungen, Saleh, Al-Mohanna.

  656. COLLISON 2013
    Commentary on: "Further studies are necessary in order to conclude a causal association between the consumption of monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the rural Thai population" by Insawang.
    • MSG, metabolic syndrome, Thailand

  657. COLOMBO 2011
    Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Supplementation in Infancy Reduces Heart Rate and Positively Affects Distribution of Attention
    • DHA, omega-3, ARA. Babies.
    • Colombo, Carlson, Cheatham, Fitzgerald-Gustafson, Kepler, Doty.

  658. COLON 2000
    Identification of Phthalate Esters in the Serum of Young Puerto Rican Girls with Premature Breast Development
    • Colon, Caro, Bourdony, Rosario.

  659. COLQUHOUN 1981
    A lack of essential fatty acids as a possible cause of hyperactivity in children
    • Colquhoun, Bunday. HCSG. UK

  660. COLQUHOUN 1994 - abstract
    Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder: A dietary/nutritional approach
    • Review. Feingold Program adapted for UK. Other nutrients also should be improved. Psychlit. UK

  661. COLTER 2008
    Fatty acid status and behavioural symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adolescents: A case-control study

    Commission on Crime Control and Violence Prevention (See Crime 1981)

  662. COMINGS 1990
    Blood serotonin and tryptophan in Tourette syndrome.
    • Lower serotonin/platelet ratio in trptophan and serotonin; similar in adhd.
    • Suggest dysregulation of serotonin metabolism. gene may be tryptophan oxygenase.

  663. COMINGS 1993 - abstract
    Serotonin and the biochemical genetics of alcoholism: lessons from studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Tourette syndrome.

  664. COMINGS 1996
    Polygenic inheritance of Tourette syndrome, stuttering, attention deficit hyperactivity, conduct, and oppositional defiant disorder: the additive and subtractive effect of the three dopaminergic genes--DRD2, D beta H, and DAT1
    • dopamine, genes, adhd, tics, ocd, alcohol abuse, anxiety.
    • Comings, Wu, Chiu, Ring, Gade, Ahn, MacMurray, Kietz, Muhleman.

  665. COMPTON 2009
    Physical Manifestations of Neurodevelopmental Disruption: Are Minor Physical Anomalies Part of the Syndrome of Schizophrenia?

  666. CONDEMI 1980
    Aspirin and Food Dye Reactions

  667. CONNERS 1980
    Dose-Time Effect of Artificial Colors in Hyperactive Children
    • NOTE: 30 mg food dye in chocolate cookies used as challenge material

  668. CONNERS 1976
    Food additives and hyperkinesis: A controlled double-blind experiment
    • One of the early double blind diet studies, even before Harley
    • See also letter from MILLER 1978

  669. CONNERS 1980
    Food Additives and Hyperactive Children (book)

  670. CONNOLLY 2010
    Pattern of intake of food additives associated with hyperactivity in Irish children and teenagers
    • Note - Ireland was already in the process of taking food dyes out of the kids' food.

  671. COOK 1976 = abstract
    The Feingold dietary treatment of the hyperkinetic syndrome.
    • 13 of 15 children puton diet got better. Authors seem unsure.
    • Cook, Woodhill. Australia.

  672. COOK 1995
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and whole-blood serotonin levels: effects of comorbidity
    • Serotonin levels of children related to levels of their mothers.
    • Children with ADHD + CD or ODD had higher serotonin.
    • Other studies show a dietary connection to serotonin function, useful even if there is genetic differences.
    • See BACKON 1989, BHAGAVAN 1977, DALAL 2010 to start.
    • Cook, Stein, Ellison, Unis, Leventhal

  673. COOKE 2006
    Are there critical periods for brain growth in children born preterm?

  674. COON 2016
    End-user involvement in a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative research of nonpharmacological interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder delivered in school settings: reflections on the impacts and challenges
    • Discussion of how to use end-users in a review of studies.
    • Coon, Gwernan-Jones, Moore, Richardson, Shotton, Pritchard, Morris, Stein, Ford. UK.

  675. COOPER 1999
    The Role of Genetic Factors in Autoimmune Disease: Implications for Environmental Research
    • Genes, twin studies.
    • Cooper, Miller, Pandey

  676. COOPER 2011
    ADHD Drugs and Serious Cardiovascular Events in Children and Young Adults

  677. COOPER 2014
    Antenatal Acetaminophen Use and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD, Tylenol, 60,000+ people reported Tylenol use during pregnancy the more weeks the Tylenol taken, the more ADHD, the more hyper ... but causation not proved yet.
    • Cooper, Langley, Thapar. Denmark

  678. COOPERMAN 1978
    Hyperactivity and diet.
    • Editorial, history, Canadian Medical Association Journal

  679. COPPEN 2005
    Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12

  680. CORDAIN 2005
    Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century
    • Discussion of complex multiple factors: genetic, saturated fat, sugar, dairy, oils, meats, salt, fiber, etc. Diseases of civilization.
    • Cordain, Eaton, Sebastian, Mann, Lindeberg, Watkins, O'Keefe, Brand-Miller

  681. CORDANO 2002
    Inhibitory effect of vanillin-like compounds on respiration and growth of adenocarcinoma TA3 and its multiresistant variant TA3-MTX-R
    • mice, tumors, cancer, mitochondria.

  682. CORDEIRO 2010
    Co-Occurrence of ADHD and High IQ: A Case Series Empirical Study

  683. CORDEIRO 2015
    Infections and brain development
    • brain, prenatal, autism, cerebral palsy, schizophrenia. Vaccines.
    • Cordeiro, Tsimis, Burd.

  684. CORDER 1995
    Aspirin, Salicylate, Sulfite and Tartrazine Induced Bronchoconstriction. Safe Doses and Case Definition in Epidemiological Studies.

  685. CORMIER 2007
    Diet and Child Behavior Problems: Fact or Fiction?
    • pediatric nursing article, tries for a balanced view, sort of.
    • Reviews all the old studies as though they are definitive, but does introduce the newer studies showing that additives do affect behavior, commenting that these studies have a selection bias because of "possible overrepresentation by families interested in hyperactivity."
    • (And here I thought studies on kids with hyperactivity were supposed to study kids WITH it .... ?)

  686. CORRADO 1998
    Positive Association between Helicobacter pylori Infection and Food Allergy in Children
    • Allergy, H. pylori,
    • Corrado, Luzzi, Lucarelli, Frediani, Pacchiarotti, Cavaliere, Rea, Cardi, Italy.

  687. CORRIVEAU 2015
    Sustained Benefit Over Four-Year Follow-Up of Michigan’s Project Healthy Schools
    • health class in 6th grade lowered cholesterol, increased activity thru 9th grade.
    • Corriveau, Eagle, Juang, Rogers, Gurm, Aaronson, Mitchell, DuRussel-Weston, Kline-Rogers, Eagle, Jackson.

  688. CORTESE 2008
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,Tourette’s syndrome, and restless legs syndrome: The iron hypothesis

  689. CORTESE 2009
    Sleep Disturbances and Serum Ferritin Levels in Children with ADHD
    • adhd, sleep, children,
    • Cortese, Konofal, Bernardina, Mouren, Lecendreux, France

  690. CORVAGLIA 1999
    Depression in adult untreated celiac subjects: diagnosis by the pediatrician

  691. COUGHTRIE 1999
    Phenol sulphotransferase SULT1A1 polymorphism : molecular diagnosis and allele frequencies in Caucasian and African populations
    • phenol sulphotransferase, PST, sulfation, sulphation

  692. COURSIN 1954
    Convulsive seizures in infants with pyridoxine-deficient diet
    • all children had been on liquid SMA formula and improved in hospital on hospital formula.

  693. COX 1991
    Is Asperger's syndrome a useful diagnosis?

  694. COX 2002
    Cycad neurotoxins, consumption of flying foxes, and ALS-PDC disease in Guam
    • Cox, Sacks.

  695. CRAIG 1999
    Health-promoting properties of common herbs
    • heart, flavonoids, immune system, cancer

  696. CRIME 1981
    Current Findings and Research Trends in Violence Prevention - Nutrition and Biochemical Influences
    Commission on Crime Control and Violence Prevention

  697. CROMWELL 1989
    Hair mineral analysis: Biochemical imbalances and violent criminal behavior
    • significantly different levels of trace minerals violent & nonviolent criminals; zinc to copper ratio most important. "results of this study indicate that biochemical differences exist between violent and nonviolent criminals."
    • Cromwell, Abadie, Stephens, Kyler.

  698. CROOK (undated)
    To Whom It May Concern: The relationship of superficial yeast infections to chronic illness.
    • Medical Support for the Candida/Human Internation
    • Observations of C. Orian Truss, MD.
    • Rejection of the Truss Hypothesis
    • The Dismukes Study
    • Flaws in the Dismukes Study
    • Observations of Carol Jessop, MD
    • Comments of Other Physicians
    • Clinical Reports of the Effectiveness of a Therapy Often Precede Scientific Studies
    • Reports in the Mid-90s Which Support the Relationship of Superficial Yeast Infections to Chronic Health Disorders
      • Multiple Sclerosis
      • Asthma
      • Psoriasis
      • Autism

  699. CROOK 1961
    Systemic Manifestations Due to Allergy
    • Reviews cases in the 1950s, before additives were much in the diet, and diagnosis of "tension fatique syndrome."

  700. CROSS 1999
    Self Promotion of Deep Tissue Penetration and Distribution of Methylsalicylate After Topical Application
    • comparison of two salicylates absorbed through skin of rats, as in pain relieving rubs.
    • Cross, Megwa, Benson, Roberts.

  701. CRUCHET 2016
    Truths, Myths and Needs of Special Diets: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, and Vegetarianism
    • Review. "elimination diets can benefit a subgroup of ADHD patients ..."
    • Cruchet, Lucro, Cornejo. Chile.

  702. CRUZ 2006
    Do Foods or Additives Cause Behavior Disorders?
    • ADHD,
    • Note: Although this review is dated 2006, it reviews the studies done in the 1970s, meta analysis done in 1982 (ignoring the Schab meta analysis of 2004), the NIH conference in 1982 (but not 1998), ignoring or belittling newer studies.
    • The Bateman 2004 study is described, then dropped in favor of a long list of "negative" studies - all of them from the 1970s or 1980s.

  703. CSERHATI 2004
    The history of bronchial asthma from the ancient times till the Middle Ages

  704. CSPI 2008
    Chemical Cuisine 2008
    • Food additives, food dyes, bht, bha, aspartame, etc.

  705. CSPI 2011
    Comments on Nutrition standards in the national school lunch program and school breakfast program proposed rule
    • Wootan

  706. CSURHES 2005
    T cell reactivity to P0, P2, PMP-22, and myelin basic protein in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
    • GBS, autoimmunity, nerves.
    • Csurhes, Sullivan, Green, Pender, McCombe.

  707. CUKIER 2014
    Exome sequencing of extended families with autism reveals genes shared across neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders
    • Genes.
    • Cukier, Dueker, Slifer, Lee, Whitehead, Lalanne, Leyva, Konidari, Gentry, Hulme, Van Booven, Mayo, Hofmann, Schmidt, Martin, Haines, Cuccaro, Gilbert, Pericak-Vance.

  708. CUNNINGHAM 2007
    Lead: Toxicology and Assessment in General Practice

  709. CURATOLO 2010
    Education in Child Neurology: The Role of the International Child Neurology Association (ICNA)
    • CSPI (Voodoo Science etc.)
    • SEE HARNIK 1982

  710. CURATOLO 2010
    Autism Spectrum Disorders in Tuberous Sclerosis: Pathogenetic Pathways and Implications for Treatment

  711. CURRAN 2011
    In Utero and Lactational Exposure to PCBs in Mice: Adult Offspring Show Altered Learning and Memory Depending on Cyp1a2 and Ahr Genotypes
    • pesticides, cytochrome P450, combination of genetics & toxin on learning and behavior

  712. CURRAN 2011
    In Utero and Lactational Exposure to a Complex Mixture of Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Toxicity in Pups Dependent on the Cyp1a2 and Ahr Genotypes
    • Genes control brain, thymus, liver, spleen damage from pesticides.
    • Curran, Vorhees, Williams, Genter, Miller, Nebert.

  713. CURRIE 2013 (working paper)
    Do stimulant medications improve educational and behavioral outcomes for children with ADHD?
    • Working paper.
    • Increase in use of stimulant drugs is associated with worse academic performance. Reasons discussed.

  714. CURRIE 2014
    Do stimulant medications improve educational and behavioral outcomes for children with ADHD?
    • Increase in use of stimulant drugs is associated with worse academic performance.
    • Reasons discussed.
    • Currie, Stabile, Jones.

  715. CURTIN 1997
    Reward Dependence is Positively Related to Urinary Monoamines in Normal Men
    • Avoiding harm, reward dependence, novelty seeking - all depend on MAO system.
    • MAO level in urine related to reward dependence.
    • Curtin, Walker, Peyrin, Soulier, Badan, Schulz.

  716. CURTIS 2008
    Nutritional and Environmental Approaches to Preventing and Treating Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review
    • Toxins, mercury, lead, pesticides, prenatal smoking.
    • omega 3, vitamins, zinc, magnesium, phytochemicals, chelation.
    • Curtis & Patel.

  717. CURTIS 2010
    Chronic Metals Ingestion By Prairie Voles Produces Sex-Specific Deficits In Social Behavior: An Animal Model Of Autism
    • mercury or cadmium in drinking water caused only male voles to prefer isolation;
    • interacted with central dopamine function.
    • Curtis, Hood, Chen, Cobb, Wallace.

  718. CUTLER 1982
    Enhanced Antibody Responses Induced by Candida albicans
    • yeast, immunopotentiation.
    • Cutler, Lloyd.

  719. CYSNEIROS 2009
    Epilepsy and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy? Eat more fish!

  720. DABEKA 2014
    Total mercury in canned tuna sold in Canada in 2006.
    • canned yellowfin had lowest mercury; albacore had highest.
    • Recommended limits of consumption by age given.
    • Dabeka, McKenzie, Forsyth.

  721. D'AGATI 2016
    First evidence of HERV-H transcriptional activity reduction after methylphenidate treatment in a young boy with ADHD
    • First time retrovirus (HERV) seen to be reduced by Ritalin treatment.
    • D'Agati, Pitzianti, Balestrieri, Matteucci, Vallebona, Pasinni. Italy.

  722. DALAKAS 2006
    Role of IVIg in autoimmune, neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders of the central nervous system: present and future prospects
    • CNS, Alzheimer's, neurodegeneration

  723. DALAKAS 2008
    IVIg in other autoimmune neurological disorders: current status and future prospects
    • autoimmune, Alzheimer's, fibrosis.

  724. DALAL 2010
    Involvement of high plasma corticosterone status and activation of brain regional serotonin metabolism in long-term erythrosine-induced rearing motor hyperactivity in young adult male rats
    • food colors, hyperactivity, serotonin
    • Dalal, Poddar, India

  725. DALBY 1985
    Will population decreases in caffeine consumption unveil attention deficit disorders in adults?
    • coffee effect similar to stimulants; author predicts increased adult ADHD reports.

  726. DALEY 2006
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A review of the essential facts.
    • Because the Southampton studies showed that NON-ADHD children were also vulnerable to adverse reactions to food dyes, Daley claims that means that diet as a therapy for ADHD is "doubtful" ... UK.

  727. DALLAIRE 2013
    Exposure to organochlorines and mercury through fish and marine mammal consumption: associations with growth and duration of gestation among Inuit newborns
    • babies. analyzed cord blood for PCBs, HCB (hexachlorobenzene), Mercury, and DHA.
    • Dallaire, Dewailly, Ayotte, Forget-Dubois, Jacobson, Muckle. Canada

  728. D'AMELIO 2005
    Paraoxonase gene variants are associated with autism in North America, but not in Italy: possible regional specificity in gene–environment interactions
    • Organophosphate pesticides, PON1

  729. DAMEN 2006
    Prophylactic Treatment of Migraine in Children. Part 1. A Systematic Review of non-Pharmacological Trials

  730. DAMIANI 2011
    Vicia faba Hypersensitivity and ASA Intolerance in a Farmer: A Case Report
    • Asthma, allergy, legumes, methyl salicylate, beans
    • Damiami, Aloia, Priore, Pastore, Nardulli, Lippolis, Macchia, Ferrannini

  731. D'AMICO: Poster
    Developmental neurotoxicity assessment in zebrafish: a survey of 200 environmental toxicants
    D'Amico, Li, Seng, McGrath

  732. DANESHPARVAR 2016
    The Role of Lead Exposure on Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: A Systematic Review
    • even level less than 10% is bad for ADHD.
    • Daneshparvar, Mostafavi, Jeddi, Yunesian, Mesdaghinia, Mahvi, Akhondzadeh. Iran.

  733. DANFORD 1982
    Pica and mineral status in the mentally retarded
    • hair normal, but zinc low & copper high in plasma.
    • Malabsorption of zinc and iron in pica.
    • Danford, Smith, Huber.

  734. DAPTACEL 2002
    Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed DAPTACEL
    • Vaccine Package insert

  735. DARCEY 2007
    Gluten for Punishment
    • article re celiac disease

  736. DARCHEVILLE 1992
    Fixed-Interval Performance and Self-Control in Children

  737. DAS 2013
    Diphenylmethyl selenocyanate attenuates malachite green induced oxidative injury through antioxidation & inhibition of DNA damage in mice
    • Selenium protects mice from green dye DNA & liver damage.
    • Das, Sarkar, Hossain, Chakraborty, Bhattacharya. India.

  738. DASZAK 1997
    Detection and comparative analysis of persistent measles virus infection in Crohn's disease by immunogold electron microscopy
    • immunogold electron microscopy supports role of measles virus in Crohn's
    • Daszak, Purcell, Lewin, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

  739. DAUBIAN-NOSE 2014
    Sleep disorders: A review of the interface between restless legs syndrome and iron metabolism
    • Restless legs related to iron deficiency.
    • Daubian-Nose, Frank, Esteves. Brazil

  740. DAVI 2010
    Nutraceuticals in Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome
    • vitamin C, D, E, flavonoids, Linoleic acid, omega-3, chromium, magnesium, etc.
    • See chart of studies with amounts of vitamins used.
    • Davi, Santilli, Patrono. Italy.

  741. DAVID 1983
    The Relationship of Hyperactivity to Moderately Elevated Lead Levels

  742. DAVID 1987
    Reactions to dietary tartrazine
    • NOTE: While he used a high dose - 250 mg Yellow 5 -- he tested children already in the throws of reactions. He attracted parents of children who were not doing well in their efforts at using dietary intervention, although the parents claimed that they saw some effect. They were requesting his help. Instead, he treated the parents like neurotics to whom he intended to prove that their children were not sensitive to food dyes. He used neither cognitive testing, learning testing, nor parent questionnaire - his method was to ask the busy nurses to "observe" the children.

  743. DAVIDS 2003
    Animal models of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    • better adhd models needed.
    • Davids, Zhang, Tarazi, Baldessarini. Germany

  744. DAVIDSON 2011
    Fish Consumption and Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure: Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in the Main Cohort at 17 Years from the Seychelles Child Development Study
    • previous report that mercury in fish not harmful still holds at age 17.
    • In fact, more mercury prenatally led to some better scores at 17, because of the fish.
    • Davidson, Cory-Slechta, Thurston, Huang, Shamlaye, Gunzler, Watson, Wijngaarden, Zareba, Klein, Clarkson, Strain, Myers.

  745. DAVIS 1964
    Chronic rat and dog toxicity studies on tartrazine
    • Food dye, Yellow 5. No effect on growth, cancer, survival. Rats got diarrhea.
    • One of 4 high-doses got pyloric gastritis.
    • No behavioral descriptions. No tests of learning.
    • Davis, Fitzhugh, Nelson.

  746. DAVIS 2011
    Maternal diet and offspring development
    • obesity, maternal obesity increases risk of adhd ... similar to prenatal alcohol exposure

  747. DAVIS 2013
    Prenatal Exposure to Urban Air Nanoparticles in Mice Causes Altered Neuronal Differentiation and Depression-Like Responses
    • exposure to traffic during pregnancy may lead to depression and neuropsychiatric disorders including autism, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, aASD, ADHD.
    • Davis, Bortolato, Godar, Sander, Iwata, Pakbin, Shih, Berhane, McConnell, Sioutas, Finch, Morgan.

  748. DAWSON 1990 = abstract
    Childhood asthma: what do parents add or avoid in their children's diets?
    • mostly dairy, additives, eggs avoided, not by professional advice. Diet controversial.

  749. DE ARAUJO 2016
    Glyphosate and adverse pregnancy outcomes, a systematic review of observational studies
    • GMO, soybeans, herbicides, prenatal exposure.
    • More adhd but not birth defects. lack of direct measurements of exposure; methodological limitations.
    • De Araujo, Delgado, Paumgartten.

  750. DEAS 1996
    First Black recipient of New York State Medical Society award: Gerald W. Deas, MD, MPH
    • history of Dr. Deas, his fight against starch.

  751. DEBES 2009
    The Presence of Comorbidity in Tourette Syndrome Increases the Need for Pharmacological Treatment.

  752. DEBIEC 2011
    Noradrenergic Enhancement of Reconsolidation in the Amygdala Impairs Extinction of Conditioned Fear in Rats – a Possible Mechanism for the Persistence of Traumatic Memories in PTSD
    • Debiec, Bush, LeDoux

  753. De BOISSIEU 1997
    Multiple food allergy: a possible diagnosis in breastfed infants
    • Removing cow's milk usually not enough alone, but excluding other suspected foods or using formula cleared symptoms.
    • De Boissieu, Matarazzo, Rocchiccioli, Dupont. France.

  754. De BOISSIEU 1997
    Allergy to extensively hydrolyzed cow milk proteins in infants: Identification and treatment with an amino acid-based formula
    • Can also present with slowly evolving symptoms.
    • De Boissieu, Matarazzo, Dupont.

  755. De BOISSIEU 2002
    Allergy to extensively hydrolyzed cow milk proteins in infants: Safety and duration of amino acid-based formula.
    • It's safe.
    • De Boissieu, Dupont.

  756. de BOLLE 2010
    Personality pathology comorbidity in adult females with eating disorders
    • De Bolle, De Clercq, Pham-Scottez, Mels, Rolland, Guelfi, Braet, De Fruyt. UK, India.

  757. DEC 2017
    The Influence of Fluorine on the Disturbances of Homeostasis in the Central Nervous System
    • brain, fluoride, fluorine, CNS. crosses blood-brain barrier. neurotransmitters, neurodegeneration. memory, behavior problems.
    • Dec, Lukomska, Maciejewska, Jakubczyk, ... Gutowska. Poland.

  758. De CHRISTOPHER 2015
    Intake of high fructose corn syrup sweetened soft drinks is associated with prevalent chronic bronchitis in U.S. Adults, ages 20–55 y
    • HFCS, soda, apple juice, asthma, fructose malabsorption, Gi inflammation, COPD, lunh fidrsdr.
    • DeChristopher, Uribarri, Tucker.

  759. De CHRISTOPHER 2016
    Intake of high-fructose corn syrup sweetened soft drinks, fruit drinks and apple juice is associated with prevalent arthritis in US adults, aged 20–30 years
    • GI inflammation, arthritis, HFCS soft drinks, fructose malabsorption, enFruAGEs promote inflammation, glycation.
    • DeChristopher, Uribarri, Tucker.

  760. De CHRISTOPHER 2016
    The link between soda intake and asthma: science points to the high-fructose corn syrup, not the preservatives: a commentary
    • high fructose corn syrup - not sodium benzoate preservative - is associated with asthma
    • DeChristopher, Uribarri, Tucker.

  761. DEES 1997
    Dietary Estrogens Stimulate Human Breast [cancer] Cells to Enter the Cell Cycle
    • "dietary estrogens at low concentrations ... act like DDT and estradiol to stimulate human breast cancer cells ..."
    • Dees, Foster, Ahamed, Wimalasena.

  762. DEES 1997
    Estrogenic and DNA-damaging Activity of Red No. 3 in Human Breast Cancer Cells
    • Dees, Askari, Garrett, Gehrs, Henley, Ardies.

  763. De FRANCESCO 2017
    Vitamin C and Doxycycline: A synthetic lethal combination therapy targeting metabolic flexibility in cancer stem cells (CSCs)
    • antibiotic, vitamin C, targets mitochondrial protein translation. Then vitamin C targets the resistent cells. cancer stem cells. metastasis.
    • De Francesco, Bonuccelli, Maggiolini, Sotgia, Lisanti. Italy. UK.

  764. DeGROOT 2013
    Low immunogenicity predicted for emerging avian-origin H7N9: Implication for influenza vaccine design
    • "stealth virus" ... vaccines not successful, 27% mortality but only 130 infections in 2013.
    • DeGroot, Ardito, Terry, Levitz, Ross, Moise, Martin.

  765. De JONG 2010
    Some reflections on the use of psychiatric diagnosis in the looked after or “in care” child population
    • see also Tarren-Sweeney 2010

  766. DeLATTRE 1999
    Factors contributing to adverse soft tissue reactions due to the use of tartar control toothpastes: report of a case and literature review.
    • pyrophosphate, tartar control, requires increase in flavoring and detergents, causing hypersensitivity reactions.

  767. DEL BENE DAVIS 2009
    Home environmental health risks of people with developmental disabilities living in community-based residential settings: Implications for community-health nurses.
    • Fragile populations and environmental health risks
    • Indoor pollutants and community-based residential settings

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies for Perinatal Depression
    • Doctors should ask about CAM use to "enhance their partnership with the patient" but more studies needed.
    • omega-3, folate, SAMe, St. John's Wort, light, exercise, massage, acupuncture.
    • Deligiannidis, Freeman.

  769. DE LIMA 2011
    Odors as triggering and worsening factors for migraine in men
    • headache, perfumes, fragrance. Osmophobia.
    • deLima, Sapienza, Giraud, Fragoso. Brazil.

  770. DEMARQUAY 2006
    Rating of Olfactory Judgements in Migraine Patients

  771. DENGATE 2002 - (Calcium propionate)
    Controlled trial of cumulative behavioural effects of a common bread preservative
    • Calcium propionate is one of the additives not eliminated on the Feingold diet, but products containing it are marked.
    • In Australia, where this study was done, the amount used in bread is higher than n the US

  772. DEOL 2015
    Soybean Oil Is More Obesogenic and Diabetogenic than Coconut Oil and Fructose in Mouse: Potential Role for the Liver
    • obesity, diabetes, fructose, mice; soybean oil was the worst.
    • Deol, Evans, Dhahbi, Chellappa, Han, Spindler, Sladek.

  773. DE OLIVEIRA 2000
    Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis: a retrospective cohort study of acute flaccid paralyses in Brazil.

    Depression: See CORVAGLIA 1999, OGLETREE 2001, VERKASALO 2005

  774. DERVOLA 2012
    Marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids induce sex-specific changes in reinforcer-controlled behaviour and neurotransmitter metabolism in a spontaneously hypertensive rat model of ADHD
    • Omega 3, ADHD, rats

  775. DESHMUKH 2007
    Anxiety, panic and adult asthma: A cognitive-behavioral perspective
    • asthma, anxiety, hyperventilation, stress, distress, cognitive-behavioral therapy.
    • Deshmukh, Toelle, Usherwood, O'Grady, Jenkins. Australia

  776. DESI 1978 = abstract
    Studies on the immunosuppressive effect of organochlorine and organophosphoric pesticides in subacute experiments.
    • Rabbits given Lindane, Malathion, Dichlorophos showed cholinesterase inhibition and dose dependent immune response.
    • Desi, Varga, Farkas.

  777. DESI 1985 = abstract
    Immunotoxicological investigation of the effects of a pesticide; cypermethrin.
    • Rabbits and rats showed dose-response reduction in immune response.
    • Desi, Varga, Dobronyi, Szklenarik.

  778. DESILVA 1997
    Lead exposure and children's intelligence: do low levels of lead in blood cause mental deficit?
    • Argument that low IQ causes pica causing elevated lead, called reverse causation.

  779. DESJARDINS 1998
    Transcriptional activity of quinone methides derived from the tumor promoter butylated hydroxytoluene in HepG2 cells
    • BHT, tumor promoter, cytochrome P450
    • Desjardins, Beard, Mapoles, Gee, Thompson

  780. DESMOND 1981 = abstract
    Tartrazine (FD & C yellow #5) anaphylaxis: a case report.
    • case study.
    • Desmond, Trautlein.

  781. DESPRES 1996
    Hyperinsulinemia as an independent risk factor for ischemic heart disease
    • high fasting insulin in men.
    • Despres, Lamarche, Mauriege, Cantin, Dagenais, Moorjani, Lupien.

  782. DESSENS 1998
    Prenatal exposure to anticonvulsant drugs and spatial ability in adulthood
    • prenatal phenobarbital, phenytoin affects spatial processing in adults.
    • Dessens, Cohen-Kettenis, Mellenbergh, van de Poll, Koppe, Boer. Netherlands.

  783. De STEFANO 2004
    Age at First Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination in Children With Autism and School-Matched Control Subjects: A Population-Based Study in Metropolitan Atlanta
    • Vaccines, MMR, autism.
    • DeStefano, Bhasin, Thompson, Yeargin-Allsopp, Boyle.

  784. De VIZIA 1995 = abstract
    Metabolic alkalosis due to the use of an oligoantigenic diet in infancy.
    • case study of infant on prolonged oligoantigenic diet causing deficit of potassium and sodium chloride

  785. DEVLIN 1992
    Tartrazine in Atopic Eczema
    • Food dye. patients on meds; n=12.
    • Devlin, David.

  786. DEWALL 2011
    Sweetened Blood Cools Hot Tempers: Physiological Self-Control and Aggression
    • low sugar levels related to aggression

  787. DIAMOND 2011
    Increasing evidence of the important role of the intestinal microflora in neuro- and immune-modulatory functions during development and adulthood
    • mice
    • Diamond, Huerta, Tracey, Volpe.

  788. DIAS-TOSTA 2004
    Neurological morbidity in vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in Brazil from 1989 up to 1995.

  789. DIAZ HEIJTZ 2011
    Normal gut microbiota modulates brain development and behavior
    • Mice.
    • Diaz Heijtz, Want, Anuar, Qian, Bjorkholm, Samuelsson ... Pettersson. Sweden.

  790. DICKERSON 1980 - abstract
    Diet and hyperactivity

  791. DICKERSON 1980 - Page 1
    Food, nutrition, anti-social behaviour and criminality.
    • Discussion of foods and additives and criminality.
    • UK

  792. DIETERT 2011
    Environmental risk factors for autism (review)
    • "...successful risk reduction strategies for autism will require more extensive and relevant developmental safety testing of drugs and chemicals."
    • Dietert, DeWitt

  793. DiGIROLAMO 2009
    Role of zinc in maternal and child mental health
    • Review Feingold diet effectiveness, drug treatment.

  794. DILLER 2010
    ADHD in the College Student: Is Anyone Else Worried?

  795. Di LORENZO 2002
    Urinary metabolites of histamine and leukotrienes before and after placebo-controlled challenge with ASA and food additives in chronic urticaria patients
    • food dye. allergy, salicylates, tartrazine, yellow 5, sodium benzoate, msg, sulfite
    • DiLorenzo, Pacor, Vignola, Profita, Esposito-Pellitteri, Biasi, Corrocher, Caruso. Italy.
    • NOTE: maximum amount of tartrazine tested = 20 mg

  796. Di MAURO 2016
    Prevention of food and airway allergy: consensus of the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Paediatrics, the Italian Society of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, and Italian Society of Pediatrics
    • allergy increasing. asthma.
    • review of literature re 19 questions about prevention.
    • No preventive effect of EFA/omega-3, vitamins, minerals, probiotics, hydrolyzed formulas...
    • De Mauro, Bernardini, Barberi, Capuano, Correra, deAngelis, Dallo Lacono, de Martino, Ghiglioni, Di Mauro, Giovannini, Landi, Marseglia, Martelli, Miniello, Peroni, Sullo, Terracciano, Vascone, Verduci, Verga, Chiappini. Italy.

  797. Di PALMA 1990 = abstract
    Tartrazine sensitivity.
    • azo dyes, regulations, vasculitis, purpura, dermatitis, urticaria, asthma.
    • Doesn't agree w/adhd.

  798. D'IPPOLITO 2010
    Epidemiology of Pediatric Holiday-Related Injuries Presenting to US Emergency Departments
    • Most injuries were not holiday-specific.
    • D'Ippolito, Collins, Comstock

  799. Di STEFANO 2004
    Occupational asthma due to low molecular weight agents.
    • dyes, amines, and metals are included. "These agents act as haptens which combine with a carrier protein to form a complete antigen"

  800. DIXIT 2010
    Usage pattern and exposure assessment of food colours in different age groups of consumers in the State of Uttar Pradesh, India
    • food colors, food dyes, ADI
    • Dixit, Purshottam, Gupta, Khanna, Das, India

  801. DIXIT 2011
    Usage pattern of synthetic food colours in different states of India and exposure assessment through commodities preferentially consumed by children

  802. DIXIT 2011
    A Simple Method for Simultaneous Determination of Basic Dyes Encountered in Food Preparations by Reversed-Phase HPLC
    • food dyes
    • Dixit, Khanna, Das, India

  803. DIXON 1990
    Inhaled sodium metabisulphite induced bronchoconstriction: inhibition by nedocromil sodium and sodium cromoglycate
    • sulfite, asthma.
    • Dixon, Ind. UK.

  804. DODIG 2008
    Chronic Autoimmune Urticaria in Children
    • children, histamine,urticaria, autoantibodies, thyroid, diet low in salicylates and preservatives, iv immunoglobulin.
    • Dodig, Richter. Croatia.

  805. DODIG 2009 = abstract
    The role of zinc in the treatment of hyperactivity disorder in children (Croatian)
    • 55 mg/day zinc sulfate (15 mg zinc) alone or with Ritalin helps adhd symptoms.

  806. DODSON 1996
    Clostridium dificile infection of the gut
    • GI, diarrhea, antibiotics, elderly, babies.
    • Dodson, Borriello

  807. DODSON 2012
    Endocrine Disruptors and Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Consumer Products
    • asthma, chemicals, phthalates, pollution.
    • Dodson, Nishioka, Standley, Perovich, Brody, Rudel

  808. DOEGLAS 1975
    Reactions to aspirin and food additives in patients with chronic urticaria, including the physical urticarias
    • food dye. 19 of 23 aspirin-sensitive patients (82.6%) also reacted to tartrazine (Yellow 5), sodium benzoate, indomethacin, etc.
    • Netherlands.

  809. DOGGETT 2004
    ADHD and drug therapy: is it still a valid treatment?
    • Does not mention eliminating additives, but has a wonderful quote at very end: "Currently, parents, teachers, and doctors make decisions about drug therapy – being the same ones who appear to receive the greatest benefit from it. In the future, these decision-makers should consider selecting therapies less on the needs of adults and more on the long-term needs and benefits of children."

  810. DOGUC 2013
    Effects of maternally exposed colouring food additives on cognitive performance in rats
    • Rats, coloring, hyperactivity, Learning, Children, anxiety, food dyes, tartrazine, red 40, yellow 5, red 3, yellow 6, blue 1, blue 2,
    • Doguc, Ceyhan, Ozturk, see Gultekin 2012

  811. DOGUC 2015
    Are there any remarkable effects of prenatal exposure to food colourings on neurobehaviour and learning process in rat offspring?
    • rats, food dyes, erythrosine, Red 40, Yellow 6, Tellow 5, Blue 1, Blue 2, amaranth, azorubine, ponceau.
    • prenatal exposure at no affect level caused increase in mobility, anxiety, and decreased motivation in offspring.
    • Doguc, Aylak, Ilhan, Kulac, Gultekin. Turkey.

  812. DOHAN 1973
    Relapsed Schizophrenics: Earlier Discharge from the Hospital After Cereal-Free, Milk-Free Diet

  813. DOHAN 1973 - Letter in British Medical Journal re Ireland
    Coeliac Disease and Schizophrenia

  814. DOLAN 1985
    Carbon monoxide poisoning.
    • carbon monoxide causes cardiac problems, flu symptoms, and neurologic problems in survivors.
    • Symptoms can mimic other diseases. Hyperbaric oxygenation may help.
    • Dolan.

  815. DOLAN 1987
    Carboxyhemoglobin levels in patients with flu-like symptoms.
    • 23.6% of paople w/flu symptoms had blood carbon monoxide levels of 10% or more.
    • Dolan, Haltom, Barrows, Short, Ferriell.

  816. DOLGIN 2014
    FDA clearance paves way for computerized ADHD monitoring
    • QB test, quantified behavior test

  817. DOLP 2020
    Oligoantigenic diet improves children's ADHD rating scale scores reliably in added video-rating

  818. DOMMISSE 2000
    Nutritional and other natural medical treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

  819. DONOHUE on Sulfoxidation
    The Detoxification System Part III: Sulfoxidation and Sulfation.

  820. DONER 2004
    The Role of Allergy in Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion
    • Ear Infection, Children
    • Doner, Yariktas, Demirci<

  821. DONNAY 1997
    Intimidation of Researchers by Special-Interest Groups
    • letters to editor of New England Journal of Medicine re papers by Simon (1993, 1994) and Deyo (1997).

  822. DONOGHUE 2010
    The clinical practice of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for children and young people with a diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome

  823. DOREA 2009
    Cord Blood Mercury and Early Child Development: Effects of the World Trade Center

  824. DOREA 2011
    Speciation of methyl- and ethyl-mercury in hair of breastfed infants acutely exposed to thimerosal-containing vaccines

  825. DOREA 2012
    Neurodevelopment of Amazonian Infants: Antenatal and Postnatal Exposure toMethyl- and Ethylmercury

  826. DOREA 2013
    Toxicity of ethylmercury (and Thimerosal): A comparison with methylmercury
    • Exposure to both at same time is worst.
    • Dorea, Farina, Rocha. Brazil.

  827. DORVAL 2007
    Association of the glutamate receptor subunit gene GRIN2B with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    • glutamatergic signaling path may be genetically related to adhd.
    • Dorval, Wigg, Crosbie, Tannock, Kennedy, Ickowicz, Pathare, Malone, Schachar, Barr. Canada

  828. DosREIS 2003 = abstract
    Parental perceptions and satisfaction with stimulant medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    • authors say parental misconceptions about diet and danger of drugs should be addressed.
    • Dosreis, Zito, Safer, Soeken, Mitchell, Ellwood.

  829. DosREIS 2005
    Multiple psychotropic medication use for youths: a two-state comparison.
    • 1/3 children given multiple drugs, most common in male, white, 10-14 yrs, disables, foster-care. Most common: stimulants w/antidepressants, antipsychotics, or alpha-agonists.
    • DosReis, Zito, Safer, Gardner, Puccia, Owens.

  830. DosREIS 2011
    Antipsychotic treatment among youth in foster care.
    • children in foster care more likely to get drugs for behavior than others, in spite of lack of evidence for it.
    • DosReis, Yoon, Rubin, Riddle, Noll, Rothbard.

  831. DOSSING 2002
    Benign Solitary Solid Cold Thyroid Nodules: US-guided Interstitial Laser Photocoagulation—Initial Experience
    • Dossing, Bennedbaek, Karstrup, Hegedus. Denmark

    Effect of Intestinal Microbial Ecology on the Developing Brain
    • GI, metabolism.
    • Douglas-Escobar, Elliott, Neu.

  833. DOUNIGHI 2016
    Study on Toxicity Reduction and Potency Induction in Whole-cell Pertussis Vaccine by Developing a New Optimal Inactivation Condition Processed on Bordetella pertussis
    • whooping cough, pertussis. want to decrease vaccine toxicity by lowering bacteria content by chemicals - glutaraldehyde, formaldehyde, acetone, thimerosal at different temperatures.
    • Douighi, Razzaghi-Abyane, Nofeli, Zolfagharian, Shahcheraghi. Iran.

  834. DOUST 2014
    Is pesticide exposure a cause of obstructive airways disease? (review)
    • asthma, COPD.
    • Doust, Ayres, Devereux, Dick, Crawford, Cowie, Dixon. UK

  835. DOWLING 1967
    Raynaud's Phenomenon in Scleroderma Treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen
    • itching may preceed scleroderma; hyperbaric helped.
    • Dowling, Copeman, Ashfield. UK

  836. DOWNHAM 2000
    Colouring our foods in the last and next millennium
    • Natural and artificial colors, history, market trends.
    • Downham, Collins. UK.

  837. DOYLE 1990
    Epidemiology and Pathogenicity of Blastocystis hominis
    • Doyle, Helgason, Mathias, Proctor. Canada, British Columbia

  838. D'SOUZA 1985 = abstract
    Tartrazine and indomethacin increase firing rates in the carotid sinus nerves of guinea pigs.
    • food dye.
    • D'Souza, Biggs.

  839. D'SOUZA 1987
    Aspirin, indomethacin, and tartrazine increase carotid-sinus-nerve activity and arterial blood pressure in guinea pigs.
    • food dye. All 3 increase arterial blood pressure & dose-dependently increase carotid-sinus nerve activity. (Only indomethacin needs a prescription).
    • D'Souza, Biggs.

  840. DUAN 2018
    Inhibiting RIPK1 Limits Neuroinflammation and Alleviates Postoperative Cognitive Impairments in D-Galactose-Induced Aged Mice
    • neuroinflammation. cognitive dysfunction. mice. Inhibiting RIPK1 prevents post-operative mental decline.

  841. DUBICK 2015
    Ceruloplasmin and Hypoferremia: Studies in Burn and Non-Burn Trauma Patients
    • anemia, iron.
    • Dubick, Barr, Keen, Atkins

  842. DUBNOV-RAZ 2010
    Body Mass Index of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD kids less obese than normal kids

  843. DUFAULT 2009
    Mercury from chlor-alkali plants: measured concentrations in food product sugar
    • (resulting in mercury in corn syrup)

  844. DUFAULT 2009
    Mercury exposure, nutritional deficiencies and metabolic disruptions may affect learning in children here prints in 15 pages.

  845. DUFAULT 2012
    A macroepigenetic approach to identify factors responsible for the autism epidemic in the United States
    • Genes, diet, nutrition, zinc, metals, PON1, mercury, organophosphate pesticides, high fructose corn syrup, HFCS

  846. DUFAULT 2015
    Blood inorganic mercury is directly associated with glucose levels in the human population and may be linked to processed food intake
    • HFCS —> more mercury; mercury —> higher fasting glucose —> diabetes.
    • American Indians, diabetes, glucose, insulin, mercury.
    • Dufault, Berg, Crider, Schnoll, Wetsit, Two Bulls, Gilbert, Kingston, Wolle, Rahman, Laks.

  847. DUMBRELL 1978 = abstract
    Is the Australian version of the Feingold diet safe?
    • Safe: balance of nutrients superior to "normal" diet.
    • Dumbrell, Woodhill, Mackie, Leelarthaepin

  848. DUNCAN 1993
    Exclusive breast-feeding for at least 4 months protects against otitis media.

  849. DUTHIE 2011
    Natural salicylates: foods, functions and disease prevention
    • Salicylates, disease prevention
    • Duthie, Wood

  850. DuVERNOY 2000
    Hypotonic-Hyporesponsive Episodes Reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) 1996-1998.

  851. DWIVEDI 2015
    Genetic Damage Induced by a Food Coloring Dye (Sunset Yellow) on Meristematic Cells of Brassica campestris L.
    • "... extensive use of synthetic dye should be forbidden due to genotoxic and cytotoxic impacts on living cells."
    • Brassica are plants in the mustard family including cabbages, turnips, etc. This particular one is called "wild turnip" and is a weed.
    • Dwivedi, Kumar. India

  852. DWYER-NIELD 2010
    Epistatic interactions govern chemically-induced lung tumor susceptibility and Kras mutation site in murine C57BL/6J-ChrA/J chromosome substitution strains
    • Note: "Tumor multiplicity increased if BHT administration followed urethane exposure ..."

  853. DYER 2012
    BMJ invokes new Texan freedom of speech law to fight Wakefield libel case

  854. DYKMAN 1998
    Effect of Nutritional Supplements on Attentional-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • children, adhd, odd, conduct disorder, aggression, mannatech, supplements

  855. EAGLE 2012
    Toxicological effects of red wine, orange juice, and other dietary SULT1A inhibitors via excess catecholamines
    • SULT1A = PST enzyme, catecholamine, dopamine, blood pressure, migraine, atrial fibrillitation, diabetes, alcohol

  856. EAGLE 2014
    ADHD impacted by sulfotransferase (SULT1A) inhibition from artificial food colors and plant-based foods
    • PST = SULT, adhd, artificial food dyes, colors, tyrosine, dopamine, brain, polyphenols, inverted-U ADHD response to inhibition

  857. EASTERLING 1999
    Discriminative Stimulus Effects of Naltrexone After a Single Dose of Morphine in the Rat
    • Easterling, Holtzman, morphine.

  858. EASTIN 1991
    NIP Report on the Toxicity Studies of D&C Yellow No. 11 in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Feed Studies)
    • liver weight increased, kidney & liver damage, pup body weight lower, litters smaller.
    • No behavioral or developmental testing.

  859. EATON 2004
    Coeliac disease and schizophrenia: population based case control study with linkage of Danish national registers
    • Some people with schizophrenia are positive for celiac without symptoms.
    • Eaton, Mortensen, Agerbo, Byrne, Mors, Ewald

  860. EBNER 2014
    Probiotics in dietary guidelines and clinical recommendations outside the European Union
    • probiotics, yogurt, eczema.
    • Ebner, Smug, Kneifel, Salminen, Sanders. Austria

  861. EBO 2009
    Allergy for cheese: evidence for an IgE-mediated reaction from the natural dye annatto
    • allergy, urticaria, annatto.
    • Ebo, Ingelbrecht, Bridts, Stevens.

  862. ECHEVERRIA 1998
    Neurobehavioral effects from exposure to dental amalgam Hgo: new distinctions between recent exposure and Hg body burden
    • mercury. behavior, cognitive, mood, hand tremor.
    • Echeverria, Aposhian, Woods, Heyer, Aposhian, Bittner, Mahurin, Cianciola.

  863. EDELSON 1998
    Autism: Xenobiotic influences
    • 16 of 18 autistic children had toxic chemicals in bloos exceeding adult tolerance.
    • Abnormal D-glucaric acid & abnormal xenobiotic influence on liver detox.
    • Edelson & Cantor. Atlanta, GA

  864. EDITOR 2000 - Journal of Attention Disorders
    From the Editor: ADHD: Historical Development and Overview - history

  865. EDITORIAL 2009
    Liver Damage From Chronic Acetaminophen Dosing is Dangerous, But Not The Only Risk
    • vaccination, fever, Tylenol, autism.
    • Alternative Medicine Review

  866. EDWARDS 1998
    Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in the diet and in red blood cell membranes of depressed patients
    • the less omega-3 in red blood cell membranes, the worse the depression.
    • Edwards, Peet, Shay, Horrobin. UK, Canada.

  867. EFRATI 2015
    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Can Diminish Fibromyalgia Syndrome – Prospective Clinical Trial
    • fatigue, sleep,fibromyalgia, brain.
    • Efrati, Golan, Bechor, Faran, Daphna-Tekoah, Sekler, Fishlev, Ablin, Bergan, Volkov, Friedman, Ben-Jacob, Buskila. Israel.

  868. EFSA: 2009
    Report of the meetings on Aspartame with national experts.
    • their opinion on why every study showing damage is invalid.
    • Atkin, Bastos, Castenmiller, Evans, Fotland, Hirovonen, Husoy, Ilback, Karpoviene, Kakouri, Konings, Conceicao, Montenegro, Pena, Penninks, Piersma, Pratt, Raunio, Thatcher, Thieszova, Valachovicova, Winklerova.

  869. EFSA 2009
    Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation Tartrazine (E 102)
    • food dye. ADI revision not needed.
    • Although they admit to statistically significant effect on activity and attention in some children in general population, it requires no change because "it is not known whether the small alterations in attention and activity would interfere with schoolwork and other intellectual functioning!!!"

  870. EGBUONO 2010
    Some biochemical effects of sub-acute oral administration of L-Arginine on Monosodium Glutamate-fed Wistar Albino Rats. 2: Serum alkaline phosphatase, total acid phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase activities.
    • Arginine (ARG) potentiates the MSG effect on prostate, liver, other organs. MSG tested at 5 mg/kg - much lower than 1 g/kg tested by Ali 2012.
    • Egbuono, Ezeokonkwo, Ejikeme, Obidoa, Ezeanyika. Nigeria.

  871. EGGER 1983
    Is migraine food allergy? A double-blind controlled trial of oligoantigenic diet treatment.
    • "93% of 88 children with severe frequent migraine recovered on oligoantigenic diet" followed by double-blind trial.

  872. EGGER 1985
    Controlled trial of oligoantigenic treatment in the hyperkinetic syndrome
    • 62 of 76 selected overactive children (81.6%) improved.

  873. EGGER 1989 - seizures with migraine &/or ADHD
    Oligoantigenic diet treatment of children with epilepsy and migraine
    • epilepsy & headache: 80% improved. 55% stopped seizures. 25% had fewer seizures.
    • This included 75% of those with generalized epilepsy, 100% of those with petit mal, and 85% of those with partial epilepsy.
    • Of those with epilepsy ALONE, none improved on diet.

  874. EGGER 1992 - ADHD & bedwetting)
    Effect of diet treatment on enuresis on children with migraine or hyperkinetic behavior
    • 76% improved.
    • (missing last page with end of Discussion and References)

  875. EGGER 1992
    Hyposensitisation in children with food-induced hyperkinetic syndrome in News for Practitioners, European Journal of Pediatrics (1992) 151: 864-865
    • Note: This study involved EPD, in use in England for 30 years but illegal here today.

  876. EGGER 1992
    Controlled Trial of Hyposensitisation in Children with Food-Induced Hyperkinetic Syndrome

  877. Egger 1993 = abstract
    Controlled trial of hyposensitisation in children with food induced migraine.
    • double blind; EPD is effective.
    • Egger, Stolla, McEwen

  878. EGGER 1997
    Hyperkinetic Syndrome
    • adhd, children, food intolerance, behavior, hyperkinetic, aggressive, conduct disorder

  879. EGGER 1998
    Headaches and psychopathology in children and adolescents.
    • Proposed serotonergic dysregulation; girls have headache + depression, anxiety;
    • boys have headache + conduct disorder.
    • Egger, Angold, Cosello.

  880. EGIEBOR 2013
    The Kinetic Signature of Toxicity of Four Heavy Metals and Their Mixtures on MCF7 Breast Cancer Cell Line
    • cadmium, mercury, lead, arsenic. cancer antioxidant glutathione (GSH) needed for detoxification. autism.
    • Egiebor, Tulu, Abou-Zeid, Aighewi, Ishaque.

  881. EHLERS 1998
    Role of nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions in children with chronic urticaria.
    • 75% had skin reactions to food dyes, preservatives, MSG, and/or saccharin.
    • Ehlers, Niggemann, Binder, Zuberbier. Germany.

  882. EHLIN 2003
    Prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases in two British national birth cohorts
    • GI, Crohn's, colitis, IBS, gall stones, ulcer prevalence.
    • Ehlin, Montgomery, Ekbom, Pounder, Wakefield

  883. EICH 1979 = abstract
    Effect of the Feingold Kaiser Permanente diet in minimal brain dysfunction.
    • Eich, Thim, Crowder.

  884. EICHENFIELD 2003
    Atopic Dermatitis and Asthma: Parallels in the Evolution of Treatment

  885. EIGENMANN 2004
    Comment: Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity
    • Takes issue with the Bateman study.
    • Final paragraph: "We do not believe that routine testing should include screening for food colouring and preservatives as causative factors for hyperactivity. If the parents raise the question, a diet limited in time — eg, for 3 or 4 weeks — might be instituted, and its effect carefully assessed by the managing physician. Parents should also be questioned about the disruption of the diet on the child’s daily life. If parents and health professionals decide to continue the diet after the trial period, repeated assessments — eg, every 6 months—should be done as no data for the duration of such a diet are available so far. We strongly believe that unnecessary diets should not be instituted for hyperactivity."

  886. EILAND 2014
    Priapism associated with the use of stimulant medications and atomoxetine for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children.
    • Ritalin, stimualnts, adhd, prolonged erection. FDA warning.
    • Eiland, Bell, Erramouspe.

  887. EISENHARDT 2001
    Nitromusk compounds in women with gynecological and endocrine dysfunction.
    • musk fragrances may be endocrine disrupter and cause ovarian insufficiency.
    • Eisenhardt, Runnebaum, Bauer, Gerhard.

  888. EKBACK 2014
    Severe Eczema in Infancy Can Predict Asthma Development. A Prospective Study to the Age of 10 Years
    • eczemato asthma. allergy. eczema does increase risk of ARC (rhinoconjunctivitis. more if baby wheezes. "atopic march" correct.
    • Ekback, Tedner, Devenney, Oldaeus, Norrman, Stromberg, Falth-Magnusson. Sweden.

  889. EKICI 2014
    The Role of Magnesium in the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Glaucoma (Review)
    • Magnesium improves blood flow, protects neurons, inhibits glutamate release.
    • Ekici, Korkmaz, Karaca, Sul, Rufan, Aydin, Dilekoz. Turkey.

  890. EL-DESOKY 2017
    Curcumin protects against tartrazine-mediated oxidative stresss and hepatotoxicity in male rats.
    • using ADI of Yellow 5, food dye. Oxidative stress, liver damage, kidney damage.
    • Saudi Arabia.

  891. ELHKIM 2007
    New considerations regarding the risk assessment on Tartrazine An update toxicological assessment, intolerance reactions and maximum theoretical daily intake in France.
    • food dye. Estimated French intake only 37% of ADI.
    • Estimate intolerance at 0.12% but loose products like ice cream not labeled.
    • Elhkim, Heraud, Bemrah, Gauchard, Lorino, Lambre, Fremy, Poul. France.

  892. ELIA 1999
    Treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder
    • Discussion of drug treatments. Covers all other treatments in one sentence - says not proved effective.
    • Elia, Ambrosini, Rapoport.

  893. ELKAN 2008
    Gluten-free vegan diet induces decreased LDL and oxidized LDL levels and raised atheroprotective natural antibodies against phosphorylcholine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized study
    • 1 year study. gluten-free vegan diet - lower BMI, less obesity, lower cholesterol, less cardiac disease. heart.
    • Elkan, Sjoberg, Kolsrud, Ringertz, Hafstrom, Frostegard. Sweden.

  894. ELLIOT 2007
    Color and Psychological Functioning

  895. ELLIOT 2009
    The Effect of Red on Avoidance Behavior in Achievement Contexts
    • the color causes avoidance behavior (color of test booklets, not food color)

  896. ELLIS 1982
    Response of vitamin B-6 deficiency and the carpal tunnel syndrome to pyridoxine
    • vitamin B6.
    • Ellis, Folkers, Levy, Shizukuishi Lewandowski, Nishii, Schubert, Ulrich.

  897. ELLIS 1995 - abstract
    Prevention of myocardial infarction by vitamin B6.
    • B6 prevents or delays death from heart disease.
    • B6 forms pyridoxal phosphate, coenzyme needed for homocysteine.
    • Ellis, McCully.

  898. ELLIS 2007
    Impact of a traffic light nutrition tool in a primary school

  899. EL-WAHAB 2012
    Toxic effects of some synthetic food colorants and/or flavor additives on male rats
    • animals, Food dyes, flavors, rats,
    • Abd El-Wahaab, Moram.

  900. EL ZEIN 2005
    Cytogenetic effects in children treated with methylphenidate

  901. EMSLEY 2008
    Safety of the omega-3 fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in psychiatric patients: Results from a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    • Omega-3 used for psychiatric patients, but safety not studied.
    • Schizophrenia patients given 2 grams/day or placebo in addition to meds 2 grams/day well tolerated; cholesterol lower, bleeding time longer, weight gain
    • Emsley, Niehaus, Oosthuizen, Koen, Ascott-Evans, Chiliza, van Rensburg, Smit. S. Africa.


  903. ENGEL 2011
    Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphates, Paraoxonase 1, and Cognitive Development in Childhood
    • IQ, mental development, pesticides, PON1 gene, neurodevelopment,
    • Engel, Wetmur, CHen, Zhu, Barr, Canfield, Wolff

  904. ENGLAND 2008
    The Links Between Diet and Behaviour: The influence of nutrition on mental health
    • Report of an inquiry held by the Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum

  905. ENGLISH 2009
    Choline transporter gene variation is associatedwith attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  906. ENGLUND-OGGE 2012
    Association between intake of artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverages and preterm delivery: a large prospective cohort study
    • pregnancy, sugar, artificial sweeteners, birth, babies, premature.
    • Both sweetened & unsweetened drinks cause premature birth.
    • Englund-Ogge, Brantsoeter, Haugen, Sengpiel, Khatibi, Myhre, Myking, Meltzer, Kacerovsky, Nilsen, Jacobsson.

  907. ENOCH 2008
    Common Genetic Origins for EEG, Alcoholism and Anxiety: The Role of CRH-BP
    • genes related to anxiety & alcohilism and EEG activity. stress response.
    • Enoch, Shen, Ducci, Yuan, Liu, White, Albaugh, odgkinson, Goldman.

  908. E-NUMBERS
    What are the most dangerous E-numbers?

    Clinical Ecology Debate

    The Artificial Food Dye Blues
    • article from News Forum

  911. EPA: Blue 1, Red 40, Yellow 5 - Inert ingredient tolerance reassessment
    • Reclassified as List 4B inert ingredient, for use in pesticides, considered harmless

  912. EPA 2003: Red 40
    EPA International Association of Color Manufacturers ... Red 40

  913. EPA 2013: Red 40
    Revised Test Plan

  914. EPPRIGHT 1996 abstract
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, infantile autism, and elevated blood-lead: a possible relationship.
    • Case study: ADHD & autism symptoms reduced by lowering elevated blood lead level.
    • Eppright, Sanfacon, Horwitz.

  915. ERCAN-SENCICEK 2010
    l-Histidine Decarboxylase and Tourette’s Syndrome.

  916. ERDMANN 2007
    The possible roles of food-derived bioactive peptides in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease (Review)
    • food for heart health.
    • Erdmann, Cheung, Schroder

  917. ERICKSON 2014
    Lifespan Psychomotor Behaviour Profiles of Multigenerational Prenatal Stress and Artificial Food Dye Effects in Rats
    • adhd, hyperactivity. prenatal stress, anxiety. Red 40, Yellow 6, Yellow 6, Blue 1.
    • Erickson, Falkenberg, Metz. Canada.

  918. ERIGUCHI 2000
    Insulinoma Occurring in Association with Fatty Replacement of Unknown Etiology in the Pancreas: Report of a Case

  919. ERIKSSON 1996
    Pregnant diabetic rats fed the antioxidant butylated hyrdoxytoluene show decreased occurrence of malformations in offspring
    • rats, BHT, diabetes, pregnancy, Eriksson, Siman
    • NOTE: maybe it's a good drug - put it on the prescription pad, not on the breakfast table

  920. ERIKSEN 2002
    Sensitization and Subjective Health Complaints
    • MCS, Fibromyalgia, Pain, Stress
    • Eriksen, Ursin

  921. ERSHOFF 1977
    Effects of diet on growth and survival of rats fed toxic levels of Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow No. 5) and Sunset Yellow FCF (FD&C Yellow No. 6)
    • food dye. purified diet, fiber

  922. ERYTHROSINE 2006
    Data. 14 pages. Food dye

  923. ESKENAZI 2007
    Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure and Neurodevelopment in Young Mexican-American Children

  924. ESPARHAM 2014
    Pediatric Integrative Medicine Approaches to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • adhd treatments - diet, nutrition, vitamins, neurofeedback.
    • Esparham, Evans, Wagner, Drisko.

  925. EUBANKS 1982
    Increased Sensitivity of Heat-Stressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells to Food-Grade Antioxidants
    • TBHQ prevents repair of heat-damaged cells

  926. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE on colours for use in foodstuffs, 94/36/EC

    • See Page 18: "List of the food colours .... additional information" -
    • WARNING to be: "may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children."

  928. EVANS 2011
    Recognising Coeliac Disease in Eastern Europe – the Hidden Epidemic in our Midst?
    • Celiac Disease
    • Evans, Hadjivassiliou, Sanders

    Research articles list.

  930. EWAN 1986
    Desensitising vaccines: an allergist's view
    • dangerous and not necessary.

  931. EWEN 1999
    Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine
    • GMO, lectin genes

  932. EZUGHA 2010
    5q14.3 Deletion Manifesting as Mitochondrial Disease and Autism: Case Report

  933. FABER 2014
    Subchronic, reproductive, and maternal toxicity studies with tertiary butyl acetate (TBAC)
    • rats, mice. pregnanc, neurotoxicity, hyperactivity, liver
    • Faber, Kirkpatrick, Coder, Li, Borghoff, Banton.

  934. FACEMIRE 1995
    Reproductive Impairment in the Florida Panther: Nature or Nurture?
    • prenatal, postnatal exposure, endocrine disruptors, environmental
    • contaminants, mercury. pcb, sperm, thyroid.
    • Facemire, Gross, Guilette.

  935. FALCONER 2006
    Are Endocrine Disrupting Compounds a Health Risk in Drinking Water?
    estrogen, pesticides, detergent
    • Australia.

  936. FALKINGHAM 2010
    The effects of oral iron supplementation on cognition in older children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • anemia, iron deficiency, brain, IQ, memory
    • Falkingham, Abdelhamid, Curtis, Fairweather-Tait, Dye, Hooper.

  937. FALLICO 2010
    Colour and label evaluation of commercial pasteurised red juices and related drinks

  938. FAN 2014
    Formulation and Characterization of Antibacterial Fluoride-releasing Sealants
    • more fluoride released. antibacterial.
    • Fan, Townsend, Wang, Lee, Evans, Hender, Hagan, Xu.

  939. FANIS 2019
    Central Precocious Puberty Caused by Novel Mutations in the Promoter and 5’-UTR region of the Imprinted MKRN3 Gene
    • genetic mutations studied.
    • Fanis, Skordis, Toumba, Papaioannou, Makris, Kyriakou, Neocleous, Phylactou. Cyprus. UK.

  940. FARAONE 2003
    The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: Is it an American condition?

  941. FAROON 2000
    Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on the nervous system
    • PCB, animals, humans, neurotransmitters, dopamine, behavior
    • Faroon, Jones, de Rosa

  942. FAROON 2001
    Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on development and reproduction
    • PCB, reproductive effects, humans, animals, development
    • Faroon, Keith, Jones, de Rosa

  943. FAROON 2001
    Carcinogenic effects of polychlorinated biphenyls
    • PCB, cancer
    • : Faroon, Keith, Jones, de Rosa

  944. FARQUHARSON 2002
    Allopurinol improves endothelial dysfunction in chronic heart failure
    • heart.
    • Farquharson, Butler, Hill, Belch, Struthers.

  945. FARSHID 2015
    Histopathological and behavioral evaluations of the effects of crocin, safranal and insulin on diabetic peripheral neuropathy in rats
    • saffron. peripheral neuropathy. diabetes.
    • Farshid, amaddonfard. Iran.

  946. FARZAEI 2015
    Role of dietary polyphenols in the management of peptic ulcer.
    • apple, green tea, grape, etc.
    • Farzaei, Abdollahi, Rahimi. Iran.

  947. FARZAEI 2015 - abstract
    The role of dietary polyphenols in the management of inflammatory bowel disease.
    • IBS, antioxidants, suppress inflammation, cytokines, enzymes.
    • Farzaei, Rahimi, Abdollahi.

  948. FASANO 2009
    Surprises from Celiac Disease: Study of a potentially fatal food-triggered disease has uncovered a process that may contribute to many autoimmune disorders.
    • Robs body of nutrients, producing osteoporosis, joint pain, fatigue, shortness,
    • skin lesions, epilepsy, dementia, schizophrenia, seizure.

  949. FASEB on MSG 1995
    Executive Summary from the Report: Analysis of Adverse Reactions to Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)

  950. FASMER 2010
    Comorbidity of Asthma With ADHD

  951. FATTAHI 2015
    Auditory memory function in expert chess players
    • Memory better in chess players. Fattahi, Geshani, Jafan, Jalaie, Mahini. Iran.

    Fathers -- see SALKIND

  952. FAULKNER-HOGG 1999
    Dietary Analysis in Symptomatic Patients with Coeliac Disease on a Gluten-Free Diet: the Role of Trace Amounts of Gluten and Non-Gluten Food Intolerances
    • gluten-free vs no detectable gluten (NDG) diet. If that not enough, they did Feingold-type diet also w/o milk, millet, soy, etc. in addition ....
    • 77% got better.
    • Faulkner-Hogg, Selby, Loblay. Australia.

  953. FDA on ANTIBIOTICS 1977
    FDA: Penicillin-containing premixes; opportunity for hearing, re. Diamond Shamrock Chemical Co.
    • Application to withdraw penicillin-containing animal feed

  954. FDA PETITION 2001
    Petition by H. B. Perry to delist Yellow 5

  955. FDA 2003
    Public Health Advisory: Reports of blue discoloration and death in patients receiving enteral feedings tinted with the dye, FD&C Blue No. 1.
    • letter to doctors

  956. FDA 2005
    FDA Issues Public Health Advisory on Strattera (Atomoxetine) for Attention Deficit Disorder
    • suicidal thinking warning

  957. FDA 2006
    WAYBACK - Red No. 3 and other colorful controversies

    All References Related to Overview Assessment of Artificial Food Colors/Additives and Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Problem Behaviors in Children

    Transcript Day 1: Committee to discuss food dyes. Note none of the Committee members actually have any expertise at all on food dyes, but one worked with ILSI.

    Transcript Day 2: Committee to discuss food dyes. Note none of the Committee members actually have any expertise at all on food dyes, but one worked with ILSI.

  961. FDA 2013
    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Don't Be Misled
    • FDA says not proven for autism, cancer, diabetes ...

    FDA: QB test (See Dolgin 2014)

    All References Related to Overview Assessment of Artificial Food Colors/Additives and Hyperactivity (ADHD) and Problem Behaviors in Children

  963. FEDULOV 2008
    Pulmonary Exposure to Particles during Pregnancy Causes Increased Neonatal Asthma Susceptibility
    • babies get asthma if mothers exposed to lung irritants. titanium dioxide. pollution.
    • Fedulov, Leme, Yang, Dahl, Lim, Mariani, Kobzik.

  964. FEINGOLD 1949
    Tonsillectomy in the allergic child.

  965. FEINGOLD 1960
    Antigenic property of the oral secretion of fleas
    • Benjamini, Feingold

  966. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. I. Experimental induction of flea-bite sensitivity in guinea pigs
    • Hudson, Feingold, Kartman

  967. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. II. Investigations of flea bite sensitivity in humans.
    • Hudson, Feingold, Kartman

  968. FEINGOLD 1960
    Allergy to flea bites. III. The experimental induction of flea bite sensitivity in guinea pigs by exposure to flea bites and by antigen prepared from whole flea extracts of Ctenocephalides felis felis
    • Benjamini, Feingold, Kartman

  969. FEINGOLD 1962
    Psychological studies of allergic women. The relation between skin reactivity and personality.

  970. FEINGOLD 1963
    Allergy to flea bites. IV. In vitro collection and antigenic properties of the oral secretion of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis
    • Benjamini, Feingold, Young, Kartman, Shimizu

  971. FEINGOLD 1964
    Psychological variables in allergic disorders: A Review. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1964 Sep-Oct;26:543-75.

  972. FEINGOLD 1965
    The role of collagen in the induction of flea bite hypersensitivity.

  973. FEINGOLD 1966
    In vitro studies on the role of collagen in the induction of hypersensitivity to flea bites.

  974. FEINGOLD 1967
    Personality variables and allergic skin reactivity. A cross-validation study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1967 Jun-Aug;29(4):312-22.

  975. FEINGOLD 1968 = abstract
    Recognition of food additives as a cause of symptoms of allergy.

  976. FEINGOLD 1968
    The allergic responses to insect bites
    • Feingold, Benjamini, Michaeli

  977. FEINGOLD 1973
    Congressional Record - October 30, 1973

  978. FEINGOLD 1973
    Introduction to clinical allergy, excerpt re fleas, haptens

  979. FEINGOLD 1974
    Why Your Child is Hyperactive, excerpt on flea studies

  980. FEINGOLD 1975
    Hyperkinesis and learning disabilities linked to artificial food flavors and colors. (May 1975, American Journal of Nursing)

  981. FEINGOLD 1976
    Hyperkinesis and learning disabilities linked to the ingestion of artificial food flavors and colors.

  982. FEINGOLD 1977
    Speech to Newspaper Food Editors and Writers Association, Milwaukee, WI - "A View From the Other Side")

  983. FEINGOLD 1977
    Speech to American Academy of Pediatrics

  984. FEINGOLD 1977
    Food additives in dentistry.

  985. FEINGOLD 1977 = abstract
    Behavioral disturbances linked to the ingestion of food additives

  986. FEINGOLD 1978
    Speech to California School Food Service Association.

  987. FEINGOLD 1979
    Dietary Management of Nystagmus

  988. FEINGOLD 1979
    Dietary Management of Juvenile Delinquency

  989. Feingold Association Director's Meeting Recap of Dr. Ben Feingold's Presentation

  990. FEINGOLD 1980 = abstract
    Feingold diet.

  991. FEINGOLD 1982
    The role of diet in behavior
    • This was finished a few days before his death.
    • It was published with his obituary (below)

  992. FEINGOLD 1982

  993. FEINGOLD 2010
    A Niche for Infectious Disease in Environmental Health: Rethinking the Toxicological Paradigm
    • Environmental health research; Feingold, Vegosen, Davis, Leibler, Peterson, Silbergeld
    • (This is Beth Feingold, not related to Ben Feingold)

    FERGUSON letter on Swanson & Kinsbourne study - see SWANSON

  994. FERGUSON 2004
    Scar-free healing: from embryonic mechanisms to adult therapeutic intervention
    • mannipulate growth factors to prevent scars
    • Ferguson, O'Kane. UK

  995. FERGUSON 2007
    Genes, diet and inflammatory bowel disease
    • IBD, genes, defective reaction to bacteria leads to excessive immune response.
    • elemental diet, omega 3, probiotics, elimination diet, polyphenols.
    • Ferguson, Shelling, Browning, Huebner, Petermann.

  996. FERGUSON 2013
    Nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics and inflammatory bowel diseases.
    • IBS, Crohn's. dietary interventions appropriate.

  997. FERIA-VELASCO 1995 = abstract
    Chronobiological variations in the convulsive effect of monosodium L-glutamate when administered to adult rats.
    • MSG injected IP (into body cavity), causes seizures.
    • Circadium rhythm: 70% died from MSG at 7 am but none died in afternoon or evening.

  998. FERIA-VELASCO 2006
    Chronic malnutrition caused by corn feeding increases the susceptibility for convulsions experimentally induced by Monosodium L-Glutamate in rats
    • msg, seizures, serotonin, low protein diet makes rats more prone to seizures when injected with MSG
    • Feria-Velasco, Orozco-Suarez, Carabez-Torres, del Angel, Beas-Zarate
    • Abstract in English; text in Spanish

  999. FERNANDO 2009
    Salicylate intolerance: a masquerader of multiple adverse drug reactions
    • Urticaria, Fernando, Clarke

  1000. FERNSTROM 1986
    Effects of aspartame ingestion on the carbohydrate-induced rise in tryptophan hydroxylation rate in rat brain
    • rats. brain.
    • Fernstrom, Grubb

  1001. FERNSTROM 1997
    Brain Serotonin Content: Physiological Regulation by Plasma Neutral Amino Acids
    • amino acids compete for access to brain.
    • Fernstrom, Wurtman.

  1002. FERNSTROM 2000
    Can nutrient supplements modify brain function?

  1003. FERRARO 2013
    Soda and Other Beverages and the Risk of Kidney Stones
    • sugar sweetened sodas increase risk of kidney stones; coffee, tea, wine, orange juice lower risk. Artificially sweetened soda risk marginally higher.
    • Ferraro, Taylor, Gambaro, Curhan.

  1004. FERREIRA 2016
    Brilliant Blue Dyes in Daily Food: How Could Purinergic System Be Affected?
    • food color, food dye. affects purinergic receptors - memory, locomotor, feeding, sleep.
    • Ferreira, Faria, Ferreira, Soares-Bezerra. Brazil.

  1005. FESER 2010
    Periorbital dermatitis: Causes, differential diagnoses and therapy
    • allergy, eczema.
    • Feser, Mahler, Germany.

  1006. FEWTRELL 2007
    (Kleinman study) Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations?
    • Implication that breastfeeding more than six months may cause nutrient deficiencies.

  1007. FIEJO 2013
    Saccharin and aspartame, compared with sucrose, induce greater weight gain in adult Wistar rats, at similar total caloric intake levels
    • Fiejo, Ballard, Foletto, Batista, Neves, Ribeiro, Bertoluci. Brazil.

  1008. FINDLING 1997
    High-Dose Pyridoxine and Magnesium Administration in Children with Autistic Disorder: An Absence of Salutary Effects in a Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study
    • autism, vitamins B6+Mg found not effective at doses given.
    • Findling, Maxwell, Scotese-Wojtila, Huang, Yamashita, Wiznitzer
    • See RIMLAND 1998 response

  1009. FINDLING 2001
    Short-term cardiovascular effects of methylphenidate and adderall.
    • Short-term, low-dose study of Ritalin and Adderall .... no significant changes in blood pressure, pulse, etc.
    • Maximum medication 15 mg for one week.
    • Conclusion: cardiovascular monitoring not necessary.
    • Findling, Short, Manos.

  1010. FINDLING 2010
    Changes in Emotions Related to Medication Used to Treat ADHD. Part II: Clinical Approaches - See Part I (Manos 2010)

  1011. FINELLI 2012
    Is Visceral Fat Reduction Necessary to Favour Metabolic Changes in the Liver?
    • Review.
    • Finelli, Tarantino. Italy.

  1012. FINLEY 2004
    Does Environmental Exposure to Manganese Pose a Health Risk to Healthy Adults?
    • neurologic, Parkinson's, environment, toxicity, violence, industrial pollution.
    • © ILSI (food industry organization)

  1013. FISCHER 1977
    Cardiomyopathic findings associated with methylphenidate.
    • Report of adult patient with lesions on heart found during bypass surgery.
    • Fischer, Barner.

  1014. FISCHER 1983
    Adverse pulmonary responses to aspirin and acetaminophen in chronic childhood asthma.
    • Use aspirin cautiously in asthmatic children.
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) sometimes is a good substitute, but not always.
    • Fischer, Guilfoile, Kesarwala, Winant, Kearns, Gartside, Moomaw.

  1015. FISHBEIN 1987
    Nutritional biochemistry and behavioral disabilities.
    • neurotransmitters and dietary precursors, IQ, cadmium, learning disabilities
    • Fishbein, Meduski

  1016. FISHERMAN 1973 = abstract
    Chemical intolerance to butylated-hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated-hydroxytoluene (BHT) and vascular response as an indicator and monitor of drug intolerance.

  1017. FISKER 2014
    High-dose Vitamin A With Vaccination After 6 Months of Age: A Randomized Trial
    • vaccines, children, death.
    • Fisker, Bale, Rodrigues, Balde, Fernandes, Jorgensen, Samsoe, Horshoj, Rasmussen, Christensen, Bibby, Aaby, Benn. Denmark.

  1018. FITZGERALD 1985
    Letter to Editor re Kupp article about BHA and dental caries

  1019. FITZSIMON 1978 - abstract
    Salicylate sensitivity in children reported to respond to salicylate exclusion

    Treatment for mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • adutls, cholinesterase inhibitors (Aricept, Exelon, Razadyne. NOT effective for mild Alzheimers.
    • Fitzpatrick-Lewis, Warren, Usman, Sherifali, Raina.

  1021. FLEMING 1993 = abstract
    Aplastic anemia and pesticides. An etiologic association?
    • Review. Organichlorines, organophosphates often associated with aplastic anemia.
    • Fleming, Timmeny.

  1022. FLICK 2011
    Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes After Early Exposure to Anesthesia and Surgery

  1023. FLOCH 2009 (editorial)
    Annatto, Diet, and The Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • Annatto, IBS, azo dye, food coloring, allergy

  1024. FLODIN 2003
    Multiple sclerosis in nurse anaesthetists
    • nurse anaesthetists may be more at risk for MS.
    • Flodin, Landtblom, Axelson. Sweden

  1025. FLORA 2012
    Toxicity of lead: A review with recent updates
    • antioxidants, lead toxicity, chelation, nanoencapsulation, herbal extracts.
    • Flora, Gupta, Tiwari. India

  1026. FLORY 2007 - Serotonergic function in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Relationship to later antisocial personality disorder

  1027. FLUEGGE 2015
    Glyphosate Use Predicts ADHD Hospital Discharges in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Net (HCUPnet): A Two-Way Fixed-Effects Analysis
    • Fluegge, Fluegge. ARTICLE RETRACTED

  1028. FLUEGGE 2015
    Explanation of retraction

  1029. FUORIDE ALERT 1991
    Is the Ingestion of Fluoride an Immunosuppressive Practice?
    • Sutton 1991 ... review

  1030. FLUORIDE 1996
    Editorial: Neurotoxicity of Fluoride

  1031. FLUORIDE 1996
    Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research
    • Spittle - A Growing Concern About Safety
    • Jenkins - Guest Editorial
    • Zhao - Effect of a High Fluoride Water Supply on Children's Intelligence
    • Anasuya - Effect of Parboiling on Fluoride Content of Rice
      MLI> Teng - A Study of Water-born Endemic Fluorosis in China
    • Zhang - Coal-Burning Induced Endemic Fluorosis in China
    • Cao - Assessment of Fluoride Removal from Drinking Water by Calcium Phosphate Systems
    • Chinoy - Ameliorative Rose of Aminoacids on Fluoride-Induced Alterations in Uterine Carbohydrate Metabolism in Mice
    • Colburn - Review - Our Stolen Future
    • Foulked - Review - The Fluoride Connection
    • Lee - Fluoride Exposure and Childhood Osteosarcoma
    • Bunce - Methods of Monitoring Smelter Emissions (Canada)

  1032. FLUORIDE 1998
    Table of Contents of Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research

  1033. FLURY 1994
    Brilliant Blue FCF as a Dye Tracer for Solute Transport Studies - A Toxicological Overview
    • Blue 1, water flow, solute transport,
    • Flury, Fluhler

  1034. Food Additives Booklet
    Brochure from International Food Additives Council 2007

  1035. FOOD ADDITIVES IN EUROPE 2000 - 700 pages
    Status of safety assessments of food additives presently permitted in the EU.

    Food, Brain and Behavior Conference 1996
    See Egger 1997, Millstone 1997, Baldwin 1997

  1036. FORCES 1998 - page 1
    Scientific Fraud in the California EPA Report, "Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke"

  1037. FORS 2008
    Stepping through Science’s Door: C. W. Scheele, from Pharmacist’s Apprentice to Man of Science
    • 18th century chemist in Sweden. "the perfect scientific hero: humble beginnings, miraculous discovery, worldwide fame, and an early death caused by long hours spent working over poisonous substances in a drafty chemical laboratory"

  1038. FOULKES 1994
    The Fluoride Debate
    • comment on Clark 1993

  1039. FOULKES 1996
    The Fluoride Connection

  1040. FOUST 2003
    Patent application: Technique for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  1041. FOX 2012
    Developmental Origins of Adult Diseases and Neurotoxicity: Epidemiological and Experimental Studies
    • Review, neurotoxicants. toxins. chemicals. epidemiology, mercury, brain. mice. monkeys
    • Fox, Grandjean, Groot, Paule. Netherlands

  1042. FRAGA 2013
    Trigger factors mainly from the environmental type are reported by adolescents with migraine
    • stress, sleep, adolescent, children, perfume, fragrance, hot weather, diet.
    • Fraga, Pinho, Andreoni, Vitalle, Fisberg, Peres, Vilanova, Masruha. Brazil.

  1043. FRANNK 1996
    Transforming Growth Factors b1, b2, and b3 and Their Receptors Are Differentially Regulated during Normal and Impaired Wound Healing
    • mice.
    • Frank, Madlener, Werner. Germany

  1044. FRANKLIN 1984
    Diet and behaviour
    • comment re Eric Taylor "Diet and Behaviour" re hyperactivity

  1045. FRASETTO 2011
    Treatment and Prevention of Kidney Stones: An Update
    • some meds increase risk.

  1046. FREEDMAN 1977
    Asthma induced by sulphur dioxide, benzoate and tartrazine contained in orange drinks
    • Asthma. 57% reacted to 25 mg sulfur dioxide,
    • 29% reacted to up to 300 mg sodium benzoate, and 7% reacted to 60 mg yellow 5 food dye.
    • Author used drinks, not capsules, so absorption by oral mucosa possible.

  1047. FREIMUTH 2001
    Human sulfotransferase SULT1C1 pharmacogenetics: gene resequencing and functional genomic studies
    • PST, genes, DNA, drug metabolism, xenobiotics, sulfate.
    • Freimuth, Eckloff, Wieben, Weinshilboum.

  1048. FRIEDER 1987
    Prenatal Monosodium Glutamate Causes Long-Lasting Cholinergic and Adrenergic Changes in Various Brain Regions

  1049. FRIEDMAN 1996
    Pyridostigmine Brain Penetration Under Stress Enhances Neuronal Excitability and Induces Early Immediate Transcriptional Response
    • Gulf War, blood brain barrier, autoimmune, chemical warfare, central nervous system, mouse, mice, CNS
    • Friedman, Kaufer, Shemer, Hendler, Soreq, Tur-Kaspa
    • Article about this study in British Medical Journal: News 1996
      • Stress May Disturb the Blood-Brain Barrier

  1050. FRINCU-MALLOS 2009
    ENDO 2009: Use of Artificial Sweeteners Linked to 2-Fold Increase in Diabetes
    • people with diabetes more obese, use sweeteners, but NOT eating more calories

  1051. FRISCH 2015
    Ritual circumcision and risk of autism spectrum disorder in 0- to 9-year-old boys: national cohort study in Denmark
    • Frisch, Simonsen

  1052. FRODL 2010
    Comorbidity of ADHD and Substance Use Disorder (SUD): A Neuroimaging Perspective

  1053. FROEHLICH 2007
    Prevalence, Recognition, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a National Sample of US Children
    • US prevalence of ADHD, by socioeconomic group. children.
    • 8.7%. 2.4 million children. Poor more likely to have ADHD and less likely to be treated.
    • Froehlich, Lanphear, Epstein, Barbaresi, Katusic, Kahn.

  1054. FROEHLICH 2011
    Update on Environmental Risk Factors for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • review.
    • Froehlich, Anixt, Loe, Chirdkiatgumchai, Kuan, Gilman.

  1055. FROOM 1990
    Diagnosis and antiblotic treatment of acute otitis media: report from International Primary Care Network
    • antibiotic treatment did not improve rate of recovery
    • Froom, Culpepper, Grob, Bartelds, Bowers, Bridges-Webb, ... Yodfat. Australia, Belgium, UK, Israel, Netherlands, New Zealand, CCanada, Switzerland, US.

  1056. FRYE 2011
    Mitochondrial dysfunction can connect the diverse medical symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorders
    • GI, CNS. Review.
    • Frye, Rossignol.

  1057. FRYE 2013
    A review of traditional and novel treatments for seizures in autism spectrum disorder: findings from a systematic review and expert panel.
    • ketogenic diet, atkins diet, neurofeedback. l-carnitine, vitamins, folinic acid, folate, etc. magnesium, pyridoxine, omega-3, gluten-free casein-free diet, transcranial magnetic simulation. zinc.
    • Frye, Rossignol, Cassanova, Brown, Martin, Edelson, Coben, Lewine, Slattery, Lau, Hardy, Fatemi, Folsom, MacFabe, Adams.

  1058. FUGH-BERMAN 2000
    Herbs and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease
    • garlic, Co-Q10, carnitine. heart disease, cholesterol. Review

  1059. FUGLSANG 1993
    Prevalence of intolerance to food additives among Danish school children.
    • open challenge in lemonade; if positive, double-blind w/capsules. Estimated intolerance at 1-2%.
    • Capsules not absorbed through membranes, tongue, etc.
    • Fuglesang, Madsen, Saval, Osterballe.

  1060. FUGLSANG 1994
    Adverse reactions to food additives in children with atopic symptoms
    • allergy, food dyes, preservatives
    • Fuglsang, Madsen, Halken, Jorgensen, Ostergaard, Osterballe. Denmark
    • NOTE: The "high" doses of food dye were very low, e.g. 18 mg Yellow 5 - see Table 1, pg. 32
    • NOTE: The followup double blind challenge by pills means that the additives were NOT absorbed through mouth or esophagus or tongue surface.
    • Not surprising that the reactions were even fewer. Nevertheless, reactions WERE reported.

  1061. FUKAYAMA 1999
    Subchronic inhalation studies of complex fragrance mixtures in rats and hamsters.
    • Product may have 100+ fragrance chemicals.
    • They tested 6 of them as mixture 4 hr/day 6 or 13 weeks. No problems seen.
    • Fukayama, Easterday, Serafino, Renskers, North-Root, Schrankel
    • Authors are members of the Reseach Institute for Fragrance Materials - the international scientific authority for fragrance safety

  1062. FUNG 2009
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Coping or Curing?
    • commentary article.
    • Fung, Lee. Singapore.

  1063. FUNG 2014
    Academy of Medicine-Ministry of Health Clinical Practice Guidelines: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Review. Singapore practice parameters for ADHD.
    • Feingold Diet not recommended, but parents are advised to "control food items containing additives or high sugar content"
    • Fung, Lim, Wong, Ng, Cheok, Kiing, Chong, Lou, Daniel, Ong, Low, Aljunied, Choi, Mehrotra, Kee, Leung, Yen, Wong, Lee, Chin, Ng. Singapore.

  1064. FURLONG 2014
    Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphate Pesticides and Reciprocal Social Behavior in Childhood
    • IQ, ADHD, PDD.
    • Furlong, Engel, Barr, Wolff.

  1065. FURMAN 2008
    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Does New Research Support Old Concepts?

  1066. FURUSE 2017
    Protein-restricted diet during pregnancy after insemination alters behavioral phenotypes of the progeny
    • mice. anxiety, behavior. brain.
    • Furuse, Miyake, Kohda, Kaneda, Hirasawa ... Wakana. Japan.

  1067. GABY 2004
    “Sub-laboratory” Hypothyroidism and the Empirical use of Armour® Thyroid

  1068. GABY 2005
    Adverse Effects of Dietary Fructose
    • (corn syrup)

  1069. GABY 2007
    Natural Approaches to Epilepsy

  1070. GADAD 2015
    Administration of thimerosal-containing vaccines to infant rhesus macaques does not result in autism-like behavior or neuropathology
    • Very small number of animals studied in each group. Compared brains with dead children.
    • Gadad, Li, Yazdani, Grady, Johnson, Hammond, Gunn, Curtis, English, Yutuc, Ferrier, Sackett, Marti, Young, Hewitson, German.
    • See commentaries:

  1071. GADOW 1995 = abstract
    School observations of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and comorbid tic disorder: effects of methylphenidate treatment.
    • Ritalin caused small inccrease in tics but not considered a problem.
    • Considered safe for "majority" of children with TS.
    • Gadow, Nolan, Sprafkin, Sverd.

  1072. GADOW 1995
    Efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with tic disorder.
    • Case reports & surveys indicate Ritalin not safe for kids with tics, so they did a double blind experiment for 2 weeks and concluded it is safe.
    • Admitted it may have a "weak effect" on motor tic frequency.
    • Gadow, Nolan, Sprafkin, Sverd, Ezor.

  1073. GAIVORONSKAIA 2006
    Consumers with Allergic Reaction to Food: Perception of and Response to Food Risk in General and Genetically Modified Food in Particular

  1074. GALANTER 2013
    Limited Support for the Efficacy of Nonpharmacological Treatments for the Core Symptoms of ADHD
    • editorial, American Journal of Psychiatry.

  1075. GALARRAGA 2008
    Cod liver oil (n-3 fatty acids) as an non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug sparing agent in rheumatoid arthritis
    • omega-3 can help arthritis.
    • Galarraga, Ho, Youssef, Hill, McMahon, Hall, Ogston, Nuki, Belch

  1076. GALLAND 1991
    Magnesium, Stress and Neuropsychiatric Disorders
    • dopamine metabolism, tetany

  1077. GALLAND 1999
    ADHD: What every parent needs to know

  1078. GALLER 2010
    Early childhood malnutrition predicts depressive symptoms at ages 11–17
    • depression, kwashiorkor, malnutrition, children
    • Galler, Bryce, Waber, Hock, Exner, Eaglesfield, Fitzmaurice, Harrison, Barbados, Harvard

  1079. GALLER 2011
    Early malnutrition predicts parent reports of externalizing behaviors at ages 9–17
    • malnutrition, children, behavior, executive functioning, aggression, cognitive impairment
    • Galler, Bryce, Waber, Medford, Eaglesfield, Fitzmaurice, Barbados, Harvard

  1080. GALLER 2012
    Infant Malnutrition Is Associated with Persisting Attention Deficits in Middle Adulthood
    • babies. protein deficiency. adhd. attention.
    • Galler, Bryce, Zichlin, Fitzmaurice, Eaglesfield, Waber.

  1081. GANDERTON 1978
    Diet and asthma (letter)
    • food phobia, allergy testing.

  1082. GANS 1990
    Sucrose and delinquency: Oral sucrose tolerance test and nutritional assessment.
    • Juvenile delinquent, sugar, nutrition, insulin.
    • "Nutritional status of incarcerated delinquents did not differ from that of nonincarcerated subjects on most measures."
    • Gans, Harper, Bachorowski, Newman, Shrago, Taylor.

  1083. GAO 2009
    Mitochondrial DNA Damage in Iron Overload
    • heart, liver, diabetes. DNA. rats
    • Gao, Campian, Qian, Sun, Eaton.

  1084. GAO 2011
    Effect of Food Azo Dye Tartrazine on Learning and Memory Functions in Mice and Rats, and the Possible Mechanisms Involved

  1085. GARCIA-LOPEZ 2008
    Estudio piloto sin grupo control del tratamiento con magnesio y vitamina B6 del síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette en niños
    • An open study evaluating the efficacy and security of magnesium and vitamin B6 as a treatment of Tourette syndrome in children (in Spanish)

  1086. GARCIA-LOPEZ 2009
    Study Protocol: New therapeutic approach to Tourette Syndrome in children based on a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase IV study of the effectiveness and safety of magnesium and vitamin B6
    • vitamin B, magnesium, TS, children, to improve symptoms and reduce side effects of meds.
    • A protocol for a future study; we wrote to them Jan 2013 to ask if study has been done.
    • Garcia-Lopez, Perea-Milla, Garcia, Rivas-Ruiz, Romero-Gonzalez, Moreno, Faus, del Castillo Aguas, Diaz. Spain.

  1087. GARCIA-RILL 2007
    Smoking during pregnancy: postnatal effects on arousal and attentional brain systems.
    • Garcia-Rill, Buchanan, McKeon, Skinner, Wallace.

  1088. GARDNER - faxed to FAUS 1999
    Index of Phenyl Food Compounds Found in Common Foodstuffs
    • charts, Brigham Young University, UT

  1089. GARDNER 2001
    Treatment of Giardiasis
    • parasites.
    • Gardner, Hill

  1090. GARDNER 2009
    Mercury Induces an Unopposed Inflammatory Response in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Vitro
    • Mercury affects immunity, possibly causing infectious disease or autoimmune disease.
    • Gardner, Nyland, Evans, Wang, Doyle, Crainiceanu, Silbergeld.

  1091. GARDNER 2010
    The Potential of Nutritional Therapy - short article in Science, edited by Jennifer Sills

  1092. GARDNER 2012
    Nonnutritive sweeteners: current use and health perspectives
    • review. "potential benefits will not be fully realized if there is a compensatory increase in energy intake from other sources." (american Heart Assn and American Diabetes Assn.)
    • Gardner, Wylie-Rosett, Gidding, Steffen, Johnson, Reader, Lichtenstein.

  1093. GARFINKEL 1975
    Individual responses to methylphenidate and caffeine in children with minimal brain dysfunction
    • Ritalin better than coffee. adhd.
    • Garfinkel, Webster, Sloman.

  1094. GARRIDO 2010
    Attention Problems Mediate the Association Between Severity of Physical Abuse and Aggressive Behavior in a Sample of Maltreated Early Adolescents

  1095. GARRIGA 1991
    A combined single-blind, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the reproducibility of hypersensitivity reactions to aspartame
    • Could not find subjects allergic to aspartame with reproducible reactions.
    • Garriga, Berkebile, Metcalfe. NIH.

  1096. GARROD 1976
    Defence against bacterial drug resistance.
    • review. suggests animal e coli source not the problem.

  1097. GARROW 1988
    Kinesiology and food allergy
    • testing the test ... not reproducible; not reliable indicator.

  1098. GARRY 2002
    Birth Defects, Season of Conception, and Sex of Children Born to Pesticide Applicators Living in the Red River Valley of Minnesota, USA

  1099. GE 2005
    Effects of High Fluoride and Low Iodine on Brain Histopathology in Offspring Rats

  1100. GEIER 2005
    A two-phased population epidemiological study of the safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines: a follow-up analysis
    • ethylmercury. VAERS, DTaP, levels exceeded Federal Safety Guidelines and EPA permissible hair mercury limit total 237.5 ug mercury or 275 if flu shots too

  1101. GEIER 2010
    Thimerosal exposure & increasing trends of premature puberty in the vaccine safety datalink

  1102. GEIER 2010
    The biological basis of autism spectrum disorders: understanding causation and treatment by clinical geneticists

  1103. GEIER 2012
    The temporal relationship between RotaTeq immunization and intussusception adverse events in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
    • Geier, King, Sykes

  1104. GEIER 2013
    A two-phase study evaluating the relationship between Thimerosal-containing vaccine administration and the risk for an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis in the United States
    • ethylmercury, merthiolate.
    • Geier, Hooker, Kern, King, Sykes, Geier.

  1105. GEIER 2014
    A Dose-Response Relationship between Organic Mercury Exposure from Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
    Hg exposure increases risk of neurodevelopmental disorders.
    • Geier, Hooker, Kern, King, Sykes, Geier.

  1106. GEIER 2014
    Thimerosal-Containing Hepatitis B Vaccination and the Risk for Diagnosed Specific Delays in Development in the United States: A Case-Control Study in the Vaccine Safety Datalink
    • Vaccines
    • Geier, Kern, Hooker, King, Sykes, Geier.

  1107. GEIER 2015
    Thimerosal: Clinical, epidemiologic and biochemical studies
    • mercury, vaccines, "poison at minute levels" , review.
    • Geier, King, Hooker, Dorea, Kern, Sykes, Geier.

  1108. GEIER 2016
    Thimerosal-Preserved Hepatitis B Vaccine and Hyperkinetic Syndrome of Childhood
    • ADHD, hperkinetic. increased Hg,increased ADHD.
    • Geier, Kern, Hooker, Sykes, Geier.

  1109. GEIER 2016
    Thimerosal-containing Hepatitis B Vaccine Exposure is Highly Associated with Childhood Obesity: A Case-control Study Using the Vaccine Safety Datalink
    • dose-response effect of Hg. Thimerosal is obesogen.
    • Geier, Kern, Homme, Sykes, Geier.

  1110. GEIER 2016
    Development and Application of a Test for Food-Induced Emotions
    • "to investigate the relationship between sensorial perception and emotional response."
    • Geier, Bussing, Kruse, Greiner, Buchecker. Germany

  1111. GELBKE 2014
    Derivation of safe health-based exposure limits for potential consumer exposure to styrene migrating into food from food containers
    • Styrofoam containers.
    • Gelbke, Banton, Faes, Leibold, Pemberton, Duhayon. Belgium.

  1112. GELIEBTER 2014
    Skipping breakfast leads to weight loss but also elevated cholesterol compared with consuming daily breakfasts of oat porridge or frosted cornflakes in overweight individuals: a randomised controlled trial
    • skipping breakfast -> higher cholesterol.
    • Geliebter, Astbury Aviram-Friedman, Yahav, Hashim.

  1113. GELLER 2005 - abstract
    Using Diet to Treat Developmental Coordination Disorder

  1114. GENDLER 1987 = abstract
    Adverse reactions to cosmetics
    • Fragrances, preservatives including formaldehyde, parabens, paraphenylenediamine in hair dye, toluene comopunds in nail polish.

  1115. GENTON 1985
    Value of oral provocation tests to aspirin and food additives in the routine investigation of asthma and chronic urticaria
    • food dye. provocation tests safe and useful. aspirin, sulfur dioxide, sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, sodium glutamate, tartrazine.
    • Genton, Frei, Pecoud. Switzerland

  1116. GEORGE 2000
    Lactate-Induced Rage and Panic in a Select Group of Subjects Who Perpetrate Acts of Domestic Violence

  1117. GERAGHTY 2010
    Nutritional Interventions and Therapies in Autism: A Spectrum of What We Know Part 2

  1118. GERBER 1979
    Tratrazine and the prostaglandin system
    • cross-sensitivity between aspirin & yellow 5 is not via prostaglandin inhibition.
    • Gerber, Payne, Oelz, Nies, Oates.

  1119. GERBER 2009
    Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses
    • Offit explains why MMR, thimerosal, & multiple shots don't cause aautism.
    • Gerber & Offit.

  1120. GERRARD 1994
    Neuropharmacological evaluation of movement disorders that are adverse reactions to specific foods.
    • case studies of patients with tic movements triggered by milk, egg, coffee, aspartame, TS.
    • Gerrard, Richardson, Donat.

  1121. GERSTEIN 2012
    Basal insulin and cardiovascular and other outcomes in dysglycemia.
    • giving insulin didn't affect heart of cancer. diabetes.

  1122. GESCH 2002 the published study
    Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners

  1123. GESCH 2002
    Dietary supplementation with vitamins, minerals and fatty acids reduced antisocial behavior in young adult prisoners. - Article in Evidence-Based Medicine 2003

  1124. GESCH 2002
    Vitamin and fatty acid supplements may reduce antisocial behaviour in incarcerated young adults
    • another article on Gesch from Evidence-Based Mental Health

  1125. GESCH 2005
    The potential of nutrition to promote physical and behavioural well-being
    • food, changing diet, health, obesity, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, mental health, depression, schezophrenia, children, developmental disorders, sugar, behavior, mood, antisocial, crime, physiological markers

  1126. GEYER 2010
    New Opportunities in the Treatment of Cognitive Impairments Associated With Schizophrenia

  1127. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Comorbidity of Psychiatric Disorders and Parental Psychiatric Disorders in a Sample of Iranian Children With ADHD

  1128. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Association of nail biting and psychiatric disorders in children and their parents in a psychiatrically referred sample of children

  1129. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Tactile sensory dysfunction in children with ADHD

  1130. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Distribution of Symptoms of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder in Schoolchildren of Shiraz, South of Iran
    • Note: Iran does not allow use of artificial food dyes, yet they found 10% of children with ADHD. We claim 10% here too - indeed, we have been claiming 10% for many years in spite of acknowledging that the rate keeps rising ... if it has been rising dramatically for the past 20 years, how is it still 10%? And when actually investigated in VA the rates were 17% and even higher. Maybe Iran is more honest in this regard?

  1131. GHANIZADEH 2008
    Methylphenidate-associated enuresis in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • Case study of boy with Ritalin-induced bedwetting.

  1132. GHANIZADEH 2009
    Sleep Disturbances in Singaporean Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  1133. GHANIZADEH 2009
    Can Behavioral Sensory Processing Problems Guide Us to a Better Pharmacological Management of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? A Case Report

  1134. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Comorbidity of Enuresis in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  1135. GHANIZADEH 2010
    The Predictors of Parent Reported Behaviors Related to Olfactory Information Processing in Children with ADHD

  1136. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Is It Time to Revise the Definition of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

  1137. GHANIZADEH 2010
    How do ADHD children perceive their cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects of anger expression in school setting?

  1138. GHANIZADEH 2010
    Are GPs adequately equipped with the knowledge for educating and counseling of families with ADHD children?

  1139. GHANIZADEH 2012
    Acetaminophen may mediate oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in autism
    • Letter to the editor, Medical Hypotheses.
    • Tylenol after MMR. sulfation process impairment. oxidative stress.antiapoptotic signaling pathway is impaired.
    • PST / SULT1A, sulfation

  1140. GHANIZADEH 2012
    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treatment of children with autism: a systematic review of randomized trials
    • Review. need better studies.

  1141. GHANIZADEH 2013
    A Systematic Review of Magnesium Therapy for Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Review. 3 studies say effective, but not controlled.

  1142. GHANIZADEH 2015
    The effect of dietary education on ADHD, a randomized controlled clinical trial
    • Diet improvement led to better attention.
    • Favorite foods: favorite of the researchers (fruit, protein, milk)
    • Un-favorite foods: fried, fatty, salty, sauced, sweet, candies, pickles, chips, processed fruit juices.
    • NOTE: I bet the kids would not agree to this definition.

  1143. GHASSABIAN 2011
    Maternal Thyroid Function During Pregnancy and Behavioral Problems in the Offspring: The Generation R Study
    • TSH related to ADHD in babies. brain, cognitive development.
    • Ghassabian, Bongers-Schokking, Henrichs, Jaddoe, Visser, Keizer-Schrama, Hooijkaas, Steegers, Hofman, Verhulst, Ende, Ruke, Tiemeier. Netherland

  1144. GHERARDI 2001
    Macrophagic myofasciitis lesions assess long-term persistence of vaccine-derived aluminium hydroxide in muscle
    • vaccine damage.
    • Gherardi, Coquet, Cherin, Belec, Moretto, Dreyfus, Pellisier, Chariot, Authier. France.

  1145. GHIM 2002
    Cervical Cancer: Etiology, Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Future Vaccines
    • cheaper vaccine needed because screening inadequate.
    • Ghim, Basu, Jenson. India.

  1146. GHORBANI 2015
    Pathological consequences of C-peptide deficiency in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
    • benefits type 1 diabetics.
    • Ghorbani, Shafiee-Nick. Iran.

  1147. GHOSH 2016 (poster)
    Iron Supplementation May Reduce Tic Severity in Tourette's
    • Even normals were better with iron 3 - 5 mg/kg/day. related to restless legs
    • Ghosh, Postuma.

  1148. GHUMAN 2008
    Psychopharmacological and Other Treatments in Preschool Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Current Evidence and Practice
    • "All studies demonstrated either significant improvement compared to a placebo condition or deterioration on placebo-controlled challenge of offending substances."
    • Ghuman, Arnold, Anthony.

  1149. GHUMAN 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: the INCA study
    • Discusses methods of implementing a Fengold-type diet for children.
    • Suggests limit of 5 weeks trial. Worries about deficiencies.

  1150. GIBB 1987
    In Vitro Inhibition of Phenolsulphotransferase (PST) by Food and Drink Constituents
    • Food dyes, PST inhibition.
    • Gibb, Glover, Sandler.

  1151. GIBBONS 2014
    Voluntary wheel running, but not a diet containing (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate and â-alanine, improves learning, memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in aged mice
    • gree tea, excercise alone is better. brains, mice.
    • Gibbons, Pence, Petr, Ossyra, Mach, Battacharya, Perez, Martin, McCusker, Kelley, Rhodes, Johnson, Woods.

    An Australian Exclusion Diet
  1152. GIBSON 1997
    Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Illness, and Culture: On the Margins of Health Care
    • Fibromyalgia, CFIDS, MCS

  1153. GIEDD 1996
    Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Human Brain Development: Ages 4-18

  1154. GILBERT 2012
    A small dose of toxicology, 2nd edition - free ebook: 280 pages - Author's page

  1155. GINZEL 2007
    Critical review: nicotine for the fetus, the infant and the adolescent?
    • must strictly avoid in pregnancy, breastfeeding, childhood.
    • Ginzel, Maritz, Marks, Neuberger, Pauly, Polito, Schulte-Hermann, Slotkin.

  1156. GIOVINAZZO 1981
    Photoallergic contact dermatitis to musk ambrette. Histopathologic features of photobiologic reactions observed in a persistent light reactor.
    • Exposue to musk ambrette, a fragrance, can make people sensitive to light.
    • Giovinazzo, Harber, Bickers, Armstrong, Silvers.

  1157. GIOVINAZZO 1981
    Photoallergic contact dermatitis to musk ambrette: Action spectra in guinea pigs and man
    • photoallergic dermatitis.
    • Giovinazzo, Ichikawa, Kochevar, Armstrong, Harber. Japan.

  1158. GLASS 2004
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A literature review of causes, diagnosis, and treatments.
    • Senior research project: A chiropractic viewpoint

  1159. GLASS 2011
    Pharmaceutical excipients - where do we begin?

  1160. GLAZE 2004
    Childhood insomnia: why Chris can’t sleep
    • ADHD, depression, behavior

  1161. GOETZ 2010
    A 12-Month Prospective, Observational Study of Treatment Regimen and Quality of Life Associated With ADHD in Central and Eastern Europe and Eastern Asia

  1162. GOKCEN 2011
    Methylenetetrahydrafolate reductase gene polymorphisms in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • A1298C MTHFR gene, adhd.
    • Gokcen, Kocak, Pekgor. Turkey

  1163. GOLD 2003
    Independent Analysis of the "Opinion of the European Commission, Scientific Committee on Food: Update on the Safety of Aspartame / E951" (SCF 2002)
    • Conflicts of interest, formaldehyde, etc. 64 pages

  1164. GOLD 2014
    Low Dopamine Function in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Should Genotyping Signify Early Diagnosis in Children?
    • Discussing genotyping for diagnosis and alternative treatments, as well as possibility of genetic determination for special diet. (Good idea)
    • Gold, Blum, Oscar-Berman, Braverman.

  1165. GOLDBERG 2010
    Methamphetamine Exposure, Iron Deficiency, and Implications for Cognitive-Communicative Function: A Case Study

  1166. GOLDBERGER 1914
    The etiology of pellagra.
    • Suggests it is not contagious & might be the diet since the nurses never get it from the patients.
    • Interesting because it is one of the early studies using concept that FOOD could cause something.

  1167. GOLDBERGER 1915
    The Prevention of Pellagra: A test of diet among institutional inmates.
    • Suggested diet because nurses didn't catch it from patients.
    • Interesting history. See SYDENSTRICKER 1958

  1168. GOLDBERGER 1920
    A study of the relation of diet to Pellagra incidence in seven textile-mill communities of South Carolina in 1916.
    • 66 pages. Reports results at orphanages, prisons, history of effort to find cause.
    • Goldberger, Wheeler, Sydenstricker. U.S. Public Health Service.

  1169. GOLDBERGER 1926
    A further study of butter, fresh beef, and yeast as Pellagra preventives, with consideration of the relation of Factor P-P of Pellagra (and black tongue of dogs) to Vitamin B.
    • Pellagra cn be prevented/cured by diet; buttermilk works better than powdered milk.
    • Butter doesn't work at all. Beef and yeast work.
    • The beef experiment: boiling 200g chopped beef a day (ugh - maybe to make it taste like medicine?)
    • Goldberger, Wheeler, Lillie, Rogers, US Health Service

  1170. GOLDENRING 1980
    Effects of continuous gastric infusion of food dyes on developing rat pups
    • rats. Food dyes made them much more hyperactive. coloring. adhd. dose - 1 mg/kg
    • Goldenring, Wool, Shaywitz, Batter, Cohen, Young, Teicher.

  1171. GOLDENRING 1982 - abstract
    Sulfanilic acid: behavioral change related to azo food dyes in developing rats.
    • Sulfanilic acid is azo dye metabolite; may be causative agent in behavior changes related to food dye.
    • Goldenring, Batter, Shaywitz.

  1172. GOLDMAN 1995
    Children Unique and Vulnerable. Environmental Risks Facing Children and Recommendations for Response
    • Environmental toxins. review. diet, pesticides
    • Aldicarb on bananas.
    • Carbamate pesticide.
    • Lead in paint.

  1173. GOLDMAN 1998
    Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents
    • Note: Although this paper complains that "pharmacotherapy alone ... has not yet been shown to improve the long-term outcome for any domain of functioning..." the only comment about diet in this paper is: "...some 20 studies have refuted the efficacy of dietary manipulations (eg, the Feingold diet) in ADHD.62" The footnote brings one to the NIH Consensus Development Conference of 1982 - which had concluded that none of the studies were adequate, and had NOT concluded that anything was refuted. Goldman totally ignored the excellent 1994 studies (Rowe & Rowe, Boris & Mandel).

  1174. GOLDMAN 2001
    Technical report: Mercury in the environment: Implications for pediatricians
    • mercury, children
    • Goldman, SHannon, Committee on Environmental Health

  1175. GOLDMAN 2006
    The Case against Universal Varicella Vaccination
    • chicken pox, shingles, vaccine

    Golimstok 2011 -- see Rojas 2011

  1176. GOLOMB 1999
    A review of the scientific literature as it pertains to Gulf War Illnesses
    • pyridostigmine bromide (PB) given to prevent death by nerve gas soman, which was not used.

  1177. GOLOS 2015
    Thiomersal-containing vaccines - a review of the current state of knowledge
    • thimerosal. mercury. autism. "speak to the public about the facts, not about the myths of thiomersal-containing vaccines safety" ... says mercury declining while autism rising.
    • Golos, Lutynska. Poland.

  1178. GOMES 2013
    Citotoxicity of food dyes Sunset Yellow (E-110), Bordeaux Red (E-123), and Tatrazine Yellow (E-102) on Allium cepa L. root meristematic cells
    • all 3 dyes were cytotoxic to cells. Yellow 6, yellow 5, Red.

  1179. GOMEZ-PINILLA 2011
    The combined effects of exercise and foods in preventing neurological and cognitive disorders
    • exercise, diets, nervous system, cognitive, brain, omega-3

  1180. GOMEZ-PINILLA 2012
    Natural mood foods: The actions of polyphenols against psychiatric and cognitive disorders
    • Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, depression, bipolar, schizophrenia

  1181. GOOD 2009
    Did acetaminophen provoke the autism epidemic?
    • Tylenol given after vaccination. Aspirin does not cause Reye's.
    • Toxicity of acetaminophen (Tylenol)

  1182. GOODMAN 2013
    Artificial food colour exclusion and free fatty acid supplementation may reduce symptom severity in children with ADHD
    • Comment belittling review by Sonuga-Barke (2013) which says
    • eliminating food dyes and supplementing with fish oil help ADHD.

  1183. GORAYA 2009
    Sleep Study Abnormalities in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  1184. GORDON 2011
    Broccoli or Broken Windows? The relationship between anti social behaviour and a nutrient deficient diet
    • Nutrition, malnutrition, aggression, behavior, anti-social.

  1185. GORDON 2015
    Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome
    • accelerated aging. review, treatments.

  1186. GORKER 2004
    Autistic-like findings associated with a urea cycle disorder in a 4-year-old girl

  1187. GORMAN 2006
    Ferritin Levels and Their Association With Regional Brain Volumes in Tourette's Syndrome

  1188. GORRINDO 2013
    Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Autism: Parental Report, Clinical Evaluation, & Associated Factors
    • GI, autism. Children with autism likely to have GI dysfunction (GID) especially constipation, and doctors should be aware.
    • Gorrindo, Williams, Lee, Walker, McGrew, Levitt.

  1189. GOTHAM 1986
    Depression in Parkinson's disease: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
    • same as arthritis patients - related to disease, health. Review.
    • Gotham, Brown, Marsden. UK

  1190. GOTTARDI 2016
    Beneficial effects of spices in food preservation and safety.
    • use as preservatives..
    • Gottardi, Bukvicki, Prasad, Tyagi.

  1191. GOULD 1982
    Inhibition of norepinephrine uptake into synaptic vesicles by butylated hydroxytoluene.
    • Even a little BHT blocks transport of norepinephrine. Gould, Saxer.

  1192. GOULD 2009
    Childhood Lead Poisoning: Conservative Estimates of the Social and Economic Benefits of Lead Hazard Control

  1193. GOYETTE 1978
    Effects of artificial colors on hyperactive children: a double blind challenge study
    • The challenge dose of food dye not specified, but implied to be 13 mg.
    • Effects more pronounced in younger children (13 mg is a bigger dose for younger children).
    • * "...suggesting that artificial food dyes do indeed impair and disrupt the behavior of the children."

  1194. GRABRUCKER 2011
    Brain-Delivery of Zinc-Ions as Potential Treatment for Neurological Diseases: Mini Review
    • Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, ADHD, depression, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Down's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Wilson’s disease and Pick’s disease. Nutrition
    • Grabrucker, Rowan, Garner.

  1195. GRACE 1981
    Subacute carbon monoxide poisoning. Another great imitator.
    • suspect CO poisoning when vague flu symptoms.

  1196. GRACZYK 2005
    Urban Educators’ Perceptions of Interventions for Students With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Investigation
    • ADHD, Teachers, "Diet not effective"
    • Graczyk, Atkins, Jackson, Letendre, Kim-Cohen, Baumann, McCoy

  1197. GRAETER 1996
    Kids are different: developmental variability in toxicology
    • Graeter, Mortensen, baby, genetic, child, lead, toxicology.

  1198. GRAHAM 2011
    Effects of Developmental Stress and Lead (Pb) on Corticosterone after Chronic and Acute Stress, Brain Monoamines, and Blood Pb Levels in Rats
    • risks from lead higher in stress,
    • Graham, Grace, Braun, Schaefer, Skelton, Tang, Vorhees, Williams.

  1199. GRALEWICZ 1998 - abstract
    Multiple chemical sensitivity: a new type of toxicity? (Polish)
    * MCS, pesticides, solvents.

  1200. GRANDE 2016
    Exercise prior to influenza vaccination for limiting influenza incidence and its related complications in adults (Protocol)
    • This is not a study, but a suggested study.
    • Reason: vaccine itself doesn't really work well.
    • "evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews showing no impact on hospitalisation or complication rates" but they think excercise may improve response.
    • Grande, Nunan, Reid, Thomas, Foster.

  1201. GRANDIN 2009
    How does visual thinking work in the mind of a person with autism? A personal account

  1202. GRANDJEAN 2006
    Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals

  1203. GRANDJEAN 2014
    Neurobehavioural eff ects of developmental toxicity
    • autism, adhd, dyslexia, brain, chemicals
    • proposing international clearinghouse to test new and existing chemicals.
    • Grandjean & Landrigan. Denmark.

  1204. GRANET 2005
    The Relationship between Convergence Insufficiency and ADHD
    • children with adhd diagnosis should be evaluated for convergence insufficiency.
    • Granet, Gomi, Ventura, Miller-Scholte.

  1205. GRANVILLE 2001
    Blue Colon at Autopsy

  1206. GRAUER 2000
    Stress Does Not Enable Pyridostigmine to Inhibit Brain Cholinesterase after Parenteral Administration
    • Gulf War, chemical warfare, blood brain barrier, mice, stress
    • Grauer, Alkalai, Kapon, Cohen, Raveh

  1207. GRAY 2001
    Effects of environmental antiandrogens on reproductive development in experimental animals
    • knowing tissue concentrations would help understand animal studies. rats.
    • DDT, phthalate. environmental chemicals.
    • Gray, Ostby, Furr, Wolf, Lambright, Parks, Veeramachaneni, Wilson, Price, Hotchkiss, Orlando, Guillette.

  1208. GRAY 2002
    Effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase activity in whole blood from aspirin-sensitive asthmatics vs healthy donors.

  1209. GRAY 2013
    Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?
    • Failsafe diet. Australia. adhd, eczema, gi ... but no evidence in Medline.
    • 50% have adverse effects, e.g., eating disorders, deficiencies
    • Note: Gray was seeing only patients who had failed on the diet, not those who succeeded.

    1. Breakey's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

    2. Heller's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?
      • quotes other studies; Heller, Heller & Heller

    3. Loblay's comment
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

    4. comment on comments - 2013
      Salicylate elimination diets in children: is food restriction supported by the evidence?

  1210. GREENBERG 1976
    Depressed 5-hydroxyindole levels associated with hyperactive and aggressive behavior. Relationship to drug response.
    • Raising serotonin (and 5-HI) into normal range by drugs improved behavior.
    • Greenbert, Coleman.

  1211. GREENE 1976
    Asthma due to inhaled chemical agents - amprolium hydrochloride - old study
    • Asthma, amprolium hydrochloride is chemical in a poultry-food additive.
    • Greene, Freedman, UK.

  1212. GRENHAM 2011
    Brain–gut–microbe communication in health and disease
    • irritable bowel syndrome, stress. review. mood, behavior.
    • Grenham, CLarke, Cryan, Dinan. Ireland.

  1213. GRESSANI 1999
    Strain-dependent lung tumor formation in mice transplacentally exposed to 3-methylcholanthrene and post-natally exposed to butylated hydroxytoluene
    • BHT, mice, prenatal exposure, cancer.
    • Gressani, Leone-Kabler, O'Sullivan, Case, Malkinson, Miller.

  1214. GRIEVINK 1998
    Dietary intake of antioxidant (pro)-vitamins, respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function: the MORGEN study.

  1215. GRIFFIN 2008
    Parallel processing
    • autism, asperger's

  1216. GRIFFITHS 1950
    Self-selection of diet in relation to audiogenic seizures in rats
    • seizures caused by sound, deficienc of thiamine, pyridoxine, magnesium.
    • Supplemting with thiamine makes them resistant to sound.
    • In this study, they supplemented themselves by choice, and it helped avoid fits.

  1217. GRIGORYAN 2016
    Risk factors for children’s blood lead levels in metal mining and smelting communities in Armenia: a cross-sectional study
    • children in mining communities are exposed to lead.
    • Grgoryan, Petrosyan, Melkonian, Khachadourian, McCartor, Crape.

  1218. GROBER 2015
    Live longer with vitamin D?
    • Review.
    • Grober, Reichrath, Holick. Germany.

  1219. GROGAN 1986
    Toxicity from BHT Ingestion

  1220. GROSS 1984
    Effect of Sucrose on Hyperkinetic Children

  1221. GROSS 1987
    The effect of diets rich in and free from additives on the behavior of children with hyperkinetic and learning disorders.

  1222. GROSS 2007
    The Toxic Origins of Disease
    • about Fred vom Saal. obesity. BPA. chemical industry. "Skeptics for hire."

  1223. GROSSMAN 1982
    Guest editorial on Chapel 1982 article: The Feingold Diet for the Hyperactive Child

  1224. GROTEN 2000
    An analysis of the possibility for health implications of joint actions and interactions between food additives.
    • Interaction shown, but excuses it saying only one of the additives would be used (they forgot that people eat more than one food at a time).
    • Conclusion that there were interactions, but not a health problem.
    • Groten, Butler, Feron, Kozianowski, Renwick, Walker. Netherlands.

  1225. GRYST 1999
    The use of glass ionomer in special needs patients.
    • Dental difficulties for physically or mentally disabled people.
    • Gryst, Mount.

  1226. GRZELEWSKA-RZYMOWSKA 1986 - abstract
    Sensitivity and tolerance to tartrazine in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics
    • 31.4% of aspirin-sensitive asthmatics were sensitive to Yellow 5.
    • When desensitized to aspirin, could tolerate food dye too.
    • Grzelewska-Rzymowska, Szmidt, Kowalski, Rozniecki

  1227. GUERNIER 2017
    Gut microbiota disturbance during helminth infection: can it affect cognition and behaviour of children?
    • CNS, brain, but microbiota.
    • Guernier, Brennan, Yakob, Milinovich, Clements, Soares Magalhaes.

  1228. GUERRINI 2006
    Epilepsy in children
    • "There is some evidence for use of the ketogenic diet in resistant spasms. " ... this comes right after saying that surgery is important, works for 60%, best when done on small lesions, but most kids have big ones.
    • Why would diet not be considered before surgery?

  1229. GUEST 1945
    The effect of salicylates on the electrolyte structure of the blood plasma. II. The action of therapeutic doses of sodium salicylate and of acetylsalicylic acid in man.
    • aspirin increases respiration, decreases CO2. same direction as toxic effects.
    • Guest, Rapoport, Roscoe.

  1230. GUILLETTE 1998
    An Anthropological Approach to the Evaluation of Preschool Children Exposed to Pesticides in Mexico
    • pesticides. exposed children had less stamina, eye-hand coordination, memory, drawing ability.
    • Guillette, Meza, Aquilar, Soto, Garcia. Mexico.

  1231. GUIN 1982
    Treatment of urticaria
    • food dye. histamine from mast cells important. aspirin, NSAIDS, benzoates, tartrazine (yellow 5), azo dyes, beta blockers, etc.

  1232. GUIS 2002
    HLA–DRB1*01 and macrophagic myofasciitis
    • (vaccine damage)

  1233. GUITTON 2003
    Salicylate Induces Tinnitus through Activation of Cochlear NMDA Receptors

  1234. GUJRAL 2003
    Behavioral risks for West Nile Virus Disease, Northern Colorado, 2003
    • more sickness where more mosquito control because people were careless and went out without mosquito spray.
    • Gujral, Zielinski-Gutierrez, LeBailly, Nasci.

  1235. GULTEKIN 2013
    Allergic and Immunologic Reactions to Food Additives
    • food dye. Overview of reactions to food additives.
    • Food dyes, sulfites, flavorings, preservatives, asthma, allergy.
    • Gultekin, Doguc

  1236. GUMPRICHT 2014
    Can w-3 fatty acids and tocotrienol-rich vitamin E reduce symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders?
    • Review and rationale for using omega-3
    • Gumpricht, Rockway

  1237. GUNDERSON 1986
    The Effect of Low-Level Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure on Visual Recognition Memory in Infant Crab-eating Macaques
    • Visual recognition in Macaque monkey babies & human babiesv similar.
    • Prenatal exposure to mercury: eyesight still same, but deficit in looking at new things.
    • Gunderson, Grant, Burbacher, Fagan, Mottet

  1238. GUNIER 2016
    Prenatal Residential Proximity to Agricultural Pesticide Use and IQ in 7-Year-Old Children
    • pesticide use lowers IQ of children.
    • Gunier, Bradman, Harley, Kogut, Eskenazi

  1239. GUPTA 1996
    Pentoxifylline: Brief Review and rationale for its possible use in the treatment of autism
    • autism, drugs, common side effects: insomnia, red eyes, nervousness, up to 33% have GI distress (nausea, vomiting, etc); up to 17% have nervous system effects including hallucinations

  1240. GUPTA 2010
    Are Incidental Findings on Brain Magnetic Resonance Images in Children Merely Incidental?

  1241. GUTOWSKA 2011
    Fluoride Effects on Cholesterol Influx and Expression of the Scavenger Receptor CD36 in THP1 Differentiated Monocyte/Macrophage Cells

  1242. GUYER 2000
    Breath of Life: Stories of Asthma From an Exhibition at the National Library of Medicine
    • SCROLL DOWN after clicking on link.
    • History of treatment.

  1243. GUZELCAN 2009
    Vitamin B12 status in patients of Turkish and Dutch descent with depression: a comparative cross-sectional study.

  1244. GULTEKIN 2013
    Allergic and immunologic reactions to food additives.
    • Mentions "hyperkinesis" once; writes about tartrazine without any mention of Rowe studies

  1245. HAAVIK 1979
    Effects of the Feingold diet on seizures and hyperactivity: a single-subject analysis.
    • Case study. Diet reduced seizures in boy.
    • Haavik, Altman, Woelk.

  1246. HABEK 2011
    Downbeat nystagmus, ataxia and spastic tetraparesis due to coeliac disease
    • neurological manifestations of celiac, gluten-free diet and IV immunoglobulins. protein in CSF, immune-related.
    • Habek, Hojsak, Barun, Brinar.

    Gluten Sensitivity: From Gut to Brain
    • Celiac, Coeliac
    • Hadjivassiliou, Sanders, Grünewald, Woodroofe, Boscolo, Aeschlimann. UK.

    Gluten-related disorders: gluten ataxia.
    • GI symptoms not reliable for diagnosis, onset middle age.
    • Hadjivassiliou, Sanders, Aeschlimann

  1249. HAFFNER 2006 - abstract
    The effectiveness of body-oriented methods of therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): results of a controlled pilot study (German)
    • adhd. yoga reduced adhd symptoms.
    • Haffner, Roos, Goldstein, Parzer, Resch.

  1250. HAFSTROM 2001
    A vegan diet free of gluten improves the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis: the effects on arthritis correlate with a reduction in antibodies to food antigens.

  1251. HAGERMAN 1987
    An association between recurrent otitis media in infancy and later hyperactivity.

  1252. HAHN 2014
    The Transcriptional Response to Oxidative Stress during Vertebrate Development: Effects of tert- Butylhydroquinone and 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin
    • TBHQ. oxidative stress. zebrafish.

  1253. HALL 2004
    Probable adverse reaction to a pharmaceutical excipient
    • adverse reaction of newborn baby to benzyl alcohol; gasping syndrome
    • "prescribers should be aware of the potential for excipients to cause adverse reactions in addition to the drug itself."
    • Hall, Milligan, Berrington

  1254. HALL 2005
    Will nicotine genetics and a nicotine vaccine prevent cigarette smoking and smoking-related diseases?

  1255. HALLDORSSON 2010
    Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery: A prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant women1
    • pregnancy, aspartame, acesulfame-K, prematurity, preterm delivery.
    • Halldorsson, Strom, Petersen, Olsen. Denmark.

  1256. HALLER 2012
    "I've heard some things that scare me" - Responding with empathy to parents' fears of vaccinations
    • response to WAKEFIELD 1998
    • Appears to attempt to scare parents INTO vaccinations by giving examples of pertussis, smallpox, etc.
    • Haller, Scalzo.

  1257. HALLERT 2009
    Clinical trial: B vitamins improve health in patients with coeliac disease living on a gluten-free diet
    • celiac disease, vitamin deficiency, Extra B vitamins -> improvement in anxiety & mood.
    • Hallert, Svensson, Tholstrup, Hultberg. Sweden.

  1258. HALLFRISCH 1990
    Metabolic Effects of Dietary Fructose
    • corn syrup

  1259. HALPERIN 2015
    Chronic Lyme disease: misconceptions and challenges for patient man agement
    • chronic fatigue

  1260. HALPERN 2015
    Excessive crying in infants
    • Review. babies, colic.
    • Halpern, Coelho. Brazil.

  1261. HAMBIDGE 2014
    Timely Versus Delayed Early Childhood Vaccination and Seizures
    • No association between seizures and vax delay;
    • said more when delayed, but also that many given together so not possible to analyze each alone.
    • More measles if got first dose on time; twice the seizures if given MMRV - includes chickenpox in same shot vs diff shots.
    • NOT compared to shots given at diff times or not given at all.
    • Hambidge, Newcomer, Narwaney, Glanz, Daley, Xu, Shoup, Rowhani-Rahbar, Klein, Lee, Nelson, Lugg, Naleway, Nordin, Weintraub, DeStefano. CDC

  1262. HAMED 2015
    Why the diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder matters
    • ADHD. review

  1263. HAN 2017
    You are what you eat: diet shapes body composition, personality and behavioural stability
    • diet, personality, behavior.
    • Han, Dingemanse.

  1264. HAN 2017
    Gold nanozyme-based paper chip for colorimetric detection of mercury ions
    • detection device using smart phone to detect mercury pollution in samples.
    • Han, Choi, Kwon. Korea.

  1265. HANSEN 1993
    Testimony before the Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee on Potential Animal and Human Health Effects of rbGH Use
    • cows. bovine groowth hormone

  1266. HANSEN 2007
    Chemicals regulation and precaution: does REACH really incorporate the precautionary principle
    • REACH is Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals.
    • This paper outlines limitations in REACH in Europe;
    • discusses possible improvement and safer alternatives.
    • Hansen, Carlsen, Tickner. Denmark & US.

  1267. HAO 2015
    Effects of microwave radiation on brain energy metabolism and related mechanisms.
    • Review. microwaves in telecommunications, agriculture, transportation, medical, military, house appliances, causes fatigue, headache, excitement, dreams, memory loss .... mitochondria swelling ...

  1268. HAPPY TUMS (article)
    Beware of Food Additives ...always read labels before buying

  1269. HARA 1994 - abstract
    Diagnosis and drug treatment in hyperactive children (Japanese)
    • case studies.

  1270. HARDING 2003
    Outcome-based comparison of Ritalin versus food-supplement treated children with AD/HD

  1271. HARIPRASAD 2013
    Feasibility and efficacy of yoga as an add-on intervention in attention deficithyperactivity disorder: An exploratory study
    • symptoms improved. kids on meds.

  1272. HARIRI 2015
    Magnesium, Iron, and Zinc Supplementation for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review on the Recent Literature
    • Review. adhd. No evidence. iran.

  1273. HARLEY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Food Additives: Testing the Feingold Hypothesis

  1274. HARLEY 1978
    Synthetic Food Colors and Hyperactivity in Children: A Double-Blind Challenge Experiment

  1275. HARLEY 2013
    Prenatal and Early Childhood Bisphenol A Concentrations and Behavior in School-Aged Children
    • BPA, anxiety, depression, hyperactivity

  1276. HARMON 2007
    Improving Nutrition Education Newsletters for the Food Stamp Eligible Audience
    • i.e., how to write newsletters for dummies

  1277. HARNIK 1982
    Voodoo Science, Twisted Consumerism: The Golden Assurances of the American Council on Science and Health
    • CSPI

  1278. HARPENDING 2002
    In our genes
    • Gene changes related to ADHD

  1279. HARPER 1978 - abstract
    Nutrient intakes of children on the hyperkinesis diet
    • RDA okay. No change in nutrient intake on diet.
    • Harper, Goyette, Conners.

  1280. HARPER 2004
    Axonal growth of embryonic stem cell-derived motoneurons in vitro and in motoneuron-injured adult rats
    • stem cells. rats. learning to regrow spinal nerves.

  1281. HARRINGTON 2006
    Parental Beliefs About Autism: Implications for the treating physician
    • An article exhorting doctors to screen children at 18 months for autism, and to refer children in a timely fashion to specialists to rule out or confirm a suspected diagnosis. The advice is given in response to a survey in which most parents expressed little or no confidence in their doctor. While this advice to doctors may benefit children by making behavioral interventions available at an earlier age, the advice was unfortunately given with the specified intention of preventing parents from turning to alternative or dietary treatments.

  1282. HARRINGTON 2006
    Parental beliefs about autism: Implications for the treating physician

  1283. HARRINGTON 2014
    Prenatal SSRI use and offspring with autism spectrum disorder or developmental delay
    • is a risk factor. population based case-control study.

  1284. HARRIS 1986
    The case of the black-speckled dolls: an occupational hazard of unusual sulphur metabolism.
    • PST, garlic, poor sulphoxidiser, sulfur.
    • Harris, Mitchell, Waring, Hendry. UK.

  1285. HARRIS 1996
    Dietary modulation of human platelet phenolsulphotransferase activity
    • PST, enzymes, sulphation, sulfation. Diet affects sulfation and has effect on adverse drug reactions
    • Harris, Waring. UK.

  1286. HARRIS 1998
    Inhibition of phenolsulphotransferase by salicylic acid: a possible mechanism by which aspirin may reduce carcinogenesis.
    (Waring group)
    • Personal note from Robert Sinaiko, MD 1998: "I suspect this is competitive inhibition, since, unlike salicyllic acid, the known irreversible PST inhibiors are fairly complex polycyclic compounds. This tends to favor my MHPG test for PST actvity, since if salicylic acid influences PST activity, so will acetaminophen (Tylenol)."

  1287. HARRIS 2013
    Comparative effects of an acute dose of fish oil on omega-3 fatty acid levels in red blood cells versus plasma: Implications for clinical utility
    • how to not fool the doctor

  1288. HARVING 1986
    Low concentrations of formaldehyde in bronchial asthma: a study of exposure under controlled conditions
    • no effect.

  1289. HASHEM 2010
    Immunological studies on Amaranth, Sunset Yellow and Curcumin as food colouring agents in albino rats.

  1290. HASHEM 2011
    Toxicological Impact of Amaranth, Sunset Yellow and Curcumin as Food Coloring Agents in Albino Rats
    • Food coloring, food dyes, rats, amaranth/Red 2, sunset yellow/Yellow 6, curcumin. No effect on liver and kidney glutathione or lipid peroxide levels.
    • Red 2 caused skeletal abnormality in rat pups.
    • Hashem, Atta, Arbid, Nada, Mouneir, Asaad, Egypt.
    • NOTE: The author says 31.5 mg/kg is the ADI. No - 3.75 mg/kg is the US ADI, and 2.5 mg/kg is the Japan ADI. Red 2 doesn't have an ADI since it is banned.

  1291. HASSAN 2009
    Effects of Some Synthetic Coloring Additives on DNA Damage and Chromosomal Aberrations of Rats
    • Food colors, food dyes, rats, tartrazine/yellow 5, chocolate brown,
    • DNA liver damage, kidney damage, comet assay, Egypt.

  1292. HAUSER 1993
    Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disosrder in People with Generalized Resistance to Thyroid Hormone
    • adhd associated with thyroid hormone resistance.

  1293. HAVAS 2008
    Dirty Electricity Elevates Blood Sugar Among Electrically Sensitive Diabetics and May Explain Brittle Diabetes

  1294. HAWKINS 2002
    Dermal absorption and disposition of musk ambrette, musk ketone and musk xylene in human subjects

  1295. HAZELTON 1986
    Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole on acetaminophen hepatotoxicity and glucuronidation in vivo.
    • BHA makes acetaminophen be excreted 7 times faster.
    • Hazelton, Hjelle, Klaassen.

  1296. HE 2008
    Association of monosodium glutamate intake with overweight in Chinese adults: the INTERMAP Study
    • MSG.
    • He, Zhao, Daviglus, Dyer, Van Horn, Garside, Zhu, Guo, Wu, Zhou, Stamler

  1297. HE 2011
    Consumption of monosodium glutamate in relation to incidence of overweight in Chinese adults: China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)
    • MSG.
    • He, Dr, Xun, Sharma, Wang, Zhai, Popkin.

  1298. HEAD 1999
    Ipriflavone: an important bone-building isoflavone.
    • from soy. stops bone resorption, enhances bone formation. Enhances estrogen effect but is not estrogenic.

  1299. HEALY 2008
    Control of salicylate intolerance with fish oils
    • salicylate intolerance, urticaria, asthma, anaphylactic reactions. 10 g fish oils.
    • Healy, Newell, Howarth, Friedmann. UK

  1300. HEARD 1986
    Low concentrations of formaldehyde in bronchial asthma (letter comment)

  1301. HEATHCOTE 2012
    An unusual suspect causing behavioural problems and pituitary failure in a child
    • autism, adhd. brain tumor

  1302. HEATHER 2003 (book review)
    A user guide to the GF/CF diet for autism, asperger syndrome and ADHD

  1303. HEATON 2005
    Development of a Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine against Prevalent Serotypes of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis
    • human bovine reassortant rotavirus vaccine, well tolerated
    • Almost 60% of infants got diarrhea from vaccine; 57.5% got diarrhea from placebo - but it is supposed to PREVENT diarrhea, no? Placebo = same chemicals without the virus.conflicts of interest: 3 authors work for Merck & 2 hold vaccine patent.
    • Heaton, Goveia, Miller, Offit, Clark

  1304. HEBBRING 2007
    Human SULT1A1 gene: copy number differences and functional implications
    • PST, gene, DNA

  1305. HEBBRING 2009
    Sulfotransferase gene copy number variation: pharmacogenetics and function
    • inheritance of variance to drug response. SULT1A1. dna. PST. gene

  1306. HEDMAN 1981
    Effects of tartrazine of different contractile stimuli in guinea pig tracheal muscle.
    • food dye. Yellow 5 inhibits thromboxanes from human platelets. SRS-A important.
    • Hedman, Andersson.

  1307. HEGYI 2004
    Pellagra: Dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea
    • Pellagra is deficiency of niacin. Without skin lesions, it is hard to diagnose.
    • Hegyi, Schwartz, Hegyi.

  1308. HELAL 2000
    Effect of Some Food Colorants (Synthetic and Natural products) of Young Albino Rats: I- Liver and Kidney Functions
    • Rats, food color, food dyes, annatto, carmine, fast green/green 3, tumeric, chlorophyll, sunset yellow/yellow 6, quote: "...after administration of colorants, rats became more active, nervous and aggressive."
    • Helal, Zaahkouk, Mekkawy, Egypt.

  1309. HELAL 2001
    Progressive effects of the interaction of Sodium nitrite and sunset yellow on different physiological parameters in albino rats
    • Rats, food color, food dyes, sodium nitrite, sunset yellow, yellow 6, selenium, recovery.
    • Egypt

  1310. HELAL 2005
    Effect of Food Preservative and Food Coloring Agent on Some Physiological and Hematological Parameters in Albino Rats and the Protective Role of Garlic
    • Rats, Sunset Yellow (Yellow 6) Food dyes, coloring, preservatives, sodium nitrite, garlic (protective) RBC, WBC,
    • Helal, Abdel-Rahman, Egypt.

  1311. HEMILA 2013
    Vitamin C for preventing and treating tetanus (review)
    • 1 study, vitamin C given by IV with other treatment.
    • Children: 100% less fatality.
    • Older, only 45% reduced fatality (maybe they needed more??)
    • study not considered good enough to recommend using vitamin C.

  1312. HENDERSON 1994
    Effects of methylphenidate (Ritalin) on mammalian myocardial ultrastructure.
    • Ritalin causes lesions on heart muscle (myocardium) of rats and mice at earliest time and all doses, remaining 12 weeks later, indicating "persistent, cumulative effects on myocardium."
    • Henderson, Fischer.

  1313. HENDERSON 1998
    Bioterrorism as a public health threat
    • smallpox, anthrax

  1314. HENSCH 2010
    ADHD and Bipolar Disorder: Common Causes Common Cure?

  1315. HERBER-McNEILL 1998
    Dietary Marine Algae Maintains Egg Consumer Acceptability While Enhancing Yolk Color
    • the algae is fed to chickens so eggs have more omega-3.

  1316. HERBERT 1981
    Nutrition Cultism
    • opinion by Victor Herbert (QUACKWATCH)

  1317. HERON 2004
    Thimerosal Exposure in Infants and Developmental Disorders: A Prospective Cohort Study in the United Kingdom Does Not Support a Causal Association
    • Autism, vaccines, thimerosal, mercury
    • Heron, Golding, ALSPAC team
    "There is an established link between exposure to mercury and impaired childhood cognitive development and early motor skills."
    "We could find no convincing evidence that early exposure to thimerosal had any deleterious effect on neurologic or psychological outcome."

  1318. HERRING, editor
    Anatomy of a Pandemic: The 1918 Influenza in Hamilton

  1319. HERSEY - excerpt from Why Can't My Child Behave? re problems with early studies.

  1320. HERSEY 2003
    The Feingold Solution: Assessing the Role of Diet in Children's Behavior

  1321. HERVEY-JUMPER 2008
    Identifying, Evaluating, Diagnosing, and Treating ADHD in Minority Youth
    • Note: article touches on social differences, medical differences, the fact that minority children have more health conditions, but does not go into dietary differences, different exposure to heavy metals (the chemicals, not the music) etc.
    • It's also alarming that teachers identify almost 40% of African American students as having ADHD, and over 14% of Caucasians as having it.
    • Both numbers are scary - is this an edidemic? Or are we doing something terribly wrong TO these children through their environment or diet?

  1322. HESS 2014
    Snacking for a Cause: Nutritional Insufficiencies and Excesses of U.S. Children, a Critical Review of Food Consumption Patterns and Macronutrient and Micronutrient Intake of U.S. Children
    • Review.

  1323. HEWITSON 2010
    Influence of pediatric vaccines on amygdala growth and opioid ligand binding in rhesus macaque infants: A pilot study
    • macaques, monkeys, animals. brain volume, amygdala.
    • Hewitson, Lopresti, Stott, Mason, Tomko. UK

  1324. HEYER 2008
    The Association Between Serotonin Transporter Gene Promoter Polymorphism (5-HTTLPR), Self-Reported Symptoms, and Dental Mercury Exposure
    • genetic polymorphism HTTPLR affects reporting of symptoms of depression, anxiety, memory and sensitivity to mercury.

  1325. HIBBELN 2014
    Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Nutrient Deficits in Adverse Neurodevelopment and Childhood Behaviors
    • suggest increasing omega-3 and reducing omega-6 for all.

  1326. HICKEY 2005
    Misleading information on the properties of Vitamin C. (Cochrane)
    • says doses too low

  1327. HIDAS 2011
    Oral health status, salivary flow rate and salivary quality in children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD
    • dental. Children with ADHD taking meds have less saliva and higher plaque but not enough difference to cause more caries

  1328. HIDAS 2013
    Salivary bacteria and oral health status in medicated and non-medicated children and adolesce
    • adhd kids had more plaque, less saliva, although diet same as controls.
    • Hidas, Birman, Noy, Shapira, Matot, Steinberg, Moskovitz. Israel.

  1329. HIGHFIELD 1998 - Alleviation of x-irradiation-based deficit in memory-based learning by D-amphetamine: Suggestions for attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder
    • Xray of newborn can cause ADHD-symptoms, helped by stimulant drugs

  1330. HILL 1998
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (see comment by Anthony 1999)

  1331. HILL 2001
    An auditable protocol for treating attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    • oligoantigenic diet is okay as last resort; says not to bother with Feingold or gluten/casein free diets.

  1332. HILL 2013
    Rethinking "probiotics"

  1333. HILL 2015
    Autism-Like Behavior and Epigenetic Changes Associated with Autism as Consequences of In Utero Exposure to Environmental Pollutants in a Mouse Model
    • mouse, mice. Chd7 gene. behavior, heavy metals, toxins. prenatal.

  1334. HILLS 2011
    The effect of thiamin tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide on behavior of juvenile DBA/2J mice

  1335. HILTON 2009
    Reporting of MMR evidence in professional publications: 1988–2007 (related to Wakefield trial)

  1336. HIMRI 2011
    A 90 day Oral Toxicity Study of Tartrazine, a Synthetic Food Dye, in Wistar Rats
    • Rats, tartrazine, yellow 5, food dye, food color,
    • Sulfanilic acid (metabolite), liver, lung, stomach weights increase, kidney weight decrease, glucose, creatinine, cholesterol, triglecerid/triglycerides increase, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, dose response, *fatty deteneration of liver, tubular degeneration of kidney, atrophy of glomerulus, RBC shape change.
    • Conclusion quote: "Therefore, it is necessary that people should be aware about the hazardous effects of consuming Tartrazine."
    • Himri, Bellahcen, Souna, Belmekki, Aziz, Bnouham, Joheir, Berkia, Mekhfi, Saalaoui. Morocco.

  1337. HINDLE 1978 - abstract
    The management of hyperkinetic children: a trial of dietary therapy

    Hinton 2000 - see Toxicology (Guidelines)

  1338. HIRAYAMA 2013
    The effect of phosphatidylserine administration on memory and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    • Japan. adhd, memory, children, phosphatidylserine supplement improved symptoms

  1339. HIROM 1972
    The effect of testosterone on the biliary excretion of tartrazinein female rats.
    • food dye. liver excretion yellow 5 reduced.

  1340. HIRSCHTRITT 2009
    Executive and Attention Functioning Among Children in the Pandas Subgroup

  1341. HISANO 2016
    Standardized Color in the Food Industry: The Co-Creation of the Food Coloring Business in the United States, 1870-1940
    • history

  1342. HO 1992
    Phenolic Compounds in Food: An Overview
    • Polyphenol, antioxidants, tocopherols

  1343. HOANG 2010
    Treating Asthma as a Neuroelectrical Disorder
    • inflammation not always directly related to asthma severity;
    • they call it hyper-excitatory bronchoconstriction.
    • voltage-gate sodium channels and glutamate receptors.
    • Hoang, Shaw, Pham, Levine.

  1344. HODGE 1996
    Assessment of food chemical intolerance in adult asthmatic subjects

  1345. HODGE 1998
    Effect of dietary intake of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids on severity of asthma in children
    • measurable diff in blood, but no diff in symptoms.
    • not surprising -- omega 3 provided only by using canola oil and ONE fish meal per month.

  1346. HODGE 2009
    review. Food allergy and intolerance
    • Low chemical diet. food additives, food dyes, preservatives, salicylates

  1347. HODGSON 2002
    Indoor Environmental Exposures and Symptoms
    • sick building syndrome, environmental illness, fatigue

  1348. HOEKSTRA 2011
    Is there potential for the treatment of children with ADHD beyond psychostimulants?
    • diet, ritalin, review of studies, alternative treatments

  1349. HOEKSTRA 2002
    Is Tourette’s syndrome an autoimmune disease?

  1350. HOFSTETTER 2014
    Live Vaccine Use and Safety in DiGeorge Syndrome
    • Immudeficient children should not be given live vaccines, but got them anyhow.
    • Since they were okay, live vaccines are okay if CD4 is not too low.
    • Authors work for Merck.

  1351. HOKANSON 2006
    PHTHALATES - DEHP, bis(2)-ethylhexyl phthalate, alters gene expression in human cells: possible correlation with initiation of fetal developmental abnormalities

  1352. HOLBOROW 1980
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - Letter to the Editor

  1353. HOLBOROW 1981
    The effect of the Feingold diet on 'normal' school children

  1354. HOLENE 1998
    Behavioural hyperactivity in rats following postnatal exposure to sub-toxic doses of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners 153 and 126.

  1355. HOLENE 1999
    Behavioural effects in female rats of postnatal exposure to sub-toxic doses of polychlorinated biphenyl congener 153
    • PCB, human milk, rats, behavior
    • Holene, Nafstad, Skaare, Krogh, Sagvolden, Norway

  1356. HOLFORD 2003
    Depression: the nutrition connection
    • Sugar, amino acids, tryptophan, women, catecholamine deficiency, phenylalanine, B vitamins, TMG, SAMe, B12, Folate, zinc, homocysteine, methionine, glutathione, genes, mood-boosting fats, omega 3, diet.

  1357. HOLICK 2015
    Vitamin D and brain health: the need for vitamin D supplementation and sensible sun exposure
    • cognitive decline, dementia. brain. prenatal, Alzheimer's, genes. immunity.

  1358. HOLLEY 2010
    An hour less sleep is a risk factor for childhood conduct problems
    • adhd, sleep, behavior, children,
    • Holley, Hill, Stevenson, Southampton, UK

  1359. HOLLM-DELGADO 2015
    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa
    • malaria. Vaccine did not have effect but vitamin A does.

  1360. HOLM 2015
    Antecedents and correlates of visual field deficits in children born extremely preterm
    • associated with prenatal aspirin exposure as well as postnatal problems.

  1361. HONG 1989
    Oral provocation tests with aspirin and food additives in asthmatic patients
    • Asthma, bronchoconstriction, urticaria
    • Hong, Park, Lee

  1362. HONG 2006
    Stevioside counteracts the alpha-cell hypersecretion caused by long-term palmitate exposure
    • good for diabetes.

  1363. HONG 2011
    Amoxicillin Use during Early Childhood and Fluorosis of Later Developing Tooth Zones

  1364. HONG 2013
    Four Cases of Abnormal Neuropsychological Findings in Children with High Blood Methylmercury Concentrations
    • Mercury accumulates in brain. 4 case reports.
    • Hong, Kim, Yu, Kim, Kim, Kim, Yu, Jung, Kim.

  1365. HONG 2015
    Environmental Lead Exposure and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptom Domains in a Community Sample of South Korean School-Age Children
    • lead associated with lower IQ, high hyperactivity and impulsivity, even adjusted for mercury, manganese, cotinine, phthalate, BPA.
    • Hong, Im, Kim, Park, Shin, Kim, Yoo, Cho, Bhang, Hong, Cho. Korea.

  1366. HOOKER 2014
    Measles-mumps-rubella vaccination timing and autism among young african american boys: a reanalysis of CDC data
    • Black boys getting MMR before 36 months more likely to have autism. rate 25% higher in blacks. May be related to Vitamin D

  1367. HOOKER 2014
    Review Article
    Methodological Issues and Evidence of Malfeasance in Research Purporting to Show Thimerosal in Vaccines Is Safe
    • Mercury, poisoning, allergy, Well'ssyndrome, developmental delay, adhd, autism.
    • Hooker, Kern, Geier, Haley, Sykes, King, Geier.

  1368. HOOPER 2008
    Urban/rural differences in diet and atopy in South Africa
    • hard to tell details, but they figure diet explains part of difference.

  1369. HOPPIN 2016
    Pesticides Are Associated with Allergic and Non-Allergic Wheeze among Male FarmersB
    • asthma, lungs, allergy

  1370. HORDIJK 1998
    Sublingual immunotherapy with a standardised grass pollen extract; a double-blind placebo-controlled study
    • reduced symptoms but not reduced meds.

  1371. HORIGUCHI 1977
    Effects of toluene on the wheel-turning activity and peripheral blood findings in mice - an approach to the maximum allowable concentration of toluene.
    • All exposed mice - even 1 ppm - turned wheels less, red blood cells decreased, white blood cells increased.
    • Currently 100 ppm allowed in workplace; should be lower.
    • Horiguchi & Inoue. Japan.

  1372. HORMANN 2014
    Holding Thermal Receipt Paper and Eating Food after Using Hand Sanitizer Results in High Serum Bioactive and Urine Total Levels of Bisphenol A (BPA)
    • environmental toxin, skin penetration chemicals in lotions; also transfers to food and absorbs thru mouth/tongue

  1373. HORNIG 2008
    Lack of Association between Measles Virus Vaccine and Autism with Enteropathy: A Case-Control Study
    • Claims to replicate Wakefield's MMR study;
    • results show no connection between MMR vaccine and GI disturbance or MMV and autism
    • See Uhlmann 2002, Krigsman 2010
    • Hornig, Briese, Buie, Bauman, Lauwers, Siemetzki, Hummel, Rota, Bellini, O'Leary, Sheils,
          Alden, Pickering, Lipkin

  1374. HORROCKS 1999
    Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
    • brain, learning, infant vision, omega-3, foetal alcohol syndrome, adhd, cystic fibrosis, pku, depression, aggression
    • Alzheimer's, heart disease, fish, triglycerides, diabetes, arthritis, asthma, cancer.
    • Horrocks, Yeo. Korea

  1375. HORVATH 2002
    Autistic disorder and gastrointestinal disease
    • "Treatment of the GI problems (eg, reflux, colitis, etc) often has beneficial effects on the behavior of children with autistic disorder."
    • GI symptoms, digestive disease, sleep disturbances, sudden irritability/aggression, pancreatic enzymes, intestinal permeability, sulfation deficit in liver, histopathology of GI tract
    • Horvath, Perman.

  1376. HORWITZ 2005
    Development and disability

  1377. HOSSAIN 2004
    Fragrances in oolong tea that enhance the response of GABAA receptors.
    • Note: It is the GABA neurons that are the "brakes" of the nervous system.

  1378. HOUSTON 2014
    The Role of Nutrition and Nutraceutical Supplements in the Treatment of Hypertension
    • diet, blood pressure, garlic, vitamins, omega-3,oxidative stress, heart.

  1379. HOWARD 2010
    ADHD Is Associated With a “Western” Dietary Pattern in Adolescents

  1380. HOWIE 2010
    A not so simple analgesic
    • paracetamol, tylenol, can cause acidosis

  1381. HOWRIE 1985
    Candy flavoring as a source of salicylate poisoning.
    • methyl salicylate, oil of wintergreen, baby.
    • Howrie, Moriarty, Breit.

  1382. HROBJARTSSON 2001
    Is the placebo powerless? An analysis of clinical trials comparing placebo with no treatment
    • Binary treatment: no effect.
    • Possible small benefits with continuous subjective outcomes for pain treatment.
    • Hrobjartsson & Gotzsche. Denmark.

  1383. HSIAO 2012
    Modeling an autism risk factor in mice leads to permanent immune dysregulation
    • Prenatal infection exposure, immune system, mouse, mice.
    • NOTE: Immune activated mothers .... as in vaccinated? Not specified.

  1384. HSIAO 2013
    The microbiota modulates gut physiology and behavioral abnormalities associated with autism

  1385. HU 2015
    Effect of sodium nitrite on phosphorylation of cytoskeletal proteins and spatial learning and memory in rats
    • Chinese. brain. rats. learning.

  1386. HUANG 1998
    Study of skin rashes after antibiotic use in young children
    • Children developed rash when given antibiotic when sick; not when well.
    • When given dye-free antibiotic when sick, they were fine.

  1387. HUANG 2007
    Toxic Effects of Sodium Fluoride on Reproductive Function in Male Mice

  1388. HUANG 2009 (letter)
    Adverse drug reactions to antibiotic use in young children.

  1389. HUANG 2014
    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy as an effective adjunctive treatment for chronic Lyme disease (case report)

  1390. HUDAK 2012
    Clinical report: Neonatal drug withdrawal
    • babies, AAP, pregnancy

  1391. HUDSON 1993
    Factor XIIIA subunit and Crohn's disease
    • Plasma factor. blood, albumin.
    • Hudson, Wakefield, Hutton, Sankey, Dhillon, More, Sim, Pounder.

  1392. HUDSON 1996
    Thrombotic vascular eisk factors in inflammatory bowel disease
    GMO rice
    • Chrohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, high risk factors - smoking, etc.
    • Hudson, Chitolie, Hutton, Smith, Pounder, Wakefield.

  1393. HUI 2016
    Effects of Parental Dietary Exposure to GM Rice TT51 on the Male Reproductive System of Rat Offspring*
    • Sperm and reproduction okay. No change.
    • China.

  1394. HUMPHREY 1986
    Serendipity and insight in immunology (Green College Lecture)

  1395. HUMPHRIES 2008
    Direct and indirect cellular effects of aspartame on the brain
    • Glutamate, headache, inxomnia, sleep, seizures, catecholamines, norepinephrine, epiniephrine, dopamine.
    • Humphries, Pretorius, Naude. S. Africa.

  1396. HUNTER 2001
    You asked for it. (Food for Thought).(Ritalin, bacteria, freeze-dried food, produce washing, alcohol consumption)

  1397. HUNTER 2016
    GM Crops - lessons from medicine (editorial)

  1398. HURST 1990
    Allergy management of refractory serous otitis media.
    • Earache. 20 patients not helped by usual treatments;
    • all improved by allergy treatment and/or elimination diet.
    • No controls improved.

  1399. HURT 2014
    An integrated dietary/nutritional approach to ADHD.
    • "Children who are suspected to have nutritional deficiencies, insufficiencies, and/or food allergies should be evaluated and, if the suspicion is confirmed, treated with supplementation or specific food elimination as part of standard care."
    • Hurt, Arnold.

  1400. HUSAIN 2006
    Estimates of dietary exposure of children to artificial food colours in Kuwait
    • Diet, children, color additives, ADI
    • Husain, Sawaya, Al-Omair, Al-Zenki, Al-Amiri, Ahmed, Al-Sinan, Kuwait

  1401. HUSAROVA 2013
    Monosodium Glutamate Toxic Effects and Their Implications for Human Intake: A Review
    • MSG.
    • Husarova, Ostatnikova. Slovakia.

  1402. HUSS 2010
    Supplementation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, magnesium and zinc in children seeking medical advice for attention-deficit/hyperactivity problems - an observational cohort study.

  1403. HUSTON 2009
    Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition Hypersensitivity: A Case Report Implicating Bisulfite Sensitivity in a Newborn Infant

  1404. HUTCHEON 2016
    Detectable Risks in Studies of the Fetal Benefits of Maternal Influenza Vaccination
    • Flu vaccine. pregnancy. "small magnitude of detectable effect size ... "
    • Hutcheon, Fell, Jackson, Kramer, Ortiz, Savitz, Platt. Canada.

    See PHADKE 2016 comment

  1405. HUTCHEON 2016(Response to Phadke)
    Hutcheon et al. Respond to “Maternal Influenza Immunization and Birth Outcomes”
    • Hutcheon, Fell, Jackson, Kramer, Ortiz, Savitz, Platt. Canada.

  1406. HUTTER 2005
    Blood concentrations of polycyclic musks in healthy young adults.
    • Fragrance. High blood levels in women using body lotion but toxicity unknown.

  1407. HUTTON 2016
    Does Rubella Cause Autism: A 2015 reappraisal?
    • Yes, even in vaccinated women. Effects 5% pregnant women. Vaccine wanes

  1408. HUYBRECHTS 2010
    Long-term dietary exposure to different food colours in young children living in different European countries
    • SCIENTIFIC REPORT submitted to EFSA

  1409. HVIID 2003
    Association Between Thimerosal-Containing Vaccine and Autism
    • Autism, mercury, says there is no connection,
    • See commentary @ RIMLAND 2003.
    • Hviid, Stellfeld, Wohlfahrt, Melbye

  1410. HWANG 2014
    Ideal Treatment Model for Children Diagnosed with ADHD
    • Bugil Academy Global Leader Program (top academic educational program in Korea)

  1411. HWANG 2015
    Protective effect of butylated hydroxylanisole against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes
    • BHA, preservative

  1412. IACONO 1998
    Intolerance of cow's milk and chronic constipation in children
    • Iacono, Cavataio, Montalto, Florena, Tumminello, Soresi, Norarbartolo, Carroccio. Italy.

  1413. IATP 2009
    Institute for Agrigulture & Trade Policy: Smart Guide to Food Dyes

  1414. IBERO 1982 - abstract
    Dyes, preservatives and salicylates in the induction of food intolerance and/or hypersensitivity in children.
    • For 25 children with allergy symptoms that had no cause determined, 57.89% sensitive to dyes, 34.21% benzoates, 7.81% salicylic acid.
    • Ibero, Eseverri, Barroso, Botey.

  1415. IBRAHIM 2008
    The Role of Ginger or Green Tea in Counteracting the Deleterious Effects of Benzene Sulfonic Acid in Weanling Male Rats
    • Food dye, Sunset Yellow, Yellow 6, degrades to benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt (BSA) in light.
    • Green tea, ginger modify liver damage in rats.
    • Concluding quote: "It is recommended that synthetic coloring agents and food additives should be excluded from foods which may be consumed by young children."
    • Ibrahim, Saleh, El-Shinnawy, Egypt.

  1416. IDE 2005
    Hazardous child labor: Lead and neurocognitive development
    • "Overview of the extent of hazardous lead exposure in child laborers, as a model for effects of more numerous, but less studied, substances."
    • Neurotoxic effecs of lead on children / Occupational exposure of children to lead.
    • Nutrition and child labor; Environmental exposures<
    • Understanding the potential costs of lead exposure to children.
    • Ide, Parker. Ethiopia.

  1417. IIHARA 2003
    Recent advances in minimally invasive pancreatic surgery
    • insulinoma.
    • Iihara, Obara. Japan.

  1418. IIZUKA 2000
    Immunohistochemical analysis of measles related antigen in IBD
    • Measles, Crohn's, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease, similar to IBS?), says measles does not cause Crohn's.
    • Iizuka, Chiba, Yukawa, Nakagomi, Fukushima, Watanabe, Nakagomi
    • see comment by WAKEFIELD 2001

    Differential effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on seizures produced by pilocarpine in rats.
    • Salicylate pretreatment lowers seizure threshold.
    • Poland.

  1420. ILBAY 2003
    Changes in blood-brain barrier permeability during hot water-induced seizures in rats
    • Rats, hot water, seizures, BBB.
    • Ilbay, Sahin, Ates. Turkey

    ILSI 2001 - see Toxicology

  1421. IMHOF 2004
    Effects of color stimulation on handwriting performance of children with ADHD without and with additional learning disabilities
    • Not related to diet, but is most interesting as another alternative that may help some

  1422. INOMATA 2006
    Multiple Chemical Sensitivities Following Intolerance to Azo Dye in Sweets in a 5-year-old Girl
    • Artificial food dye, food color, child, MCS, food additives, tartrazine, aspirin
    • Inomata, Osuna, Fujita, Ogawa, Ikezawa

  1423. INSAWANG 2012
    Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural Thai population
    • MSG, diabetes, obesity
    • Thailand

  1424. IOM 2001
    Immunization Safety Review: Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine and Autism
    • Rejects causal relationship but admits possibility.

  1425. IRSFELD 2013
    Beta-phenylethylamine, a small molecule with a large impact
    • PEA, neurotransmitter, trace amine. ADHD (low PEA). Antimicrobial to be used in processing beef.
    • Irsfeld, Spadafore, Prub.

  1426. IRWIN 2012
    Different Fates of Alzheimerfs Disease Amyloid.ƒÀ Fibrils Remodeled by Biocompatible Small Molecules
    • Red 3 (erythrosine), Blue 1 & Methylene Blue being tested on brain amyloid fibrils - possible future treatment for Alzheimer's;
    • Blue 1 for treatment of MS & spinal injury;
    • passes blood brain barrier.
    • Irwin

  1427. ISHIHARA 1979
    Experimental Investigation on the Pathogenesis of Tartrazine-Induced Asthma
    • Food dye. Yellow 5 potentiates bronchonstriction effects of other bronchoconstrictors.
    • Isihara, Kitamura. Japan.

  1428. ISMAIL 2003
    Microscopic Studies of the Effect of Some Food Additives on the Kidney of Albino Rat
    • Rats, food dyes, coloring, sodium nitrate, Yellow 6, sunset yellow, kidney, liver enzymes,
    • "The lumen of renal tubules ... becomes dilated with degeneration of its cells."
    • 1 mg/kg/day Yellow 6 causes "many areas of cellular infiltrations" leading to "glomerulo-nephritis and interstitial nephritis."(US ADI is 3.75 mg/kg/day).
    • Ismail, Moustafa, El-Rhman, Egypt.

  1429. ISO 2002
    Linoleic acid, other fatty acids, and the risk of stroke
    • linoleic acid protects against stroke.
    • Iso, Sato, Umemura, Kudo, Koike, Kitamura, Imano, Okamura, Naito, Shimamoto.

  1430. ITO 1986
    Modifying Effects of Antioxidants on Chemical Carcinogenesis.

  1431. IVANCHAK 2011
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood Is Associated with Cognitive Test Profiles in the Geriatric Population but Not with Mild Cognitive Impairment or Alzheimer’s Disease

  1432. JAACKS 2016
    Pre-Pregnancy Maternal Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants and Gestational Weight Gain: A Prospective Cohort Study
    • Jaacks, Barr, Sundaram, Grewal, Zhang, Louis.

  1433. JABEEN 2013
    Genotoxicity Assessment of Amaranth and Allura Red Using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
    • Food dye. Red 2, Red 40. No DNA damage to bakers yeast at 28o ... but significant DNA damage at 37oC ... authors conclude that "heavy concentration of food colors should be avoided in baking products"
    • NOTE: What about human beings? OUR body temperature is 37oC

  1434. JACKA 2017
    Nutritional Psychiatry: Where to next?
    • Australia.

  1435. JACKSON 2006
    Evidence of bias in estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness in seniors
    • Jackson, Nelson, Neuzil, Weiss.
    • No difference in risk of death or hospitalization really related to flu shot.

  1436. JACKSON 2012
    Arsenic, Organic Foods, and Brown Rice Syrup

  1437. JACKSON 2012
    Arsenic concentration and speciation in infant formulas and first foods.

  1438. JACOBSON 1996
    Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero.
    • infants, children, prenatal exposure only slightly higher than general population.
    • IQ, memory, attention, reading all lower than normal at 11 years.

  1439. JACOBSON 2003
    Prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and attention at school age.
    • PCB cause cognitive, learning problems if baby not breastfed. adhd

  1440. JACOBSON 2010
    Color us worried: Why synthetic food dyes should be banned.
    • Nutrition Action Health Letter; good article to share.
    • Jacobson, Kobylewski, CSPI.

  1441. JAFFE 1991
    Intranasal abuse of prescribed methylphenidate by an alcohol and drug abusing adolescent with ADHD.
    • Ritalin, drug abuse.

  1442. JAHAN 1984
    Effect of Ascorbic Acid in the Treatment of Tetanus
    • Vitamin C by IV.
    • 100% of those under 13 years who got Vit C lived.
    • 74.2% of those who did not get Vit. C died.
    • Seems Vit. C does better than anti-tetanus serum, sedatives, & antibiotics.
    • Jahan, Ahmad, Ali. Dhaka

  1443. JAIWONG 2015
    Effects of inactivated influenza vaccine on respiratory illnesses and asthma-related events in children with mild persistent asthma in Asia
    • Vaccine group had fewer asthma & respiratory problems during next year.
    • Jaiwong, Ngamphaiboon.

  1444. JAMES 2003
    Respiratory Manifestations of Food Allergy
    • Food allergy, inhalation, asthma, otitis media

  1445. JAMESON 2016
    Medical Comorbidity of Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder in US Adolescents
    • Increased odds of allergy, asthma, enuresis, headache/migraine, stomach/bowel (gi) problems.
    • Jameson, Sheppard, Lateef, Vande Voort, He, Merikangas.

  1446. JANG 2017
    Nutritional Status of Korean Children and Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • Overweight ADHD children ate less iron, less vegetables.
    • Jang, Bu. Korea.

  1447. JANICKI 1973
    Patent application: Method for dyeing protein articles of food, especially protein casings

  1448. JANKOVIC 2003 - abstract
    Controversies with aspartame (Serbian).
    • Discounts 2 studies showing brain tumors and admits lowers seizure threshold but concludes is safe at 40 mg/kg/day.

  1449. JANSSEN 1997
    Acetylsalicylate and salicylates in foods
    • Claims Swain is all wrong and that levels are so low they cannot cause problems.

  1450. JANSSON 2001
    Strategy to decrease the risk of adverse effects of fragrance ingredients in cosmetic products.
    • (1) low concentration
    • (2) follow guidelines
    • (3) limit known sensitizers,
    • (4) limit essential oils.
    • Animal testing not needed.

  1451. JANULEWICZ 2008
    Risk of Learning and Behavioral Disorders Following Prenatal and Early Postnatal Exposure to Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)- contaminated Drinking Water
    • No association with repeating school grade, tutoring, IEP;
    • measurements don't appear very sensitive.
    • Janulewicz, White, Winter, Weinberg, Gallagher, Viera, Webster, Aschengrau.

  1452. JÄRNSTRÖM 2008
    The Impact of Emissions from Structures on Indoor Air Concentrations in Newly Finished Buildings Predicted and On-Site Measured Levels

  1453. JARUP 2003
    Hazards of heavy metal contamination

  1454. JASAREVIC 2013
    Sex and Dose-Dependent Effects of Developmental Exposure to Bisphenol A on Anxiety and Spatial Learning in Deer Mice (Peromyscus maniculatus bairdii) Offspring
    • BPA exposure before birth caused impaired learning, increased anxiety,
    • and reduced exploratory behaviors.
    • Jasarevic, Williams, Vandas, Ellersieck, Liao, Kannan, Roberts, Geary, Roseneld.

  1455. JEFFERSON 2005
    Old Versus New Medications: How Much Should Be Taught?

  1456. JENSEN 2015
    Heterologous and sex differential effects of administering vitamin A supplementation with vaccines
    • Jensen, Ndure, Plebanski, Flanagan. Australia

  1457. JEONG 2014
    Vitamin C treatment of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cellsenhanced CD8+memory T cell production capacity of these cellsin vivo
    • Vitamin C may strengthen vaccine against cancer.
    • Jeong, Kim, Hong, Kang, Kim, Lee, Hwang. Korea.

  1458. JESCHKE 2010
    Intensive Insulin Therapy in Severely Burned Pediatric Patients: A Prospective Randomized Trial
    • Intensive insulin therapy should be used in severely burned patients.
    • Jeschke, Kulp, Kraft, Finnerty, Micak, Lee, Herndon.

  1459. JI 2007
    Human Hydroxysteroid Sulfotransferase SULT2B1 Pharmacogenomics: Gene Sequence Variation and Functional Genomics
    • PST.
    • Ji, Moon, Zlatkovic, Salavaggione, Thomae, Eckloff, Wieben, Schaid, Weinshilboum.

  1460. JIA 2012
    Diversity and distribution of sulphate-reducing bacteria in human faeces from healthy subjects and patients with inflammatory bowel disease
    • IBD, gut.
    • Jia, Whitehead, Griffiths, Dawson, Bai, Waring, Ramsden, Hunter, Cauchi, Bessant, Fowler, Walton, Turner, Cole. UK.

  1461. JIANG 2014
    Fluoride and arsenic exposure impairs learning and memory and decreases mGluR5 expression in the hippocampus and cortex in rats
    • IQ, retarded, child development, water, learning, memory, glutamate, hippocampus, cortex
    • Jiang, Su, Yao, Zhang, Cao, Wang, Wang, Li, Xi. China.

  1462. JIMENEZ-ARANDA 1996 - abstract (Spanish)
    Prevalence of chronic urticaria following the ingestion of food additives in a third tier hospital
    • 47.2% reacted to yellow 5, 30-36% to sulfites,
    • 72% skin prick allergies. Some sinusitis too.
    • Jimenez-Aranda, Flores-Sandoval, Gomez-Vera, Orea-Solano. Mexico.

  1463. JIN 2009
    Tailored Additive Release Rates In Extruded Plastic Films Produced With Smart Blending Machines

  1464. JO 2008
    Analyzing the Sensory Characteristics and Taste-Sensor Ions of MSG Substitutes
    • MSG, yeast extract, hydrolyzed yeast extracts
    • "A rose by another name ..."
    • Jo, Lee

  1465. JO 2011
    Inhibition of Neuronal Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels by Brilliant Blue G
    • Blue 1 is P2X7 receptor antagonist. potent sodium channel blocker. brain, huntington's disease.
    • Jo, Bean.

  1466. JO 2013
    Profound Hypotension after an Intradermal Injection of Indigo Carmine for Sentinel Node Mapping
    • Blue 2, caused severe blood pressure drop when injected during surgery.
    • Jo, Lee, Yun, Lee. Korea.

  1467. JOBLING 1995
    A variety of environmentally persistent chemicals, including some phthalate plasticizers, are weakly estrogenic
    • BHA, estradiol, estrogenic, phthalate
    • Jobling, Reynolds, White, Parker, Sumpter, UK

  1468. JOHANSEN 2011
    Molecular mechanisms of fear learning and memory
    • PTSD.
    • Johansen, Cain, Ostroff, LeDoux

  1469. JOHNSON 1961
    The effect of the antioxidants, butylated ydroxy anisole, butylated hydroxy toluene and propyl gallate on growth, liver and serum lipids and serum sodium levels of the rat
    • BHT, BHA increase lipid content of the liver and raise cholesterol.
    • Johnson & Hewgill. Australia.

  1470. JOHNSON 1966
    Health aspects of food additives

  1471. JOHNSON 1988
    Drugs, dialogue, or diet: Diagnosing and treating the hyperactive child
    • Says meds often help even if cause is dietary.
    • Meds may conceal a food sensitivity, but author thinks the only way to find out is to withhold meds & give a 4-day fast (!!!).
    • He comments children "do not like the Feingold diet" based on the Gross 1987 study

  1472. JOHNSON 1990
    • General info for doctor. iron deficiency relationship.

  1473. JOHNSON 2011
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Is it Time to Reappraise the Role of Sugar Consumption?
    • Excessive sugar may lead to disruption of dopamine function
    • Johnson, Gold, Ishiimoto, Lanaspa, Zahniser, Avena.

  1474. JOHNSTON 2002
    Parents’ Beliefs About ADHD: Implications for Assessment and Treatment
    • Author puts diet effect on ADHD into "false beliefs"

  1475. JOHNSTON 2003
    Dietary Chemicals and Brain Function

  1476. JOHNSTONE 2016
    Turning on lights to stop neurodegeneration: The potential of near infrared light therapy in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease.
    • Red to infrared light therapy stops neuron death.
    • Johnstone, Moro, Stone, Benabid, Mitrofanis. Australia.

  1477. JOHRI 2016
    Adding interventions to mass measles vaccinations in India
    • Measles vaccine alone saved 19,016 children; adding insecticide-treated bednets and zinc supplement may save over 70,000 more.
    • Johri, Verguet, Morris, Sharma, Ram, Gauvreau, Jones, Jha, Jit. India, UK, Canada.

  1478. JONES 1964
    The Metabolism and Excretion of Tartrazine in Rat, Rabbit and Man
    • food dye.

  1479. JONES 1971
    The physiology and management of childhood asthma
    • Interesting for history of asthma treatment - disodium cromoglycate (Intal), steroid, ACTH, psychiatry. Diet or additives not mentioned.

  1480. JONES 2007
    Prevalent Vitamin B-12 Deficiency in Twelve-Month-Old Guatemalan Infants Is Predicted by Maternal B-12 Deficiency and Infant Diet

  1481. JONES 2007
    Fighting Disease With Fruit
    • Aboriginal health, nutrition, Australia, otitis media, ear infections, children, hearing, deficiency, vitamin C, iron

  1482. JOSEFSON 2000
    US Cancer Institute Funds Trial of Complementary Therapy
    • Gonzalez. pancreatic cancer. coffee enemas. enzymes.
    • Patients survived 17 months more than those getting chemo.

  1483. JOSHI 2003
    Fish Oil Supplementation of Rats during Pregnancy Reduces Adult Disease Risks in Their Offspring

  1484. JOSHI 2006
    Supplementation with flax oil and vitamin C improves the outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • ADHD, omega 3, ALA, no placebo group

  1485. JUHLIN 1980
    Incidence of Intolerance to Food Additives
    • Urticaria, asthma, rhinitis, aspirin intolerance, salicylates, azo dyes, benzoates.
    • BHT, BHA, annattohyperactivity (hyperkinesia).
    • Sweden.

  1486. JUHLIN 1981
    Recurrent urticaria: Clinical investigation of 330 patients
    • Asthma, urticaria, nasal polyps, migraine, arthralgia, psychiatric problems, GI problems, azo dyes, benzoates, BHT, BHA, sorbic acid, Yellow 10, carotene, canthaxanthine, annatto, nitrite
    • Sweden.

  1487. JULIO-PIEPER 2014
    Review article: intestinal barrier dysfunction and central nervous system disorders – a controversial association
    • Review. CNS connection to intestinal barrier dysfunction. schizophrenia, autism, neurodegenerative diseases, depression. Says connection not yet proven.
    • Julio-Pieper, Bravo, Aliaga, Gotteland. Chile.

  1488. JUNG 2010
    Sensory Characteristics and Consumer Acceptability of Beef Soup with Added Glutathione and/or MSG
    • Glutathione (GSH), MSG
    • Jung, Hong, Kim. S.Korea.

  1489. KACZOROWSKA 2008
    Pyridoxine-Dependent Seizures Caused by Alpha Amino Adipic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency: The First Polish Case With Confirmed Biochemical and Molecular Pathology
    • Vitamin B6, new diagnostic tools.
    • Kaczorowska, Kmiec, Jakobs, Kacinski, Kroczka, Salomons, Struys, Jozwiak

  1490. KACZMARCZYK 2013
    Methylphenidate prevents high-fat diet (HFD)-induced learning/memory impairment in juvenile mice
    • Mice fed high fat diet had anxiety, learning, memory problems.
    • Kaczmarczyk, Machaj, Chiu, Lawson ... Freund.

  1491. KAISAR 2006
    Do antidepressants cause suicidality in children? A Bayesian meta-analysis
    • they found an association, but concluded that they could not conclude causation

  1492. KAJANNE 1999
    Laypeople’s viewpoints about the reasons for expert controversy regarding food additives

  1493. KAJTA 2013
    Impact of endocrine-disrupting chemicals on neural development and the onset of neurological disorders
    • Pollutants: dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, brominated flame retardants, plasticizers (bpa, nonylphenol, phthalates), drugs. hormone receptors. neurological disorders, brain, autism, adhd, learning disabilities, aggressiveness, depression.
    • Cause incomplete methylation of genes. Epigenetic factors cause adult-onset disorders.
    • Kajta, Wojtowicz. Poland.

  1494. KALFF 2001
    Neighbourhood level and individual level SES effects on child problem behaviour: a multilevel analysis
    • "Living in a more deprived neighbourhood is associated with higher levels ... of child problem behaviour, irrespective of individual level socioeconomic status."

  1495. KALIS 2015
    Dual action of vitamin C versus degradation and supplementation
    • review

  1496. KALLSTRAND 2010
    Abnormal auditory forward masking pattern in the brainstem response of individuals with Asperger syndrome
    • Hearing, autism, auditory processing, aspergers, schizophrenia, adhd.
    • Kallstrand, Olsson, Nehlstedt, Skold, Nielzen. Sweden.

  1497. KALOKERINOS 1974
    Every Second Child: The Book

  1498. KALOKERINOS 1974
    Every Second Child: Formatted for phone

  1499. KALOKERINOS 1974
    Poor black health, bad white attitudes
    • Australian Aborigines, diet, vaccines, vitamins, health

  1500. KALOKERINOS 2005
    Endotoxin and Vitamin C Part 1 – Sepsis, Endotoxin and Vitamin C
    • Endotoxin, bacteria, pathogens
    • Kalokerinos, Dettman, Meakin, Australia

  1501. KALOKERINOS 2008
    Shaken Baby Syndrome: An Abusive Diagnosis
    • Australia. Aborigines. Vitamin C, endotoxin, endotoxemia

    B Vitamin Supplementation Reduces Excretion of Urinary Dicarboxylic Acids in Autistic Children.

  1503. KAMEL 2011
    The Potential Health Hazard of Tartrazine and Levels of Hyperactivity, Anxiety-Like Symptoms, Depression and Anti-social behaviour in Rats
    • food dye

  1504. KANAREK 2011
    Artificial food dyes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • NOTE: Dr. Kanarek assured me that Tufts U has no connection with them, but that the journal Nutrition Reviews itself is owned by the International Life Sciences Institute, an industry organization previously called the Nutrition Foundation.

  1505. KANG 2014
    Dietary intervention rescues maternal obesity induced behavior deficits and neuroinflammation in offspring
    • Prenatal exposure to mother's high fat diet causes behavioral deficits, adhd, autism. brain inflammation. mice study shows changing diet during breastfeeding helps.
    • Kang, Kurti, Fair, Fryer

  1506. KANG 2014
    Basophil Activation Test with Food Additives in Chronic Urticaria Patients
    • Asthma, rhinitis, allergy
    • Kang, Song, Park, Lim, Kim, Lee, Kim, Cho, Min, Chang. Korea.

  1507. KANTOR 1984
    Food dyes produce minimal effects on locomotor activity and vitamin B-6 levels in postweanling rats.

  1508. KAPLAN 1988
    The relevance of food for children's cognitive and behavioural health
    • Review of food-behavior interactions.
    • "In reality, the accumulated evidence suggests that food affects behaviour in some children"

  1509. KAPLAN 1989
    Overall nutrient intake of preschool hyperactive and normal boys

  1510. KAPLAN 1989
    Dietary replacement in preschool-aged hyperactive boys

  1511. KAPLAN 2000
    Children in Harm’s Way: Toxic Chemicals Linked to Developmental Disabilities

  1512. KAPLAN 2010
    Editorial: Food Additives and Behavior: First Genetic Insights
    • "Tomato Effect." Supplementation, Elimination, about the Bateman & McCann studies, polymorphism

  1513. KAPLAN 2015
    The Search for a Single-Nutrient Solution to Mental Illnesses Is Outdated
    SEE: Rucklidge 2015. magic bullet, vitamins, omega 3
    • Kaplan, Rucklidge

  1514. KAPLAN 2015
    Micronutrient treatment for children with emotional and behavioral dysregulation: a case series
    • Micronutrient formula given 3 kids - big change in behavior. EMPowerplus see
    • Kaplan, Hilbert, Tsatsko

  1515. KARADEMIR 2011
    Effects of fluorosis on QT dispersion, heart rate variability and echocardiographic parameters in children
    • Risk in decreased calcium and thyroid, and increased sodium and QT prolongation. heart. cardiovascular. fainting.
    • Karademir, Akcam, Kuybulu, Olgar, Oktem. Turkey.

  1516. KARPOUZIS 2009
    A randomised controlled trial of the Neuro Emotional Technique (NET) for childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a protocol
    • ADHD, NET, Australia
    • Karpouzis, Pollard, Bonello

  1517. KASHANIAN 2008
    Interaction of Diazinon with DNA and the Protective Role of Selenium in DNA Damage
    • Insecticide, pesticide, DNA, genes, genotoxic
    • Kashanian, Gholivand, Ahmade, Ravan, Razi U, Iran

  1518. KASHANIAN 2011
    DNA Binding Studies of Tartrazine Food Additive
    • Food dye. Concluding, "this food colorant has a toxic potential to CT-DNA in vitri and it seems that it binds directly to DNA ... more attention should be paid to prevent our children from eating or drinking large amounts of food containing this colorant."
    • Kashanian, Zeidali. Iran.

  1519. KATZ 2010
    A Compound Herbal Preparation (CHP) in the Treatment of Children With ADHD: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    • ADHD, TOVA, vitamins, food grade botanicals called Nurture & Clarity by Tree of Healing-LD Clinic, Herzliya, Israel.
    • Katz, Levine, Kol-Degani, Kav-Venaki, Israel.
    • NOTE: 3 of the authors work for Tree of Healing-LD which makes the product.

  1520. KAUR 2003
    Genetic or Pharmacological Iron Chelation Prevents MPTP-Induced Neurotoxicity In Vivo: A Novel Therapy for Parkinson’s Disease
    • Mice. iron. chelating iron protected brain against iron toxin; chelation may be effective therapy for Parkinson's.

  1521. KAUR 2010
    Evaluation of mutagenic potential of food dye (Apple green)
    • Yellow 5, Blue 1, Ames test, salmonella, moderately mutagenic
    • Kaur, Arora, Katnoria

  1522. KAVALE 1982
    The efficacy of stimulant drug treatment for hyperactivity: A meta-analysis
    • Reviewed 135 studies on drugs, most published in the 1970s, concluding stimulant drugs are effective for hyperactivity.

  1523. KAVALE 1983
    Hyperactivity and Diet Treatment: A Meta-Analysis of the Feingold Hypothesis
    • Reviewed 23 studies, most published in the 1970s.
    • Concluded that research has not validated the diet, which should be "questioned" as a treatment.
    • NOTE: This meta analysis is still quoted in spite of being almost half a century out of date.

  1524. KAWAGUCHI 2010
    Maternal exposure to isobutyl-paraben impairs social recognition in adult female rats
    • Preservatives, social recognition behavior, autism, estrogenic chemicals

  1525. KAWANE 1994
    Aspirin-induced asthma and artificial flavors.
    • Flavor-induced bronchospasm may cause asthma like aspirin; the flavors are all chemically similar.
    • Japan.

  1526. KAYANI 2002
    Adverse Behavioral Effects of Treatment for Acute Exacerbation of Asthma in Children: A Comparison of Two Doses of Oral Steroids
    • Anxiety, aggression, hyperactivity.
    • Kayani & Shannon.

  1527. KAYASHITA 1996
    Buckwheat protein extract suppression of the growth depression in rats induced by feeding amaranth (Food Red No. 2)
    • Rats, lowered cholesterol, constipation, fiber, Red 2 suppresses growth.
    • Buckwheat suppresses toxicity of Red 2, improved nutritional efficiency.
    • Kayashita, Nagai, Kato. Japan.

  1528. KEAN 2015
    A Randomized Controlled Trial Investigating the Effects of a Special Extract of Bacopa monnieri (CDRI 08) on Hyperactivity and Inattention in Male Children and Adolescents: BACHI Study Protocol (ANZCTRN12612000827831)
    • herb; planned study.
    • Kean, Kaufman, Lomas, Goh, White, Simpson, Scholey, Singh, Sarris, Zangara, Stough. Australia.

  1529. KEENAN 2017
    Limitations of the Current Standards of Care for Treating Gout and Crystal Deposition in the Primary Care Setting: A Review
    • Gout

  1530. KEIKOTLHAILE 2010
    Effects of food processing on pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables: A meta-analysis approach
    • Pesticides reduced or increased by blanching, boiling, canning, frying, juicing, peeling, washing
    • Nice chart of pesticides found on various foods. Keikotlhaile, Spanoghe, Steurbaut. Belgium.

  1531. KELLEY 2004
    High Dietary Fructose Induces a Hepatic Stress Response Resulting in Cholesterol and Lipid Dysregulation

  1532. KELLY 1998
    Focal reduction of villous blood flow in early indomethacin enteropathy: a dynamic vascular study in the rat
    • Indomethacin injury. rats.
    • Kelly, Piasecki, Anthony, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK

  1533. KELLY 2015
    Breaking down the barriers: The gut microbiome, intestinal permeability and stress-related psychiatric disorders.
    • Gut-brain, microbiome. CNS, inflammation.
    • Kelly, Kennedy, Cryan, Dinan, Clarke, Hyland. Ireland.

    Childhood Hyperactivity as a Predictor of Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness Over a Period of 21 Years: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
    • NOTE - Question: Is the connection related also to sensitivity to additives?
    • It would be interesting to do a longitudinal study of children on the Feingold diet to see if avoiding the additives affects the risk.

  1535. KEMP 1985 - abstract
    An elimination diet for chronic urticaria of childhood.
    • 36% of children reacted to aspirin. "elimination diet" not specified.
    • Kemp, Schembri.

  1536. KEMP 2008
    Food additives and hyperactivity: Evidence supports a trial period of eliminating colourings and preservatives from the diet

  1537. KENNEDY 1985
    Ecology of Candida albicans Gut Colonization: Inhibition of Candida Adhesion, Colonization, and Dissemination from the Gastrointestinal Tract by Bacterial Antagonism
    • hamsters, animal study, yeast in visceral organs.
    • Kennedy, Volz.

  1538. KENDALL 2005
    Service needs of families with children with ADHD

    KENDALL 2008 -- see NICE

  1539. KENNEDY 2003 Book Review
    Food Intolerance and the Food Industry

  1540. KERI 2008
    The Role of Diet in Acne and Rosacea
    • Skin problems, rashes, diet, coffee, omega 3. Keri, Rosenblatt.

  1541. KERN 2006
    Evidence of toxicity, oxidative stress, and neuronal insult in autism.
    • Purkinje cell loss, Purkinje cell physiology, atoxicity, oxidative stress.
    • Heavy metals, Purkinje cell loss, and increased brain volume.
    • Kern, Jones.

  1542. KERN 2007
    Sulfhydryl-Reactive Metals in Autism
    • Mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium. theory of "poor excreters", glutathione levels low.
    • higher antibiotic use - in rats, antibiotic destroys ability to excrete mercury.
    • Kern, Grannemann, Trivedi, Adams.

  1543. KERN 2007
    Diagnosis and treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis: focus on intranasal Amphotericin B
    • fungus stimulates inflammatory response, causing collateral damage. Amphotericin B safe and effective.
    • Kern, Sherris, Stergiou, Katz, Rosenblatt, Ponikau.

  1544. KERN 2013
    Review: Thimerosal Exposure and the Role of Sulfation Chemistry and Thiol Availability in Autism
    • Kern, Haley, Geier, Sykes, King, Geier.

  1545. KHAN 2003
    The effects of dietary fatty acid supplementation on endothelial function and vascular tone in healthy subjects
    • Benefits heart health. Khan, Elherik, Bolton-Smith, Barr, Hill, Murrie, Belch. UK.

  1546. KHAN 2010
    Pica in iron deficiency: a case series
    • Occult blood loss, anemia.
    • Khan, Tisman.

  1547. KHAN 2011
    Manganese Exposure from Drinking Water and Children’s Classroom Behavior in Bangladesh

  1548. KHAN 2015
    Relationship Between Dental Fluorosis and Intelligence Quotient of School Going Children In and Around Lucknow District: A Cross-Sectional Study
    • Fluoride. cognitive, brain, IQ, neurotoxicity. fluoride lowers IQ.
    • Khan, Singh, Navit, Chadha, Johri, Navit, Sharma, Bahuguna.

  1549. KHASNAVIS 2012
    Sodium Benzoate, a Metabolite of Cinnamon and a Food Additive, Upregulates Neuroprotective Parkinson Disease Protein DJ-1 in Astrocytes and Neurons
    • Mice, G protein, DJ-1, mevalonate metabolites, cns substantia nigra, genes.
    • Khasnavis, Pahan.

  1550. KHAYYAT 2017
    Tartrazine induces structural and functional aberrations and genotoxic effects in vivo
    • Food dye. Yellow 5. rats. given ADI level: ALT, AST, ALP, urea, uric acid, creatinine, MDA, NO increased
    • Antioxidants decreased. liver, kidney damage; DNA damage on leucocytes (blood cells)
    • Khayyat, Essawy, Sorour, Soffar. Egypt.

  1551. KHUNGER 2015
    Complications of Tattoos and Tattoo Removal: Stop and Think Before you ink
    • Infection - superficial, deep or systemic; allergy, photodermatitis, etc. eczema, psoriasis. regrets.
    • Khunger, Molpanya, Khunger. India.

  1552. KIDD 2000
    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children: rationale for its integrative management Review

  1553. KIDD 2002
    Autism, An Extreme Challenge to Integrative Medicine. Part I: The Knowledge Base

  1554. KIDD 2002
    Autism, An Extreme Challenge to Integrative Medicine. Part II: Medical Management

  1555. KIDDIE 2010
    Nutritional Status of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study

  1556. KILBURN 2009
    Do terbutaline- and mold-associated impairments of the brain and lung relate to autism?

  1557. KILBURN 2009
    Neurobehavioral and pulmonary impairment in 105 adults with indoor exposure to molds compared to 100 exposed to chemicals

  1558. KIM 2005
    Analysis of Polychlorodibenzo-P-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) in Baked-Salt Food Additives in Korea
    • Dioxins in sea salt
    • Kim, Kim, Ko, Son, Park. Korea.

  1559. KIM 2009
    Diet and asthma: looking back, moving forward

  1560. KIM 2011
    Aspartame-fed zebrafish exhibit acute deaths with swimming defects and saccharin-fed zebrafish have elevation of cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity in hypercholesterolemia
    • Diet, Cholesterol, Artificial Sweeteners, Aspartame, Saccharin, Brain inflammation, swimming defects.
    • Kim, Seo, Cho

  1561. KIM 2011
    Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Total Population Sample

  1562. KIM 2011
    Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children
    • Note: This study ignores food dyes, considering only vitamins, fats, sugar, protein, calcium, as well as drinking habits and occupation (without details) of fathers. This in a country where other studies have already shown that children eat well over the ADI in several food dyes, and one in 38 kids has autism.

  1563. KIM 2011
    Simultaneous activation of salicylate production and fungal resistance in transgenic chrysanthemum producing caffeine

  1564. KIM 2013
    Lead, Mercury, and Cadmium Exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
    • Case-control study. adhd. lead associated with adhd, but not Hg or Cd.
    • Kim, Arora, Fernandez, Caruso, Landero, Chen.

  1565. KIM 2014
    Iron deficiency increases blood concentrations of neurotoxic metals in children
    • Low iron leads to excess absorption of manganese, lead, cadmium.
    • Kim, Park. Korea

  1566. KIM 2016
    Recurrence of Panic Attacks after Influenza Vaccination: Two Case Reports
    • Panic disorder, symptoms aggravated by iinfluaenza vaccine.
    • Kim, Jeon, Yoon. Korea.

  1567. KING 1981 - abstract
    Can allergic exposure provoke psychological symptoms? A double-blind test.
    • Double-blind test shows allergens can produce psychiatric, cognitive and emotional symptoms

  1568. KING 1984
    Psychological and behavioral effects of food and chemical exposure in sensitive individuals.

  1569. KING 2006
    Inhibition of human phenol and estrogen sulfotransferase by certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents

  1570. KING 2014
    Effectiveness of probiotics on the duration of illness in healthy children and adults who develop common acute respiratory infectious conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Review. probiotics reduce duration of illness.
    • King, Glanville, Sanders, Fitzgerald, Varley. UK.

  1571. KINNEY 2011
    Environmental Risk Factors for Autism: Do They Help Cause De Novo Genetic Mutations That Contribute to the Disorder?
    • Discussion of possible causes of mutations related to autism.
    • Kinney, Barch, Chayka, Napoleon, Munir.

  1572. KINSBOURNE 1994
    Sugar and the Hyperactive Child

  1573. KIRALY 2016
    Timing of routine infant vaccinations and risk of food allergy and eczema at one year of age
    • Delayed DTaP -> less eczema.
    • Kiraly, Koplin, Crawford, Bannister, Flanagan, Holt, Gurrin, Lowe, Tang, Wake, Ponsonby, Dharmage, Allen. UK. Australia.

  1574. KIRBY 2001
    Diagnosis and management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children
    • He admits parents are happy with the use of the Feingold diet, but downplays its usefulness. Note that he is affiliated with Massachusetts College of Pharmacy - Table 1, Table 2

  1575. KIRKEGAARD 1998
    Review: The role of thyroid hormones in depression.
    • Brain. depression. thyroid. T3 may revert serotonin deficiency.
    • Kirkegaard, Faber, Denmark.

  1576. KISHI 2016
    HPLC Analysis of Colorants Migrated from Children's Modeling Clays
    • Japanese. playdough. unpermitted colors, colors used for printing ink or plastic.
    • Kishi, Ozaki, Oosima, Yamano. Japan.

  1577. KISS 2007
    Changes in Open-Field Activity and Novelty-Seeking Behavior in Periadolescent Rats Neonatally Treated with Monosodium Glutamate
    • MSG, rats, neurobehavioral development, motor coordination, hyperactivity, hypoactivity

  1578. KJELDSEN-KRAGH 1999
    Rheumatoid arthritis treated with vegetarian diets
    • Some patients benefit from fasting followed by vegetarian diet. Actually almost half the 27 patients with RA responded to diet.

  1579. KLEINMAN 2002
    Diet, Breakfast, and Academic Performance in Children

    KLEINMAN re breastfeeding; see FEWTRELL 2007

  1580. KLEINMAN / Urban Myths
    Children’s Dietary Recommendations: When Urban Myths, Opinions, Parental Perceptions & Evidence Collide - Selected References

  1581. KNEKT 1999
    Risk of colorectal and other gastro-intestinal cancers after exposure to nitrate, nitrite and N-nitroso compounds: a follow-p study.
    • Knekt, Jarvinen, Kich, Hakulinen. Sweden, Finland.

  1582. KNIBB 1989
    Psychological characteristics of people with perceived food intolerance in a community sample.
    • They are more neurotic than normal, but not more so than the university's own staff.
    • Knibb, Armstrong, Booth, Platts, Booth, MacDonald. UK.

  1583. KNIVSBERG 2003
    Effect of a Dietary Intervention on Autistic Behavior

  1584. KOBAYASHI 1977
    A screening method for the toxicity of food dyes using Artemia salina larvae.
    • Xanthene food dyes inhibit lactate dehydrogenase activity.
    • Kobayashi, Taniguchi, Sako, Takakuwa. Japan.

  1585. KOBYLEWSKI 2012
    Toxicology of food dyes
    • Kobylewski, Jacobson, CSPI

  1586. KOGER 2005
    Environmental Toxicants and Developmental Disabilities: A challenge for Psychologists
    • Brain development, developmental disability, adhd, behavior, toxin, toxic threat.
    • Koger, Schettler, Weiss. U. of Rochester.

  1587. KOLAHDOOZ 2013
    Dietary Adequacy of Vitamin D and Calcium among Inuit and Inuvialuit Women of Child-Bearing Age in Arctic Canada: A Growing Concern
    • Modern diet is vitamin deficient; promote traditional foods or take vitamins.
    • Fariba Kolahdooz, Alison Barr, Cindy Roache, Tony Sheehy, Andre Corriveau, Sangita Sharma. Canada

  1588. KOLETZKO 1999
    Pesticides in dietary foods for infants and young children.
    • Current information "appears inadequate for a thorough scientific risk assessment"
    • They propose maximum residue of 0.01 mg/kg in foods for infants because now 40% of those foods already are under this limit.
    • Koletzko, Agett, Agostoni, Baerlocher, Bresson, Cooke, Decsi, Deutsch, Janda, Manz, Moya, Rigo, Socha. Europe.

  1589. KOLEVZON 2010
    The Relationship Between Whole Blood Serotonin and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism
    • Children, Autism, self-injury, aggression, repetitive behavior, serotonin
    • Kolevzon, Newcorn, Kryzak, Chaplin, Watner, Hollander, Smith, Cook, Silverman.

  1590. KOLLER 2004
    Recent Developments in Low-Level Lead Exposure and Intellectual Impairment in Children
    • 10 ug/dL - not low enough. However, social, school & parenting factors more important to cognitive function.
    • Koller, Brown, Spurgeon, Levy. UK.

  1591. KOMAROFF 2012
    Should I worry about my homocysteine level?
    • Heart disease

  1592. KOMPOLITI 2016
    Sources of Disability in Tourette Syndrome: Children vs. Adults

  1593. KONIGS 2016
    Review: Critical appraisal of omega-3 fatty acids in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treatment
    • adhd treatment, may need less stimulants if combined.
    • Konigs, Kiliaan. Netherlands.

  1594. KONIKOWSKA 2012
    The influence of components of diet on the symptoms of ADHD in children
    • Review. importance of minerals, essential fatty acids (fish oil), food additives, salicylates. "Results of research suggest that food additives and salicylates may aggravate hyperactive behavior [in] children."
    • Konikowska, Regulska-Ilow, Rozariska. Poland.

  1595. KONISHHI 1992
    Carcinogenicity testing of food red No. 106 (Acid Red) in Rischer 344 rats.
    • 2-year feeding study. Not carcinogenic.
    • Konishi, Kitahori, Nishioka, Yane, Hiasa. Japan.

  1596. KONOFAL 2004
    ADHD and iron deficiency

  1597. KOOISTRA 2006
    Neonatal Effects of Maternal Hypothyroxinemia During Early Pregnancy
    • Thyroid deficiency during pregnancy causes behavior problems in baby

  1598. KOPAC 2012
    Continuous apple consumption induces oral tolerance in birch-pollen-associated apple allergy
    • Temporary tolerance as long as eating apple every day.
    • Kopac, Rudin, Gentinetta, Gerber, Pickler, Hausmann, Schnyder, Pickler.

  1599. KOPP 2010
    Girls With Social and/or Attention Deficits: A Descriptive Study of 100 Clinic Attenders

  1600. KOPPEL 1991
    Tegretol excipient-induced allergy
    • Letter to Editor, Red 40, rinitis, stuffy nose, anxiety. MLI> Koppel, Harden, Daras.

  1601. KRIEBEL 2001
    The Precautionary Principle in Environmental Science
    • link between science and policy: definition, history, motivating factors, case illustrations ...
    • Kriebel, Tickner, Epstein, Lemons, Levins, Loechler, Quinn, Rudel, Schettler, Stoto.

  1602. KRIGSMAN 2010
    Clinical Presentation and Histologic Findings at Ileocolonoscopy in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms
    • Autism, GI problems, vaccine. Krigsman, Boris, Goldblatt, Stott.

  1603. KRISTJANSSON 2007
    Mucosal reactivity to cow's milk protein in coeliac disease

  1604. KRISTENSEN 2011
    Intrauterine exposure to mild analgesics is a risk factor for development of male reproductive disorders in human and rat
    • Animal, rats, pregnancy. tylenol. reduced testosterone, testes. depends on timing.
    • Kristensen, Hass, Lesne, Lottrup ... Leffers. Denmark.

  1605. KROES 2002
    Threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) in food safety assessment.

  1606. KROES 2005
    The Threshold of Toxicological Concern Concept in Risk Assessment
    • The "de minimis principle" for acceptance of chemicals "of unknown toxicity" as artificial flavorings.

  1607. KROGULSKA 2009
    Cytokine Profile in Children With Asthma Undergoing Food Challenges
    • IL4, IL5 cytokine levels can h elp evaluate food allergy in asthma.
    • Krogulska, Wasowska-Krolikowska, Polakowska, Chrul. Poland.

  1608. KROLL 2002
    Mental health needs of boys in secure care for serious or persistent offending: a prospective, longitudinal study

  1609. KRUESI 2006
    White Matter in Liars
    • Letter re brain structure abnormality in pathological liars

  1610. KUMAR 1991
    Sweeteners, flavorings and dyes in antibiotic preparations
    • Red 40 in 45% of pediatric antibiotics. Saccharin in 34%.
    • Kumar, Weatherly, Beaman.

  1611. KUMAR 1996
    Sweeteners, Dyes, and Other Excipients in Vitamin and Mineral Preparations
    • Yellow 6 most common. 34% did not list ingredients.
    • Kumar, Aitas, Hunter, Beaman

  1612. KURDYAK 2004
    Do food additives cause hyperactivity in preschool children?
    • Negative review of Bateman 2004 study.

  1613. KURTTIO 1999
    Exposure to Natural Fluoride in Well Water and Hip Fracture: A Cohort Analysis in Finland
    • Fluoride increases hip fracture in women 50-64 years old.
    • Kurttio, Gustavsson, Vartiainen, Pekkanen.

  1614. KUTCHER 2004
    International consensus statement on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviour disorders (DBDs): Clinical implications and treatment practice suggestions
    • ADHD, DBD. Study sponsored by Johnson & Johnson.
    • Treatment for ADHD = drugs & psych.
    • Treatment for ADHD with CD (conduct disorder) = psych & drugs.
    • Treatment for CD = psych & drugs "add on"
    • Kutcher, Aman, Brooks, Buitelaar, van Daalen, Fegert, Findling, Fisman, Greenhill, Huss, Kusumaker, Pine, Taylor, Tyano.

  1615. KUTLU 2002
    Blood brain barrier in right-and left-pawed female rats assessed by a new staining method
    • Adrenaline-induced hypertension destroys the BBB.
    • Kutlu, Vatansever, Bayazit, Ekerbicer, Tan. Turkey.

  1616. LABIE 2007
    Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals. - French

  1617. LADICS 2015
    Genetic basis and detection of unintended effects in genetically modified crop plants
    • "unintended" not necessarily "harmful." summary from a meeting.
    • Ladics, Bartholomaeus, Bregitzer, Doerrer, Gray, Holzhauser, Jordan, Keese ... Glenn

  1618. LAFFERMAN 1979
    Erythrosin B inhibits dopamine transport in rat caudate synaptosomes.

  1619. LAI 2013
    Epidemiology of cough in relation to China
    • Air pollution, high fat diet

  1620. LAKHAN 2008
    Nutritional therapies for mental disorders

  1621. LAMB 2016
    No Evidence for Disease History as a Risk Factor for Narcolepsy after A(H1N1)pdm09 Vaccination
    • On third look, no connection.
    • Lamb, Ploner, Fink, Maeurer, Bergman, Piehl, Weibel, Sparen, Arnheim-Dahistrom. Netherlands. Sweden.

  1622. LAMPORT 2016
    Concord grape juice, cognitive function, and driving performance: a 12-wk, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover trial in mothers of preteen children
    • Grape juice improves memory & reduces blood pressure. polyphenols. Mothers drove better w/grape juice, but placebo = coloring & flavoring.
    • Supported by Welch.
    • Lamport, Lawton, Merat, Jamson, Myrissa, Hofman, Chadwick, Quadt, Wightman, Dye. Netherlands.
    • (I wrote the author re placebo 7/13/17)

  1623. LANCASTER 1999
    Determination of benzidine in the food colours tartrazine and sunset yellow FCF, by reduction and derivatization followed by high-performance liquid chromatography
    • Food dye. benzidine, yellow 5, yellow 6.
    • Lancaster, Lawrence. Canada

  1624. LANCET 1972
    Food additives (in baby food)

  1625. LANCET 2003
    The Lancet’s policy on conflicts of interest

  1626. LANDEL 2016
    Vitamin D interacts with Esr1 and Igf1 to regulate molecular pathways relevant to Alzheimer’s disease
    • Neuroprotective, in Alzheimers-model mice, vitamin D improved learning and memory and decreased amyloid plaques and astrogliosis.
    • Landel, Millet, Baranger, Loriod, Feron.

  1627. LANDGREN 2010
    Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children Adopted From Eastern Europe
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome, FAS, neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD, developmental coordination disorder, mental retardation, cognitive impairment, alcohol in pregnancy,
    • Landgren, Svensson, Stromland, Andersson Gronlund, Sweden

  1628. LANDTBLOM 2005
    The risk for multiple sclerosis in female nurse anaesthetists: a register based study
    • Risk is greater for those nurses.
    • Landtblom, Tondel, Hjalmarsson, Flodin, Axelson. Sweden.

  1629. LANE 2013
    Add-on Treatment of Benzoate for Schizophrenia - A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of D-Amino Acid Oxidase Inhibitor
    • Benzoate helped several symptoms.
    • Lane, Lin, Green, Hellemann, Huang, Chen, Turi, Chang, Tsai.

  1630. LANPHEAR 2005
    Protecting Children from Environmental Toxins: Toxicity testing of pesticides and industrial chemicals is a crucial step.
    • Lead, mercury, PCB, tobacco, etc. children, behavioral problems, prenatal.
    • Lanphear, Vorhees, Bellinger.

  1631. LANPHEAR 2012
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preventable Epidemic?
    • "therapeutic levels of methylphenidate ... are comparable to the concentrations in which the toxic effects of some environmental contaminants have been observed."

  1632. LANTOS 2015
    Unorthodox alternative therapies marketed to treat Lyme Disease
    • treatments can be harmful. Most common: antibiotics
    • oxygen: hyperbaric, ozone, hydrogen peroxide
    • energy: light, lasers, heat, magnets
    • heavy metals, mercury, chelation
    • bismuth, silver as therapy
    • diet, nutrition, vit b, vit c, etc.
    • biological: urine, enema, coffee, herbs, detox
    • pharma: olmesartan, lithium orotate salt, naltrexone, etc.

  1633. LARSON 2014
    Adolescent Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks: Linkages to Higher Physical Activity, Unhealthy Beverage Patterns, Cigarette Smoking, and Screen Media Use
    • Larson, DeWolfe, Story, Neumark-Sztainer.

  1634. LAU 2000
    Early exposure to house-dust mite and cat allergens and development of childhood asthma: a cohort study
    • Infants, asthma, cat,
    • Lau, Illi, Sommerfeld, Niggemann, Bergmann, Von Mutius, Wahn

  1635. LAU 2003
    Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse. II: Postnatal Evaluation
    • PFOS exposure in utero damaged survival of pups, caused growth and developmental delays, and hypothyroxinemia.
    • Lau, Thibodeaux, Hanson, Rogers, Grey, Stanton, Butenhoff, Stevenson. SEE Thibodeaux 2003

  1636. LAU 2006
    Synergistic interactions between commonly used food additives in a developmental neurotoxicity test.

  1637. LAU 2006 article in Crime Times
    Combination of additives, food colorings, toxic to brain cells

  1638. LAU 2010
    Glutamate receptors, neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration
    • Excitotoxicity, MSG
    • Lau, Tymianski.

  1639. LAU 2013
    Arsenic-Mediated Activation of the Nrf2-Keap1 Antioxidant Pathway
    • Toxic, broccoli, tbhq, cancer.
    • Lau, Whitman, Jaramillo, Zhang.

  1640. LAURITZEN 2000
    Polyunsaturated fatty acids are potent neuroprotectors
    • PUFAs prevents neuronal death, seizures, lesions; opens K- channels in brain synapses.
    • Lauritzen, Blondeau, Heurteaux, Widmann, Romey, Lazdunski. France.

  1641. LAVIALLE 2008
    An (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid-deficient diet disturbs daily locomotor activity, melatonin rhythm, and striatal dopamine in syrian hamsters.

  1642. LAVOIE 2009
    Holistic Treatment Approaches to ADHD: Nutrition, Sleep, and Exercise.

  1643. LAWRENCE 2003
    Urinary excretion of salicyluric and salicylic acids by non-vegetarians, vegetarians, and patients taking low dose aspirin.

  1644. LAZARUS 2010
    Electronic Support for Public Health–Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (ESP:VAERS)
    • 2.6% of vaccination doses caused reactions. Average: 890 events, 1.3 per clinician per month.
    • Less than 1% of events are reported. CDC stopped answering so scientists could not continue.
    • Lazarus, Klompas, Bernstein. Harvard Pilgrim Health Care

  1645. LEAN 2004
    Aspartame and its effects on health:
    • "The sweetener has been demonised unfairly in sections of the press and several websites"
    • pro-aspartame article; scroll down to middle of page

  1646. LeBLANC 1997
    Chronic Toxicity of Environmental Contaminants: Sentinels and Biomarkers
    • Toxic Chemicals, Fish Neoplasia, Cancer, Immunosuppression, Amphibians, Alligators, Steroid Hormones
    • LeBlanc, Bain

  1647. LeBLANC 2009
    Maternal lron Deficiency Alters Essential Fatty Acid and Eicosanoid Metabolism and Increases Locomotion in Adult Guinea Pig Offspring

  1648. LEBOYER 1993 - abstract
    Opiate hypothesis in infantile autism? Therapeutic trials with naltrexone (French)
    • Naltrexone suppressed symptoms.
    • Leboyer, Bouvard, Launay, Recasens, Plumet, Waller-Perotte, Tabuteau, Bondoux, Dugas. France.

  1649. LECHNER 2010
    Drinking Water with Red Beetroot Food Color Antagonizes Esophageal Carcinogenesis in N-Nitrosomethylbenzylamine-Treated Rats
    • Cancer, Ohio State, beetroot, esophageal cancer, rats
    • Lechner, Wang, Rocha, Larue, Henry, McIntyre, Riedl, Schwartz, Stoner

  1650. LECLERCQ 2000
    Estimates of the theoretical maximum daily intake of erythorbic acid, gallates, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in Italy: a stepwise approach
    • BHA, BHT, Gallates, erythorbic acid, BHT intake above ADI in EU
    • LeClercq, Arcella, Turrini

  1651. LEDDY 2004
    Influence of Methylphenidate on Eating in Obese Men
    • New use for Ritalin

  1652. LEDFORD 2006
    Feeding Problems in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : A Review

  1653. LEDOUX 1997
    Emotional memory and psychopathology
    • Fear conditionoing.
    • Ledoux, Muller.

  1654. LEE 2007
    Association of serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants with the prevalence of learning disability and attention deficit disorder

  1655. LEE 2011
    Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease: Evaluation and Management
    • Nasal polyps, recommend aspirin desensitization and continuous treatment with it.
    • Avoidance is not enough (they don't mention other salicylates, so this is not surprising).
    • Lee, Stevenson.

  1656. LEE 2011
    Effect of processed foods on serum levels of eosinophil cationic protein among children with atopic dermatitis
    • Allergy, diet for one week avoiding all processed foods. Dermatitis got improved, ECP (Eosinophil cationic protein) decreased.
    • They also ate less calories. MSG is the presumed culprit, but all additives were eliminated for the one single week.
    • Lee, Jim, Noh, Lee. Korea.

  1657. LEE 2015
    Assessing developmental toxicity of caffeine and sweeteners in medaka (Oryzias latipes)
    • Fish embryos exposed to artificial sweeteners, aspartame, saccharin, caffeine, sucrose (sucralose not included).
    • Lee, Wang.

  1658. LEE 2020
    Dietary patterns are associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among preschoolers in South Korea: A prospective cohort study
    • The "sweet" dietary pattern was positively correlated with ADHD symptoms.
    • Lee, Choi, Lim, Lee, Shin, Kim, Shin, Lee, Kim, & Hong. Korea.

  1659. LEFEVER 1999
    The Extent of Drug Therapy for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children in Public Schools
    • adhd, prevalence of kids on meds in VA schools: 20% of White 5th grade boys
    • LeFever, Dawson, Morrow.

  1660. LEFFA 2017
    Increased Oxidative Parameters and Decreased Cytokine Levels in an Animal Model of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD. Rats. Glutathione, inflammatory markers. Increased ROS without antioxidant bounterbalance. Cytokines decreased.
    • Leffa, Bellaver, de Oliveira, de Macedo, de Freitas, Grevet, Caumo, Rohde, Quincozes-Santos, Torres. Brazil.
    • Conflict of Interest: Rohde & Big Pharma.

  1661. LEFFA 2018
    A Review on the Role of Inflammation in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Inflammation may be important, but more studies needed. Possible connection to Tylenol in pregnancy. Leffa, Torres, Rohde. Brazil.
    • Conflict of Interest: Rohde & Big Pharma.

  1662. LEFFERT 1978
    Asthma: A modern perspective
    • Historical interest.
    • "mysterious affliction about which little is known"
    • Meltzer & the guinea pig. ß-adrenergic theory, prostaglandins,

  1663. LEFLER - history
    Artificial Chemicals in Food: Additives in Modern Food

  1664. LEIN 2007
    Meeting Report: Alternatives for Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing
    • alternatives to animal testing protocols; Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing (DNT); environmental health.
    • Lein, Locke, Goldberg

  1665. LEISMAN 2013
    The integration of the neurosciences, child public health, and education practice: hemisphere-specific remediation strategies as a discipline partnered rehabilitation tool in ADD/ADHD
    • Meds have no long term benefit for ADHD, so study aimed to improve weak brain areas.
    • Diet also addressed (no details).
    • Leisman, Mualem, Machado. Israel. Cuba.

  1666. LEISTEVUO 2000
    Resistance to Mercury and Antimicrobial Agents in Streptococcus mutans Isolates from Human Subjects in Relation to Exposure to Dental Amalgam Fillings
    • Teeth, amalgam, antibiotic resistance, bacteria, germs, mercury, metals.
    • Leistevuo, Jarvinen, Osterblad, Huovinen, Tenovuo. Finland

  1667. LeMARQUAND 1999
    Behavioral Disinhibition Induced by Tryptophan Depletion in Nonalcoholic Young Men With Multigenerational Family Histories of Paternal Alcoholism

  1668. LEMINI 2004
    Morphometric analysis of mice uteri treated with the preservatives methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butylparaben
    • Parabens, preservatives, estrogenic changes in mouse uterus. See Ye 2006.
    • Lemini, Hernandez, Jaimez, Franco, Avila, Castell. Mexico.

  1669. LEMMON 2010
    Risperidone Use in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Retrospective Review of a Clinic-Referred Patient Population
    • 50% improved; side effects a problem.
    • Compare to diet improvement at ARI site

  1670. LEOW 1999
    Contact Allergy in Singapore
    • Review. Eczema, dermatitis, top 10 allergens include fragrance, neomycin
    • Leow and Goh.

  1671. LEPPANEN 2010
    Cardiac and behavioral evidence for emotional influences on attention in 7-month-old infants

  1672. LEPELLETIER 2015
    Prenatal Exposure to Methylphenidate Affects the Dopamine System and the Reactivity to Natural Reward in Adulthood in Rats
    • Ritalin in pregnancy. rats. as adults, babies have altered reactivity to cocaine and decreased preference for sugar. malfunctioning of reward system.
    • Lepelletier, Tauber, Nicolas, Solinas, Castelnau, Belzung, Emond ... Galineau. France.

  1673. LERMAN 2008
    Using Behavior Analysis to Examine the Outcomes of Unproven Therapies: An Evaluation of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Children with Autism
    • No benefits beyond behavioral intervention (doesn't this mean there WAS improvement, but not attributed to the Hyperbaric?)
    • Lerman, Sansbury, Hovanetz, Wolever, Garcia, O'Brien, Adedipe.

  1674. LESLIE 2005
    The Physical, Developmental, and Mental Health Needs of Young Children in Child Welfare by Initial Placement Type

  1675. LESLIE 2012
    Toxicants and Environmental Health: A Psychological Issue
    • Toxic exposure to chemicals and mental, neurolotical, reproductive health & cancer.
    • Lesie, Koger.

  1676. LESSOF 1992
    Reactions to Food Additives (Editorial)
    • Food dyes, food dangers

  1677. LETHCO 1966
    The Fate of FD&C Blue No. 2 in Rats

  1678. LEVANT 2010
    Developmental effects of dietary N-3 fatty acids on activity and response to novelty.
    • PUFA, DHA, ADHD, rats.
    • Levant, Zarcone, Fowler.

  1679. LEVIN 2005
    Remember the Endocrine System When Using Psychoactive Drugs
    • Warning doctors to be careful of endocrine side effects.

  1680. LEVITAN 1977
    Food, drug, and cosmetic dyes: Biological effects related to lipid solubility
    • Note that they compared action of dyes with action of salicylate - previously determined to do the same thing.

  1681. LEVITAN 1984
    Brain uptake of a food dye, erythrosin B, prevented by plasma protein binding.

  1682. LEVITCH 2005 Book Review
    Cold Comfort: Mothers, Professionals, and Attention Deficit Disorder

  1683. LEVY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Diet: A Double-Blind Crossover Trial with a Tartrazine Challenge
    • Note: Challenge was 5 biscuits per day, each containing ONE mg of Tartrazine, and then the children were tested the day AFTER completion of the challenge period. Food dye.

  1684. LEVY 1978
    Hyperkinesis and Diet: A Replication Study

  1685. LEVY 2009
    Treatment of refractory obesity in severely obese adults following management of newly diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • Ritalin for weight loss.
    • Levy, Fleming, Klar. Canada.

  1686. LEWIN 1995
    Persistent measles virus infection of the intestine: confirmation by immunogold electron microscopy
    • Crohn's disease, measles. gut.
    • Lewin, Dhillon, Sim, Mazure, Pounder, Wakefield

  1687. LE WITT 2014
    CSF xanthine, homovanillic acid, and their ratio as biomarkers of Parkinson’s disease
    • Purine metabolism. ratio is the biomarker.
    • LeWitt, Schultz, Auinger, Lu.

  1688. LI 1994
    Reactive oxygen-dependent DNA damage resulting from the oxidation of phenolic compounds by a copper-redox cycle mechanism.
    • BHT, BHA, TBHQ, phenolic, acetaminophen
    • "in the presence of copper, TBHQ induced extensive DNA degradation, while BHA and BHT exhibited less DNA cleaving activites"
    • Li, Trush.

  1689. LI 2000
    Mercury intoxication presenting with tics
    • Case study, child, used herbal med Watermelon Frost, too many times a day.
    • Li, Chan, Leung, Cheung, Lam, Fok. China.

  1690. LI 2004
    Effects of High Fluoride Level on Neonatal Neurobehavioral Development

  1691. LI 2004
    Preschool children's lead levels in rural communities of Zhejiang province, China.
    • Blood testing 217 children for elevated lead levels.
    • Li, Zhenyia, Lon, Hanyun

  1692. LI 2010
    Methylmercury Exposure and Health Effects from Rice and Fish Consumption: A Review
    • Mercury in rice in China.
    • Li, Feng, Qiu. China.

  1693. LI 2013
    Development of an Ultrasensitive Immunoassay for Detecting Tartrazine
    • Toxic effects, Yellow 5, food dye, haptens.

  1694. LI 2013
    Preventive effect of tert-butylhydroquinone on scrotal heat-induced damage in mouse testes
    • TBHQ proposed for heat-induced infertility of men, except it also lowers testosterone.

  1695. LI 2013
    Molecular Mechanisms of Nanosized Titanium Dioxide–Induced Pulmonary Injury in Mice
    • Lung damage, inflammation. genes up-regulated, down-regulated.
    • Li, Ze, Sun, Zhang, Sang, Cui, Wang, Gui, Tan, Zhu, Zhao, Sheng, Wang, Hong, Tang. China.

  1696. LI 2014
    Immunogenicity and safety of currently available Japanese encephalitis vaccines: A systematic review
    • Safe but needs better research.
    • Li, Ma, Liu, Jiang, Zhou, Xiong, Ding, Chen. China

  1697. LI 2014
    Transcriptomic Analyses of Neurotoxic Effects in Mouse Brain After Intermittent Neonatal Administration of Thimerosal
    • neonatal thimerosal induces dysregulation of neurodevelopment. autism in mice.
    • Li, Qu, Xie, Wang, Liu, Song, Chen, Zhang, Zhu, Wang, Guo, Tang. China.

  1698. LI 2016
    Pigeons home faster through polluted air.
    • Li, Courchamp, Blumstein.

  1699. LI 2017
    Analysis of Blood Concentrations of Zinc, Germanium, and Lead and Relevant Environmental Factors in a Population Sample from Shandong Province, China
    • Elevated lead from frequently eating fried foods, using cosmetics,hair dye & cigarettes.
    • Li, Xu, Shao, Zhang, Pan, Li. China.

  1700. LIANG 2014
    Adverse effect of sub-chronic exposure to benzo(a)pyrene and protective effect of butylated hydroxyanisole on learning and memory ability in male Sprague-Dawley rat.
    • BHA prevented damage by PAHs (formed by incomplete combustion).
    • Liang, Tang, Duan, CHeng, Luo, Cao, Tu. China.

  1701. LIEBER 2013
    Preventing Sin: The Ethics of Vaccines against Smoking
    • Vaccine would block nicotine to pre
    • Lieber, Millum.

  1702. LIBBY 1982
    "The Junk Food Connection" A Study Reveals Alcohol and Drug Life Styles Adversely Affect Metabolism and Behavior
    • Health hazard appraisal, cortisol, toxic metals, vitamin B12, sugar.
    • Libby, Starling, Josefson, Ward.

  1703. LIEN 2006
    Consumption of Soft Drinks and Hyperactivity, Mental Distress, and Conduct Problems Among Adolescents in Oslo, Norway

  1704. LIEW 2014
    Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy, Behavioral Problems, and Hyperkinetic Disorders
    • Tylenol is a hormone disruptor, affects baby's brain development.
    • Liew, Ritz, Rebordosa, Lee, Olsen. Denmark.

  1705. LILIENFELD 2005
    Scientifically Unsupported and Supported Interventions for Childhood Psychopathology: A Summary
    • A very negative article, saying (in 2005) that there is no "methodologically sound support for the efficacy of the Feingold diet." Nor does he discuss any of it.
    • But then, the author doesn't even know what the diet is, saying: [The Feingold diet] "is based on the assumption that salicylates contained in artificial food colorings and flavorings cause or contribute to ADHD."
    • Note: Artificial food colorings do not contain any salicylates.

  1706. LIM 2005
    Lead Exposure and (n-3) Fatty Acid Deficiency during Rat Neonatal Development Affect Subsequent Spatial Task Performance and Olfactory Discrimination

  1707. LIN 1986
    Mutagenicity studies on FD&C red No.3.
    • Red 3 is not the cause of the increase in tumors in studies ... something else must be.
    • Lin, Brusick

  1708. LINCOLN 2011
    Fish Consumption and Mercury Exposure among Louisiana Recreational Anglers
    • Some groups get a lot of mercury from fish.
    • Lincoln, Shine, Chesney, Vorhees, Grandjean, Senn. Switzerland.

  1709. LINDEMAN 2000
    Assessment of Magical Beliefs about Food and Health
    • - good grief. See page 197: "However, whereas health-threatening impurities were previously assumed to originate mainly from witches, demons or women, among others (Frazer, 1922/1963; Meigs, 1984), they are nowadays usually assumed to originate from such things as artificial additives, flavours, colours, preservatives and environmental poisons (Hines, 1988)."

  1710. LINDSEY 1982
    Hyperkinesis, Nutrition, and the Feingold diet
    • ADHD, A strongly "negative" review, quoting Nutrition Fdn

  1711. LINNEMANN 2015
    How an online survey on the treatment of allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma (ARIA) detected specialty-specific knowledge-gaps
    • ARIA recommends not o give pregnant moms low-allergen diet, but doctors disagree.
    • Linnemann, Avalos, Saenz. Mexico.

  1712. LIONETTI 2015
    Gluten Psychosis: Confirmation of a New Clinical Entity
    • Non-celiac gluten sensitivity. autism, schizophrenia, depression. hallucinations. leaky gut, gluten peptides, blood brain barrier. case report, child.
    • Lionetti, Leonardi, Franzonello, Mancardi, Ruggieri, Catassi. Italy.

  1713. LIPTON 1983
    Diet and hyperkinesis--an update
    • Review of negative studies, conclugin 2% of hyperactive children react to dyes and "even the 2% are questionable" ... says no need for research.

  1714. LIPTON 1989
    Aspartame as a dietary trigger of headache.
    • "aspartame may be an important dietary trigger of headache in some people."
    • Lipton, Newman, Cohen, Solomon.

  1715. LITTLEJOHNS 2016
    Vitamin D and risk of neuroimaging abnormalities
    • Did NOT show association with dementia, Alzheimer's disease in 5 year longitudinal study
    • Littlejohns, Kos, Henley, Lang, Annweiler, Beauchet, Chaves, Kestenbaum, Kuller, Langa, Lopez, Llewellyn.

  1716. LIU 2003
    Reversal of age-related learning deficits and brain oxidative stress in mice with superoxide dismutase.catalase mimetics
    • Alzheimers, learning, Oxidative stress, antioxidants, cognitive deficits
    • Liu, Bi, Thompson, Doctrow, Malfroy, Baudry

  1717. LIU 2004
    Malnutrition at Age 3 Years and Externalizing Behavior Problems at Ages 8, 11, and 17 Years

  1718. LIU 2005
    Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior—implications for nursing studies
    • Violence, pregnancy, nicotine, smoking, alcohol, drugs, cholesterol, diet, lead, manganese, head injury, brain, serotonin, cortisol, testosterone.
    • Liu, Wuerker

  1719. LIU 2008
    Report On The Intellectual Ability Of Children Living in High-Fluoride Water Areas

  1720. LIU 2010
    Dietary intake of lead and cadmium by children and adults – Result calculated from dietary recall and available lead/cadmium level in food in comparison to result from food duplicate diet method
    • Toxins, subjects were on a "standard diet" and 24-hour recall was used.
    • Liu, Wang, Song, Wu. China.

  1721. LIU 2013
    Gaultheria: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics
    • 109 compounds, containing several salicylate derivatives. Used in herbal med for arthritis. Various chemical contents & structures discussed.

  1722. LIU 2014
    Ethnobotany of dye plants in Dong communities of China
    • Cultural, medical & food uses.
    • Liu, Ahmed, Liu, Guo, Huang, Wu, Li, Zhou, Lei, Long. China.

  1723. LIU 2017
    A phase I clinical study of immunotherapy for advanced colorectal cancers using carcinoembryonic antigen-pulsed dendritic cells mixed with tetanus toxoid and subsequent IL-2 treatment
    • Treatment for colon cancer with tetanus toxoid as adjuvant. Small benefit.
    • Liu, Chao, Chang, Cheng, Chang, Kao, Wu, Yu, Chung, Whang-Peng. Taiwan.

  1724. LIUBCHENKO 1997 - abstract (Russian)
    State of the nervous system in workers engaged in the production of plastic materials: data of screening and electrophysiologic studies
    • Phthalate, HCl and CO exposure led to neurotoxic effects. Liubchenko, Petina, Gorenkov. Russian.

  1725. LJUNGHALL 1983
    Gluten-free diet in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis. Effect on the occurrence of antibodies to reticulin and gluten.
    • None on diet had antibodies but all eating gluten did.
    • Ljunghall, Scheynius, Jonsson, Schilling, Forsum

  1726. LLANOS 2009
    Fetal growth restriction is related to placental levels of cadmium, lead and arsenic but not with antioxidant activities.

  1727. LLEWELLYN 2020
    Food color additives in the US food supply: Review of neurobehavioral safety
    • Funded by industry (IACM, International Assn of Color Manufacturers)
    • Claims colors are very safe and none of the studies prove otherwise.

  1728. LOBLAY 1992
    The Role of Food Intolerance in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    • in The Clinical and Scientific Basis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome", B.M. Hyde, J. Goldstein, and P. Levine, Editors. 1992,
    • The Nightingale Research Foundation: Ottawa. p. 521-538

  1729. LOBLAY 2013
    Salicylate elimination diets in children
    • Urticaria, eczema, asthma, adhd. with suitable guidance, safe and can improve quality of life.
    • Loblay, Soutter, Swain. Australia

  1730. LOCKEY 1973/1980
    Dr. Lockey's Mayo Clinic Diet
    • Original 1948, revised 1954, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980.

  1731. LOCKEY 1975 - abstract
    Reactions to hidden agents in foods and drugs can be serious.
    • 3 case reports.

  1732. LOCKEY 1977 - abstract
    Hypersensitivity to tartrazine (FD&C Yellow No. 5) and other dyes and additives present in foods and pharmaceutical products.

  1733. LOEB 2010
    Effect of Influenza Vaccination of Children on Infection Rates in Hutterite Communities A Randomized Trial
    • Hep A vaccine used as "control." In the colonies getting the "real" flu vax, less unvaxxed got the flu.
    • Actually, the unvaxxed got less flu than the vaxxed in both groups.
    • Loeb, Russell, Moss, Fonseca, Fox, Earn, Aoki, Horsman, Caeseele, Chokani, Vooght, Babiuk, Webby, Walter.

  1734. LOEBER 1990
    Development and risk factors of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency.
    • Author suggests that increased antisocial, delinquent behavior, drug use, suicide, etc. is related to decreased levels of impulse control by US children.

  1735. LOGAN & SWANSON 1979
    Erythrosin B Inhibition of Neurotransmitter Accumulation by Rat Brain Homogenate
    • There is another study, by Levitan, showing that the coloring in the blood is 99% bound to proteins and therefore cannot cross the blood brain barrier .... but that ignores the fact that this is exactly how psychoactive drugs work -- they are bound to the proteins, and leak across very slowly; that is why taking another drug sometimes potentiates a medication -- it knocks it off the proteins so that more leaks across the barrier faster. There are other studies showing that under stress, the blood brain barrier becomes more permeable and leaky .... and they showed it using blue dye. Do you want all these kinds of things too?

  1736. LOK 2010
    Colour Additives in Snack Foods Consumed by Primary School Children in Hong Kong
    • Sunset Yellow, Yellow 6, E110, over ADI level for 9 year old boys.

  1737. LOLIGER 2000
    Function and Importance of Glutamate for Savory Foods
    • MSG. Nestle R&D Center, Switzerland. "Flavor enhancement is of great importance ... important business opportunities can be realized."

  1738. LONDON 2012
    Neurobehavioural and neurodevelopmental effects of pesticide exposures
    • pesticides, toxicity, symposium to set directions for further research on exposure and neurotoxicity.
    • London, Beseler, Bouchard, Bellinger, Colosio, Grandjean, Harari, Kootbodien, Kromhout, Little, Jeijster, Moretto, Rohlman, Stallones. S.Africa, Canada, Italy, Ecuador, Netherlands, US.

  1739. LONG 2011 (book)
    The Psychology of Education
    • see page 334 Dietary Factors.
    • Long, Wood, Littleton, Passenger, Sheehy.

  1740. LONG 2016
    MTHFR genetic testing: controversy and clinical implications
    • Genes, polymorphism, autism, schizophrenia, cardiac disease, colorectal cancer, neural tube defects.Folate.
    • Recommendations: "not useful to offer genetic testing for these variants."
    • Long, Goldblatt.

  1741. LONSDALE 2002
    Treatment of Autism Spectrum Children with Thiamine Tetrahydrofurfuryl Disulfide [the compound used for treating thiamine - Vitamin B1 - deficiency: A Pilot Study.

  1742. LORD 2011
    How Common is Autism?

  1743. LOPES 2013
    Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation reduces resting heart rate of rats with epilepsy
    • Seizures, fish oil, prevents death. Lopes, Colugnati
    • Lopes, Scorza, Cavalheiro, Cysneiros, Scorza. Brazil.

  1744. LORENZO 2002
    Urinary metabolites of histamine and leukotrienes before and after placebo-controlled challenge with ASA and food additives in chronic urticaria patients

  1745. LOSS 2011
    The protective effect of farm milk consumption on childhood asthma and atopy: The GABRIELA study
    • Asthma, raw milk, allergy
    • Loss, Apprich, Waser, Kneifel, Genuneit, Buchele, ... von Mutius, Braun-Fahrlander

  1746. LOURDUDOSS 2017
    Are dietary vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids and folate associated with treatment results in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis? Data from a Swedish population-based prospective study
    • Higher vitamin D & omega-3 associated with better medication treatment results.
    • Lourdudoss, Wolk, Nise, Alfredsson, Van Vollenhoven. Sweden.

  1747. LOVASI 2011
    Chlorpyrifos exposure and urban residential environment characteristics as determinants of early childhood neurodevelopment
    • organophosphate pesticides, poor neighborhoods, New York City
    • Lovasi, Quinn, Rauh, Perera, Andrews, Garfinkel, Hoepner, Whyatt, Rundle.

  1748. LOWEN 2011
    Sweet Debate: Do artificial sweeteners contribute to rather than combat obesity?
    • Obesity, aspartame, sucralose, diet soda, mice

  1749. LU 2006
    Organic Diets Significantly Lower Children's Dietary Exposure to Organiphosphorus Pesticides.

  1750. LU 2009
    Salicylate, an aspirin metabolite, specifically inhibits the current mediated by glycine receptors containing alpha-1-subunits
    • Aspirin, tinnitus, seizures. antagonist on glycine receptors.
    • Lu, Tang, Wang, Huang, Zhou, Zhang, Xu, Chen. China.

  1751. LU 2011
    GABAergic Neural Activity Involved in Salicylate-Induced Auditory Cortex Gain Enhancement
    • Lu, Lobarinas, Deng, Goodey, Stolzberg, Salvi, Sun. New Zealand.
  1752. LUCARELLI 2004
    Toxicity of Food Drug and Cosmetic Blue No. 1 Dye in Critically Ill Patients

  1753. LUCAS 2001
    The Role of Natural Color Additives in Food Allergy
    • Industry, Codex, food dyes, FDA

  1754. LUCHT 2015
    Review: Public Acceptance of Plant Biotechnology and GM Crops

  1755. LUCOVA 2013
    Absorption of triphenylmethane dyes Brilliant Blue and Patent Blue through intact skin, shaven skin and lingual mucosa from daily life products
    • Food dye, blood brain barrier, blue 1

  1756. LUISTO 1992
    Tetanus caused by occupational accidents
    • Vaccination, immunization, minor injuries.
    • Luiseo, Seppalainen. Finland

  1757. LUKE 2001
    Fluoride Deposition in the Aged Human Pineal Gland
    • by old age the pineal gland has accumulated F and the F/Ca ratio is higher than bone. UK

  1758. LUNARDI 1992 - abstract
    Elimination diet in the treatment of selected patients with hypersensitivity vasculitis.
    • Foods and additives can cause it.
    • Lunardi, Bambara, Biasi, Zagni, Caramaschi, Pacor. Italy.

  1759. LUTTON 2003
    Does stimulant therapy help adult ADHD?

    • Ritalin, drugs used as needed
  1760. LY 2011
    Gut Microbiota, Probiotics, and Vitamin D: Interrelated Exposures Influencing Allergy, Asthma, and Obesity?
    • Microbiota, gut, allergy, probiotics, asthma, obesity, vitamin D
    • Ly, Litonjua, Gold, Celedon.

  1761. LYALL 2016
    Polychlorinated Biphenyl and Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations in Maternal Mid-Pregnancy Serum Samples: Association with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability
    • PCBs, pesticides, toxins, autism. cognitive, brain.
    • Lyall, Croen, Sjodin, Yoshida, Zerbo, Kharrazi, Windham

  1762. LYON 2009
    News from the Biological Stain Commission No. 6
    • Tartrazine, Yellow 5. food dye. Discussed recent studies; mentioned "continuing anxiety" over possible problems, but discounted "major health hazard"
    • Lyon, Horobin. UK

  1763. MA 2009
    Dietary exposure of secondary school students in Hong Kong to benzoic acid in prepackaged non-alcoholic beverages
    • high consumers got 19.3% of ADI just from these drinks in school. 2 drink samples exceeded legal limit of benzoic acid.
    • Author figures they are underestimating total exposure but that it is fine.
    • Ma, Chan, Chung, Ho, Xiao. China.

  1764. MACCARA 1982
    Tartrazine: A potentially hazardous dye in Canadian drugs
    • food dyes, pruritis, urticaria, edema, wheezing, asthma, blurred vision, congeston, palpitations, headache, vomiting, tingling, anaphylaxis. Aspirin sensitivity. Yellow 5 in medications should be listed on label

  1765. MACEK 2006
    Blood Lead Concentrations in Children and Method of Water Fluoridation in the United States, 1988–1994
    • authors say no basis for concern that fluorides cause higher lead levels.
    • Macek, Matte, Sinks, Malvitz.

  1766. MacGIBBON 1983
    Adverse reactions to food additives

  1767. MACHINSKI 1998
    Estimates of maximum limits of food colours use in Brazil through the Danish Budget method and the Bar and Wurtzen]modified method
    • Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Amaranth, Erythrosine, Ponceau, Cochineal exceed ADI in Brazil.

  1768. MACIEL 2013
    Production of Polygalacturonases by Aspergillus Section Nigri Strains in a Fixed Bed Reactor
    Orange juice, making enzymes from mold and peels for juice clarification

  1769. MACIOSZEK 2004
    The Evaluation of the Genotoxicity of Two Commonly Used Food Colors: Quinoline Yellow (E 104) and Brilliant Black BN (E 151)
    • Food dyes, Micronucleus and Comet assays, genotoxic
    • Macioszek, Kononowicz.

  1770. MACLEOD 2005
    Symptoms of narcolepsy in children misinterpreted as epilepsy
    • Macleod, Ferrie, Zuberi. UK

  1771. MacNAB 2002
    Audiovisual hyperactivity disorder (AVHD): a peril of the desire to excel
    • If you have slogged through the other studies, you deserve to see this one - enjoy.

  1772. MACPHAIL 1997
    Evolving concepts of chemical sensitivity
    • organophosphate pesticide, considers it conditioning

  1773. MADORE 2016
    Review: Neuroinflammation in Autism: Plausible Role of Maternal Inflammation, Dietary Omega 3, and Microbiota
    • Gut-brain. adhd. omega-3.
    • Madore, Leyrolle, Lacabenne, Benmamar-Badel, Joffre, Nadjar, Laye. Canada. France.

  1774. MADSEN 2001
    Environmental and Health Assessment of Substances in Household Detergents and Cosmetic Detergent Products
    • Fragrances, preservatives, solvents, surfactants
    • Madsen, Boyd, Nylen, Pedersen, Petersen, Simonsen.

  1775. MADSEN 2003
    Thimerosal and the Occurrence of Autism: Negative Ecological Evidence From Danish Population-Based Data
    • Note 1: Thimerosal discontinued im 1992; autism continued to increase; aluminum and other changes or increases in toxic vaccine ingredients not addressed. Besides, thimerosal not removed from flu vaccines or others besides DPT- not mentioned.
    • Note 2: Inpatient treatment was reported since 1969 but outpatient treatment only since 1995 (AFTER thimerosal discontinued) so it is not surprising that more cases of autism were reported - it is not usually a condition requiring inpatient treatment.
    • Note 3: It is remarked that the vaccines were changed gradually, and that the last shipment of mercury-laden vaccines was IN 1992 - therefore, even though on paper they no longer received such vaccines, in actuality they did.

  1776. MADSEN 2004
    MMR Vaccination and Autism: What is the evidence for a causal association?
    • Autism, MMR
    • Madsen, Vestergaard, Denmark.
    • Concludes there is no scientific evidence of connection.

  1777. MAES 1999
    Lowered w3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters of depressed patients
    • Depression, cholesterol, fatty acids, omega 3, zinc, anatidepressant treatment doesn't fix abnormal metabolism of PUFA omega 3
    • Maes, Christophe, Delanghe, Altamura, Neels, Meltzer. Belgium

  1778. MAFFINI 2014
    Brain drain: the cost of neglected responsibilities in evaluating cumulative effects of environmental chemicals
    • adhd, 300 chemicals affect brain, calling for cumulative risk assessment of combination of chemicals, developmental disabilities, IQ point loss, BPA, pthalates, neurotoxicants.
    • Maffini, Neltner

  1779. MAGERL 2010
    Effects of a pseudoallergen-free diet on chronic spontaneous urticaria: a prospective trial.
    • Urticaria, allergy, food dyes
    • Magerl, Pisarevskaja, Scheufele, Zuberbier, Maurer

  1780. MAGGIONI 2007
    Migraine With Aura Triggered by Contact Lenses: A Case Report

  1781. MAGLIONE 2014
    Safety of Vaccines Used for Routine Immunization of US Children: A Systematic Review
    • "some vaccines are associated with serious AEs ... weighed against the protective benefits ..."
    • Maglione, Raaen, Smith, Chari, Newberry, Shanman, P)erry, Goetz, Gidengil.

  1782. MAGNUSON 2008 - comment on article by Soffritti followed by response
    Carcinogenicity of Aspartame in Rats Not Proven [see Soffritti]

  1783. MAGNUSON 2013
    Review of the regulation and safety assessment of food substances in various countries and jurisdictions
    • Comparison, food additives.
    • Magnuson, Munro, Abbot, Baldwin, Lopez-Garcia, Ly, McGirr, Roberts, Socolovsky. Mexico, Argentina, Australia. Canada

  1784. MAHAJAN 2010
    Hyperactive-Impulsive Symptoms Associated With Self-Reported Sleep Quality in Nonmedicated Adults With ADHD

  1785. MAHDAVI-ROSHAN 2016
    Does Garlic Supplementation Control Blood Pressure in Patients with Severe Coronary Artery Disease? A Clinical Trial Study
    • Hypertension, garlic safe and effective. (Very SMALL difference) garlic powder used: 400 mg garlic 2/day.
    • Mahdavi-Roshan, Nasrollahzadeh, Zadeh, Zahedmehr. Iran.

  1786. MAHER 1987
    Possible Neurologic Effects of Aspartame, a Widely Used Food Additive
    • MAOI transmitters, seizure threshold lowered.
    • Maher, Wurtman

  1787. MAHMOUD 2006
    Toxic Effects of the Synthetic Food Dye Brilliant Blue on Liver, Kidney and Testes Functions In Rats
    • Blue 1, rats, 0.08 g/kg (80 mg/kg), (ADI=12 mg/kg) increased enzymes, decreased testosterone, congestion & hemorrhage in kidney. Testes, sperm damaged, renal failure.
    • Egypt.

  1788. MAHMOUD 2011
    Zinc, Ferritin, Magnesium and Copper in a group of Egyptian Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD
    • Mahmoud, El-Mazary, Maher, Saber

  1789. MAHON 2008
    Exercise Responses in Boys With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects of Stimulant Medication

  1790. MAIER 2014
    Integrating asthma hazard characterization methods for consumer products
    • occupational asthma, consumer asthma, Weight-of-evidence analysis
    • Maier, Vincent, Gadagbui, Patterson, Beckett, Dalton, Kimber, Selgrade. UK. US.

  1791. MAIER 1994
    Psychoneuroimmunology: The Interface Between Behavior, Brain, and Immunity
    • overview, behavioral effects of substances released by th e immune system.
    • Maier, Watkins, Fleshner

  1792. MAIMBURG 2010
    Neonatal Jaundice, Autism, and Other Disorders of Psychological Development
    • Risk lowest for mom's first baby, born between April & September & jaundiced,
    • Risk highest for first baby, born between October and March & jaundiced.
    • Maimburg, Bech, Vaeth, Moller-Madsen, Olsen, Denmark.

  1793. MAKANI 2002
    Biochemical and molecular basis of thimerosal-induced apoptosis in T cells: a major role of mitochondrial pathway.
    • thimerosal (ethyl mercury thiosalicylate)depolarized mitochondrial membrane.
    • induces apoptosis (death) in T cells by inducing oxidative stress & depleting glutathione via mitochondrial pathway.
    • Makani, Gollapudi, Yel, Chiplunkar, Gupta.

  1794. MAKOWSKA 2015
    Hypersensitivity to Aspirin and other NSAIDs: Diagnostic Approach in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis
    • asthma, nasal polyps, NERD = NSAID exacerbated respiratory disease.
    • Makowska, Lewandowska-Polak, Kowalski.Poland.

  1795. MALAKAR 2014
    Minding the Greens: Role of dietary salicylates in common behavioural health conditions
    • ADHD, autism, diet.
    • Malakar, Bhattacharya. Australia

  1796. MALANIN 1989
    The results of skin testing with food additives and the effect of an elimination diet in chronic and recurrent urticaria and recurrent angioedema
    • allergy, skin test, diet
    • Malanin, Kalimo, Finland

  1797. MALIN 2015
    Exposure to fluoridated water and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence among children and adolescents in the United States: an ecological association
    • Fluoride, adhd, environment.
    • Malin, Till.

  1798. MALKINSON 1985
    Decrease in the Protein Kinase C-catalyzed Phosphorylation of an Endogenous Lung Protein (Mt 36,000) following Treatment of Mice with the Tumor-modulatory Agent Butylated Hydroxytoluene
    • BHT causes lung damage in mouse. phosphorylation.
    • Malkinson, Beer, Sadler, Coffman

  1799. MALKINSON 1986
    Changes in Pulmonary Adenosine Triphosphate-binding Proteins Detected by Nucleotide Photoaffinity Labeling following Treatment of Mice swith the Tumor-modulatory Agent Butylated Hydroxytoluene
    BHT, lung cancer,
    • Malkinson, Haley, Macintyre, Butley

  1800. MALKINSON 2002
    Quantitative trait loci that regulate susceptibility to both Butylated Hydroxytoluene-induced pulmonary inflammation and lung tumor promotion in CSB reccombinant inbred mice
    • What's important here is to know that BHT has been used for many years to make - promote - induce - tumors in animals for cancer research.
    • WHY is it still in our breakfast cereal?

  1801. MALLING 2002
    Is sublingual immunotherapy clinically effective?

  1802. MALO 1985
    Occupational asthma due to azobisformamide
    • foaming product in plastics industry. 2 case studies; vision and asthma symptoms, eczema, rhinitis, one allergic, one not.
    • Malo, Pineau, Cartier. Canada
    infant receiving blue-tyed feeding

  1803. MALONEY 2000
    Systemic Absorption of Food Dye in Patients with Sepsis - letter to the editor
    • Letter starts at bottom of page
    • See picture of boy, page 2

    typical feeding w/dye

  1804. MALONEY 2002
    Food Dye Use in Enteral Feedings: A Review and a Call for a Moratorium
    • Blue dye used by 86% of ICU nurses & 91% ICU dietitians.
    • No safety studies, no agreement on amount of dye to use; blue & green skin & urine
    • Maloney, Ryan, Brasel, Binion, Johnson, Halbower, Frankel, Nyffeler, Moss.

  1805. MALONEY 2002
    Detection of aspiration in enterally fed patients: A requiem for bedside monitors of aspiration.
    • Blue dye still used at that time in spite of safety concerns of absorption & toxic effects on mitochondria.
    • Authors say dyes "should be abandoned" and use "nonrecumbent positioning" (sit them up).
    • Maloney & Ryan.

  1806. MANGELS 2000
    Latent Biases in Biocriminological Research
    • History of biological explanations of criminal behavior, targeting marginalized and poor people.

  1807. MANGIOLA 2016
    Gut microbiota in autism and mood disorders
    • review. gi, gastrointestinal, gut, microbes, autism, dementia, schizophrenia, depression, bipolar. Fecal microbiota transplantation.
    • Mangiola, Ianiro, Franceschi, Fagiuoli, Gasbarrini. Italy.

  1808. MANIA 2012
    Fish and Seafood as a Source of Human Exposure to Methylmercury.
    • mercury, selenium, fish, autism.
    • Mania, Wojciechowska-Mazurek, Starska, Rebeniak, Postupolski. Poland

  1809. MANIA 2014
    Human Exposure Assessment to Different Arsenic Species in Tea.
    • some samples contaminated, but no risk.
    • Mania, Szynal, Rebeniak, Wojciechowska-Mazurek, Starska, Strzelecka. Poland

  1810. MANIA 2015
    Total and Inorganic Arsenic in Fish, Seafood and Seaweeks - Exposure Assessment.
    • fish, seaweed, no problem except one seaweed (Hizikia fusiformis)
    • Mania, Rebeniak, Szynal, Wojciechowska-Mazurek, Starska, Ledzion, Postupolski. Polanad

  1811. MANN 1980
    Nutrition Therapy in Medical Practice

  1812. MANOR 2002
    Family-based and association studies of monoamine oxidase A and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): preferential transmission of the long promoterregion repeat and its association with impaired performance on a continuous performance test (TOVA)
    • MAO, genes, dopamine, serotonin. Long MAO-A allele confers risk of ADHD.
    • Manor, Tyano, Mel, Eisenberg, Bachner-Melman, Kotler, Ebstein. Israel.

  1813. MANOS 2010
    Changes in Emotions Related to Medication Used to Treat ADHD. Part I: A Literature Review - See Part II (Findling 2010)

  1814. MANTEL 2004
    Nutritional Supplements and Complementary/Alternative Medicine in Tourette Syndrome
    • Tic improvement reported from supplements. Study authors are parents of children w/TS who improved using supplements & diet.
    • Mantel, Meyers, Tan, Rogers, Jacobson

    Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), agricultural organophosphate exposure, and Parkinson disease
    • pesticides, genes. susceptibility factors important when studying environmental exposures.
    • Manthripragada, Costello, Cockburn, Bronstein, Ritz.

  1816. MAO 2010
    Cadmium directly induced mitochondrial dysfunction of human embryonic kidney cells

  1817. MAPARI 2010
    Fungal polyketide azaphilone pigments as future natural food colorants?
    • Naturall food dyes, non-toxic fungus, mycotoxins.
    • Mapari, Thrane, Meyer. Denmark

  1818. MARANGHI 2010
    The food contaminant semicarbazide acts as an endocrine disrupter: Evidence from an integrated in vivo/in vitro approach
    • rats, estrogen, testosterone.
    • Italy.

  1819. MARGOLIS 1961
    The mother-child relationship in bronchial asthma
    • asthmatogenic mother theory tested. Results show "mother may not be as potent an etiological factor in asthma as is often believed."

  1820. MARIMAN 2008
    Epigenetic Manifestations in Diet-Related Disorders
    • DNA methylation, silencing genes, amino acids, efa, fetal genome interacts with maternal nutrition, famine

  1821. MARINKOVICH 1992
    Evaluation of a multiple food specific IgE antibody test
    • argument with Adler & Warner about RAST or CLA testing of IgG and IgE antibodies

  1822. MARK 2009
    Pediatric asthma: An integrative approach to care
    • diet discussed but additives not mentioned
    • - bronchoconstriction discussed but not the food dyes.
    • Mark

  1823. MARQUES 2013
    Fish Consumption during Pregnancy, Mercury Transfer, and Birth Weight along the Madeira River Basin in Amazonia
    • mercury, fish, education related to birth weight infants.
    • Marques, Bernardi, Dórea, Brandão, Bueno, Leão, Malm. Brazil.

  1824. MARQUEZ 1899
    A Cause for Unsuccessful Vaccinations.

  1825. MARRET 2010
    Prenatal Low-Dose Aspirin and Neurobehavioral Outcomes of Children Born Very Preterm
    • aspirin associated with reduction of behavioral difficulties and hyperactivity. brain protection.
    • Marret, Marchand, Kaminski, Larroque, Arnaud, Truffert, Thirez, Fresson, Roze, Ancel. Epipage Study Group.

  1826. MARSHALL 1989 Attention deficit disorder and allergy: A neurochemical model of the relation between the illnesses
    • review of early studies; See Trites 1980 below.
    • Trites did not use a Feingold-type diet, and used it for only 3 weeks on children newly off meds.
    • That ANY of them improved in that time is remarkable.

  1827. MARSHALL 1993 Allergy and Depression: A Neurochemical Threshold Model of the Relation Between the Illnesses
    • review of allergy & depression go together; may be cholinergic-adenergic activity imbalance in people at risk for depression

  1828. MARTI 2010
    Effectiveness of nutritional interventions on the functioning of children with ADHD and/or ASD. An updated review of research evidence.

  1829. MARWITZ 2015
    Western-style diet induces insulin insensitivity and hyperactivity in adolescent male rats.
    • Western-Style diet causes obesity with adhd behavior in rats.
    • Marwitz, Woodie, Blythe.

  1830. MASLIN 2014
    Food allergy competencies of dietitians in the United Kingdom, Australia and United States of America
    • more training wanted, especially food additives, drug reactions and oral allergy syndrome.

  1831. MASON 1999
    Letter: Measurement of vitamin D3 metabolites in smelter workers exposed to lead and cadmium
    • about Chalkley study. Chalkley replied. Connection of lead, cadmium, ferritin, etc.

  1832. MATHISON 1985
    Precipitating Factors in Asthma: Aspirin, Sulfites, and Other Drugs and Chemicals
    • Asthma, anaphylactic, bronchospasm, propranolol, beta-blockers
    • Mathison, Stevenson, Simon

  1833. MATSUMOTO 2013
    Cerebral low-molecular metabolites influenced by intestinal microbiota: a pilot study.
    • gut-brain. mice. behavior.
    • Matsumoto, Kibe, Ooga, Aiba, Sawaki, Koga, Benno. Japan.

  1834. MATSUO 2013
    Aspirin Augments IgE-Mediated Histamine Release from Human Peripheral Basophils via Syk Kinase Activation
    • food dye. Aspirin and food additives increase histamine release from mast cells and basophils, causing allergic symptoms. Benzoate, tartrazine, yellow 5, augmented histamine release. Important in urticaria, anaphylaxis, asthma.
    • Matsuo, Yokooji, Morita, Ooi, Urata, Ishii, Takahagi, Yanase, Hiragun, Mihara, Hide. Japan.

  1835. MATTES & GITTELMAN 1981
    Effects of Artificial Food Colorings in Children with Hyperactive Symptoms
    • Letter from one of the parents
    • Note how careful they were not to give a bolus of the coloring, but spread it out over 6 (big) cookies per day with 13 mg coloring each.
    • Note that even the total of 78 mg food coloring is not enough to turn the frosting on one cupcake red. Deciding to limit the challenge to some artificial "average" created by dividing the amount of food coloring by the entire population is ludicrous.
    • Note that artificial flavoring and preservatives were not tested in this study.
    • In Table 2 in the study you can see that of the 11 children, 3 were no longer hyperactive at the start of the study, 2 were "mildly" hyperactive, one was only irritable, one had "few" symptoms, and another was diagnosed as ADD without hyperactivity. Where are the severely hyperactive children? And yet all these children had been bad enough at some point that their parents had been willing to change the entire family's diet.

    • See comment by Traxel with reply by Mattes.

    • a mom's comment
      Letter written to the Feingold Association from a mom whose child was in the Mattes 1981 study

  1836. MATTES 1983
    The Feingold Diet: A Current Reappraisal

  1837. MATTHEWS 2005
    Systemic lactose intolerance: a new perspective on an old problem
    • Irritable bowel syndrome, hidden lactose, milk.
    • Matthews, Waud, Roberts, Campbell

  1838. MAURER 2008
    Urticaria: Its History-Based Diagnosis and Etiologically Oriented Treatment
    • chronic urticaria usually caused by autoreactivity, infection, or food additives.
    • Maurer, Grabbe

  1839. MAWSON 2016 (provisionally accepted but apparently not published)
    Vaccination and Health Outcomes: A Survey of 6- to 12-year-old Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Children based on Mothers’ Reports
    • Mawson, Ray, Bhuiyan, Jacob.

  1840. MAWSON 2017
    Pilot comparative study on the health of vaccinated and unvaccinated 6- to 12-year-old U.S. children
    • homeschooled children. preterm birth + vaccination increased odds of neurodevelopmental disorders.
    • Mawson, Ray, Bhuiyan, Jacob.

  1841. MAWSON 2017
    Preterm birth, vaccination and neurodevelopmental disorders: a cross-sectional study of 6- to 12-year-old vaccinated and unvaccinated children
    • homeschooled children. preterm birth + vaccination increased odds of neurodevelopmental disorders 6.6-fold.
    • Mawson, Bhuiyan, Jacob, Ray.

  1842. MAY 2000
    Disturbing Behavior: Neurotoxic Effects in Children
    • Lead, manganese, PCBs, tabacco, alcohol, blood brain barrier, mercury, pesticides, organophosphates, adhd, autism.

  1843. MAYER 2014
    Symposium: Gut microbes and the brain: Paradigm shift in neuroscience
    • Mayer, Knight, Mazmanian, Cryan, Tillisch

  1844. MAYES 2007
    Suffer the restless children: the evolution of ADHD and paediatric stimulant use, 1900 - 80
    • See pg. 454 Note #12. It is a quote from Conrad from 1974 and may be the best part of this article.

  1845. MAYRON 1979
    Allergy, learning, and behavior problems.
    • allergic tension-fatigue syndrome, how to keep a food diary, etc.

  1846. MAZAHERI 2013
    Differential Oscillatory Electroencephalogram Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Subtypes and Typically Developing Adolescents
    • EEG different in adhd than in normal children

  1847. MAZIERO 2001
    Estimates of the theoretical maximum daily intake of phenolic antioxidants BHA, BHT and TBHQ in Brazil
    • BHA, BHT, TBHQ, preservatives, oxidation, phenolic, dates of introduction
    • Maziero, Baunwart, Toledo, Brazil.

  1848. MAZURE 1994
    Measles virus induction of human endothelial cell tissue factor procoagulant activity in vitro
    • Inflammatory bowel disease. Measles.
    • Mazure, Grundy, Nygard, Hudson, Khan, Srai, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK

  1849. McBRIDE 2006
    Prenatal and early postnatal dietary sodium restriction sensitizes the adult rat to amphetamines
    • rat, cross-sensitization.
    • McBride, Culver, Flynn.

  1850. McCANN 1998
    The nitric oxide hypothesis of aging.
    • McCann, Licinio, Wong, Yu, Karanth, Rettorri. Argentina

  1851. McCANN 2007
    Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial

  1852. McCANN 2008
    Consumption of soft drinks and other sweet drinks by WIC infants. - letter to the editor
    • Health care workers should advise against giving soft drinks to babies.
    • McCann, Baydar, Williams.

  1853. McCARTHY 2000
    USA to improve care of children with ADHD
    • Clinton administration wants more research on drug safety for kids. Use rose 150% for kids age 2-4

  1854. McCARTHY 2009
    Mortality Associated with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug Treatment: A Retrospective Cohort Study of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults Using the General Practice Research Database
    • Stimulants increase suicide, not sudden death;
    • McCarthy, Cranswick, Potts, Taylor, Wong

  1855. McCOY 2008
    Agriculture Alters Gonadal Form and Function in the Toad Bufo marinus
    • endocrine disruptors, pollution, pesticides. gonad abnormalities, males become like females, reproduction decline.
    • McCoy, Bortnick, Campbell, Hamlin, Guillette, St.Mary

  1856. McDANIEL 1986
    Pharmacologic Treatment of Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Part 1)
    • Review of diagnosis & drug treatment of pediatric psych disorders. adhd, conduct disorder, anxiety disorder, sleep disorder,

  1857. McELGUNN 2001
    advocacy: Learning disabilities and the environment: What we know – and how our policies are failing children
    • toxic chemicals, pesticides, environment

  1858. McEWEN 1978
    Diet and asthma (letter)
    • "medical religon" affects acceptance of research

  1859. McFADDEN 1996
    Phenotypic variation in xenobiotic metabolism and adverse environmental response: focus on sulfur-dependent detoxification pathways
    • "A significant number of individuals with environmental intolerance or chronic disease have impaired sulfation of phenolic xenobiotics ...impaired sulfation may be relevant to intolerance of phenol, tyramine, and phenylic food constituents, and it may be a factor in the success of the Feingold Diet."
    • (sulphoxidation, see Scadding 1988)

  1860. McFARLAND 2020
    Acute exposure and chronic retention of aluminum in three vaccine schedules and effects of genetic and environmental variation
    • Compares aluminum load in vaccine schedules & modified schedules.
    • McFarland, La Joie, Thomas, Lyons-Weiler

  1861. McGAURAN 2010
    Reporting Bias in Medical Research - A Narrative Review
    • McGauran, Wieseler, Kreis, Schüler, Kölsch, Kaiser

  1862. McGEE 1993
    Allergic Disorders and Attention Deficit Disorder in Children
    • asthma, eczema, rhinitis, urticaria NOT related to ADHD.
    • McGee, Stanton, Sears.

  1863. McGEE 2003
    Chemical Analysis of World Trade Center Fine Particulate Matter for Use in Toxicologic Assessment
    • pollution, lung, respiratory effects, chemicals.
    • McGee, Chen, Cohen, Chee, Prophete, Haykal-Coates, Wasson, Conner, Costa, Gavet.

  1864. McGINNIS 2001
    Mercury and Autistic Gut Disease
    • Letter. Environmental toxins, mercury, gut disease, inflammation

  1865. McGINNIS 2013
    Proposed Toxic and Hypoxic Impairment of a Brainstem Locus in Autism
    • brain, nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) impaired in autism. Controls GI, vagal reflexes, complex behaviors; predisposed to damage by neurotoxins in blood, even if they don't cross blood brain barrier. Mercury, cadmium, nitrites, organophosphates, MSG, CO, etc.
    • McGinnis, Audhya, Edelson

  1866. McKENNA 2014
    Seeing double: The low-carb diet
    • extreme dieting can cause neurological problems, vision problems, thiamine deficiency, confusion, Wernicke's encephalopathy and death.
    • McKenna, Drummond, Talwar, Lean. UK

  1867. McDONALD 1998
    Hyperactivity and Learning Deficits in Transgenic Mice Bearing a Human Mutant Thyroid Hormone Beta 1 Receptor Gene
    • adhd. thyroid resistance as a genetic mutation. Mice created with gene have some adhd symptoms.

  1868. McLEOD 2005
    Lumps, Bumps, and Things That Go Itch in Your Office! - urticaria (hives)

  1869. McMASTER 2011
    (Govt Comparative Effectiveness Review) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effectiveness of Treatment in At-Risk Preschoolers; Long-Term Effectiveness in All Ages; and Variability in Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment

  1870. McNAMARA 2012
    Uncertainty analysis of the use of a retailer fidelity card scheme in the assessment of food additive intake
    • Food dyes, Yellow 6, McNamara, Mehegan, O'Mahony, Safford, Smith, Tennant, Buck, Ehrlich, Sardi, Haldemann, Nordmann, Jasti
    • Note: These people are all from various Food Industry Giants. See SARDI 2010
    • Note: They plan to solve their uncertainly problem with a math formula.

  1871. McNAMARA 2015
    Role of perinatal long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in cortical circuit maturation: Mechanisms and implications for psychopathology
    • prenatal deficit, adhd, prematurity, psychotic disorders.
    • McNamara, Vannest, Valentine.

    MCS = Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    EI = Environmental Illness
    IEI = Idopathic environmental intolerance

  1872. McTaggart 1996 Book Review
    What Doctors Don’t Tell You. The Truth About the Dangers of Modern Medicine

  1873. MEDING 1996
    Occupational contact dermatitis from tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) in a cutting fluid
    • skin allergy, TBHQ, BHA, BHT

  1874. MEGGS 1993
    Neurogenic Inflammation and Sensitivity to Environmental Chemicals
    • asthma, rhinitis, contact dermatitis, migraine, arthritis. MCS, sick building syndrome, VOCs, volatile organic chemicals.

  1875. MEGGS 1997
    Hypothesis for Induction and Propagation of Chemical Sensitivity Based on Biopsy Studies
    • MCS, lungs, environmental chemicals, asthma. tight cell junctions, chronic inflammation.

  1876. MEHEDI 2009
    Reproductive Toxicology of Tartrazine (FD and C Yellow No. 5) in Swiss Albino Mice.
    • food dye

  1877. MEHL-MADRONA 2010
    Micronutrients Versus Standard Medication Management in Autism: A Naturalistic Case-Control Study

  1878. MEIER 2007 - BHT
    Mechanistic Basis for Inflammation and Tumor Promotion in Lungs of BHT-Treated Mice: Electrophilic Metabolites Alkylate and Inactivate Antioxidant Enzymes

  1879. MEISTER 2006
    Sugar Substitutes and Your Health

  1880. MELANSON 2007
    Nutrition Review: Relationships of Nutrition With Depression and Anxiety

  1881. MELKI 1987
    Trace Elements in Nutrition

  1882. MENDEZ 1997
    Lethal hyperoral behaviour from the Kluver-Bucy syndrome
    • epilepsy, seizures, brain damage, pica, dementia.
    • Mendez, Foti.

  1883. MENDOLA 2002
    Environmental factors associated with a spectrum of neurodevelopmental deficits.
    • lead, mercury, neurobehavioral, cognitive, children, PCB, pesticide, smoke, alcohol, mental retardation
    • Mendola, Selevan, Gutter, Rice

  1884. MENKE 2006
    Blood Lead Below 0.48 µmol/L (10 µg/dL) and Mortality Among US Adults
    • Lower levels of lead still dangerous.
    • Menke, Muntner, Batuman, Silbergeld, Guallar

  1885. MENNEMEYER 1997
    Antiviral therapy for neonatal herpes simplex virus: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    • Herpes simplex virus in babies - SEM (skin, ear, mouth), central nervous system (CNS) and disseminated multiorgan disease (DIS). cost analysis of treatment.
    • Mennemeyer, Cyr, Whitley.

  1886. MENOYO 2008
    Fluoride-Induced Resistance To Insulin In The Rat

  1887. MERCK 2016
    MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live)

  1888. MERENSTEIN 2015
    Safety of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (B. lactis) strain BB-12-supplemented yogurt in healthy adults on antibiotics: a phase I safety study
    • clinical trial.
    • Merenstein, Tan, Molokin, Smith, Roberts, Shara, Mete, Sanders, Solano-Aguilar.

  1889. MESSINGER 2010
    The Relationship Between Behavior Ratings and Concurrent and Subsequent Mental and Motor Performance in Toddlers Born at Extremely Low Birth Weight

  1890. MEYER 1980
    Behavioural and developmental effects of Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) dosed to rats in utero and in the lactation period
    • BHT, rats, developmental delay and hyperactivity in pups on BHT, more dead cells in brain

  1891. MEYER 1989
    Effects of dietary protein and butylated hydroxytoluene on the kidneys of rats
    • BHT, rats
    • Meyer, Kristiansen, Wurtzen, Denmark

  1892. MEYER 2006
    Attenuation of the pulmonary inflammation response following butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) treatment of cytosolic phospholipase A2 null mice
    • Note: "Administration of BHT to mice causes lung damage ..."
    • "Exposing mice to BHT causes reversible lung injury and inflammation. The model described more than 30 years ago has been used to study molecular mechanisms underlying ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) and the chronic inflammatory state that characterizes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma."
    • Meyer, Dwyer-Nield, Hurteau, Keith, Ouyang, Freed, Kisley, Geraci, Bonventre, Nemenoff, Malkinson.

  1893. MEYER 2017
    Hepatic effects of tartrazine (E 102) after systemic exposure are independent of oestrogen receptor interactions in the mouse
    • food dye. Yellow 5. estrogen receptor. mice sulfotransferase (PST). inflammation, bile acid. only systemic, not oral exposure.
    • Meyer, Probert, Lakey, Axon, Leitch, Williams, Jowsey, Blain, Kass, Wright. Italy. UK.

  1894. MIAO 2015
    A meta-analysis of pica and micronutrient status
    • anemia, zinc, hemoglobin deficiencies.
    • Miao, Young, Golden.

  1895. MICK 2002
    Case-control study of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and maternal smoking, alcohol use, and drug use during pregnancy.
    • children with adhd more likely exposed to smoke & alcohol than others. fetal alcohol syndrome.
    • Mick, Biederman, Faraone, Sayer, Kleinman.

  1896. MIHANDOOST 2015
    Treatment Programs for Students With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analysis Study

  1897. MIKKELSEN 1978
    Hypersensitivity Reactions to Food Colours with Special Reference to the Natural Colour Annatto Extract (Butter Colour)
    • food dye. Annatto, Yellow 5 (Tartrazine), Yellow 6 (Sunset Yellow), Red 40 (Food Red 17), Red 2 (Amaranth), Ponceau 4, Red 3 (Erythrosine), Blue 1 (Brilliant Blue).
    • Aspirin, sodium benzoate. Urticaria, angioedema. See Table 1.
    • Mikkelsen, Larsen, Tarding. Denmark

  1898. MILL 2008
    Pre- and peri-natal environmental risks for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): the potential role of epigenetic processes in mediating susceptibility
    • dna, methylation, vitamins, folate, b12, b6, b2, choline

  1899. MILER 2010
    Cadmium induced-oxidative stress in pituitary gland is reversed by removing the contamination source

  1900. MILLER 1978 - abstract
    The Diet Wasn't Controlled

  1901. MILLER 1982
    Sensitivity to tartrazine
    • food dye

  1902. MILLER 1993
    Concomitant Nonpharmacologic Therapy in the Treatment of Primary Nocturnal Enuresis
    • nonpharmacological treatment of bed wetting, including diet.

  1903. MILLER 1995 - abstract
    Milestones Marking the Knowledge of Adverse Reactions to Food in the Decade of the 1980s.

  1904. MILLER 1996
    Chemical sensitivity: Symptom, syndrome or mechanism for disease?
    • MCS, chemical exposure, toxicant-induced loss of tolerance, environmental

  1905. MILLER 2001
    Estrogenic Activity of Phenolic Additives Determined By an In Vitro Yeast Bioassay
    • Phenolics, sunscreen, preservative, flavoring, fragrance, estrogenic activity, yeast.
    • Miller, Wheals, Beresford, Sumpter.

  1906. MILLER 2009
    Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals: Interpreting Upstream Biomarkers of Adverse Outcomes
    • endocrine disruption, chemicals
    • Miller, Crofton, Rice, Zoeller

  1907. MILLER 2009
    Liver Damage From Chronic Acetaminophen Dosing is Dangerous, But Not The Only Risk
    • Fever, NSAID, vaccine, immune system, headache.

  1908. MILLER 2010
    Fading Memories : Retrospective Recall Inaccuracies in ADHD

  1909. MILLER 2010
    Affect Recognition in Adults With ADHD

  1910. MILLER 2011
    Genomic Signatures Predict Migration and Spawning Failure in Wild Canadian Salmon
    • Fish dying of diseases related to farmed fishes.

  1911. MILLER 2013
    Antipsychotic Treatment Patterns and Aggressive Behavior Among Adolescents in Residential Facilities
    • Aggressive children got more meds but were still punished more.
    • "The findings question the adequacy of these medications in managing aggressive behavior."
    • Miller, Riddle, Pruitt, Zachik, DosReis.

  1912. MILLER 2015
    Deaths following vaccination: What does the evidence show?
    • not scientifically valid conclusions of causation. MMR, VAERS. vaccine safety.
    • Miller, Moro, Cano, Shimabukuro

  1913. MILLICHAP 2003
    The Diet Factor in Pediatric and Adolescent Migraine (review)
    • headache, migraine, list of foods, msg. Release of serotonin and norepinephrine, vasoconstriction or vasodilation, stimulation of trigeminal ganglia, brainstem, neuronal pathways.
    • Millichap, Yee.

  1914. MILLICHAP 2012
    The Diet Factor in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  1915. MILLQVIST 1999
    Provocations with perfume in the eyes induce airway symptoms in patients with sensory hyperreactivity

  1916. MILLSTONE 1997
    Adverse reactions to food additives: the extent and severity of the problem
    • adhd, food intolerance, food additives, children, UK

  1917. MING 2010
    Genetic variant of glutathione peroxidase 1 in autism
    • under-transmission of the ALA6 gene and others cause glutathione to be low, so oxidative stress is high.
    • combine this study with Dufault 2009 & 2012 studies.
    • So it is already possible to identify at least some children genetically vulnerable who must be protected from
          exposure to mercury in diet and vaccines - why are we ignoring that?

  1918. MIRANDA 2001
    Depressed Mood Is a Factor in Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes
    • Effect of depression on glucose control
    • Miranda, Van Tilburg, McCaskill, Lane, Edwards, Bethel, Feinglos, Surwit

  1919. MIRFENDERESKI 2015
    Effects of dietary organic chromium and vitamin C supplementation on performance, immune responses, blood metabolites, and stress status of laying hens subjected to high stocking density
    • chromium-methionine improves egg laying of hens by preventing harmful responses to stress of having 7 hens per cage.
    • Vitamin C supplementation beneficial for heat stress and other stress.
    • Note - hens make their own vitamin C, so this is above and beyond their natural amounts. Mirfendereski, Jahanian. Iran.

  1920. MIRKIN 2014
    T3 Thyroid Hormone to Treat Depression.
    • depression, PTSD.

  1921. MISSO 2005
    Plasma concentrations of dietary and nondietary antioxidants are low in severe asthma
    • asthma, oxidative stress.
    • Misso, Brooks-Wildhaber, Ray, Vally, Thompson

  1922. MIZOBUCHI 2009
    Vascular Calcification: The Killer of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
    • inhibitors for vascular calcification needed.
    • Mizobuchi, Towler, Slatopolsky.

  1923. MIZUTANI 2009
    Toxicity of Xanthene Food Dyes by Inhibition of Human Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes in a Noncompetitive Manner

  1924. MOCH 1988
    Forestomach Lesions Induced by Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Ethylene Dibromide: A Scientific and Regulatory Perspective
    • BHA

  1925. MOGHTADERI 2016
    Sensitization to Food Additives in Patients with Allergy: A Study Based on Skin Test and Open Oral Challenge
    • 1/3 allergic patients with positive reaction to food additives had positive oral challenge. skin test positive in 22.4%.
    • Moghtaderi, Hejrati, Dehghani, Kolahi. Iran.

  1926. MOHR 2014
    Meta-analysis of Vitamin D Sufficiency for Improving Survival of Patients with Breast Cancer
    • Higher Vitamin D associated with lower mortality from breast cancer

  1927. MOJET 2001
    Taste perception with age: generic or specific losses in threshold sensitivity to the five basic tastes?
    • Mojet, Christ-Hazelhof, Heidema. Netherlands.

  1928. MONTGOMERY 1998
    Prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease in British 26 year olds: national longitudinal birth cohort
    • Montgomery, Morris, Thompson, Subhani, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

  1929. MOOLENBURGH 2007
    "Tardive Photopsia" and the Tiel-Culemborg Study
    • Notes: Letter to Ed re Fluoride; Tardive Photopsia = "delay in seeing the light"

  1930. MOOLENBURGH 2008
    Fluoride and Serum Cholinesterase
    • Note: Letter to the editor

  1931. MOON 2010
    The value of initial lactate in patients with carbon monoxide intoxication: in the emergency department

  1932. MOON 2010
    The efficacy of high doses of vitamin C in patients with paraquat poisoning
    • pesticide poisoning

  1933. MOON 2016
    Endocrine Risk Factors for Cognitive Impairment
    • review.

  1934. MOORE 2009
    Confectionery consumption in childhood and adult violence

  1935. MOORE 2010
    Altered Sex Hormone Concentrations and Gonadal mRNA Expression Levels of Activin Signaling Factors in Hatchling Alligators From a Contaminated Florida Lake
    • Multioocytic follicles, pesticides.
    • Moore, Kohno, Cook, Albers, Hamlin, Woodruff, Guillette.

  1936. MOORE-ROBINSON 1967
    Effect of salicylates in urticaria
    • suggested causes: haptens, histamine, aspirin, sodium salicylate, phenyl salicylate.
    • Moore-Robinson, Warin. UK

  1937. MORELLO-FROSCH 2002
    Integrating Environmental Justice and the Precautionary Principle in Research and Policy Making: The Case of Ambient Air Toxics Exposures and Health Risks among Schoolchildren in Los Angeles

  1938. MORELLO-FROSCH 2002
    Environmental Justice and Regional Inequality in Southern California: Implications for Future Research
    • pollution, toxins, cancer, environmental inequality.
    • Morello-Frosch, Pastor, Porras, Sadd.

  1939. MORELLO-FROSCH 2006
    Separate and Unequal: Residential Segregation and Estimated Cancer Risks Associated with Ambient Air Toxics in U.S. Metropolitan Areas
    • air toxins, pollution, cancer, racial difference.
    • Morello-Frosch, Jesdale.

  1940. MORFOPOULOU 2017
    Deep sequencing reveals persistence of cell.associated mumps vaccine virus in chronic encephalitis
    • brain biopsy. chronic encephalitis. . "need to exclude immunodeficient individuals from immunisation with live-attenuated vaccines."
    • Morfopoulou, Mee, Connaughton, Brown, Gilmour, Chong, ... Breuer. UK.

  1941. MORGAN 2006
    Gestational Mercury Vapor Exposure and Diet Contribute to Mercury Accumulation in Neonatal Rats
    • rats, kidney, liver, mercury.
    • artificial butter, artificial flavoring, rats, mice. Morgan, Jokinen, Price, Gwinn, Palmer, Flake
    • Morgan, Price, Fernando, Chanda, O'Connor, Barone, Herr, Beliles.

  1942. MORRIS 2001
    Inflammatory bowel disease and laterality: is left handedness a risk?
    • IBS, IBD, autoimmune, Crohn's, colitis, there is a link with left-handedness.
    • Morris, Montgomery, Galloway, Pounder, Wakefield

  1943. MORTAZAVI 2016
    Increased Release of Mercury from Dental Amalgam Fillings due to Maternal Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields as a Possible Mechanism for the High Rates of Autism in the Offspring: Introducing a Hypothesis
    • mercury. cell phones. MRI. autism.
    • Mortazavi, Haghani, Rastegarian, Zarei, Mortazavi. Iran

    The confounded effects of age and exposure history in response to influenza vaccination
    • Question whether lower titers are from age or previous exposures to vaccines. This study shows the diff is due to previous vaccinations.
    • Mosterin Hopping, McElhaney, Fonville, Powers, Beyer, Smith.

  1945. MOSTERT 2001
    Evaluation of research for usable knowledge in behavioral disorders: Ignoring the irrelevant, considering the germane.
    • "Feingold Diet is close to a worthless behavioral and educational intervention."
    • Mostert & Kavale.

  1946. MOTSOANE 2003
    An in vitro study of biological safety of condoms and their additives

  1947. MOTTER 2006
    Psychologists Knowledge and Perception of the Efficacy of Complementary and Alternative Therapy for Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  1948. MOTTET 1985
    Health Risks from Increases in Methylmercury Exposure
    • mercury, brain, primates. sperm, pregnancy, prenatal. cerebral palsy.
    • Mottet, Shaw, Burbacher.

  1949. MOUTINHO 2007
    Prolonged use of the food dye tartrazine (FD&C yellow nº5) and its effects on the gastric mucosa of Wistar rats
    • food dye. Yellow 5. increased lymphocytes & eosinophils, white blood cells, ADI level intake.

  1950. MOYER 2011
    SULT1A1, CYP2C19 and disease-free survival in early breast cancer patients receiving tamoxifen
    • PST, tamoxifen, breast cancer.
    • Moyer, Suman, Weinshilboum, Avula, Black, Safgren, Kuffel, Ames, Ingle, Goetz.

  1951. MROZEK-BUDZYN 2013
    Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination has no effect on cognitive development in children – the results of the Polish prospective cohort study

  1952. MTA Multimodal Study 1999
    A 14-Month Randomized Clinical Trial of Treatment Strategies for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  1953. MTA Multimodal Study 2009
    The MTA at 8 Years: Prospective Follow-Up of Children Treated for Combined Type ADHD in a Multisite Study

  1954. MUIR 2012
    Chiropractic management of a patient with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    • adhd, sleep problems.

  1955. MULLANE 2010
    Alerting, Orienting, and Executive Attention in Children With ADHD

  1956. MULLENIX 2014
    A new perspective on metals and other contaminants in fluoridation chemicals
    • metal content of fluoride varies. all contain arsenic. "regulatory blind spot that jeopardizes any safe use of fluoride additives."

  1957. MULLER-VAHL 2008
    The influence of different food and drink on tics in Tourette syndrome
    • TS, Tourette, caffeine, coffee, Coke
    • Muller-Vahl, Buddensiek, Geomelas, Emrich

  1958. MULLER-VAHL 2011
    European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders. Part IV: deep brain stimulation

  1959. MULLIGAN 2013
    Home environment: association with hyperactivity/impulsivity in children with ADHD and their non-ADHD siblings
    • home environment had small but significant association w/symptoms.
    • Mulligan, Anney, Butler, O'Regan, Richardson, Tulewicz, Fitzgerald, Gill. UK.

  1960. MULLINS 2011
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD (correspondence)
    • Criticism of Pelsser study;
    • Mullins, Tang, Dear

  1961. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (Abstracts) 2006
    Oral Presentations: Young Researchers' Session
    • Page 134, Nutrition and MS (Lauer)

  1962. MUNGAN 2005
    Nocturnal enuresis and allergy
    • Tested 2 groups for specific IgE allergens; soybean & hazelnut were the only ones different.
    • Mungan, Seckiner, Yesilli, Akduman, Tekin. Turkey.

  1963. MURPHY 2005
    Effect of the Ketogenic Diet on the Activity Level of Wistar Rats
    • diet decreased activity in animal ADHD model.
    • Murphy, Likhodil, Hatamian, Burnham. Canada

  1964. MURPHY 2006
    The ketogenic diet causes a reversible decrease in activity level in Long–Evans rats
    • diet decreased activity in animal ADHD model.
    • Murphy, Burnham. Canada

  1965. MURPHY 2010
    An Exploratory Study of Postpartum Depression and Vitamin D

  1966. MURRAY 2013
    An inventory of European data sources for the long-term safety evaluation of methylphenidate
    • Discussion of use of 13 European databases for use in future studies of long-term safety of Ritalin

  1967. MUTTER 2005
    Mercury and autism: Accelerating Evidence?
    • autism, mercury, dental amalgam, thimerosal, neurotoxicity, estrogen, testosterone, genetic. detoxification capacity.
    • Mutter, Naumann, Schneider, Walach, Haley. UK, Germany, US

  1968. MWALUKO 1982
    alpha-methyldopa, alpha-methyldopamine and alpha-methylnoradrenaline: substrates for the thermolabile form of human platelet phenol sulphotransferase
    • PST, SULT1A.
    • Mwaluko, Weinshilboum.

  1969. MWANZA-LISULO 2015
    Potential for use of retinoic acid as an oral vaccine adjuvant
    • Mwanza-Lisulo, Kelly. Zambia.

  1970. MYERS 2009
    A Clash of Old and New Scientific Concepts in Toxicity, with Important Implications for Public Health
    • high dose tests cannot predict low dose results or safety.
    • Myers, Zoeller, Vom Sall.

  1971. MYSTERUD 2003
    Expanding Evolutionary Psychology: Toward a Better Understanding of Violence and Aggression.
    • Note - unfortunately this 47-page document does not allow searches

  1972. NABI 2003
    Association of Tryptophan 2,3 Dioxygenase Gene Polymorphism With Autism

  1973. NADEEM 2008
    Oxidant--antioxidant imbalance in asthma: scientific evidence, epidemiological data and possible therapeutic options (review)

  1974. NADELMAN 1998
    Lyme Borreliosis

  1975. NAGIN 1999
    Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency.
    • Monitored 1,037 boys from 6 to 15 for behavioral trajectories leading to specific delinquency types.
    • Nagin & Tremblay

  1976. NAGPAL 2017
    A Review of Mercury Exposure and Health of Dental Personnel
    • higher mercury levels & more health conditions. "continue to encourage and monitor good work practices"
    • Nagpal, Bettiol, Isham, Hoang, Crocombe. Australia. UK.

  1977. NAIR 2001
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate
    • inhalation likely, but safety tests not sufficient to support safety.
    • "manufacturers should consider the nonimmunologic phenomena when using these ingredients in cosmetic formulations designed for infants and children" ... how about DON'T USE for them?

  1978. NAISMITH 2010
    Sleep Well, Think Well: Sleep-Wake Disturbance in Mild Cognitive Impairment

  1979. NAKAH 1979
    A Vitamin Profile of Heroin Addiction

  1980. NAKATA 2005
    Occurrence of synthetic musk fragrances in marine mammals and sharks from Japanese coastal waters.
    • first report on accumulation of synthetic musk fragrance in marine mammals and sharks. Found in blubber, kidney, liver. Similar to organichlorines like PCB and DDT.

  1981. NAM 2013
    tert-Butylhydroquinone reduces lipid accumulation in C57BL/6 mice with lower body weight gain
    • TBHQ, prevents weight gain by up-regulating ACOX1 gene expression
    • causes elevated liver cancer risk and neoplasms in kidney (see Discussion)

  1982. NANDA 1989
    Food intolerance and the irritable bowel syndrome
    • 48.1% of 189 people with IBS got better on elimination diet.
    • Dairy & grain most common.

  1983. NAPKE 1984
    Excipients and additives: hidden hazards in drug products and in product substitution
    • inert ingredients not inert. tincture of orange, metabisulfite, polyethylene glycol, benzyl alcohol, propylene glycol, azo dyes
    • Napke, Stevens.

  1984. NATH 2015
    Practice of using metanil yellow as food colour to process food in unorganized sector of West Bengal - A case study
    • illegal dye, used anyhow, in "unorganized sectors" .. and above maximum allowed levels.
    • (If it is a "non-permitted" dye, why is there any maximum level?)
    • Nath, Sarkar, Tarafder, Mondal, Das, Paul. India.

  1985. National Advisory Committee on Hyperkinesis and Food Additives: Final Report to the Nutrition Foundation, October 1980
    • Notes:
      • This was NOT the Governmental committee which has a similar name but actually didn't do anything.
      • This committee was set up by the Nutrition Foundation, a food industry organization.
      • See members of the Nutrition Foundation.

    Food Coloring
    • Edlefsen, Brewer.

  1987. National Research Council 1979
    Survey of Industry on the Use of Food Additives 1977.
    • See the 4 pages on food colors here.
    • Note - Average consumption of food dyes by top 1% of population = 327 mg/person/day.
    • Note - Authors decided that had to be excessive so they divided the number by 5, no other reason given.

  1988. NAVARRO 2014
    Effect of diet on brain metabolites and behavior in spontaneously hypertensive rats
    • ADHD, omega 3, efa, children, rats, brain.
    • Navarroa, Sikoglua, Heinze, Rogan, Russell, King, and Moore

  1989. NAVARRO 2015
    Non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Another condition that responds to gluten
    • irritable bowel syndrome, gastrointestinal microbiota.
    • Navarro, Araya. Chile. (full text in Spanish)

  1990. NAVAS-ACIEN 2006
    Arsenic Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review of the Experimental and Epidemiologic Evidence
    • Arsenic interferes with glucose metabolism but study results are inconsistent; more research needed
    • Navas-Acien, Silbergeld, Streter, Clark, Burke, Guallar

  1991. NAVAS-ACIEN 2007
    Lead Exposure and Cardiovascular Disease—A Systematic Review

  1992. NAVEENA 2008
    Comparative Efficacy of Pomegranate Juice, Pomegranate Rind Powder Extract and BHT as Antioxidants in Cooked Chicken Patties
    • *Pomegranate better than BHT to preserve cooked chicken patties;
    • Naveena, Vaithiyanathan, Babji, Kondiaiah.

  1993. NEGRAO 2009
    The effect of sympathomimetic medication on cardiovascular functioning of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (stimulant medications)
    Could different results be related
    to different amounts used?

    • 15 mg
    • 02 mg
    • 05 mcg
    • 02 mg
    •  22 mg
    • 100 mg
    • 500 mcg
    •  50 mg

  1994. NELSON 1990
    Nutrient intakes, vitamin-mineral supplementation, and intelligence in British schoolchildren
    • Children 7 - 12 yrs recorded diets, then did double blind test w/vitamin.
    • No differences.
    • Nelson, Naismith, Burley, Gatenby, Geddes. UK.
    • Suggest comparison of vitamins with Carlton 2000.

  1995. NELTNER 2013
    Conflicts of Interest in Approvals of Additives to Food Determined to Be Generally Recognized as Safe Out of Balance
    • GRAS, safety decided by additive manufacturer employees, no independent review, FDA

  1996. NETTLETON 2009
    Food allergy and food intolerance: towards a sociological agenda

  1997. NETTIS 2004
    Sodium benzoate-induced repeated episodes of acute urticaria/angio-oedema: randomized controlled trial
    • Sodium benzoate (E-211), hives, rashes, skin problems
    • Only one patient had reaction to sodium benzoate alone -
          but possible synergy with other ingredients not tested at all.
    • Netis, Colanardi, Ferrannini, Tursi. Italy.

  1998. NEUFELD 2011
    Effects of intestinal microbiota on anxiety-like behavior
    • mice. anxiety, brain.
    • Neufeld, Kang, Bienenstock, Foster. Canada.

  1999. NEUMAN 2006
    Prenatal Smoking Exposure and Dopaminergic Genotypes Interact to Cause a Severe ADHD Subtype
    • uses maternal memory to judge how much smoking/drinking was done in pregnancy; compared connection with gene types.
    • Neuman, Lobos, Reich, Henderson, Sun, Todd.

  2000. NEWBERNE 1988
    The Influence of Food Additives and Related Materials on Lower Bowel Structure and Function

  2001. NEWELL 2016
    Ketogenic diet modifies the gut microbiota in a murine model of autism spectrum disorder
    • mice, gastrointestinal, gut.
    • Newell, Bomhof, Reimer, Hittel, Rho, Shearer.

  2002. NEWMAN 2001
    Migraine MLT-Down: An Unusual Presentation of Migraine in Patients With Aspartame-Triggered Headaches
    • aspartame in meds or headache, case reports
    • Newman, Lipton

  2003. NEWMAN 2009
    Analysis of PCB congeners related to cognitive functioning in adolescents
    • Cognitive effects of PCBs

  2004. NEWMARK 2009
    Nutritional Intervention in ADHD

  2005. NEWSCHAFFER 2002
    Heritable and Nonheritable Risk Factors for Autism Spectrum Disorders

  2006. NEWSON 2003
    Pathological demand avoidance syndrome: a necessary distinction within the pervasive developmental disorders
    • Review. Newson, Marechal, David. UK.


  2007. Standard 2000: Alternatives available for ADHD children

  2008. Seattle Times 2006: Common alternative treatments for ADHD;

  2009. Observer 2006: What's on your plate: The additive-packed children's tea: Should you worry about 'E' numbers?

  2010. Global News Transcripts 2006: Ritalin

  2011. Sunday Herald 2007: Child dyslexia 'can be prevented by healthy diet'

  2012. The Daily Telegraph 2007: Diet and exercise 'transformed our children'

  2013. NG 2012
    Curcumins-Rich Curry Diet and Pulmonary Function in Asian Older Adults
    • curry once a month good for breathing - especially for smokers. copd
    • Ng, Niti, Yap, Tan. Singapore

  2014. NGUYEN-DUONG 2001
    Vasorelaxation induced by L-glutamate in porcine coronary arteries
    • "glutamate induces a vasorelaxation that may be associated with symptoms seen in Chinese restaurant syndrome"

  2015. NICE GUIDELINES 2008
    Diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, young people, and adults: summary of NICE guidance

    • "Drug treatment should always be part of a comprehensive treatment plan . . ."

    • "Dietary advice
           The elimination of artificial colouring and additives from the diet is not recommended as a generally applicable treatment for children with ADHD."

  2016. NICE GUIDELINES - Letters to the Editor
    • Diversion and abuse of methylphenidate
    • NICE recommendations could expose many to harm
    • NICE should produce guidance on infant mental health

  2017. NICOLSON 2007
    Systemic Intracellular Bacterial Infections in Neurodegenerative and Benavioral Disorders

  2018. NICOLSON 2007
    Diagnosis and therapy of chronic systemic co-infections in Lyme Disease and other tich-borne infectios diseases
    • Nicolson. Lyme disease therapy. 6 pages.

  2019. NIEDERHOFER 2005
    Serum Cholinesterase Levels Elevated in Patients Suffering From ADHD
    • Note: He says kids with ADHD have high cholinesterase and inhibiting it raises GABA so he advocates for use of anti-cholinesterase drugs such as alzheimer's drugs. But other studies show that pesticides and food additives LOWER cholinesterase which would make them a candidate treatment, but in animals this causes learning problems. Something is not kosher here.

  2020. NIEDERHOFER 2006
    A Preliminary Investigation of ADHD Symptoms in Persons with Celiac Disease

  2021. NIEDERHOFER 2011
    Association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Celiac Disease: A Brief Report

  2022. NIGG 2010
    Confirmation and Extension of Association of Blood Lead with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and ADHD Symptom Domains at Population-Typical Exposure Levels
    • Slightly high lead levels associated with ADHD. Nigg, Nikolas, Knottnerus, Cavanagh, Friderici.

  2023. NIGG 2010
    Measured Gene by Environment Interaction in Relation to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • review. gene-environment. Nigg, Nikolas, Burt.

  2024. NIGG 2011
    Editorial: Where to with treatment for ADHD?

  2025. NIGG 2012
    Meta-Analysis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms, Restriction Diet, and Synthetic Food Color Additives
    • Food colors, ADHD, Nigg, Lewis, Edinger, Falk.

  2026. NIGG 2013
    Attention deficits and hyperactivity–impulsivity: What have we learned, what next?
    • adhd

  2027. NIGG 2014
    Restriction and Elimination Diets in ADHD Treatment
    • Review of elimination diets; mention of Feingold diet with link, but then advises parents to try it alone, shopping the outside aisles, etc.
    • Cautiously notes it may be worth it. Nigg, Holton

  2028. NIGG 2016
    Variation in an Iron Metabolism Gene Moderates the Association Between Blood Lead Levels and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
    • adhd, HFE gene. neurotoxins, lead.
    • Nigg, Elmore, Natarajan, Friderici, Nikolas.

  2029. NIH 1982
    Consensus Development Conference: Defined Diets and Childhood Hyperactivity

  2030. NIH 1982 - same as above, from American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

  2031. NIH 1998
    NIH Consensus Development Conference
    • see page 6, "Some of the dietary elimination strategies showed intriguing results suggesting the need for future research."
    • This is after more than 20 years of research, after Dr. L. Eugene Arnold had presented his review of all nonstimulant treatments under contract with them ... and he said that there are 8 convincing double blind studies that diet works.
    • NIH 2000: Special Communication - official report in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

  2032. NIMRI 2004
    Polymicrobial infections in children with diarrhoea in a rural area of Jordan
    • Nimri, Elnasser, Batchoun. Jordan.

  2033. NOH 2015
    Estimation of Fluoride Intake From Milk-Based Infant Formulas and Baby Foods
    • Some states have water with more fluoride that the levels studied. More fluoride in baby food than formula, high enough to cause fluorosis.
    • American Dental Assn guidelines - formula should be diluted with fluoride-free water, but Korea just fluoridated their water so where do you get it?
    • Noh, Sohn, Kim, Kwon, Choi, Kim. Korea.

  2034. NOILES 2010
    Are excipients really inert ingredients? A review of adverse reactions to excipients in oral dermatologic medications in Canada.
    • Meds may contain lactose, dye, gluten, soybean or peanut oil. This is intended as a reference for dermatologists.
    • Noiles, Vender. Canada.

  2035. NOMURA 2012
    Exposure to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Low Socioeconomic Status: Effects on Neurocognitive Development and Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring
    • adhd, neurology.
    • Nomura, Marks, Grossman, Yoon, Loudon, Stone, Halperin

  2036. NOREN 2014
    Very low calorie diet without aspartame in obese subjects: improved metabolic control after 4 weeks treatment

  2037. NOUSIAINEN 2014
    Complementary and alternative medicine use in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease and juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • IBD, irritable bowel, arthritis, gut, diet, probiotics, vitamins.
    • Nousiainen, Merras-Salmio, Aalto, Kolho. Finland.

  2038. NUNES 2016
    Antiproliferative and genotoxic effects of nature identical and artificial synthetic food additives of aroma and flavor
    • nature identical passion fruit and artificial vanilla are cytotoxic and genotoxic.
    • Nunes, Sales, Silva, Sousa, Peron. Brazil.

    Nutition Action: See CSPI

  2039. NUTT 2007
    Evidence-based guidelines for management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescents in transition to adult services and in adults: recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology
    • Note - pg. 13 - "In terms of treatment, various dietary manipulations can improve ADHD symptoms in at least some children (Egger et al., 1985; Carter et al., 1993; Boris and Mandel, 1994; Rowe and Rowe, 1994; Schmidt et al., 1997; Dykman and Dykman, 1998; Richardson and Puri, 2002 Ib), although the mechanism of these improvements is unknown."

  2040. OADES 1998
    Plasma neuropeptide-Y levels, monoamine metabolism, electrolyte excretion and drinking behavior in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD children drink more, urinate less, with different neurotransmitters & electrolyte excretion.
    • Similarity to hypertension. Oades, Daniels, Rascher. Germany.

  2041. OADES 2000
    Differential measures of ‘sustained attention’ in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity or tic disorders: relations to monoamine metabolism
    • children, TS, ADHD, catecholamine, serotonin.
    • Germany

  2042. O'BRIEN 2014
    Perinatal Bisphenol A Exposure Beginning Before Gestation Enhances Allergen Sensitization, but Not Pulmonary Inflammation, in Adult Mice

  2043. OBRINGER 2016
    Suitability of the in vitro Caco-2 assay to predict the oral absorption of aromatic amine hair dyes
    • substitute for animal testing.
    • Obringer, Manwaring, Goebel, Hewitt, Rothe. Germany. Procter & Gamble.

  2044. OBROSOVA 2001
    Taurine Counteracts Oxidative Stress and Nerve Growth Factor Deficit in Early Experimental Diabetic Neuropathy
    • Taurine counteracts oxidative stress in tissues & peripheral nerves.
    • Obrosova, Fathallah, Stevens.

  2045. ODGERS 2005
    Misdiagnosing the Problem: Mental Health Profiles of Incarcerated Juveniles
    • depression, anxiety, adhd, substance use in jails.
    • Odgers, Burnette, Chauhan, Moretti, Rappucci

  2046. O'DONOHOE 1998
    Blood lead in U.K. children - time for a lower action level?
    • recommending action level go from 25 ug/dl to 10 ug/dl.
    • Measure blood lead levels for children with anemia, pica, abdominal pain
    • O'Donohoe, Chalkley, Richmond, Barltrop

  2047. OFFIT 1986
    Molecular Basis of Rotavirus Virulence: Role of Gene Segment 4
    • bovine rotavirus, simian rotavirus given to mice, reassorted. Gene segment 4 determines dose needed.
    • Offit, Blavat, Greenberg, Clark
    • NOTE: Offit works for Merck and makes a lot of money from vaccines; he also holds patents on some.

  2048. OFFIT 2002
    Addressing Parents’ Concerns: Do Multiple Vaccines Overwhelm or Weaken the Infant’s Immune System?
    • He says that vaccines make babies healthier.
    • Offit, Quarles, Gerber, Hackett, Marcuse, Kollman, Gellin, Landry.

  2049. OFFIT 2003
    Communicating science to the public: MMR vaccine and autism
    • Autism following MMR vaccine was by chance alone. Offit blames media and Wakefield. Offit & Coffin.

  2050. OFFIT 2003
    The meningococcal vaccine - public policy and individual choices.
    • Risk 0.7 per 100,000 for adolescents & adults;
      * vaccine not cost effective, not recommended by CDC, & not covered by insurance;
    • Offit wants Advisory Committee on Imunization Practices & AAP to tell doctors to recommend parents pay for it.
    • Offit & Peter

  2051. OFFIT 2004
    Meningococcal conjugate vaccine in the UK: an update
    • UK immunized 90% infants & 85% adolescents in a year.
    • Very safe vaccine but "no large studies of vaccine efficacy had been done."
    • Effectiveness expected to be shown during use.

  2052. OFFIT 2005
    The Cutter Incident, 50 years later
    • Salk polio vaccine by Cutter Lab - 40,000 children got polio;
    • 51 paralyzed; 5 died. 113 family members paralyzed.
    • National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program VICP

  2053. OFFIT 2007
    thimerosal and vaccines - a cautionary tale
    • Claims that the removal of thimerosal scared parents into thinking it must be unsafe.
    • There is no study comparing safety of vaccines with and without thimerosal.
    • This is a "cautionary tale of how not to communicate theoretical risks to the public."

  2054. OFFIT 2008
    Vaccines and Autism Revisited — The Hannah Poling Case
    • "poorly reasoned." She had other fevers, ear infections, etc.
    • And she wasn't autistic. She had mitochondrial enzyme deficit; similarity to autism "superficial."

  2055. OFFIT 2009
    The Problem With Dr Bob's Alternative Vaccine Schedule
    • Reviews The Vaccine Book: Making the Right Decision for your child by Dr. Robert Sears
    • Says his misrepresentation of vaccine science misinforms parents.
    • Offit & Moser.

  2056. OFFIT 2015
    Vaccines and autism in primate model.
    • commentary on Gadad (2015). Says no more research needed.

  2057. OGLETREE 2001
    St.John's Wort for Depression

  2058. OGNJANOVIC 2011
    Analgesic use during pregnancy and risk of infant leukaemia: A Children’s Oncology Group study
    • NOT associated with leukemia.
    • Ognjanovic, Blair, Spector, Robison, Roesler, Ross.

  2059. OHGURO 2002
    A high dietary intake of sodium glutamate as flavoring (Ajinomoto) causes gross changes in retinal morphology and function
    • rats, MSG. Even the diet with "moderate excess" MSG caused retinal cell destruction.
    • Ohguro, Katsushima, Maruyama, Maeda, Yanagihashi, Metoki, Nakazawa. Japan & US.

  2060. OHLMEIER 2007
    Nicotine and alcohol dependence in patients with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    • 35% adults with ADHD addicted to alcohol; 76.2% with ADHD smoke; 45.7% without ADHD smoke.
    • Ohlmeier, Peters, Kordon, Seifert, Te Wildt, Wiese, Ziegenbein, Emrich, Schneider. Germany.

  2061. OHN-BAR 2006
    The Effect of Biological Treatment on Behavior and Communication of Children on the Autistic Spectrum
    • ADHD, food additives, Israel

  2062. OISHI 2001
    Effects of butylparaben on the male reproductive system in rats
    • Preservatives, estrogenic, lowered testosterone and sperm count at ADI level.

  2063. OISHI 2002
    Effects of butyl paraben on the male reproductive system in mice
    • Preservatives, estrogenic, damages spermatogenesis, lowers testosterone at levels well below ADI.
    • Japan.

  2064. OKADA 2013
    letter: Prenatal exposure to zinc oxide particles alters monoaminergic neurotransmitter levels in the brain of mouse offspring.
    • sunscreen & cosmetics, suntan lotion. serotonin, dopamine, etc.
    • "suggest the possibility of detrimental effects on the mental health of offspring."
    • Okada, Tachibana, Yanagita, Takeda. Japan.

  2065. OKUYAMA 2010
    Testosterone-Lowering Activity of Canola and Hydrogenated Soybean Oil in the Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat

  2066. OLIFF 1999
    The Effect of Nicotine on Developing Brain Catecholamine Systems
    • Rats, Acetylcholine receptor, fetal central nervous system, CNS, neurotransmitter, brain, locomotor disturbance, dopamine, noradrenergic, neurons, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, ADHD, nicotinic receptors, hyperactivity
    • Oliff, Gallardo.

    OLIVIER 2015 - see BRUYERE 2015

  2067. OLOGUNDE 2011
    Do inhalational anesthetics cause cognitive dysfunction?
    • anesthesia causes cognitive problems

  2068. OLOPADE 2005
    Analysis of some industrial metals and ions in the cerebral cortex of goats in Nigeria
    • Because they plan to mine minerals in Nigeria, they want to use the goats to monitor environmental toxin levels.
    • Nice explanation of toxicity of Fluoride, Nickel, Mercury, Arsenic, Cobalt.
    • Olopade, Onwuka, Adejumo, Ladokun. Nigeria

  2069. OLSON 2006
    Tourette Syndrome: Diagnosis, Strategies, Therapies, Pathogenesis, and Future Research Directions

  2070. ONAOLAPO 2011
    Acute low dose monosodium glutamate retards novelty induced behaviours in male swiss albino mice
    • Injecting MSG into stomach of mice changes behaviors, indicating an effect on the brain,
    • the release of neurotransmitters including monoamines and GABA, and an effect on dopamine.
    • Onaolapo & Onaolapo

  2071. ONDREY 1994
    Effectds of nutrition on wound healing.
    • Ondrey, Hom. lipids, carbohydrates, vitamin A, Vitamin C, trace elements.

  2072. O'NIONS 2014
    Pathological demand avoidance: Exploring the behavioural profile
    • atypical autism.
    • O'Nions, Viding, Greven, Ronald, Happe. UK.

  2073. ONIONS 2016
    Identifying features of ‘pathological demand avoidance’ using the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO)
    • Elizabeth Newson. Extreme Demand Avoidance. autism spectrum.
    • O'Nions, Gould, Christie, Gillberg, Viding, Happs. UK.

    Food Colours: Existing and Emerging Food Safety Concerns.
    • Food dyes. Review. Oplatowska-Stachowiak, Elliott.

  2075. ORCHARD 1997
    Fixed drug eruption to tartrazine
    • allergy, food dye, tartrazine
    • Orchard, Varigos, Australia

  2076. ORDOUDI 2011
    Consideration of fluorescence properties for the direct determination of erythrosine in saffron in the presence of other synthetic dyes
    • Method to detect erythrosine (Red 3) and other food dyes in saffron.
    • Ordoudi & Tsimidou. Greece

  2077. O'REILLY 1993
    Enzyme and Sulphur Oxidation Deficiencies in Autistic Children with Known Food/Chemical Intolerances
    • Phenol-sulphotransferase-P, phenol-sulfotransferase-p, PST.
    • Enzyme low in every child with autism and food/chemical intolerances.
    • Enzyme needed to metabolize phenols and amines. Low PST causes buildup of serotonin, doopamine, noradrenaline
    • octopamine, an inert neurotransmitter, can be created.
    • Low sulfate (sulphate) - may not make enough, or may be using it up on unknown toxin.
    • Test for PST with acetaminophen; gave children fever, low urine output, felt sick.
    • O'Reilly & Waring. UK

  2078. ORMEROD 1985
    Food sensitivity
    • Letter to the editor, British Medical Journal (scroll down page to see)
    • Food dye. Salicylate intolerance, says that they are so ubiquitous they cannot be avoided
    • He thinks avoiding tartrazine and benzoates probably caused improvements.

  2079. ORNITZ 1992
    Prestimulation-induced Startle Modulation in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disoider and Nocturnal Enuresis
    • ADHD, enuresis.
    • Ornitz, Hanna, Traversay

  2080. ORNOY 1999
    Neurodevelopmental outcome at early school age of children born to mothers with gestational diabetes

  2081. OSGANIAN 1996
    Changes in the Nutrient Content of School Lunches: Results from the CATCH Eat Smart Food Service Intervention
    • Sodium increased. No change in cholesterol, carbohydrate, protein, fiber, sugar, calcium, iron, and some vitamins.
    • Calories reduced some, but still more than 1//3 RDA. Authors say total fat & saturated fat were reduced.
    • Osganian, Ebzery, Montgomery, Nicklas,Evans, Mitchell, Lytle, Snyder, Stone, Zive, Bachman, Rice, Parcel.

  2082. OSMAN 2004
    Synthetic organic food colouring agents and their degraded products: effects on human and rat cholinesterases.

  2083. OSMUNDSEN 1980
    Contact urticaria from nickel and plastic additives (Butylhydroxytoluene, oleylamide
    • allergy, BHT, BHA, Oleylamide, Denmark

  2084. OSTERGAARD 1998
    The applicability of the ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) for food additives to infants and children
    • Author talks about vulnerability, higher metabolism in children, etc.
    • does NOT talk about the blood brain barrier which is not fully developed in infants.
    • Ostergaard & Knudsen. Denmark.

  2085. OSTERGAARD 2015
    The effects of capillary dysfunction on oxygen and glucose extraction in diabetic neuropathy
    • problem may be inability to get the O2 out of capillaries.
    • Ostergaard, Finncrup, Terkelsen, Olesen ... Andersen. Denmark.

  2086. OSUJP 1988
    Risk Factors for Dental Fluorosis in a Fluoridated Community

  2087. OTERO-LOSADA 2014
    Rate of Atherosclerosis Progression in ApoE-/- Mice Long After Discontinuation of Cola Beverage Drinking
    • mice. drinking cola when young may cause heart disease later.

  2088. OUYANG 2008
    A synergistic effect of Cu2+ and norbixin on DNA damage
    • annatto, copper, DNA damage. Interaction is complex.
    • Di Ouyang, Rong Zhang, Long Yi, Zhen Xi

  2089. OWEN 2009
    Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Irritability in Children and Adolescents With Autistic Disorder
    • Autism, drugs, Owen, Sikich, Marcus, Corey-Lisle, Manos, McQuade, Carson, Findling
    • CONCLUSION: Aripiprazole demonstrated significantly greater global improvements than placebo
      • SIDE EFFECTS: (see Table 3) in 91.5% including drooling (8.5%), tremor (8.5%), vomiting (15%), fatigue (21%), etc.
      • NOTE: Placebo group had received far more previous psych-meds than aripiprazole group(p.1537)

  2090. OWNBY 2002
    Exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life and risk of allergic sensitization at 6 to 7 years of age.
    • asthma, allergens.
    • Exposure to 2 or more (but not 1) dogs or cats reduces risk of getting allergies by about half.
    • Ownby, Johnson, Peterson.

  2091. OYOSHI 2015
    Filaggrin deficiency promotes the dissemination of cutaneously inoculated vaccinia virus
    • gene, filaggrin deficient mice - vaccine virus was disseminated in skin and organs.
    • Oyoshi, Beaupre, Venturelli, Lewis, Iwakura, Geha.

  2092. PACOR 2001
    Efficacy of leukotriene receptor antagonist in chronic urticaria. A double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of treatment with montelukast and cetirizine in patients with chronic urticaria with intolerance to food additive and/or acetylsalicylic acid
    • urticaria, salicylates, food additives. Treatment with montelukast & cetirizine.
    • Pacor, DeLorenzo, Corrocher. Italy.

  2093. PACOR 2003 (p. 958)
    Nickel sulphate, food additives and seronegative arthritis: is there any relationship?

  2094. PACOR 2004
    Monosodium benzoate hypersensitivity in subjects with persistent rhinitis
    • runny nose, sneezing, nasal blockage, can be triggered by additives including Yellow 5, monosodium glutamate (MSG), monosodium benzoate, Red 3, sodium metabisulphite (sulfites)
    • Pacor, Lorenzo, Martinelli, Mansueto, Rini, Corrocher. Italy.

  2095. PALILI 2010
    Inattention, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity—Epidemiology and Correlations: A Nationwide Greek Study From Birth to 18 Years

  2096. PALMER 2005
    School District Resources and Identification of Children With Autistic Disorder

  2097. PALMER 2011
    Severe Airway Epithelial Injury, Aberrant Repair and Bronchiolitis Obliterans Develops after Diacetyl Instillation in Rats
    • rats, popcorn lung, lung disease, toxins, artificial butter flavoring.
    • Palmer, Flake, Kelly, Zhang, Nugent, Kirby, Foley, Gwinn, Morgan.

  2098. PALMNAS 2014
    Low-Dose Aspartame Consumption Differentially Affects Gut Microbiota-Host Metabolic Interactions in the Diet- Induced Obese Rat
    • Aspartame causes increase in propionate when metabolized via Clostridium. gene expression, insulin resistance, behavior, irritable bowel, mitochondrial dysfunction.
    • Palmnas, Cowan, Bomhof, Su, Reimer, Vogel, Hittel, Shearer. Canada.

  2099. PAN 2011
    Effects of Orange II and Sudan III azo dyes and their metabolites on Staphylococcus aureus
    • These azo dyes do (and don't) inhibit growth of the bacteria.
    • Some of the metabolites inhibited or completely stopped bacteria growth, but authors conclude they have "no significant effects on cell viability of the bacterium."
    • Pan, Feng, Cerniglia, Chen. See also PAN 2012

  2100. PAN 2012
    Evaluation of impact of exposure of Sudan azo dyes and their metabolites on human intestinal bacteria
    • Food dyes, carcinogenic, banned for food but used anyhow

  2101. PANDIR 2014
    DNA damage in human germ cell exposed to the some food additives in vitro
    • Sunset Yellow (Yellow 6) and Brilliant Blue (Blue 1) were toxic to human sperm cells at amounts used in food

  2102. PANGBORN 1997
    Peptidase Ensyme: Digestive Aid Project
    • Bionostics, Inc. Autism Research Institute, ARI, Klaire Lab, natural supplement to break down gluteomorphin and casomorphin peptides

  2103. PANKSEPP 2008
    Play, ADHD, and the Construction of the Social Brain: Should the first class each day be recess?

  2104. PANT 2010
    Environmental and experimental exposure of phthalate esters: The toxicological consequence on human sperm

  2105. PAOLI 2014
    Ketogenic Diet in Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases
    • review, obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, parkinsons, als, alzheimer.
    • Paoli, Bianco, Damiani, Bosco. Italy

  2106. PARACHIKOVA 2010
    Formulation of a Medical Food Cocktail for Alzheimer’s Disease: Beneficial Effects on Cognition and Neuropathology in a Mouse Model of the Disease

    Measles in Poland in 2014
    • 110 cases. 76 hospitalized. no deaths. number higher, but immunization 94.8% Less than 2 got measles per 100,000 and most were not vaccinated.

  2108. PARANJPE 1994
    Fluorosis in a Wild Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus) Population Inhabiting a Petrochemical Waste Site

  2109. PARK 1990
    Induction of Hepatic Tumors with Butylated Hydroxyanisole [BHA] in the Self-fertilizing Hermaphroditic Fish Rivulus ocellatus marmoratus

  2110. PARK 1991
    Sodium Salicylate Sensitivity in an Asthmatic Patient with Aspirin Sensitivity
    • allergy, asthma, aspirin, tartrazine
    • Park, Suh, Cho, Korea

  2111. PARK 2000
    Aspirin-sensitive asthma: Recent advances in management
    • food dye. Nasal polyps, salicylate, tartrazine (yellow 5), sodium bisulphite.
    • Korea.

  2112. PARK 2000
    Effectiveness of Food Fortification in the United States: The Case of Pellagra
    • "Results show the difficulty of evaluating the effectiveness of a single public health initiative such as food fortification without controlled experimental trials."
    • Park, Sempos, Barton, Vanderveen, Yetley.

  2113. PARK 2008
    Dermatologic adverse reactions to 7 common food additives in patients with allergic diseases: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

  2114. PARK 2012
    Association between dietary behaviors and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in school-aged children
    • "... a high intake of sweetened desserts, fried food, and salt is associated with more learning,
          attention, and behavioral problems ..."
    • Not surprising, considering the food dyes and flavorings usually added to sweetened desserts, and the MSG & flavorings added to salty fried foods (chips etc).

  2115. PARK 2013
    Nocturnal Enuresis Is Associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Conduct Problems
    • Korea. bedwetting, adhd,encopresis, conduct disorder, adhd, comorbidity, "assess together"

  2116. PARK 2016
    Blood lead concentrations and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Korean children: a hospital-based case control study
    • even low blood lead levels are a risk factor for ADHD.
    • Park, Seo, Hong, Kim, Kang, Yoo, Chueh, Lee, Kwak, Kim, Woo, Kim, Bang, Choe. Korea.

  2117. PARKINSON 1981
    Metabolic Fate of Food Colorants

  2118. PARTRIDGE 1986 - Letter to JAMA
    The Safety of Aspartame

  2119. PASCUAL 1999
    Management of Crystal Arthritis

  2120. PASTORELLO 1991
    Are Double-Blind Food Challenges Necessary Before Starting an Elimination Diet?
    • Author is sure that eliminating milk or "cereals" would cause deficiencies
    • Odd since most of human existence these were not eaten anyhow.
    • Pastorello, Pravettoni, Stocchi, Bigi,Schilke, Zanussi.

  2121. PATEL 2007
    A Comprehensive Approach to Treating Autism and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Prepilot Study

    • Foust 2003
    • Janicki 1973
    • Schulman 1976
    • Tibrewala 2003


  2122. PATERSON 2001
    Salicylic acid: a link between aspirin, diet and the prevention of colorectal cancer
    • Salicylates, aspirin, cancer, Paterson, Lawrence, UK.
    • Comparison of serum salicylate in vegetarians and people taking aspirin; why salicylates are healthy, if you tolerate them

  2123. PATERSON 2007
    Salicylates--it is not all bad news.(Research Briefs)

  2124. PATERSON 2008
    Salicylic Acid sans Aspirin in Animals and Man: Persistence in Fasting and Biosynthesis from Benzoic Acid
    • vegetarians have salicylates at levels like low-dose-aspirin. Benzoic acid leads to increase in urinary salicyluric acid.
    • Paterson, Baxter, Dreyer, Halket, Flynn, Lawrence. UK

  2125. PATRICK 2015
    Vitamin D and the omega-3 fatty acids control serotonin synthesis and action, part 2: relevance for ADHD, bipolar, schizophrenia, and impulsive behavior
    • all have common defect in serotonin regulation. Depression too.

  2126. PAWAR 2002
    Issues in the Formulation of Drugs for Oral Use in Children: Role of Excipients
    • Starch, lactose, calcium salt, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate
    • potassium bicarbonate, dextrose, cellulose, water, ethanol, alcohol, sucrose, sugar, glycerol, glycerin,
    • sweeteners, natural, artificial, coloring, dyes. Pawar & Kumar

  2127. PAYNE 2016
    Ecological selectivity of the emerging mass extinction in the oceans
    • evolution, large size animals now threatened.
    • Payne, Bush, Heim, Knope, McCauley.

  2128. PDQ CANCER INFORMATION 2017 (patient information)
    NCBI Bookshelf: High-Dose Vitamin C (NIH)

  2129. PDQ CANCER INFORMATION 2017 (professional information)
    NCBI Bookshelf: High-Dose Vitamin C (NIH)

  2130. PEACOCK 2011
    Childhood diet and behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohort
    • junkfood diet appeared to be related to behavior problems but not after adjusting for baseline difficulties and other confounders. Peacock, Lewis, Northstone, Wiles. UK.
    • SEE Wiles 2009

  2131. PEARSON 1993
    Food intolerance and Crohn's disease
    • 48% identified food sensitivity but only 15% of those reacted to blind challenge (dose?) so authors say not worth it.
    • Pearson, Teahon, Levi, Bjarnason.

  2132. PEET 2001
    Two double-blind placebo-controlled pilot studies of eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of schizophrenia.
    • EPA (omega-3) essential fatty acid treatment was superior to DHA & placebo.
    • Peet, Brind, Ramchand, Shah, Vankar. India.

  2133. PEIPERL 1995
    Determination of Combined Benzidine in FD&C Yellow No. 6 (Sunset Yellow FCF)

  2134. PELLEGRINI 2005
    The Role of Recess in Children’s Cognitive Performance and School Adjustment

  2135. PELLETIER 2013
    Positive attitudes toward organic, local, and sustainable foods are associated with higher dietary quality among young adults
    • Suggest manipulating attitudes toward alternative food production to improve dietary quality.
    • Pelletier, Laska, Neumark-Sztainer, Story.

  2136. PELLOW 2011
    Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Children with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • ADHD, CAM, review,
    • Pellow, Solomon, Barnard

  2137. PELSSER 2008
    A randomised controlled trial into the effects of food on ADHD.

  2138. PELSSER 2009
    ADHD as a (non)allergic hypersensitivity disorder: A Hypothesis

  2139. PELSSER 2010
    Effects of food on physical and sleep complaints in children with ADHD: a randomised controlled pilot study.

  2140. PELSSER 2011
    Effects of a restricted eimination diet on the behaviour of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (INCA study): a randomised controlled trial
    • See Mullins 2011 and Adesman 2011 for criticisms, and letter to Barkley. Lancet

  2141. PELSSER 2011 (reply)
    Author's reply and correction for Lancet article

  2142. PELSSER 2012
    Letter to Barkley re his criticism of above study

  2143. PELSSER 2011 Dissertation
    ADHD, a Food-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome: in Quest of a Cause: The effects of a restricted elimination diet (RED) on ADHD, ODD and comorbid somatic complaints, and a preliminary survey of the mechanisms of an RED

  2144. PELSSER 2011 - comment by Ghuman
    Restricted elimination diet for ADHD: the INCA study

  2145. PELSSER 2012
    A randomized controlled pilot study into the effects of a restricted elimination diet on family structure in families with ADHD and ODD
    • adhd, family environment, diet
    • Pelsser, van Steign, Frankena, Toorman, Buitelaar, Rommelse. Netherlands

  2146. PELSSER 2017
    Review; Diet and ADHD, Reviewing the Evidence: A Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses of Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trials Evaluating the Efficacy of Diet Interventions on the Behavior of Children with ADHD
    • Pelsser, Frankena, Toorman, Pereira. Netherlands.

  2147. PELTO 1998
    Milk hypersensitivity - key to poorly defined gastrointestinal symptoms in adults
    • Lactose intolerance common in adults. Milk hypersensitivity different & more common than thought in adults.
    • Salminen, Lilius, Nuutila, Isolauri. Finland.

  2148. PENG 2009
    Systemic administration of an antagonist of the ATP-sensitive receptor P2X7 improves recovery after spinal cord injury.
    • Blue 1 (Brilliant Blue) as medicine. rats.
    • Peng, Cotrina, Han, Yu, Bekar, Blum, Takano, Tian, Goldman, Nedergaard.

  2149. PENNESI 2012
    Effectiveness of the gluten-free, casein-free diet for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: Based on parental report
    • autism, gfcf, diet, casein, gluten, children, food allergy,
    • Pennesi, Klein, PA State U

  2150. PEPELJNJAK 2005
    Toxic effects of Ustilago maydis and fumonisin B1 in rats
    • U. maydis is a fungus on corn called corn smut. Eaten in Mexico & used to induce labor. Chefs have tried to introduce it in US.
    • fumonisin B1 is a atoxin produced by fusarium mold, mainly in corn, wheat, etc.
    • Toxic to liver & heart, related to esophageal cancer.
    • In study, rats eating the toxins were hyperactive. Showed "gross pathological changes in liver, lungs, uterus, and ovaries."
    • Both showed neurotoxicity. Pepeljnjak, Petrik, Klaric. Croatia.

  2151. PEPER 2015 (blog)
    Ideas on illness, health and well-being from Erik Peper. Are herbicides a cause for allergies, immune incompetence and ADHD?
    • unpublished. pesticides, roundup, glyhposate, cancer.

  2152. PEPINO 2015
    Metabolic effects of non-nutritive sweeteners.
    • metabolic dysregulation.

  2153. PEPINO 2015 (in press)
    PEPINO 2015 (published, open access)

  2154. PERERA 1987
    Free Radical Injury and Liver Tumor Promotion (BHT)

  2155. PERERA 2014
    Early-Life Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and ADHD Behavior Problems
    • Pollution, neurotoxins.
    • Perera, Chang, Tang, Roen, Herbstman, Margolis, Huang, Miller, Wang, Rauh.

    The Human Figure Drawing as Related to Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  2157. PEREZ-G 2002
    Aspirin and Salicylates Inhibit the IL-4- and IL-13-Induced Activation of STAT6
    • in his abstract, he says "the decreased use of aspirin has been hypothesized to contribute to the increase in childhood asthma."
    • From the experience of Feingold members, this does not actually make sense, and we have a little trouble believing that the increase in asthma could be induced by an "aspirin deficiency."
    • However, the study is very technical, and if someone reading this could explain it to me, I would appreciate it.

  2158. PERKIN 2016
    Randomimzed trial of introduction of allergenic foods in breast-fed infants.
    • not easy to introduce 6 foods early, but safe and little allergy. none for peanuts.
    • Perkin, Logan, Tseng, Raji, Ayis, Peacock, Brough, Marrs, Radulovic, Craven, Flohr, Lack. EAT study team.

  2159. PERKINS 1991
    Asperger's syndrome: who is being abused?
    • Case reports. Impact of kid's diagnosis on parents. Misdoagnosis of abuse in several.
    • Perkins & Wolkind.

  2160. PEROLD 2010
    Primary school teachers’ knowledge and misperceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    • They claim that 65.2% of teachers "incorrectly believed that reducing dietary intake of sugar or food additives will effectively reduce the symptoms of ADHD"
    • They quote Barkley extensively (he who has never actually done any research on ADHD and diet).
    • Perold, Louw, Kleynhans. S. Africa

  2161. PERRIN 1999
    Changing patterns of conditions among children receiving supplemental security income disability benefits.
    • Chonic conditions increased 1989 to 1992, especially asthma & adhd.
    • Perrin, Kuhlthau, McLaughlin, Ettner, Gortmaker.

  2162. PERRY 1996
    Health effects of salicylates in foods and drugs
    • Claims evidence for ADHD effect is "weak" but there is good info in here.
    • Tables of salicylate amounts in drugs and various foods.
    • Salicylate content of "Western" diet estimated at 10 -200 mg/day
    • In decade from 1960 - 1970, additives increased salicylate exposure another 35 mg/day
    • Perry, Dwyer, Gelfand, Couris, McCloskey

  2163. PERRY 2004
    A Randomized School Trial of Environmental Strategies to Encourage Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Children

    PERRY 2001 - See FDA Petition to delist Yellow 5

  2164. PERSKY 2008
    Prenatal exposure to acetaminophen and respiratory symptoms in the first year of life
    • tylenol in middle or late pregnancy related to sheeze, asthma.
    • Persky, Piorkowski, Hernandez, Chavez ... Busso.

  2165. PERSSON 2001
    Book: Chapter 3. Major Health Problems
    • discussion of Stress

  2166. PERTUSSIS CME 2011
    CDC Update Whooping Cough Vaccine Recommendations

  2167. PESKIND 1998
    Sodium Lactate and Hypertonic Sodium Chloride Induce Equivalent Panic Incidence, Panic Symptoms, and Hypernatremia in Panic Disorder
    • Large sodium load of hypertonic sodium chloride or lactate induces panic in panic disorder.
    • Peskind, Jensen, Pascualy, Tsuang, Cowley, Martin, Wilkinson, Raskind.

  2168. PESSAH 2008
    Immunologic and Neurodevelopmental Susceptibilities of Autism
    • discussion of markers and environmental risk factors.
    • Pessah, Seegal, Lein, LaSalle, Yee, Van De Water, Berman.

  2169. PESTANA 2010
    Safety of ingestion of yellow tartrazine by double-blind placebo controlled challenge in 26 atopic adults
    • Note: They don't see any problems with the Tartrazine, but then they only used 35 mg on adults and introduced even that in small increments over a 3-meal space of time. AND: "subjects were allowed to maintain their regular medication."
    • Food dye

  2170. PETERS 1996
    Glutathione Conjugates of tert-Butyl-hydroquinone, a Metabolite of the Urinary Tract Tumor Promoter 3-tert-Butyl-hydroxyanisole, are Toxic to Kidney and Bladder
    • TBHQ

  2171. PETERS 2010
    Best friends’ preference and popularity: Associations with aggression and prosocial behavior

  2172. PETROVSKY 2004
    Vaccine adjuvants: Current state and future trends
    • antigens, adjuvants, alum, Alzheimers, Th1, Th2.
    • Petrovsky & Aguilar. Cuba, Australia.

  2173. PETRUS 1996
    Asthme et intolerance aux benzoates
    • case study of girl with asthma found sensitive to bisulfite and sodium benzoate - when avoided, asthma relieved.
    • Both additives had been in her asthma medicine. Petrus, Bonaz, Causse, Rhabbour, Moulie, Netter, bildstein. France

  2174. PETSCHOW 2013
    Probiotics, prebiotics, and the host microbiome: the science of translation
    • Overview of discussions on obesity, diabetes, antibiotics, gi microbiota, lactose intolerance, CNS, depression, brain, cognition, satiety, etc.
    • Petschow, Dore, Hibberd, Dinan, Reid, Blaser, Cani, Degnan, Foster, Gibson, Hutton, Klaenhammer, Ley, Nieuwdorp, Pot, Relman, Serazin, Sanders.

  2175. PEZZE 2014
    Too Little and Too Much: Hypoactivation and Disinhibition of Medial Prefrontal Cortex Cause Attentional Deficits
    • ADHD, schizophrenia, GABA, doopamine.
    • Pezze, McGarrity, Mason, Fone, Bast. UK

  2176. PFEIFFER 1995
    Efficacy of Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in the Treatment of Autism: A Methodology Review and Summary of Outcomes
    • autism, vitamins, review
    • Pfeiffer, Norton, Nelson, Shott

  2177. PHADKE 2016 (comment on Hutcheon 2016)
    Maternal Influenza Immunization and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Using Data and Practice to Inform Theory and Research Design
    • Phadke, Steinhoff, Omer, MacDonald.

    • California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
    • Last date mentioned in this paper is 2002.
    • It seems to be filed with Prop.65 documents.
    • Website address:

  2179. PHILLIPS 2001 "In this issue" - Journal of Experimental Biology
    Running Through the Generations
    • selecting rats for speed may lead to new therapies for children with ADHD

  2180. PHILLIPS 2006
    Fetal programming of autonomic and HPA function: do people who were small babies have enhanced stress responses?

  2181. PHTHALATE 2011
    Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition: Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate
    • DEHP, plasticizer in 40% of medical devices, 30% consumer goods, 30% construction apps;
    • Used in pesticides, electric capacitors, to detect leaks in respirators, testing air filtration. Promoter of liver tumors in mice, detected in drinking water, ground-water, seawater, urine of exposed workers after shifts.
    • Voluntary standard now that pacifiers, rattles, teethers "shall not intentionally contain DEHP."

  2182. PIAZZA 1996
    Functional analysis and treatment of cigarette pica.
    • brain, autism, retarded, nicotine, tobacco.
    • Piazza, Hanley, Fisher.

  2183. PIAZZA 1998
    Treatment of pica through multiple analysis of its reinforcing functions
    • pica treatment.
    • Piazza, Fisher, Hanley, LeBlanc, Worsdell, Lindauer, Keeney.

  2184. PIAZZA 2002
    Varying response effort in the treatment of pica maintained by automatic reinforcement
    • retarded, more pica when easy and alternatives unavailable.
    • Piazza, Roane, Keeney, Boney, Abt.

  2185. PIAZZA 2013
    Education enhances the acuity of the non-verbal approximate number system
    • Math, education, evolution, indegenous.
    • Piazza, Pica, Izard, Spelke, Dehaene. France, Italy.

  2186. PICKENS 2009
    Dietary sucrose is essential to the development of liver injury in the methionine-choline-deficient model of steatohepatitis
    • to give rats fatty liver you need sugar, not starch.
    • Pickens, Yan, Ng, Ogata, Grenert, Beysen, Turner, Maher.

  2187. PICKENS 2010
    Dietary fructose exacerbates hepatocellular injury when incorporated into a methionine-choline-deficient diet
    • fatty liver. fructose more cytotoxic than glucose.
    • Pickens, Ogata, Soon, Grenert, Maher.

  2188. PILLIDGE 2016
    The NK1R-/- mouse phenotype suggests that small body size, with a sex- and diet-dependent excess in body mass and fat, are physical biomarkers for a human endophenotype with vulnerability to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • short fat mice eating high fat diet -> ADHD
    • Pillidge, Heal, Stanford.

  2189. PINKUS 1996 - TBHQ
    Role of Oxidants and Antioxidants in the Induction of AP-1, NF-kB, and Glutathione S-Transferase Gene Expression

  2190. PLATZEK 1999
    Formation of a carcinogenic aromatic amine from an azo dye by human skin bacteria in vitro.
    • food dye

  2191. PLOPPER 2007
    Asthma/Allergic Airways Disease: Does Postnatal Exposure to Environmental Toxicants Promote Airway Pathobiology?

  2192. POLAK 1968
    The Reconstitution of Flavors

  2193. POLLOCK 1989
    Survey of Colourings and Preservatives in Drugs
    • Coloring, Food dyes, pharmaceutical, additives
    • Pollock, Young, Stoneham, Slater, Wilkinson, Warner

  2194. POLLOCK 1990
    Effect of artificial food colours on childhood behaviour
    • 39 children started, but only 19 completed study. Some were retarded. Used 125 mg mixed food dyes in capsules as the challenge.
    • 50 mg Yellow 5, 24 Mg. Yellow 6, 25 mg carmoisine, 25 mg amaranth. Parents assessed behavior weekly .... 2 didn't fill out any forms. Pollock, Warner

  2195. POLONIO 2009- in Portuguese
    Food additive intake and health effects: public health challenges in Brazil

  2196. POMAJZL 2019
    Cancer, Leydig Cell
    • Most common cancer in men age 15-44. May cause precocious puberty, breast tenderness, or gynecomastia.
    • Pomajzl, Siref.

  2197. PONSA 2009
    Absence of cytogenetic effects in children and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treated with methylphenidate
    • Ritalin, cancer, methylphenidate, chromosome changes.
    • Ponsa, Ramos-Quiroga, Ribases, Bosch, Bielsa, Ordeig, Morell, Miro, de Cid, Estivill, Casas, Bayes, Cormand, Hervas. Spain.

  2198. POPE 1996
    Adverse health effects of air pollutants in a nonsmoking population.
    • Utah, steel mill, respiratory, cardiovascular.

  2199. POSNER 2009
    Tyrosine Supplements for ADHD Symptoms With Comorbid Phenylketonuria
    • Letter to Editor, tyrosine helps ADHD w/PKU

  2200. POSTMA 2011
    Rural children’s exposure to well water contaminants: Implications in light of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ recent policy statement
    • private wells, testing, contamination, radon, arsenic, chromium, trichloroethylene, nitrates.
    • Postma, Butterfield, Odom-Maryon, Hill, Butterfield.

  2201. POTERA 2010
    The Artificial Food Dye Blues

  2202. POTTALA 2014
    Higher RBC EPA 1 DHA corresponds with larger total brain and hippocampal volumes
    • WHIMS-MRI Study. postmenopausal women; slows rate of brain atrophy.

  2203. POTTEGARD 2014
    First-Trimester Exposure to Methylphenidate: A Population-Based Cohort Study
    • risk of major birth defects less than twice as much as no drug, so it is okay.
    • Pottegard, Hallas, Andersen, Lokkegaard, Dideriksen, Aagaard, Damkier, Denmark.

  2204. POTTEGARD 2014
    Children’s relative age in class and use of medication for ADHD: a Danish Nationwide Study
    • They found no age-connection to stimulant meds. But they also hold back younger children, and they only use any stimulant meds for 1.2% of children anyhow.
    • Pottegard, Hallas, Hernandez-Diaz, Zoega. Denmark & Iceland

  2205. POULIN 2001
    Medical and nonmedical stimulant use among adolescents: from sanctioned to unsanctioned use

    1. SAFER 2002 - complains about POULIN paper
      Adolescent stimulant use

  2206. POWELL 2007
    Dietary microparticles and their impact on tolerance and immune responsiveness of the gastrointestinal tract

  2207. POWELL 2010
    Long-Term Treatment of ADHD With Stimulants: A Large Observational Study of Real-Life Patients

    Practice Parameters for the Assessment and Treatment of Children, Adolescents, and Adults With Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • What they say about diet therapy - and please note that this is the information that the FDA uses today - 2009 - to justify their refusal to remove the food dyes from American products. Note the age of the studies cited, and the fact that they claim the Rowe & Rowe 1994 study showed "A small number of children may respond negatively to tartrazine, a synthetic food dye."
    • In that Rowe study, the percent of 200 children responding to diet was 75%. The percent of those reacting to a single dye challenge (and showing a dose-response) was 82.6% - how did this metamorphose into a "small number?"
    • And one more thing ... don't miss the last sentence, in which they warn physicians not to "disrupt the therapeutic alliance." Now how condescending is that? Read it all for yourself here:

      • "Dietary Interventions
        Since the mid-1970s, the advocates of dietary treatment of behavioral problems have been remarkably persistent (Rimland, 1983) despite the lack of scientific evidence. A variety of food additives and food allergens have been proposed as contributory or even causal in childhood hyperactivity. Reviews of the methodologically adequate studies show that, at most, 5% of hyperactive children may show behavioral or cognitive improvement on the additive-free Kaiser-Permanente or Feingold diets, but these changes are not as dramatic as those induced by stimulants (Kavale and Forness, 1983; Mattes, 1983; Wender, 1986). The only characteristic associated with greater likelihood of response is age less than 6 years. A small number of children may respond negatively to tartrazine, a synthetic food dye (Rowe and Rowe, 1994). Parents and some primary care practitioners find dietary treatment appealing because it is more "natural" than medication, but special diets require extra work and often additional expense for a family that is already strained by a child's behavior problems. Considering the minimal evidence of efficacy and the extreme difficulty inducing children and adolescents to comply with restricted diets, dietary treatment should not be recommended, except possibly with preschool children. Families who insist on trying a diet should be permitted to do so, if the diet is nutritionally sound, because initial attempts to dissuade them may disrupt the therapeutic alliance."

      Quote from Practice Parameters 2007, p. 903:

      • "The 1997 practice parameter (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1997) extensively reviewed a variety of nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD other than behavior therapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and dietary modification. No evidence was found at that time to support these interventions in patients with ADHD, and no studies have appeared since then that would justify their use."

  2209. PRAPUTPITTAYA 2003
    Visual Performance in Monosodium Glutamate-Treated Rats
    • MSG, rats, dose-dependent visual deficits, brain function. Praputpittaya, Wililak. Thailand.

    PRESTON 2005 -- see El Zein 2005

  2210. PRICE 1988
    Height of primary school children and parents' perceptions of food intolerance
    • children with food intolerance are shorter.
    • Price, Rona, Chinn. UK

  2211. PRICE 1989
    Genetic Polymorphism for Human Platelet Thermostable Phenol Sulfotransferase (TS PST) Activity
    • Inheritance (genes) control activity level and thermal stability of PST enzyme used for sulfate conjugation.
    • Price, Spielman, Lucena, Van Loom, Maidak, Weinshilboum.

  2212. PRICE 1990
    Associations of excessive irritability with common illnesses and food intolerance
    • Significant perception between food intolerance and irritability. Price, Rona, Chinn. UK

  2213. PRICE 2010
    Prenatal and infant exposure to thimerosal from vaccines and immunoglobulins and risk of autism

  2214. PRINZ 1980
    Dietary correlates of hyperactive behavior in children.
    • found link to sugar but not dyes

  2215. PRITCHARD 2002
    Risk of relapse of Guillain-Barré syndrome or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy following immunisation
    • GBS, survey not accurate. vaccination.
    • Pritchard, Mukherjee, Hughes. UK.

  2216. PRITCHARD 2004
    Guillain-Barré syndrome seen in users of isotretinoin
    • GBS, acne medication isotretinoin (aka 13-cis-retinoic acid and accutane).
    • Pritchard, Appleton, Howard, Hughes. UK

  2217. PTACEK 2014
    Disruptive patterns of eating behaviors and associated lifestyles in males with ADHD
    • adhd children breastfed shorter time; eat less because of meds, so subjects in study were without meds.
    • Ate more often, but less regularly. Drank more sweetened drinks. more obesity, less activity
    • Ptacek, Kuzelova, Stefano, Raboch, Sadkova, Goetz, Kream.

  2218. PTACEK 2016
    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and disordered eating behaviors: links, risks, and challenges faced
    • Review. adhd linked to binge eating, bulemia, anorexia. both: dopaminergic signaling.
    • Ptacek, Stefano, Weissenberger, Akotia, Raboch, Papezova, Domkarova, Stepankova, Goetz. Czech.

  2219. PUCKERING 2010
    Rebuilding relationships: A pilot study of the effectiveness of the Mellow Parenting Programme for children with Reactive Attachment Disorder

  2220. PULGARON 2013
    Childhood Obesity: A Review of Increased Risk for Physical and Psychological Co-morbidities
    • metabolic, children, adhd.

  2221. PULLEN 2011
    Psychiatric Comorbidity in Children and Adolescents with Restless Legs Syndrome: A Retrospective Study
    • 64% of children with restless legs have ADHD, mood disturbance, anxiety, etc. All were on antidepressants, stimulants
    • possible causative connection not discussed.
    • Pullen, Wall, Angstman, Munitz, Kotagal.

  2222. PUSCEDDU 2015
    N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) Reverse the Impact of Early-Life Stress on the Gut Microbiota n omega-3, rats. EPA, DHA.
    • Pusceddu, Aidy, Crispie, O'Sullivan, Cotter, Stanton, Kelly, Cryan, Dinan. Ireland.

  2223. PYNNONEN 2005 - see also VERKASALO 2005
    Gluten-free diet may alleviate depressive and behavioural symptoms in adolescents with coeliac disease: a prospective follow-up case-series study.

  2224. QADRI 1989
    Clinical significance of Blastocystis hominis
    • 2,889 of 12,136 patients (24%) had parasites. cured by treatment with metronidazole.
    • Qadri, Al-Okaili, Al-Dayel. Saudi Arabia.

  2225. QI 2010
    Artificial food colorants inhibit superoxide production in differentiated HL-60 cells

  2226. QI 2011
    Simian virus 40 transformation, malignant mesothelioma and brain tumors
    • polio vaccines, cancer, contaminated vaccines.
    • Qi, Carbone, Yang, Gaudino.

  2227. QIN 2011
    What made Canada become a country with the highest incidence of inflammatory bowel disease: Could sucralose be the culprit?
    • ulcerative colitis, crohn's disease,
    • Splendaqin

  2228. QUASTEL 1997
    Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Levels in Children from Chernobyl
    • girls TSH was higher but within normal levels.
    • Quastel, Goldsmith, Mirkin, Poljak, Barki, Levy, Gorodischer. Israel.

  2229. QUINES 2014
    Monosodium glutamate, a food additive, induces depressive-like and anxiogenic-like behaviors in young Rats
    • MSG-treated rats are more susceptible to develop anxiogenic- and depressive-like behaviors, which could be related to a dysfunction in the serotonergic system.
    • Quines, Rosa, Da Rocha, Gai, Bortolatto, Duarte, Nogueira. Brazil.

  2230. QUINTERO 2009 || English Abstract
    Nutritional aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder
    • article in Spanish

  2231. QUIROS-ALCALA 2014
    Pyrethroid Pesticide Exposure and Parental Report of Learning Disability and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in U.S. Children: NHANES 1999–2002
    • exposure to pyrethroid pesticides does not appear to cause problems, but more research needed.
    • Quiros-Alcala, Mehta, Eskenazi.

  2232. RABINER 2005 - article
    Dietary intervention for ADHD: a meta analysis
    • Article re new meta analysis admitting that diet "works" but with many caveats about why it is not real useful .... note that it is supported by McNeal Pharmaceuticals and Kurzweil Educational systems -- both benefit from ADHD financially.

  2233. RABINOFF 2007
    Pharmacological and chemical effects of cigarette additives
    • Tobacco, nicotine, acetaldehyde

  2234. RABY 1995
    The Examination of the Link Between Pesticides in Food and Learning Disorders in Children

  2235. RADNAI 2009
    Benefits of Periodontal Therapy When Preterm Birth Threatens

  2236. RAFALOVICH 2001
    Disciplining domesticity: Framing the ADHD parent and child
    • Details of how Feingold had mothers document behavior during diet implementation

  2237. RAFTOGIANIS 2000
    Chapter 6: Estrogen Metabolism by Conjugation
    • estrogens, cancer, genes, polymorphisms.
    • Raftogianis, Creveling, Weinshilboum, Weisz.

  2238. RAHBAR 2015
    Role of fruits, grains, and seafood consumption in blood cadmium concentrations of Jamaican children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • autism. cadmium. Jamaica. no association between cadmium & autism. Cadmium levels like US or Canada, but higher in those eating lobster, crab, plantain & dumplings.

  2239. RAINE 2006
    Neural foundations to moral reasoning and antisocial behavior
    • cognition, emotion. Raine, Yang.

  2240. RAJAN 2014
    Prevalence of Sensitivity to Food and Drug Additives in Patients With Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
    • Rajan, Simon, Bosso. skin rash.
    • Conclusion: Food additives rarely cause urticaria.
    • Patients continued on medication during trials of Yellow 5, Yellow 6, MSG, aspartame, sodium benzoate, sulfite, BHT, BHA, nitrite so reaction had to OVERCOME MEDS.
    • Of 100 patients, only 43 had any history of food additive reactions.

  2241. RAJCUMAR 2020
    Knowledge and misconceptions of parents of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a hospital in South Africa
    • ADHD. Parents believed food affects ADHD & authors don't agree.

  2242. RALOFF 1983
    Locks - a Key to Violence?
    • Article about William Walsh, & Robert Thatcher; bio-behavioral research, chemical imbalance, criminal violence
    • criminals high in lead, cadmium, iron, calcium, low in zinc; high sodium + low copper or low sodium + high copper; low cobalt (needed for Vitamin B12)
    • Barbara Reed, Schoenthaler featured in box

  2243. RAJAN 2014
    Prevalence of Sensitivity to Food and Drug Additives in Patients With Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
    • 100 patients, 11 additives including yellow 5, sulfite, MSG, aspartame, sodium benzoate, BHA, BHT, Yellow 6, nitrate, nitrite.
    • only 2 had reactions.... antihistamines were used during time of challenge!!
    • single blind screening: all additives at one time. Only 2 reacted.
    • Double blind for these two: 1 additive at a time, and none reacted.

  2244. RAMDAS 2012
    Nutrient intake and risk of open-angle glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study
    • Vitamin B1 protective; high magnesium increases risk.
    • Ramdas, Wolfs, Kiefte-de Jong, Hofman, de Jong, Vingerling, Jansonius. Netherlands.

  2245. RANDHAWA 2009
    Hypersensitivity reactions to food additives
    • food additives, atopic, allergy, skin, gi, elimination diet.
    • Randhawa, Bahna.

  2246. RANGAN 2009
    Food Additives and Sensitivities
    • general information, see list of banned addtiives (Table 1) and food storage recommendations (Table 2)
    • Rangan (Pediatric toxicologist, poison control), Barceloux (Medical toxicology - See his publications)

  2247. RANZIJN 2010
    Active Ageing --Another Way to Oppress Marginalized and Disadvantaged Elders?
    • seniors should be healthy, active, and keep working

  2248. RAO 2004
    Exposure assessment to synthetic food colours of a selected population in Hyderabad, India
    • Food dyes - children eating more than ADI of tartrazine, sunset yellow and erythrosine (yellow 5, 6, red 3)
    • Rao, Bhat, Sudershan, Krishna, Naidu, India

  2249. RAO 2008
    Role of vitamin B12 in depressive disorder — a case report
    • vitamin; symptoms can include depression, apathy, irritability, dementia, catatonia, delirium, hallucinations
    • Rao, Kumar, Raman, Sivakumar, Pandey. India.

  2250. RAO 2011
    The MMR vaccine and autism: Sensation, refutation, retraction, and fraud
    • claims Wakefield study was a fraud. Rao, Andrade. India.

  2251. RAPOPORT 1978
    Dextroamphetamine: Cognitive and Behavioral Effects in Normal Prepubertal Boys

  2252. RAPOPORT 1986
    Diet and hyperactivity (re sugar, see page 3)

  2253. RAPOPORT 2013
    Pediatric psychopharmacology: too much or too little?
    • ADHD, enuresis, depression, anxiety, OCD, psychoses; overtreated, stem cells, medications; "it is apparent that there was over-acceptance of drug treatment"

  2254. RAPPLEY 1999
    Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Use of Psychotropic Medication in Very Young Children.

  2255. RAPPORT 2002
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Methylphenidate: A dose-response analysis and parent-child comparison of somatic complaints

  2256. RASKIN 1992
    Salicylate, A New Plant Hormone
    • Description of activity of salicylate in plants. Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid = salicylate

  2257. RASTALL 2005
    Modulation of the microbial ecology of the human colon by probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics to enhance human health: An overview of enabling science and potential applications
    • probiotics, prebiotics, colon. Rastall, Gibson, Gill, Guarner, Klaenhammer, Pot, Reid, Rowland, Sanders. Australia.

  2258. RASTOGI 2015
    Simultaneous Determination of Acetaminophen and Synthetic Color(s) by Derivative Spectroscopy in Syrup Formulations and Validation by HPLC: Exposure Risk of Colors to Children
    • Tylenol, Red 3, Yellow 6, carmoisine. Now amore than 50% ADI.
    • Rastogi, Dixit, Tripathi, Das.

  2259. RATHEE 2012
    Bisphenol A in dental sealants and its estrogen like effect
    • hormone disruptors, BPA.
    • Rathee, Malik, Singh. India.

  2260. RAZI 2016
    Exposure to pistachio pesticides and stillbirth: a case-control study
    • pesticides increased miscarriage.
    • Razi, Rezaeian, Dehkordi, Manshoori, Goujani, Vazirinejad. Iran.

  2261. REASON 1999
    ADHD: A Psychological Response to an Evolving Concept :(Report of a Working Party of the British Psychological Society)

  2262. REAVEN 2003
    Insulin resistance, hypertension, and coronary heart disease
    • Review.

  2263. Red 3
    Red 3: Erythrosine - WHO Additives Series 19
    • Note: Man given only 10 mg for 10 days = increase of protein bound iodine in blood; took 3 months to get back to normal.
    • Food dye, IPCS Inchem, iodine, iodide, thyroid, rats, mice, man, mutagenic effect

  2264. Red 40:
    EPA: Test Plan for Red 40
    • Food dye

  2265. Red 40:
    FEDERAL REGISTER: International Trade Commission, Allura Red Coloring from India - determinations
    • US company complained that importing subsidized Red 40 cheaply from India would harm them (the company), but the anti-dumpling conference determined it was okay.
    • Food dye

  2266. Red 40
    EFSA: Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of Allura Red AC (E 129) as a food additive
    • Food dye

  2267. Red 40 - Tests & Information submitted to the EPA
    • By The International Association of Color Manufacturers/HPV Committee
    • Food dye

  2268. Red 76
    Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products Intended for Consumers Concerning Basic Red 76
    • Non-food dye

  2269. REICHELT 1997
    The possible role of peptides derived from food proteins in diseases of the nervous system
    • gluten, casein, autism, schizophrenia, antibodies

  2270. REICHELT 2009
    The possibility and probability of a gut-to-brain connection in autism.

  2271. REICHELT 2012
    Peptides’ role in autism with emphasis on exorphins
    • autism, gluten, casein, gliadin, peptides - if you aren't into technical info, go right to Page 6.
    • Reichelt, Tveiten, Knivsberg, & Brønstad

  2272. REID 1999
    Multiple chemical sensitivity-is the environment really to blame?

  2273. REIJNEVELD 1997
    Severe but transient parkinsonism after tetanus vaccination
    • Vaccine, tetanus, DPT. Reijneveld, Taphoorn, Hoogenraad, Van Gun

  2274. REILLY 2000
    Toothpaste Allergy With Intractable Perioral Rash in a IO-year old Boy
    • child, allergy, contact dermatitis, flavorings, sodium benzoate, aluminum, sodium lauryl sulfate, propylene glycol, rash, perioral rash.
    • Reilly, VcCarthy.

  2275. REINER 2007
    Synthetic Musk Fragrances in Human Milk from the United States
    • Perfumes, deodorants, detergents, wildlife, environment, breast milk, musk xylene
    • Reiner, Wong, Arcaro, Kannan.

  2276. REITER 1983
    Sulphate conjugation of p-hydroxytriamterene by platelet phenol sulphotransferase: assay conditions and correlation with metabolism in man.
    • PST - important pathway in metabolism of many drugs.
    • Reiter, Werness, Van Loon, Smith, Weinshilboum.

  2277. RENWICK 2003
    Risk characterisation of chemicals in food and diet
    • (61 pages), ILSI (successor to Nutrition Foundation, an industry organization)
    • Page 1261-1262: list of participants, including several universities, institutes of public health, World Health Organization,
    • AND: NutraSweet, Coca-Cola, Masterfoods, Red Bull, Proctor & Gamble, Ajinomoto, Unilever, Nestle, etc.

  2278. RESTAINO 1995
    Efficacy of ozonated water against various food-related microorganisms
    • study for use in food industry to reduce germs on meat etc.
    • Restaino, Frampton, Hemphill, Palnikar

  2279. REUS 2000 - abstract (Dutch)
    Food additives as a cause of medical symptoms: relationship shown between sulfites and asthma and anaphylaxis; results of a literature review]

  2280. REUTER 2003
    Placebo Adverse Events in Headache Trials: Headache as an Adverse Event of Placebo

  2281. REYES 1996
    Effect of organic synthetic food colours on mitochondrial respiration
    • All food colors tested inhibited mitochondrial respiration. Effect dose-related.
    • Reyes, Valim, Vercesi. Brazil.

  2282. REZNIK 2004
    Inner-City Availability of Preservative-Containing Albuterol

  2283. RIBAS-FITO 2007
    Exposure to Hexachlorobenzene during Pregnancy and Children's Social Behavior at 4 Years of Age

  2284. RICAURTE 2005
    Amphetamine Treatment Similar to That Used in the Treatment of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Damages Dopaminergic Nerve Endings in the Striatum of Adult Nonhuman Primates

  2285. RICE 1992
    Behavioral effects of lead in monkeys tested during infancy and adulthood.
    • Treated monkeys had difficulty learning.
    • Canada.

  2286. RICE 1996
    Behavioral effects of lead: commonalities between experimental and epidemiologic data.
    • lead toxicity, IQ, behavior, learning disability, adhd
    • Rice

  2287. RICE 1996
    Lessons for neurotoxicology from selected model compounds: SGOMSEC joint report.
    • behavior, animals, lead poisoning, psychology, mercury, toxicity

  2288. RICE 1997 - abstract
    Effects of postnatal exposure to a PCB mixture in monkeys on nonspatial discrimination reversal and delayed alternation performance.

  2289. RICE 1998
    Effects of postnatal exposure of monkeys to a PCB mixture on spatial discrimination reversal and DRL performance.
    • Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  2290. RICE 1999
    Behavioral impairment produced by low-level postnatal PCB exposure in monkeys.
    • Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  2291. RICE 1999
    Effects of postnatal exposure of monkeys to a PCB mixture on concurrent random interval-random interval and progressive ratio performance.

  2292. RICE 2000
    Parallels between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and behavioral deficits produced by neurotoxic exposure in monkeys.
    • adhd, hyperactivity, animals

  2293. RICE 2000
    Critical periods of vulnerability for the developing nervous system: evidence from humans and animal models.
    • Toxins resulting in behavioral effects
    • Rice, Barone

  2294. RICE 2003
    Methods and rationale for derivation of a reference dose for methylmercury by the U.S.EPA
    • mercury, poisoning, neurological, neurotoxicity
    • Rice, Schoeny, Mahaffey

  2295. RICE 2009
    Behavioral Changes in Aging but Not Young Mice after Neonatal Exposure to the Polybrominated Flame Retardant DecaBDE
    • polybrominated diphenyl ethers, mice
    • Rice, Thompson, Reeve, Onos, Assadollahzadeh, Markowski

  2296. RICE 2010
    Concentration of metals in blood of Maine children 1–6 years old
    • lead, children
    • Rice, Lincoln, Martha, Parker, Pote, Xing, Smith

  2297. RICE 2012
    Evaluating Changes in the Prevalence of the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)
    • Rice, Rosanoff, Dawson, Durkin, Croen, Singer, Yeargin-Allsopp
    • Discussion if increase is real. CDC. Autism Speaks forum summary

  2298. RICHARDSON 2002
    A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effects of supplementation with highly unsaturated fatty acids on ADHD-related symptoms in children with specific learning difficulties

  2299. RICHARDSON 2005
    The Oxford-Durham Study: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Dietary Supplementation With Fatty Acids in Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

  2300. RICHARDSON 2006
    Omega-3 fatty acids in ADHD and related neurodevelopmental disorders
    • brain, adhd, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, autism. fish oil

  2301. RICHARDSON 2015
    Developmental pesticide exposure reproduces features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD/ pesticide. tested mice with developmental pyrethroid exposure.
    • Richardson, Taylor, Shalat, Guillot, Caudle, Hossain, Mathews, Jones, Slechta, Miller.

  2302. RICHARDSON 2015
    Non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in school settings: systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research
    • Review. concluded "some beneficial effects of non-pharmacological interventions for adhd used in school settings."
    • Richardson, Moore, Gwernan-Jones, Thompson-Coon, Ukoumunne, Rogers, Whear, ... Ford. UK.

  2303. RICHMOND 1986
    Raction to food additives
    • Says genuine hyperactivity is rare; charges parents of being either gullible or munchausen's by proxy, "submitting their children to dangerous dietary restrictions"

  2304. RICHTER 2002
    Letter: Environmental asthma intervention
    • "a dedicated and competent person trained in tenement maintenance could do more for the health of slum residents than a doctor or nurse."

  2305. RICHTERS 1995
    NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD: 1. Background and Rationale
    • Multimodal treatment study (MTA)
    • Richters, Arnold, Jensen, Abikoff, Conners, Greenhill, Hechtman, Hinshaw, Pelham, Swanson.

  2306. RIDDLE 2007
    Therapeutic doses of amphetamine and methylphenidate selectively redistribute the vesicular monoamine transporter-2
    • Differences in how amphetamine (Adderall) and methylphenidate (Ritalin) work.
    • Riddle, Hanson, Fleckenstein. See also Sandoval 2002

  2307. RIED 2016
    The effect of aged garlic extract on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in uncontrolled hypertensives: the AGE at Heart trial
    • garlic is effective to reduce blood pressure and improve artery stiffness.
    • Ried, Travica, Sali. Australia.

  2308. RILEY 2005
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Overview with Emphasis on Changes in Brain and Behavior

  2309. RIMLAND 1972
    Comment on Ward's "Early Infantile Autism"
    • See Ward 1970

  2310. RIMLAND 1983
    Hair mineral analysis and behavior: An analysis of 51 studies.
    • "Finally, although the original intent of this paper was to be descriptive rather than prescriptive, we feel that our findings demonstrate the need for vigorous, biologically-based programs of research on prevention and treatment."
    • Rimland, Larson.

  2311. RIMLAND 1983
    The Feingold Diet: An Assessment of the Reviews by Mattes, by Kavale and Forness and Others

  2312. RIMLAND 1984
    The Feingold Diet: An Assessment of the Reviews by Mattes, by Kavale and Forness and Others
    • Reprint of the article above in the Journal of Orthomolecular Psychiatry. Better quality print.

  2313. RIMLAND 1995
    Brief Report: A Pilot Study of Auditory Integration Training in Autism
    • Autism, AIT, Rimland, Edelson
    • Results: "Thus, the experimental group showed a significant pattern of improvement over time for both the ABC and the FAPC criteria while the control group showed no significant change."

  2314. RIMLAND 1996
    Brief Report: Alternative Approaches to the Development of Effective Treatments for Autism
    • Autism, list of drugs used and responses, Rimland, Baker

  2315. RIMLAND 1996
    Vitamin B6 in autism: the safety issue
    • article Vol. 10 Autism Research Review International

  2316. RIMLAND 1997
    What is the right 'dosage' for Vitamin B6, DMG, and other nutrients useful in autism?
    • article Vol. 11 Autism Research Review International

  2317. RIMLAND 1998
    High Dose Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in Treating Autism: Response to study by Ffindling et al.
    • Autism, vitamins, see FINDLING 1997 - also see Findling's answer on page 2

  2318. RIMLAND 1998a
    Critique of "Efficacy of Vitamin B6 and Magnesium in the Treatment of Autism
    • Comment on PFEIFFER 1995

  2319. RIMLAND 2000
    Editorial: The Autism Epidemic, Vaccinations, and Mercury

  2320. RIMLAND 2000b
    Comments on “Secretin and Autism: A Two-Part Clinical Investigation” by M. G. Chez et al.
    • autism, secretin

  2321. RIMLAND 2002
    Vaccines and Autism
    • Autism, vaccinations, mercury, MMR, Rimland, McGinnis

  2322. RIMLAND 2003
    Commentary: Autism-Related Language, Personality, and Cognition in People with Absolute Pitch: Results of the Preliminary Study
    • Autism, perfect pitch, comment on Brown 2003

  2323. RIMLAND 2004
    Association between thimerosal-containing vaccine and autism
    • Response to HVIID 2003 pointing out his affiliation with Statens Serum, maker of the vaccine under study, where vaccines are 80% of income

  2324. RIOS-HERNANDEZ 2017
    The Mediterranean Diet and ADHD in Children and Adolescents
    • Rios-Hernandez, Alda, Farran-Codina, Ferreira-Garcia, Izquierdo-Pulido. Spain

  2325. RIPPERE 1984
    Some varieties of food intolerance in psychiatric patients: an overview.
    • "enough is already known to benefit patients now if available knowledge is aplied."
    • Rippere, Phil. UK.

  2326. RIPPERE 1985
    Validity of alternative allergy practices Letter to the Editor re David studies

  2327. RISHER 2002
    Organic mercury compounds: human exposure and its relevance to public health
    • pg 118 - says kids got MMR with mercury in the Madsen study.
    • problem --- MMR does not contain mercury

  2328. RIVERA 2015
    The role of maternal obesity in the risk of neuropsychiatric disorders
    • Rivera, Christiansen, Sullivan.

  2329. ROBERTS 1920
    Pellagra: Its symptoms and treatment
    • Detailed description of symptoms. Suggestion it is related to "bad food."
    • Quotes Dr. Celsus: "The part of the true physician is to go in and sit down beside the patient and chat for a few moments."

  2330. ROBERTS 2003
    Food allergy and asthma - what is the link?
    • Food can induce bronchospasm.
    • Roberts & Lack. UK.

  2331. ROBERTS 2005
    Effects of exercise and diet on chronic disease
    • cardiovascular, heart, diabetes, cancer, hypertension.
    • Roberts, Barnard.

  2332. ROBERTS 2012
    Pesticide Exposure in Children

  2333. ROBERTSON 1972
    Salicylic Acid in Fresh and Canned Fruit and Vegetables
    • salicylates, early study before Swain

  2334. ROBERTSON 2000
    Review: Tourette Syndrome, Associated Conditions and the Complexities of Treatment.

  2335. ROBINSON 1992
    Food sensitivity and the nervous system: hyperactivity, addiction and criminal behaviour.
    • Robinson & Ferguson. Scotland. Review of several studies.

  2336. ROBSON 1997
    enuresis in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD, enuresis, bed wetting, Robson, Jackson, Blackhurst, Leung
    • Concluding: "Physicians who treat patients with ADHD should routinely inquire about the presence of enuresis."

  2337. ROCA 2016
    Prevention of depression through nutritional strategies in high-risk persons: rationale and design of the MooDFOOD prevention trial
    • plan of study to be done.
    • Roca, Kohls, Gili, Watkins, Owens ... Phenninx.

  2338. ROCHA 1999
    Detection of a Giardia lamblia coproantigen by using a commercially available immunoenzymatic assay, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
    • evaluated new test for Giardia because old one has many false negatives. New is more accurate.
    • Rocha, Mello, Guimaraes, Toledo, Moreira, Costa. Brazil.

  2339. ROCKWELL 2012
    Th2 skewing by activation of Nrf2 in CD4+ T cells
    • TBHQ. genes, immune responses. may promote food allergy.
    • Rockwell, Zhang, Fields, Klaassen.

  2340. RODENBURG 2005
    Psychopathology in Children with Epilepsy: A Meta-Analysis

  2341. RODEA-PALOMARES 2016
    Hidden drivers of low-dose pharmaceutical pollutant mixtures revealed by the novel GSA-QHTS screening method
    • pollution, environment, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, toxins
    • Rodea-Palomares, Gonzalez-Pleiter, Gonzalo, Rosal, Leganes, Sabater, Casellas, Munoz-Carpena, Fernandez-Pinas. Spain.

  2342. RODRIGUEZ 2010
    The effects of chronic methylphenidate administration on operant test battery performance in juvenile rhesus monkeys

  2343. RODRIGUEZ 2016
    Multimodal Randomized Functional MR Imaging of the Effects of Methylene Blue in the Human Brain
    • low dose blue dye enhanced memory; can fight malaria (turns eyeballs blue), turns urine blue. may be useful in Alzheimers.
    • Rodriguez, Zhou, Barrett, Altmeyer, Gutierrez, Li, Lancaster, Lima, Duong.

    Sub-chronic effects of nitrate in drinking water on red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa): Oxidative stress and T-cell mediated immune function
    • Nitrates at the levels found in water on farms in Spain damage the DNA of partridges.
    • Rodriguez-Estival, Martinez-Haro, Martin-Hernando, Mateo. Spain.

  2345. ROGERS-COTRONE 2010
    Vacuolation of Sensory Ganglion Neuron Cytoplasm in Rats with Long-term Exposure to Organophosphates - pesticides

  2346. ROGGE 2003
    Protecting Children from Chemical Exposure: Social Work and U.S. Social Welfare Policy
    • asthma, leukemia, other diseases related to over 70,000 chemicals.
    • protecting current and future generations from environmental contaminants.
    • Toxins, lead.
    • Rogge, Combs-Orme

    Does IQ influence Associations between ADHD Symptoms and other Cognitive Functions in young Preschoolers?
    • IQ influences expressive language but not memory and other symptoms.
    • Rohrer-Baumgartner, Zeiner, Egeland, Gustavson, Skogan, Reichborn-Kjennerud, Aase.

  2348. ROJAS 2005
    Old and new controversies in the alternative treatment of attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder
    • CAM, adhd, eeg, yoga, massage, homeopathy, sugar, food additives, food color, preservatives, Feingold, biofeedback,
    • Rojas, Chan, Children's Hospital, Boston

  2349. ROJAS 2011
    Previous adult attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptoms and risk of dementia with Lewy bodies: a case–control study
    • adhd, dementia, lewy body, dopamine, Alzheimer, Golimstok,
    • Rojas, Romano, Zurru, DOctorovich, Cristiano, Argentina

  2350. ROMANO 1986
    Studies on the Mechanisms by Which Tumor Promoters Stimulate the Growth of Primary Neonatal Rat Hepatocytes"
    • Note: BHT is one of the "established tumor promoters" tested and found similar to the others.

  2351. ROMANOS 2011
    Itches and Scratches - Is There a Link Between Eczema, ADHD, Sleep Disruption and Food Hypersensitivity?

  2352. ROMM 2003
    Women and Depression: A Phytotherapist's Approach

  2353. ROMMELSE 2013
    Is there a future for restricted elimination diets in ADHD clinical practice?
    • comment that if response to diet is placebo, it is the "largest and most dramatic placebo-effect documented thus far in ADHD research"
    • Rommelse, Buitelaar, Heidelberg.

  2354. ROOK 2015
    Hygiene and other early childhood influences on the subsequent function of the immune system
    • microbiota, immune, depression, brain, inflammation, crowd infections. worms, feces, tb.
    • Rook, Lowry, Raison.

  2355. ROS 1976
    A follow-up study of patients with recurrent urticaria and hypersensitivity to aspirin, benzoates and azo dyes
    • allergy, food dyes, salicylates, benzoates, urticaria,
    • Ros, Juhlin, Michaelsson, Sweden

  2356. ROSE 1978
    The Functional Relationship Between Artificial Food Colors and Hyperactivity.
    • Small double-blind study, carefully done - but they used only 1.2 mg food dye per day!!! and actually got results that they could see!!

  2357. ROSSI 2010
    Inhalation exposure to nanosized and fine TiO2 particles inhibits features of allergic asthma in a murine model
    • mice, allergic asthma decreased. healthy mice got pulmonary neutrophilia.
    • Rossi, Pylkkanen, Koivisto, Nykasenoja, Wolff, Savolainen, Alenius. Finland.

  2358. ROSSIGNOL 2007
    The effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on oxidative stress, inflammation, and symptoms in children with autism: an open-label pilot study
    • decreased inflammation, possible improvement but not double blind.
    • Rossignol, James, Melnyk, Mumper.

  2359. ROSSIGNOL 2009
    Hyperbaric treatment for children with autism: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    • Significant improvement.
    • Rossignol, Smith, Schneider, Logerquist, Usman, Neubrander, Madren, Hintz, Grushkin, Mumper.

  2360. ROSSIGNOL 2012
    Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in autism spectrum disorders.
    • Review. Most studies showed improvement, but not all same.
    • Rossignol, Bradstreet, Dyke, Schneider, Freedenfeld, O'Hara, Cave, Buckley, Mumper, Frye.

  2361. ROSSIGNOL 2014
    Environmental toxicants and autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review
    • Autism caused by complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors.
    • Rossignol, Genuis, Frye.

  2362. ROSTRON 2013
    The effects of methylphenidate on cognitive performance of healthy male rats
    • rats given higher dose ritalin took longer to learn skill. Also if given only in test phase, rats made more errors - e.g., state-dependent learning effect.
    • Claire L. Rostron, Elise Kaplan, Victoria Gaeta, Rachel Nigriello and Eleanor J. Dommett. UK

  2363. ROTHE 2005
    Considering Cultural Diversity in the Management of ADHD in Hispanic Patients
    • adhd, race, hispanic, ritalin

  2364. ROULEAU 1999
    Inactivation of Brassinosteroid Biological Activity by a Salicylate-inducible Steroid Sulfotransferase from Brassica napus

  2365. ROVINA 2016
    Extraction, Analytical and Advanced Methods for Detection of Allura Red AC (E129) in Food and Beverages Products
    • Food dye. Red 40 - detecting, measuring, toxicology.
    • Rovina, Siddiquee, Shaarani. Malaysia.

  2366. ROVNER 2011
    Food Sold in School Vending Machines Is Associated With Overall Student Dietary Intake
    • "Vending machines in schools was negatively associated with fruit consumption."
    • "Schools are in a powerful position to influence the diets of children"
    • Rovner, Nansel, Wang, Iannotti

  2367. ROWE 1984
    Annotation: Food Additives
    • Feingold diet, flavor, color, preservatives, hyperactive, adhd

  2368. ROWE 1988
    Synthetic food colourings and "hyperactivity": a double-blind crossover study

  2369. ROWE 1994
    Synthetic food coloring and behavior: a dose response effect in a double-blind placebo-controlled repeated measures study

  2370. ROWLAND 2002
    Prevalence of medication treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity-disorder among elementary school children in Johnston County, NC
    • 10% of children had adhd diagnosis.
    • Rowland, Umbach, Stallone, Naftel, Bohlig, Sandler.

    Action plan on food allergies and intolerances launched New European ‘Network of Excellence’ to combat allergies

  2372. ROZE 2009
    Prenatal Exposure to Organohalogens, Including Brominated Flame Retardants, Influences Motor, Cognitive, and Behavioral Performance at School Age
    • Pesticides, flame retardants

  2373. RUCKLIDGE 2009
    Successful treatment of OCD with a micronutrient formula following partial response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): A case study

  2374. RUCKLIDGE 2009
    Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD
    • zinc, carnitine, pycnogenol, efa, vitamins, magnesium, iron, SAM-e, tryptophan, Ginkgo biloba

  2375. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Successful treatment of bipolar disorder II and ADHD with a micronutrient formula: a case study

  2376. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Database analysis of children and adolescents with Bipolar Disorder consuming a micronutrient formula

  2377. RUCKLIDGE 2010
    Effect of Micronutrients on Behavior and Mood in Adults With ADHD: Evidence From an 8-Week Open Label Trial With Natural Extension

  2378. RUCKLIDGE 2014
    Vitamin-mineral treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: Double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial
    • adhd, micronutrient formula, vitamins, minerals, no omega 3
    • Rucklidge, Frampton, Gorman, Boggs.

  2379. RUCKLIDGE 2015
    The Search for a Single-Nutrient Solution to Mental Illnesses Is Outdated
    • magic bullet, vitamins, omega 3,
    • Kaplan, Rucklidge<

  2380. RUS 2010
    Comparative Toxicity of Food Dyes on Liver and Kidney in Guinea Pigs: A Histopathological Study
    • Food dyes, carmoisine, tartrazine, yellow 5, guinea pigs, "congestion, perivascular and pericanalicular oedema," "hepatotoxic and nethrotoxic action, causing congestion, stasis and edema in the liver and kidney .... extension of lesions is largely proportional to dose."
    • Rus, Gherman, Miclaus, Mihalca, Nadas. Romania.

  2381. RUSSELL 2014
    The association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with socioeconomic disadvantage: alternative explanations and evidence
    • Russell, Ford, Rosenberg, Kelly. UK.

  2382. RUSSELL 2017
    Four or more amalgam fillings correlate with higher blood mercury levels in pregnant women, but not high enough to be of health concern.
    • levels were not tested in fetus or after delivery.

  2383. RYAN 1992
    Treatment-Resistant Chronic Mental Illness: Is it Asperger's Syndrome?
    • diagnosis

  2384. RYTTER 2015
    Diet in the treatment of ADHD in children — A systematic review of the literature
    • ADHD, diet, elimination diet, fish oil.
    • Rytter, Andersen, Houmann, Bilenberg, Hvolby, Molgaard, Michaelsen, Lauritzen. Denmark

  2385. SAAB 2012
    The effect of diet supplementation on children with ADHD
    • case study

  2386. SACCO 2010
    Principal Pathogenetic Components and Biological Endophenotypes in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    • biology of autism. circadian cycle, sensory abnormalities, immune problems, obstetric complications, excessive postnatal growth, developmental delay, etc.
    • Sacco, Curatolo, Manzi, Militerni, Bravaccio, Frolli, Lenti, Saccani, Elia, Reichelt, Pascucci, Puglisi-Allegra, Persico

  2387. SADIQ 2007
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and integrative approaches.
    • Nice article about various natural treatments.
    • Discussion of oligoantigenic (few foods) diet only; no mention of Feingold diet.

  2388. SADUN 1998
    Acquired mitochondrial impairment as a cause of optic nerve disease
    • blindness, neuropathy, Cuba, vitamin deficiency, methanol, cyanide, toxins

  2389. SAEED 2011
    Investigations of In vitro Digestibility of Proteins Bound to Food Colors

  2390. SAFER 2000
    Stimulant treatment in Maryland public schools.
    • Surveyed students medicated during school hours. ADHD.
    • Not included: children in private schools (17%), or taking meds only in morning.
    • But they guessed they got 80% ... based on nothing much apparently.

  2391. SAGIV 2010
    Prenatal Organochlorine Exposure and Behaviors Associated With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in School-Aged Children.

  2392. SAGIV 2012
    Prenatal Exposure to Mercury and Fish Consumption During Pregnancy and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder–Related Behavior in Children
    • prenatal mercury exposure leads to more ADHD behavior, but eating fish during pregnancy protects against it.
    • Sagiv, Thurston, Bellinger, Amarasiriwardena, Korrick

  2393. SAITO 2001
    Acute severe alcohol-induced bronchial asthma
    • case report, asthma induced by alcohol because of genetic inability to handle acetaldehyde.
    • Saito, Sasaki, Tanaka, Sato, Okazawa, Sakakibara, Suetsugo.

  2394. SAKAYORI 2016
    Maternal Nutritional Imbalance between Linoleic Acid and Alpha-Linolenic Acid Increases Offspring’s Anxious Behavior with a Sex-Dependent Manner in Mice
    • omega-6, omega-3, brain. prenatal exposure to imbalance causes anxiety in adult offspring.
    • Sakayori, Tokuda, Yoshizaki, Kawashima, Innis, Shibata, Osumi. Japan.

  2395. SAKO 1978
    A study on the toxicity of natural food dyes - toxicity and enzyme inhibition in Paramecium caudatum.
    • in vitro testing was proportional to toxic effect on survival time of Paramecium caudatum.
    • analysis failed to identify toxic components. See also Kobayashi 1977.
    • Sako, Kobayashi, Taniguchi, Takakuwa. Japan.

  2396. SALAMY 1982
    Physiological changes in hyperactive children following the ingestion of food additives.
    • food dyes, adhd, EEG, pulse, heart rate. Salamy, Shucard, Alexander, Peterson, Braud.
    • Notes
      1. only 4 kids in each group
      2. Red 40 only item tested -- in unknown amount

  2397. SALKIND 2007
    Encyclopedia of Human Development - Fathers

    Statin use and risk of haemorrhagic stroke in a community-based cohort of postmenopausal women: an observational study from the Women’s Health Initiative
    • statins + antiplatelet meds increases risk of stroke. >LI> Salmoirago-Blotcher, Hovey, Andrews, Robinson, Johnson, Wassertheil-Smoller, Crawford, Qi, Martin, Ockene, Manson.

  2399. SALZMAN 1976
    Allergy testing, psychological assessment and dietary treatment of the hyperactive child syndrome
    • allergy test, salicylates, food dyes, flavor, KP diet, Feingold diet, 93% improved.
    • sleep, enuresis

  2400. SAMONIS 1990
    A Model of Sustained Gastrointestinal Colonization by Candida albicans in Healthy Adult Mice
    • animals, mice, can have persistent yeast colonization without immune suppression.
    • Samonis, Anaissie, Rosenbaum, Bodey.

  2401. SAMONIS 1990
    Effects of Broad-Spectrum Antimicrobial Agents on Yeast Colonization of the Gastrointestinal Tracts of Mice
    • mice fed candida, then antiobics or saline. Antibiotic group had more candida, but not into internal organs.
    • Samonis, Anaissie, Bodey.

  2402. SAMONIS 1993
    Prospective Evaluation of Effects of Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics on Gastrointestinal Yeast Colonization of Humans
    • antibiotics, yeast, cancer patients. antibiotics with anaerobic activity caused more yeast.
    • Samonis, Gikas, Anaissie, Vrenzos, Maraki, Tselentis, Bodey.

  2403. SAMONIS 1994
    Effects of Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics on Colonization of Gastrointestinal Tracts of Mice by Candida albicans
    • mice given various antibiotisa or saline plus candida.
    • Samonis, Anastassiadou, Dassiou, Tselentis, Bodey.

  2404. SAMONIS 1996
    Effects of Cyclophosphamide and Ceftriaxone on Gastrointestinal Colonization of Mice by Candida albicans
    • mice fed candida and given 2 treatments - one increased candida, one not.
    • Samonis, Karyotakis, Anaissie, Barbounakis, Maraki, Tselentis, Bodey.

  2405. SAMPAIO 2016
    Ketogenic diet for epilepsy treatment
    • summary of history.

  2406. SAMPSON 1999
    Food allergy. Part 1: Immunopathogenesis and clinical disorders.
    • asthma, gastroenteritis, rhinitis, celiac disease, dermatitis, urticaria.

  2407. SAMSEL 2015
    Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases IV: cancer and related pathologies
    • pesticide, round-up. tryptophan, autism, cancer, dark skin. retina, BPA, DES, liver.
    • Samsel, Seneff.

  2408. SAMSON 1996 (book)
    Health Implications of Fungi in Indoor Environments
    • environment, fungus, indoor air.

  2409. SAMSON 1996
    Behavioral problems of farmed ostriches in Canada
    • abnormal behavior because of excessive confinement, stress. pica.

  2410. SAMSON 1997
    Prevalent diseases of ostrich chicks farmed in Canada
    • abnormal ingestion - and the others will copy it.

  2411. SANDERS 2000
    Considerations for Use of Probiotic Bacteria to Modulate Human Health
    • probiotics good for health. Discussion.

  2412. SANDERS 2010
    Safety assessment of probiotics for human use
    • Sanders, Akkermans, Haller, Hammerman, Heimbach, Hormannsperger, Huys, Levy, Lutgendorff, Mack, Phothirath, Solano-Aguilar, Vaughan. Netherlands.

  2413. SANDERS 2016
    Commentary: Probiotic use in at-risk populations
    • recommending third party verification of quality.
    • Sanders, Merenstein, Ouwehand, Reid, Salminen, Cabana, Paraskevakos, Leyer.

  2414. SAN MAURO MARTIN 2019
    Impulsiveness in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder after an8-week intervention with the Mediterranean diet and/or omega-3 fatty acids: Arandomised clinical trial
    • Abstract in English; study in Spanish. Medicterranean diet may improve impulsive behaviour in children with ADHD
    • San Mauro Martin, Sanz Rojo, Gonzalez Cosano, Conty de la Campa, Garicano Vilar, Blumenfelt Olivares. Spain.

    SANDSTEAD 1956 -- See BING 1956

  2415. SANTAELLA 2008
    Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in relatives of patients with selective immunoglobulin A deficiency
    • "screening for an ASD (autism spectrum disorder) sseems appropriate for children of IGA deficient patients."
    • Santaella, Varela, Linares, Disdier.

  2416. SANTELMANN 2001
    Effectiveness of nystatis in polysymptomatic patients. A randomized, double-blind trial with nystatis versus placebo in general practice.
    • double blind study: Nystatin-plus-diet, placebo-plus-diet, nystatin, placebo. Nystatin best.
    • Santelmann, Laerum, Roennevig, Fagertun. UK

  2417. SAPONE 2012
    Spectrum of gluten-related disorders: consensus on new nomenclature and classification

  2418. SARANTINOS 1990
    Synthetic Food Colouring and Behavioural Change in Children with Attention Deficit Disorder: A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Repeated Measured Study
    • Note: Only 10 mg food dye used as the challenge material.

  2419. SARDI 2004
    THE VITAMIN C CALAMITY: Plea To Re-Evaluate The RDA for Vitamin C
    • cataracts, aneurysms, gallstones, cancer, heart disease, vitamin C

  2420. SARDI 2010
    Use of retailer fidelity card schemes in the assessment of food additive intake: Sunset Yellow a case study
    • Food dye, Yellow 6
    • Sardi, Haldemann, Nordmann, Bottex, Safford, Smith, Tennant, Howlett, Jasti, ILSI Europe, Ajinomoto Europe, Unilever, Nestle, EFSA, etc.
    • Most of the authors appear to be related to food industry giants

  2421. SARHAN 2014
    Biochemical and molecular studies on the possible influence of the Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris extracts to mitigate the effect of food preservatives and food chemical colorants on albino rats
    • preservatives, food dyes, beets, broccoli extracts lowered cholesterol.
    • Sarhan, Shati, Elsaid, Saudi Arabia, Egypt

  2422. SARSFIELD 1974
    Role of house-dust mites in childhood asthma.
    • mites found in mattresses not covered in plastic, in upholstered furniture, etc. They feed on human skin scales

  2423. SASAKI 2002
    The comet assay with 8 mouse organs: results with 39 currently used food additives
    • Food dye. mice, fod dyes, preservatives, fungicides, genotoxicity, amaranth (Red 2), allura red (Red 40), New Coccine, Tartrazine (Yellow 5, Erythrosine (Red 3), Phloxine, Rose Bengal, DNA damage. BHA, BHT, fungicides, sucralose, cyclamate, saccharin, DNA damage in GI.
    • Sasaki, Kawaguchi, Kamaya, Ohshita, Kabasawa, Iwama, Taniguchi, Tsuda. Japan.

  2424. SATTERFIELD 1982
    A Prospective Study of Delinquency in 110 Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Disorder and 88 Normal Adolescent Boys

  2425. SATTERFIELD 2007
    A 30-Year Prospective Follow-up Study of Hyperactive Boys With Conduct Problems: Adult Criminality
    • ADHD, adults, criminals, prison, IQ
    • "An intensive 3-year MMT treatment of 6- to 12-year-old hyperactive boys is insufficient
           to prevent later adult criminality"
    • Satterfield, Faller, Crinella, Schell, Swanson, Homer.

  2426. SAVOY 2014
    Autism: 5 misconceptions that can complicate care
    • article about "myths"

  2427. SAWAYA 2007
    Consumption Patterns of Artificially Coloured Foods Among Children in Kuwait
    • Note: See Page 158 (Results) which reports that "Data obtained showed that the average daily intakes of tartrazine, sunset yellow, carmoisine, and allura red as percentages of their ADIs, were, in all age groups, more than 100 per cent ..."
    • These were averages, so while some of the kids obviously ate less, many probably ate much more than the ADI.
    • Food dye

  2428. SAVCHENIUK 2014
    The efficacy of probiotics for monosodium glutamate-induced obesity: dietology concerns and opportunities for prevention
    • MSG.
    • Savcheniuk, Virchenko, Falalyeyeva, Beregova, Babenko, Lazarenko, Demchenko, Bubnov, Spivak. Ukraine.

  2429. SAXENA 2010
    Fibromyalgia: Knowns, unknowns, and current treatment

  2430. SAXENA 2014
    Serological changes induced by blend of Sunset Yellow, Metanil Yellow and Tartrazine in Swiss Albino Rat, Rattus Norvegicus
    • food dyes, colors, protein decrease, alkaline phosphatase increased
    • Conclusion: prolonged consumption of the blend may cause adverse effect on human health. Saxena, Sharma. India

  2431. SAXENA 2015
    Food Color Induced Hepatotoxicity in Swiss Albino Rats, Rattus norvegicus
    • Food dye. Yellow 5 (tartrazine), yellow 6 (sunset yellow), and metanil yellow (an illegal dyej cause liver damage.

  2432. SAYED 2012
    the modifying effect of selenium and vitamins A, C, and E on the genotoxicity induced by sunset yellow in male mice.
    • Yellow 6, sperm abnormality, antioxidants, chromosomal aberrations, DNA.
    • Sayed, Fouad, Ataya, Hassan Fahmy. Egypt.

  2433. SCADDING 1988
    Poor sulphoxidation ability in patients with food sensitivity
    • asthma, migraine, arthralgia, irritable bowel, rhinitis, urticaria, hay fever, eczema, delayed reactions, sulphoxidation index, carbocisteine.
    • Scadding, Ayesh, Brostoff, Mitchell, Waring, Smith.

  2434. SCASSELLATI 2012
    Biomarkers and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses
    • ADHD. Markers. Zinc, Neuropeptide Y, manganese, DHEA.
    • Scassellati, Bonvicini, Faraone, Gennarelli.

  2435. SCASSELLATI 2015
    Role of Dopaminergic and Noradrenergic Systems as Potential Biomarkers in ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment
    • chapter to identify genetic markers linked to ADHD.
    • Scassellati, Bonvicini

  2436. SCHAB 2004 - Meta Analysis
    Do artificial food colors promote hyperactivity in children with hyperactive syndromes? A meta analysis of double blind placebo-controlled trials

  2437. SCHACHTER 2001
    How efficacious and safe is shortacting methylphenidate for the treatment of attention-deficit disorder in children and adolescents? A meta-analysis

  2438. SCHAEFER 2013
    Cognitive impairments from developmental exposure to serotonergic drugs: citalopram and MDMA
    • Ecstasy. Prenatal exposure to antidepressant (citalopram) just as bad. brain. serotonin.
    • Schaefer, Grace, Braun, Robyn, Amos-Kroohs, Graham, Skelton, Williams, Vorhees.

  2439. SCHAFER 1995
    Hyperactivity not linked to food additives
    • Dated 1995, but written in 1981. Often quoted today as though no research has been done since then.

  2440. SCHAFER 2001
    Epidemiology of contact allergy in adults

  2441. SCHAIGORODSKY 2016
    A study of memory effects in a chess database.
    • Zipf's law

  2442. SCHANTZ 2003
    Effects of PCB Exposure on Neuropsychological Function in Children
    • Toxins resulting in behavioral effects

  2443. SCHATZ 1996
    Low-level fluoridation and low-level radiation. Two case histories of misconduct in science
    • Claims no threshold below which fluoride is harmless.
    • Iodine history.

  2444. SCHAUSS 1984
    Nutrition and Behavior: Complex Interdisciplinary Research
    • overview of state of research in the 1980s.
    • Excellent Feingold diet history, food dyes, hyperactivity, iron, vitamins, trace elements, violence
    • Review of research on sublingual provocative testing & intracutaneous provocative testing
    • The "I've tried everything" syndrome.

  2445. SCHAUSS 1985
    Research links nutrition to behavior disorders
    • Review of changes over a half century. "numerous carefully controlled studies, however, are showing dramatic effects on antisocial, especially violent, behavior."

  2446. SCHECKLMANN 2011
    Altered Frontal and Temporal Brain Function during Olfactory Stimulation in Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • adhd, smell, olfactory, dopamine, adult
    • Schecklmann, Schenk, Maisch, Kreiker, Jacob, Warnke, Gerlach, Fallgatter, Romanos, Germany

  2447. SCHECKLMANN 2013
    A systematic review on olfaction in child and adolescent psychiatric disorders
    • review of studies suggesting olfaction deficits can be biomarker of neuropsychiatric problems.
      * autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, ODD, ADHD, schizophrenia, dopamine, smell, fragrance.
    • Schecklmann, Schwenck, Taurines, Freitag, Warnke, Gerlach, Romanos. Germany

  2448. SCHERNHAMMER 2012
    Consumption of artificial sweetener– and sugar-containing soda and risk of lymphoma and leukemia in men and women
    • possible connection in men. inconsistent results.
    • Schernhammer, Bertrand, Birmann, Sampson, Willett, Freskanich

  2449. SCHETTLER 1995
    Reverberations of Militarism: Toxic Contamination, the Environment, and Health
    • See also Schettler 2001 and 2006.

  2450. SCHETTLER 2001
    Toxic Threats to Neurologic Development of Children

  2451. SCHETTLER 2002
    The Precautionary Principle: Protecting Public Health and the Environment

  2452. SCHETTLER 2006
    Health and the environment: An ecological view of health
    • Easy to read. Insights into medical training.

  2453. SCHIFFMAN 2013
    Sucralose, a synthetic organochlorine sweetener: Overview of biological issues
    • Splenda, artificial sweetener, rats, cytochrome P-450, drug metabolism, chloropropanols, insulin, glucagon, glucose. Schiffman, Rother.schiff

  2454. SCHILDERMAN 1997
    Possible relevance of pigeons as an indicator species for monitoring air pollution.
    • exposure to heavy metals.
    • Shilderman, Hoogewerff, van Schooten, Mass, Moonen, van Os, van Wijnan, Kleinjans. Netherlands.

  2455. Schizophrenia - 2005 Conference
    • in its 421 pages, not one mention of gluten, casein, or food additives ... however, there is still a lot of interesting information. There are some sections discussing essential fatty acids and an apparent difficulty of their metabolism in these people, whose intake is okay but cell membranes showing a deficit (see page 239).

    Comparative analysis of zinc status, food products' frequency intake and food habits of 11-year-old healthy children

  2457. SCHMIDT 1997
    Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct disordered children - a controlled trial
    • Note: These were children with conduct disorder as well as ADHD. "dietary treatment cannot be neglected"

  2458. SCHMIDT 2013
    Uncertain Inheritance: Transgenerational Effects of Environmental Exposure
    • environmental exposures affect generations.

  2459. SCHMITT 1998
    Correlation of applied kinesiology muscle testing findings with serum immunoglobulin levels for food allergies.

  2460. SCHMITT 2010
    Is atopic disease a risk factor for attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder? A systematic review
    • eczema independently related to ADHD
    • asthma related but eczema goes along so they think it is the eczema that makes the relationship

  2461. SCHNEIDER 1990
    Does anyone remember Hippocrates? - press release by Judy Schneider

  2462. SCHNEIDER 2004
    Moderate Level Alcohol During Pregnancy, Prenatal Stress, or Both and Limbic-Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Axis Response to Stress in Rhesus Monkeys
    • Monkeys, alcohol, FAS, hyperactivity, depression, fetal alcohol syndrome, autism, Asperger's, separation
    • Schneider, Moore, Kraemer.

  2463. SCHNITZER 1977
    Significance of rubella virus infection in juvenile chronic polyarthritis
    • no relationship.
    • Schnitzer, Ansell, Hawkins, Marshall. UK.

  2464. SCHNOLL 2003
    Nutrition in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a neglected but important aspect

  2465. SCHOENTHALER 1981 - missing pages
    The Los Angeles Probation Department Diet-Behavior Program: An Empirical Analysis of Six Institutional Settings.

  2466. SCHOENTHALER 1985
    Institutional Nutritional Policies and Criminal Behavior

  2467. SCHOENTHALER 1986 - NYC
    The impact of a low food additive and sucrose diet on academic performance in 803 New York City public schools

  2468. SCHOENTHALER 1986
    The testing of various hypotheses as explanations for the gains in national standardized academic test scores in the 1978-1983 New York City Nutrition Policy Modification Project hypotheses for the rise in school scores

  2469. SCHOENTHALER 1991
    Controlled trial of vitamin-mineral supplementation: effects on intelligence and performance
    • Triple blind, placebo controlled. Nonverbal IQ highly significant gains in 100% supplement group.
    • Schoenthaler, Amos, Eysenck, Peritz, Yudkin.

  2470. SCHOENTHALER 1991
    Controlled trial of vitamin-mineral supplementation: effects on intelligence and performance
    • Triple blind, placebo controlled. Nonverbal IQ highly significant gains in 100% supplement group.

  2471. SCHOENTHALER 1997
    The effect of randomized vitamin-mineral supplementation on violent and non-violent antisocial behavior among incarcerated juveniles.

  2472. SCHOENTHALER 1999
    Vitamin-mineral intake and intelligence: A macrolevel analysis of randomized controlled trials
    • IQ, intelligence, placebo control.
    • Schoenthaler, Bier

  2473. SCHOENTHALER 2000
    The Effect of Vitamin-Mineral Supplementation on Juvenile Delinquency Among American Schoolchildren: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial

  2474. SCHOENTHALER 2000
    The Effect of Vitamin-Mineral Supplementation on the Intelligence of American Schoolchildren: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial
    • Double blind study that "overcomes the primary criticisms directed at the previous 12 controlled trials."
    • 81 matched pairs had no difference; 24 had very significant IQ gains of 15+ points; average gain of group 2.5 IQ points
    • Schoenthaler, Bier, Young, Nichols, Jansenns.

  2475. SCHOENTHALER 2002
    Commentary on Gesch study

  2476. SCHOENTHALER 2009
    Executive Summary on Nutrition, Crime, and Delinquency

  2477. SCHRADER 2000
    Examination of Selected Food Additives and Organochlorine Food Contaminants for Androgenic Activity in Vitro
    • some are antanosts, some agonists, some both. Pesticides.
    • Schrader, Cooke. Canada.

  2478. SCHREDER 2005
    Toxic Tradeoff: Exit Diazinon, Enter Carbaryl. Phaseout Leads to Risky Replacement
    • Pesticides, fish, salmon, EPA. Schreder, Dickey.

  2479. SCHULMAN 1976
    • Patent: Method and apparatus for measuring and treating hyperactivity in human beings

  2480. SCHULTZ 2010
    Can autism be triggered by acetaminophen activation of the endocannabinoid system?
    • brain, MMR vaccine, asthma, glucuronidation, sulfation, cytochrome P-450.

  2481. SCHULTZ 2012
    Effects of the analgesic acetaminophen (paracetamol) and its para-aminophenol metabolite on viability of mouse-cultured cortica neurons
    • Animal study, in vitro. Tylenol.
    • Important in recommending analgesic meds for children and brain-injured.

  2482. SCHULTZ 2016
    Acetaminophen use for fever in children associated with autism spectrum disorder
    • ASD children may have low endocannabinoid tone from early acetaminophen use.
    • This may explain increase in sociability when they have fever.

  2483. SCLAFANI 2010
    Stevia and Saccharin Preferences in Rats and Mice
    • rodents prefer stevia.
    • Sclafani, Bahrani, Zukerman, Ackroff.

  2484. SCLAFANI 2015
    Advantame Sweetener Preference in C57BL/6J Mice and Sprague-Dawley Rats
    • mice, rats. made from aspartame, compared preferences.
    • Sclafani, Ackroff.

  2485. SCORZA 2009
    Alcohol consumption and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
    • seizures, rats
    • Scorza, Cysneiros, Arida, Terra, Machado, de Almeida, Cavalheiro, Scorza. Brazil.

  2486. SCORZA 2010
    Fish consumption, contaminants and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: many more benefits than risks
    • review of omega 3 and fish to prevent sudden death in epilepsy; concern re mercury as a problem..
    • Scorza, Cysneiros, Arida, Terra, Machado, Rabello, Albuquerque, Cavalheiro. Brazil

  2487. SCURI 2010
    Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticle exposure on neuroimmune responses in rat airways.
    • suggests critical window in lung development, with higher risk of developing asthma.
    • Scuri, Chen, Castranova, Reynolds, Johnson, Samsell, Walton, Piedimonte.

  2488. SEARIGHT 2012
    Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Descriptive Review

  2489. SEAVEY 2005
    Water Fluoridation and Crime in America

  2490. SEBRANEK 2007
    Cured meat products without direct addition of nitrate or nitrite: what are the issues?
    • Nitrites/nitrates, organic meat.
    • Sebranek, Bacus.

  2491. SEARS 2006
    Pesticide assessment: Protecting public health on the home turf
    • 2,4-D linked to cancer, neurological impairment and reproductive problems. Dioxins, endocrine disruptors.
    • Sears, Walker, van der Jagt, Claman. Canada

  2492. SEBASTIAN 2015
    A cross-sectional study to assess the intelligence quotient (IQ) of school going children aged 10-12 years in villages of Mysore district, India with different fluoride levels
    • fluoride, IQ.
    • Sebastian, Sunitha. India.

  2493. SEEMANN 2000
    Factors Which Influence Pigmentation
    • Germany, eye, oxycarotenoid, egg yolk color, chicken color, storage, xanthophyll, alfalfa, lutein, synthetic apo-ester, marigold, canthaxanthin, citranaxanthin, antioxidants added to color, ethoxyquin, Loxidan, formaldehyde,sunlight

  2494. SELEKMAN 2002
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Note - p.274 - "Fad interventions for ADHD that have no scientific support include megavitamin therapy, chiropractic treatments, ocular-motor training, and special diets."

  2495. SEMENZA 1997
    Reproductive Toxins and Alligator Abnormalities at Lake Apopka, Florida
    • endocrine-disrupting chemicals, DDT, DBCP, EDB, estrogen, pesticides. reproductive failure.
    • Semenza, Tolbert, Rubin, Guillette, Jackson.

  2496. SENER 2011
    Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Due to Oral Use of Blue Dyes
    • food dye, color, blue dye, skin allergy, psoriasis

    SENOMYX: See SERVANT 2010 and ZHANG 2010

  2497. SERBIN 2010
    Predicting family poverty and other disadvantaged conditions for child rearing from childhood aggression and social withdrawal: A 30-year longitudinal study

  2498. SERVANT 2010
    Positive allosteric modulators of the human sweet taste receptor enhance sweet taste

  2499. SESKAR 1998
    Endogenous Methyl Salicylate in Pathogen-Inoculated Tobacco Plants

  2500. SESTINI 1999
    Different Effects of Inhaled Aspirinlike Drugs on Allergen-Induced Early and Late Asthmatic Responses
    • Asthma, anti-inflammatory, indomethacin, salicylates
    • Sestini, Refini, Pieroni, Vaghi, Robuschi, Bianco.

  2501. SETTIPANE 1987
    The Restaurant Syndromes
    • MSG, RAST, allergens, sulfites, scombroidosis, urticaria, bronchospasm, GI, hypotension, anaphylaxis

  2502. SHA 2014
    Determination of Sunset Yellow and Tartrazine in Food Samples by Combining Ionic Liquid-Based Aqueous Two-Phase System with High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    • importance of analyzing food dyes in food. Yellow 5, Yellow 6.
    • Sha, Zhu, Feng, Ma. China.

  2503. SHADNIA 2010
    Methemoglobinemia in aluminum phosphide poisoning
    • pesticide poisonoing common in Iran/ hyperbaric oxygen considered

  2504. SHAH 2005
    ADHD: Assessment and intervention
    • a little bit of info about a lot of subjects.
    • Shah, Cork, Chowdhury. UK

  2505. SHAHIDI 1970
    Acetylsalicylic Acid-Induced Hemolysis and Its Mechanism
    • G6PD deficiency, aspirin sensitivity. Salicylate and its metabolite gentisate are important in rupture of red blood cells. Both inhibit G6PD enzyme.

  2506. SHARAFKHANEH 2007
    Review: The potential role of natural agents in treatment of airway inflammation - asthma, COPD, fish oil, vitamin C etc.

  2507. SHARMA 2009
    Prevalence of Neurological Manifestations in a Human Population Exposed to Fluoride in Drinking Water

  2508. SHARMA 2013
    Low Nickel Diet in Dermatology
    • metal allergy. india.

  2509. SHATTOCK 2004
    Letters to the editor; Opioid peptides and dipeptidyl peptidase in autism, with reply by O'Hare
    • comment on Hunter, O'Hare, Herron, Fisher, & Jones 2003shattock

  2510. SHAW 2003
    A qualitative study of Australian GPs’ attitudes and practices in the diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

  2511. SHAW 2011
    Eczema prevalence in the United States: Data from the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health
    • 8.7% to 18.1%, "social or environmental factors may influence disease expression."

  2512. SHAW Speech Handouts
    New Nutritional Therapies for Autism/PDD by William Shaw, PhD
    • SLOS, low cholesterol, oxalates, B12

  2513. SHAY 2007
    General anesthesia and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase defi ciency
    • Anesthesia. MTHFR.
    • C677T is most important, common in Middle Eastern & Japanese people
    • Avoid N2O. Kidney damage & blood clots

  2514. SHAYWITZ 1977
    The Effect of 6-Hydroxydopamine on Habituation of Activity in the Developing Rat Pup
    • Brain, dopamine, activity. rate.
    • Shaywitz, Gordon, Klopper, Zelterman.

  2515. SHAYWITZ 1978
    Methylphenidate in 6-hydroxydopamine-treated developing rat pups. Effects on activity and maze performance
    • Ritalin. Rats. model of ADHD - paradoxical effect result of CNS change.
    • Shaywitz, Klopper, Gordon.

  2516. SHAYWITZ 1978 - abstract
    The effects of chronic administration of food colorings on activity levels and cognitive performance in normal and hyperactive developing rat pups

  2517. SHAYWITZ 1979
    Effects of Chronic Administration of Food Colorings on Activity Levels and Cognitive Performance in Developing Rat Pups Treated With 6-Hydroxydopamine.

  2518. SHAYWITZ 1994
    Aspartame, behavior, and cognitive function in children with attention deficit disorder
    • adhd, Shaywitz, Sullivan, Anderson, Gillespie, Sullivan, Shaywitz
    • Note: results were averaged, so individual effects drowned out, but there was a significant difference in activity level.

  2519. SHEEHY 2013
    Eating habits of a population undergoing a rapid dietary transition: portion sizes of traditional and non-traditional foods and beverages consumed by Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada
    • Inuit diet changing - soda, bread, etc. obesity.
    • Tony Sheehy, Cindy Roache and Sangita Sharma

  2520. SHELBY 2013
    Story and science: How providers and parents can utilize storytelling to combat anti-vaccine misinformation
    • promotion of propaganda strategies to combat vaccine resistance.

  2521. SHELLEY 1964
    Birch pollen and aspirin psoriasis: a study in salicylates hypersensitivity

  2522. SHEN 1994
    System for the pH-dependent Release of a Dye in Model Dental Restorations.
    • Note - It is not yet known whether this idea has ever been put into use, nor what kind of dye might be used.

  2523. SHENEFELT 2010
    Psychological interventions in the management of common skin conditions
    • biofeedback, cognitive-behavioral, hypnosis, meditation, stress reduction.

  2524. SHEPHERD 2006
    Fructose Malabsorption and Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Guidelines for Effective Dietary Management

  2525. SHEPPARD 2014
    Review of salicylate-induced hearing loss, neurotoxicity, tinnitus and neuropathophysiology
    • Sheppard, Hayes, Chen, Ralli, Salvi. Italy.

  2526. SHERER 2002
    An In Vitro Model of Parkinson’s Disease: Linking Mitochondrial Impairment to Altered alpha-Synuclein Metabolism and Oxidative Damage
    • Sherer, Betarbet, Stout, Lund, Baptista, Panov, Cokson, Greenamyre.

  2527. SHI 2012
    Monosodium Glutamate Intake, Dietary Patterns and Asthma in Chinese Adults
    • MSG.
    • Shi, Yuan, Wittert, Pan, Dai, Adams, Taylor. Australia, China.

  2528. SHIBLEY 1997
    Metabolic and mitotic changes associated with the fetal alcohol syndrome.
    • FAS, retardation, alcohol, ethanol, DNA synthesis.
    • Shibley, Pennington.

  2529. SHIMADA 2010
    Differential colon DNA damage induced by azo food additives between rats and mice.

  2530. SHIMIZU 2009
    Maternal exposure to nanoparticulate titanium dioxide during the prenatal period alters gene expression related to brain development in the mouse
    • prenatal exposure to TiO2 affects expression of genes for CNS development. neurotoxic.
    • Shimizu, Tainaka, Oba, Mizuo, Umezawa, Takeda. Japan.

  2531. SHOVIC 1999
    Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome - A Case Study of Monosodium Glutamate
    • MSG, child, aspartame, seizures, Agent Smiley
    • Shovic, Bart, Stalcup

  2532. SHRADER 2012
    Low Dose Allergen Immunotherapy (LDA): The Allergy Treatment of the Future – Here Now
    • LDA EPD. allergy treatment

  2533. SHUI 2012
    Risk of Intussusception Following Administration of a Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine in US Infants
    • vaccine. children, babies infants.
    • Shui, Baggs, Patel, Parashar, Rett, Belongia, Hambidge, Glanz, Klein, Weintraub.

  2534. SICHERER 2003
    Symposium: Pediatric Food Allergy

  2535. SICHERER 2007
    Food for Thought on Prevention and Treatment of Atopic Disease Through Diet
    • Editorial, babies, atopy, asthma, breast-feeding, peanuts, pregnancy, eggs, milk, fish, hydrolysate, dermatitis, eczema.

  2536. SIDELMANN 2003
    Hormone replacement therapy and hypercoagulability. Results from the Prospective Danish Climacteric Study
    • procoagulant activity of hormone replacement may lead to thrombosis in some.
    • Sidelmann, Jespersen, Andersen, Skouby. Denmark.

  2537. SILBERGELD 1982
    Artificial Food Colors and Childhood Behavior Disorders
    • 21 pages considering the early studies on children and animals, concluding that there is an effect, but that such children are "not numerous."

  2538. SILFVERDAL 2008 = abstract (Swedish)
    Food additives can increase hyperactivity in children. Results from a British study confirm the connection .

  2539. SILVA 2012
    Study of the frequency of allergens in cosmetics components in patients with suspected allergic contact dermatitis
    • BHT is one of main sensitizers

  2540. SIMON 1986
    Adverse reactions to food additives
    • Review of food dyes, tartrazine, BHA, BHT, nitrites, sorbates, parabens, MSG, sulfites, aspartame, asthma.

  2541. SIMON 1998
    Hemoglobin and the Brain: A Piece of the Autism Puzzle?
    • Autism, creating cerebral palsy in monkeys, the Bohr effect

  2542. SIMON 2000
    Additive-Induced Urticaria: Experience with Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
    • Challenged subjects with urticaria, giving them MSG while they were ON antihistamine medication.
    • Concluded MSG rarely makes urticaria worse.
    • Study funded by International Glutamate Technical Committee.

  2543. SIMON 2003
    Adverse Reactions to Food Additives
    • Author maintains reactions to additives very rare, and research weak.
    • Nice list of sulfite-containing foods, some sketchy info on each additive.

  2544. SIMPSON 2000
    Pica during pregnancy in low-income women born in Mexico
    • Simpson, Mull, Longley, East.

  2545. SINAIKO 1979
    Perspective on Asthma in Pregnancy
    • fetal hypoxia danger. safe medications

  2546. SINAIKO 1996
    Medical Management of Attentional and Behavioral Difficulties of Childhood: Stimulant and Non-stimulant Strategies

  2547. SINAIKO 1996
    The Biochemistry of Attentional/Behavioral Problems - presented at the 1996 Feingold Association Conference in Orlando, FL

  2548. SINAIKO 1999 - article by Parrish
    Wasthis doctor "unconventional" enough to lose his license?

  2549. SINGER 2000
    F.Y.I.: Natural treatments for kids with ADD/ADHD
    • Although supportive of the use of diet, he is very careless about his facts. Here's what he says:
    • "The diet prohibits the intake of salicylates (found in artificial colors and flavors, aspirin, grapes, tomatoes, red and green peppers) and replaces them with mineral soups, whole grains, raw vegetables and fresh fruit."
    • So we replace tomatoes with raw vegetables? We replace grapes with fresh fruit? Vegetables and fruits are limited by KIND, not by whether they are fresh, frozen or canned. Nor are whole grains required to do the Feingold diet, although it is great to use them. And .... what is a mineral soup anyhow? Oh - one more thing - salicylates are not in the artificial colors and flavors (well, maybe in some - who knows what is in the flavors?) But they are separate problems.

  2550. SINGH 2013
    Health, Chronic Conditions, and Behavioral Risk Disparities Among U.S. Immigrant Children and Adolescents
    • Immigrant children had less depression, autism, asthma, adhd, sleep problems, obesity, etc. than American children.

  2551. SINGH 2013
    Brain Enhancing Ingredients from Ayurvedic Medicine: Quintessential Example of Bacopa monniera, a Narrative Review

  2552. SINGH 2014
    A comparative study of fluoride ingestion levels, serum thyroid hormone & TSH level derangements, dental fluorosis status among school children from endemic and non-endemic fluorosis areas
    • drinking water, mechanism of replacing iodine in body: "The results of this study question the validity of the fluoridation of drinking water, milk, fruit juices, and salt by public health authorities ..."
    • Singh, Verma, Sidhu, Sachdeva. India.

  2553. SINGH 2015
    Overview of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in young children
    • review. says diet is "doubtful."
    • Singh, Yeh, Verma, Das.

  2554. SINISCALCO 2014
    Mesenchymal stem cells in treating autism: Novel insights
    • Siniscalco, Bradstreet, Sych, Antonucci. Italy, Ukraine, US.

  2555. SINISCALCO 2014
    The in vitro GcMAF effects on endocannabinoid system transcriptionomics, receptor formation, and cell activity of autism-derived macrophages
    • marijuana. vitamin D, CB2R protein. autism.
    • Siniscalco, Bradstreet, Cirillo, Antonucci.

  2556. SINN 2008
    Nutritional and dietary influences on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  2557. SISE 2017
    Nonylphenol in Human Breast Milk in Relation to Sociodemo-graphic Variables, Diet, Obstetrics Histories and Lifestyle Habits in a Turkish Population
    • nonylphenol in breast milk - more if mother eating fish or using cleaning supplies.
    • Sise, Uguz. Turkey.

  2558. SKAKKEBAEK 2011
    The Exposure of Fetuses and Children to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: A European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) and Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) Call to Action Statement
    • alerting pediatric endocrinologists to be alert to significance of endocrine-disrupting chemicals.
    • Skakkebaek, Toppari, Soder, Gordon, Divall, Draznin.

  2559. SKINNER 1951
    How to Teach Animals

  2560. SKINNER 1994
    Psoriasis of the Palms and Soles is Frequently Associated with Oropharyngeal Candida albicans
    • Skinner, Rosenberg, Noah.

  2561. SKYPALA 2015
    Review: Sensitivity to food additives, amines and salicylates: a review of the evidence
    • says "some benefit" to removal of additives from the diet but must use dietition to avoid deficiencies.
    • Is there a Red 40 deficiency syndrome? Skypala, Williams, Reeves, Meyer, Venter. salicylate, amines.

  2562. SLACK 2004
    Hazardous components of household waste.
    • Review of components, environmental risk. Lack of information.
    • Endocrine disrupters,heavy metals, paint, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, solvents.
    • Slack, Gronow, Voulvoulis. UK.

  2563. SLEATH 2014
    Communication about ADHD and its treatment during pediatric asthma visits
    • Doctors didn't ask about the ADHD much

  2564. SLIFKA 2015
    Transcutaneous yellow fever vaccination of subjects with or without atopic dermatitis
    • transcutaneous vaccination in presence of atopic dermatitis (high IgE levels) predicts lower virus-specific immune memory.
    • Slifka, Leung, Hammarlund, Raue, Simpson ... Hanifin.

  2565. SLIKKER 2000
    Cognitive Tests: Interpretation for Neurotoxicity? - workshop summary

  2566. SLOTKIN 2014
    Prenatal Dexamethasone, as Used in Preterm Labor, Worsens the Impact of Postnatal Chlorpyrifos Exposure on Serotonergic Pathways
    • rats. dexamethasone (corticosteroid) used in 10% US pregnancies; this group more sensitive to chlorpyrifos pesticide.
    • Slotkin, Card, Seidler

    SMILEY 1999 -- see SHOVIC

  2567. SMIT 1999
    Dietary influences on chronic obstructive lung disease and asthma: a review of the epidemiological evidence
    • asthma, copd, omega 3, fish oil, antioxidant vitamins, fruit, vegetables. sodium
    • Smit, Grievink, Tabak. Netherlands.

  2568. SMITH 1988
    Dental cements
    • fluoride, deterioration, etc.

  2569. SMITH 2001
    Relief of Fibromyalgia Symptoms Following Discontinuation of Dietary Excitotoxins
    • MSG, aspartame.
    • Smith, Terpening, Schmidt, Gums.

  2570. SMITH 2009
    Into the Mouths of Babes: Hyperactivity, Food Additives and the History of the Feingold Diet.

  2571. (blog) CHIEFIO 2011
    Musings from the Chiefio: Oxalate, Gout, Arthritis, and Autism.
    • oxalic acid, glutamate, vaccines, gut-brain, Alzheimer's

  2572. SMITH-NOROWITZ 2012
    Long-term persistence of IgE anti-influenza A HIN1 virus antibodies in serum of children and adults following influenza A vaccination with subsequent H1N1 infection: a case study
    • vaccine, H1N1, flu, IgE, allergy.
    • Smith-Norowitz, Kusonruksa, Wong, Norowitz, Joks, Durkin, Bluth.

  2573. SMOLINSKE 2005
    Herbal Product Contamination and Toxicity

  2574. SNOYMAN 2011
    Self-reported impulsivity in male offenders with low cognitive ability in New South Wales prisons
    • prison, impulsive, violence, aggression, IQ,
    • Snoyman, Aicken, Australia

  2575. SNYDER 1997
    Olfaction in migraine
    • people with migraine more sensitive to smells. vanillin, acetone. headache.
    • Snyder, Drummond. Australia.

  2576. SNYDER 2010
    The Society of Toxicologic Pathology and the ‘‘One Health’’ Initiative - combining human & veterinary health disciplines

  2577. SOBOLEWSKI 2014
    Sex-Specific Enhanced Behavioral Toxicity Induced by Maternal Exposure to a Mixture of Low Dose Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
    • Mixtures of toxins, Mice. Delayed habituation, reduced short term memory, hyperactivity, behavior
    • Sobolewski, Conrad, Allen, Weston, Martin, Lawrence, Cory-Slechta.

  2578. SOBOTKA 2010
    Reviews And Critiques: 33 Clinical Trials Related to Artificial Food Colors and ADHD in Childhood and Related Problem Behaviors
    • FDA, for 2011 Food Advisory Committee on food dyes

  2579. SOBOTKA 2010
    Overview and Evaluation of Proposed Association Between Artificial Food Colors and ADHD
    • FDA, for 2011 Food Advisory Committee on food dyes

  2580. SOCKO 1999
    Long-term behavioural effects of a repeated exposure to chlorphenvinphos in rats.
    • repeated exposures to low level pesticide cause behavior changes that remains.
    • Socko, Gralewicz, Gorny. Poland.

  2581. SOFFRITTI 2006
    First Experimental Demonstration of the Multipotential Carcinogenic Effects of Aspartame Administered in the Feed to Sprague-Dawley Rats

  2582. SOFFRITTI 2007
    Life-Span Exposure to Low Doses of Aspartame Beginning during Prenatal Life Increases Cancer Effects in Rats

  2583. SOFFRITTI 2008 - comment by Magnuson followed by response by Soffritti
    Carcinogenicity of Aspartame in Rats Not Proven

  2584. SOFFRITTI 2008
    Consequences of Exposure to Carcinogens Beginning During Developmental Life.

  2585. SOFFRITTI 2014
    The Carcinogenic Effects of Aspartame: The Urgent Need for Regulatory Re-Evaluation
    • review of studies ... re-evaluation is "urgent matter of public health."
    • Sofritti, Padovani, tibaldi, Falcioni, Manservisi, Belpoggi,

  2586. SOGNNAES 1941
    A Condition Suggestive of Threshold Dental Fluorosis Observed in Tristan Da Cunha: II. Fluorine Content of the Teeth.

  2587. SOHEILYKHAH 2010
    Maternal Vitamin D Status in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    • more vitamin D deficiency in gestational diabetes.
    • Soheilykhah, Mojibian, Rashidi, Rahimi-Saghand, Jafari. Iran.

  2588. SOLANTAUS 2010
    Preventive interventions in families with parental depression: children’s psychosocial symptoms and prosocial behaviour
    • Family Talk Intervention, support for including preventive child mental health in service for depressed parents.
    • Solantaus, Paavonen, Toikka, Punamaki. Finland

  2589. SOLIS-SOTO 2013
    Association between environmental factors and current asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema symptoms in school-aged children from Oropeza Province – Bolivia: a cross-sectional study
    • "lower hygiene conditions did not have protective effect against asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema symptoms."
    • Solis-Soto, Patino, Nowak, Radon. Bolivia.

  2590. SOLNICK 2011
    The 'Twinkie Defense': the relationship between carbonated non-diet soft drinks and violence perpetration among Boston high school students
    • weapon, violence, teens
    • Solnick, Hemenway

  2591. SOMMER 2015
    Treatment of Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease with a Low Salicylate Diet: A Pilot Crossover Study
    • Salicylate, nasal polyps, asthma.
    • Sommer, Hoffbauer, Au, Sowerby, Gupta, Nayan.

  2592. SONG 2016
    Unraveling the neurotoxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles: focusing on molecular mechanisms
    • TiO2, nflammatory, oxidative stress.
    • Song, Zhang, Liu, Feng, Zhou, Shao. China.

  2593. SONUGA-BARKE 2013
    Nonpharmacological Interventions for ADHD: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials of Dietary and Psychological Treatments
    • " effects remained significant for ... artificial food color exclusion ..."
    • Stevenson was the primary investigator of Bateman 2004 and McCann 2008 - but neither were included here.
    • Sonuga-Barke, Brandeis, Cortese, Daley, Ferrin, Holtmann, Stevenson, Danckaerts, ... Coghill.
    • Comments on this review - see GOODMAN 2013, ARNS 2013

  2594. SONUGA-BARKE 2015
    Editorial: Diet and children’s behaviour problems – disentangling urban myth from clinical reality
    • tries to find middle ground between proponents & opponents

  2595. SORENSON 1999
    Fungal spores: Hazardous to health?
    • mycotoxins, infection, toxic pneumonitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, tremors, chronic fatigue syndrome, kidney failure, cancer.

  2596. SORG 1998
    Repeated Low-Level Formaldehyde Exposure Produces Cross-Sensitization to Cocaine: Possible Relevance to Chemical Sensitivity in Humans
    • Chemical sensitivity. Limbic pathways. Formaldehyde for 20 days sensitizes rats to cocaine.
    • 7 days breathing formaldehyde isn't enough.
    • Sorg, Willis, See, Hopkins, Westberg.

  2597. SOUBRA 2006
    Dietary exposure of children and teenagers to benzoates, sulphites, butylhydroxyanisol (BHA) and butylhydroxytoluen (BHT) in Beirut (Lebanon)

  2598. SOUZA 2012
    Intestinal permeability and nutritional status in developmental disorders
    • autism, diet, gut, peptides, opioid. need to justify gluten/casein restriction.
    • Souza, Mendonca, Portari, Junior, Marchini, Chiarello, Brazil.

  2599. SOYUNCU 2010
    An unusual syncope cause in the ED: Favism
    • G6PD deficiency. Note: salicylate effects on G6PD; maybe aspirin made the difference in this man since he had eaten fava beans previously without problem?

  2600. SPEER 1980
    Letter to editor re Feingold Diet and tension-fatigue syndrome
    • allergy. diet.

  2601. SPELLICY 2012
    Folate Metabolism Gene 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (MTHFR) Is Associated with ADHD in Myelomeningocele Patients
    • MTHFR gene, adhd.
    • Spellicy, Northrup, Fletcher, Cirino, Dennis, Morrison, Martinez, Au.

  2602. SPENCER 1995
    ADHD and thyroid abnormalities: A research note
    • no connection found.
    • Spencer, Biederman, Wilens, Guite, Harding.

  2603. SPIERS 1998
    Aspartame: neuropsychologic and neurophysiologic evaluation of acute and chronic effects
    • Notes:
      1. Supported by a grant from the NutraSweet Corporation
      2. Phenylalanine concentrations increased significantly.
      3. The volunteers were healthy adults. This cannot be generalized to diabetic adults, adults whose PKU scores were borderline, adults with any chronic illness, or children.

  2604. SPIVAK 2001
    The influence of three months of methylphenidate treatment on platelet-poor plasma biogenic amine levels in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • adhd. ritalin. therapeutic effect on serotonin, brain. stimulant, noradrenergic system.
    • Spivak, Vered, Yoran-Hegesh, Graff, Averbuch, Vinokurow, Weizman, Mester. Israel.

  2605. SPLITSTOSER 2016
    Early pre-Hispanic use of indigo blue in Peru.
    • blue jean blue. archeology.
    • Splitstoser, Dillehay, Wouters, Claro.

  2606. SPRING 1976
    Food Additives and Hyperkinesia : A Critical Evaluation of the Evidence

  2607. SPRING 1981
    Case Studies of Effects of Artificial Food Colors on Hyperactivity
    • Note: used Nutrition Foundation cookies of 13 mg each, 1 in am and 1 in pm

  2608. SPRUNG 2015
    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder After Early Exposure to Procedures Requiring General Anesthesia
    • "children repeatedly exposed to procedures requiring general anesthesia before age 2 years are at increased risk for later development of ADHD"
    • Note: maybe chldren who NEED surgeries so young are at increased risk?
    • Sprung, Flick, Katusic, Colligan, Barbaresi, Bojanic, Welch, Olson, Hanson, Schoeder, Wilder, Warner.

  2609. STADLER 2015
    Recalled initiation and duration of maternal breastfeeding among children with and without ADHD in a well characterized case-control sample
    • adhd kids breastfed less long.
    • Stadler, Musser, Holton, Shannon, Nigg.

  2610. STAFSTROM 2012
    The Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Paradigm for Diverse Neurological Disorders

  2611. STARE 1980
    Diet and hyperactivity: Is there a relationship?
    • adhd, food dyes, food colors, diet, artificial flavors, hyperactivity, salicylates, negative review, Harvard
    • Stare, Whelan, Sheridan, Harvard

  2612. STARE 1981
    Letter to the editor by Crook and answer by Stare

  2613. STARE 1981
    Letter to the editor by Campbell and answer by Stare

  2614. STAUDENMAYER 2003
    Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance Part 1: A Causation Analysis Applying Bradford Hill’s Criteria to the Toxicogenic Theory
    • environmental intolerance, MCS, multiple chemical sensitivity
    • Staudenmayer, Binkley, Leznoff, Phillips.

  2615. STAUDENMAYER 2003
    Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance Part 2: A Causation Analysis Applying Bradford Hill’s Criteria to the Psychogenic Theory
    • environmental intolerance, MCS, multiple chemical sensitivity
    • Staudenmayer, Binkley, Leznoff, Phillips.

  2616. STEER 2005
    Managing attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: unmet needs and future directions
    • Negative review: Page 7: "Advocates of dietary modification for the management of behavioural problems in children, including ADHD, have been remarkably persistent, despite a lack of scientific evidence of acceptable quality." (continues, quoting other reviews, and MISquoting the NIH. Even by 2005, he should have known better.)

  2617. STEERE 2017
    Lyme Borreliosis
    • Lyme disease, rash, neurological, arthritis. Treatment, antibiotic. Tick bite. Steere, Strle, Wormser, Hu, Branda, Hovius, Li, Mead.

  2618. STEGINK 1981
    Effect of aspartame and sucrose loading in glutamate-susceptible subjects1
    • 34 mg/kg aspartame did not have same effect as MSG. Study funded by Searle, maker of NutraSweet (Aspartame).
    • Stegink, Filer, Baker

  2619. STEGINK 1985
    Plasma glutamate concentrations in adult subjects ingesting monosodium L-glutamate in consomme.

  2620. STEGINK 1995
    Erythrocyte L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine hydrolase activity and plasma phenylalanine and aspartate concentrations in children consuming diets high in aspartame
    • Supported by grant from ILSI-Nutrition Foundation. See more information
    • Stegink, Lindgren, Brummell, Stumbo, Wolraich.

  2621. STEIBER 2014
    Chronic kidney disease: considerations for nutrition interventions
    • vitamins, minerals.

  2622. STEIN 1984
    Nitrogen metabolism in normal and hyperkinetic boys

  2623. STEIN 2002
    In Harm’s Way: Toxic Threats to Child Development
    • Developmental disabilities, genetic, toxic, toxins, social, brain
    • Stein, Schettler, Wallinga, Valenti.

  2624. STEIN 2005 - Journal Watch
    Artificial Food Coloring Promotes Hyperactivity

  2625. STEIN 2007 - Journal Watch
    When Preschool Children Have ADHD

  2626. STEIN 2008
    Environmental Threats to Healthy Aging: With a Closer Look at Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases
    • Neurodegenerative diseases, brain function; healthy at 100
    • Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility.
    • Stein, Schettler, Rohrer, Valenti.

  2627. STENIUS 1976
    Hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and tartrazine in patients with asthma.
    • Food dye. Asthma, aspirin, yellow 5, series of 140 female patients tested.
    • Stenius, Lemola. Helsinki.

  2628. STEPANOVA 2008
    Exposure from the Chernobyl accident had adverse effects on erythrocytes, leukocytes, and, platelets in children in the Narodichesky region, Ukraine: A 6-year follow-up study
    • persistent adverse red & white blood cell, hemomglobin effects.
    • Stepanova, Karmaus, Naboka, Vdovenko, Mousseau, Shestopalov, Vena, ... Pastides. Ukraine

  2629. STEUERWALD 2000
    Maternal seafood diet, methylmercury exposure, and neonatal neurologic function
    • neurodevelopmental deficit, mercury. Steurwald, Weibe, Jorgensen, Bjerve ... Grandjean. Denmark.

  2630. STEVENS 1995
    Essential fatty acid metabolism in boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

  2631. STEVENS 2000
    A randomized trial of itraconazole in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
    • double blind study shows antifungal med in addition to corticosteroids is useful.
    • Stevens, Schwartz, Lee, Moskovitz, Jerome, Catanzaro, Bamberger, Weinmann, Tuazon, Judson, Platts-Mills, DeGraff.

  2632. STEVENS 2003
    EFA Supplementation in Children with Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Other Disruptive Behaviors
    • essential fatty acids, omega-3, pilot study, DHA, EPA, AA, GLA, alpha-tocopheryl, vitamin E.
    • behavior, hyperactivity, Oppositional defiant behavior (ODD)
    • Stevens, Zhang, Peck, Kuczek, Grevstad, Mahon, Zentall, Arnold, Burgess.

  2633. STEVENS 2010
    Dietary Sensitivities and ADHD Symptoms: Thirty-five Years of Research

  2634. STEVENS 2011
    Editorial: Solving the puzzle of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • "If parents, doctors, and nutritionists don’t look for the dietary pieces of a child’s ADHD puzzle, the pieces will not be found, and the complete puzzle will remain unsolved."
    • Stevens, Kuczek, Arnold.

  2635. STEVENS 2013
    Mechanisms of behavioral, atopic, and other reactions to artificial food colors in children
    • adhd, food dyes. corn syrup, intestinal permeability, sulfanilic acid, toxicity, liver stress, kidney, blood cells, blue 1 blocks P2X7 receptors, blood brain barrier, ADI, neurites, MAO, gut inflammation, degranulation of mast cells, aluminum, lakes, zinc, iron

  2636. STEVENS 2013
    Amounts of Artificial Food Colors in Commonly Consumed Beverages and Potential Behavioral Implications for Consumption in Children
    • 77% of children drink 377 ml soda or fruit drinks ... if they drank Kool-Aid Burst Cherry, they got 81 mg Red 40 just from their drinks ... even in 1977 table, the MEAN of kids 6 - 12 years old got 181 mg/day food dyes.
    • Stevens points out that the 26 mg food colors used in the early studies was too low both then and now.

  2637. STEVENS 2015
    Amounts of Artificial Food Dyes and Added Sugars in Foods and Sweets Commonly Consumed by Children
    • food dyes, sugar
    • Stevens, Burgess, Stochelski, Kuczek.

  2638. STEVENSON 1985
    Cognitive Perfonnance and Aeademic Achievement of Japanese, Chinese, and American Children
    • "high achievement of Chinese and Japanese children cannot be attribnted to higher intellectual abilities..."
    • Stevenson, Stigler, Lee, Lucker, Kitamura, Hsu.

  2639. STEVENSON 1992
    Pulmonary reactions to tartrazine
    • yellow #5, only 1 patient of 194 had asthma attack after tartrazine
    • Food dye. Patients continued to take asthma medications during the challenge.
    • Stevenson, Simon, Lumry, Mathison

    STEVENSON 2004: See BATEMAN 2004

    • The effects of a double blind, placebo controlled, artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in a general population sample of preschool children

  2640. STEVENSON 2005
    Rejoinder to Eigenmann PA, Haengelli CA, Food colourings and preservatives—allergy and hyperactivity (Lancet 2004;364:823–4) and an erratum

  2641. STEVENSON 2005
    Characterizing the ADHD phenotype for genetic studies
    • adhd, genes, genetic
    • Stevenson, Asherson, Hay, Levy, Swanson, Thapar, Willcutt, Southampton U, UK

  2642. STEVENSON 2006
    Dietary influences on cognitive development and behaviour in children
    • attention, conduct, mood, hyperactivity. fatty acids, behavior.

    STEVENSON 2007: See: McCANN 2007
    Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial

  2643. STEVENSON 2009
    Food Additives and Children's Behaviour: Evidence-Based Policy at the Margins of Certainty

  2644. STEVENSON 2010
    The Role of Histamine Degradation Gene Polymorphisms in Moderating the Effects of Food Additives on Children’s ADHD Symptoms
    • See also Bateman and McCann

  2645. STEVENSON 2013
    Food colors and behavior
    • preview, not easy to read

  2646. STEVENSON 2014
    Research Review: The role of diet in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder - an appraisal of the evidence on efficacy and recommendations on the design of future studies.
    • ADHD. UK. diet. food dyes.
    • Stevenson, Buitelaar, Cortese, Ferrin, Konofal, Lecendreux, Simonoff, Wong, Sonuga-Barke.

  2647. STEVENTON 1990
    Xenobiotic metabolism in Alzheimer's disease
    • reduced sulfoxidation. PST

  2648. STEVIA 2009
    Symrise develops toolbox to tackle stevia flavour issues
    • Note - when they get done, can we still consider it a natural sweetener? Will our members tolerate it?

  2649. STINE 1976
    Symptom alleviation in the hyperactive child by dietary modification: A report of two cases
    • 2 case reports, K-P diet, Feingold diet.

  2650. STINGLEY 2010
    Metabolism of azo dyes by human skin microbiota
    • Azo dyes, metabolization, anerobic bacteria, gut bacteria, carcinogenic metabolites.
    • Stingley, Zou, Heinze, Chen, Cerniglia.

  2651. STITT 1982
    Nutritional Guidelines for Correcting Behavior

  2652. STOCKWELL 2013
    Risk of Fever After Pediatric Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine and 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
    • When given together, much higher rate of fever.

  2653. STOESS 1999
    Etiology of Parkinson's Disease
    • note - this is old, but an easy read.

  2654. STOKES 1974 - BHA, BHT and mice
    The effect of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene on behavioral development of mice

  2655. STORDY 1995
    Benefit of docosahexaenoic acid supplements to dark adaptation in dyslexics
    • DHA, omega-3, dyslexia, reading, dark, vision.

  2656. STORDY 2000
    Dark adaptation, motor skills, docosahexaenoic acid, and dyslexia

  2657. STORMONT 2005
    Preschool Teachers’ Knowledge, Opinions, and Educational Experiences with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Note - Again, they are concerned at the number of teachers who believe diet has something to do with ADHD.
    • Note - Has it not occurred to any of these people that when a subject is CONTROVERSIAL it means, by definition, that there are two sides. Therefore, to include it in a true-false test where only one is correct ... well, that's just plain wrong.

  2658. STRASSBURG 2010
    Gilbert-Meulengracht’s syndrome and pharmacogenetics: is jaundice just the tip of the iceberg?
    • Gilbert's syndrome, altered glucuronidation

  2659. STRASSBURGER 2010
    Nutritional errors in the first months of life and their association with asthma and atopy in preschool children.

  2660. STRATMAN 2010
    Candidemia Incidence in Recipients of Parenteral Nutrition - yeast

  2661. STRATTON 2001 (book, 103 pgs)
    Immunization Safety Review: Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine and Autism
    • IOM, CDC.
    • Stratton, Gable, Shetty, McCormick

  2662. STRATTON 2002
    Immunization Safety Review: SV40 Contamination of Polio Vaccine and Cancer
    • Vaccines.
    • Stratton, Almario, McCormick. 102 pages

  2663. STRATTON 2002
    Immunization Safety Review: Multiple Immunizations and Immune Dysfunction
    • vaccines.
    • Stratton, Wilson, McCormick. 152 pages

  2664. STRAUS 2003
    Studies on the role of fungi in sick building syndrome
    • indoor air quality.
    • Straus, Cooley, Wong, Jumper.

  2665. STRINNHOLM 2010
    Experiences of Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Food Challenges (DBPCFC): a qualitative analysis of mothers’ experiences - allergy

  2666. STRONG 2000
    Why do some dietary migraine patients claim they get headaches from placebos?
    • gelatin from capsules can give headaches. double blind test.

  2667. STROUSTRUP 2016
    Toddler temperament and prenatal exposure to lead and maternal depression.
    • maternal (prenatal & postnatal exposure of baby) depression and lead predicts difficult temperament.
    • Stroustrup, Hsu, Svensson, Schnaas, Cantoral, Gonzalez, Torres-Calapiz, Amarasiriwardena, Bellinger, Coull, .... Wright

  2668. STRUEMPLER 1985
    Hair mineral analysis and disruptive behavior in clinically normal young men.
    • Tested men in Navy who got demerits or kicked out. cadmium, magnesium.
    • Struempler, Larson, Rimland.

  2669. STUBBERFIELD 1999
    Utilization of alternative therapies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • ADHD, CAM
    • Stubberfield, Wray, Parry, Australia

  2670. SUADES-GONZALEZ 2015
    Air Pollution and Neuropsychological Development: A Review of the Latest Evidence
    • Suades-Gonzalez, Gascon, Guxens, Sunyer. Spain.

  2671. SUAREZ-OROZCO 2010
    Contributions to variations in academic trajectories amongst recent immigrant youth

  2672. SUAREZ-LOPEZ 2012
    Lower Acetylcholinesterase Activity among Children Living with Flower Plantation Workers
    • pesticides in children of workers.
    • Suarez-Lopez, Jacobs, Himes, Alexander, Lazovich, Gunnar. Ecuador.

  2673. SUAREZ-LOPEZ 2013
    Acetylcholinesterase Activity, Cohabitation with Floricultural Workers, and Blood Pressure in Ecuadorian Children
    • pesticides affect vascular reactivity; lower blood pressure.
    • Suarez-Lopez, Jacobs, Himes, Alexander. Ecuador.

  2674. SUAREZ-LOPEZ 2013
    Acetylcholinesterase Activity and Neurodevelopment in Boys and Girls
    • pesticides, attention, memory, IQ, adhd.
    • Suarez-Lopez, Himes, Jacobs, Alexander, Gunnar. Ecuador.

  2675. SUGAI 1977
    Pigmented cosmetic dermatitis and coal tar dyes.
    • ultraviolet light, Riehl's melanosis. food dyes, perfumes. fragrance. lanolin, parabens, dermatitis.
    • Sugai, Takahashi, Takagi. Japan

  2676. SUGAR: 124 ways Sugar Can Ruin Your Health

  2677. Sugar and Children's Behavior
    • Letters by Schoenthaler, Crook, Samuels, Brenner, Furukawa, Wolraich, Lungren, Kinsbourne, etc. about Wolraich's sugar study

  2678. SUGIMURA 2004
    Review: Heterocyclic amines: Mutagens/carcinogens produced during cooking of meat and fish
    • smoke cancer.
    • Sugimura, Wakabayashi, Nakagama, Nagao. Japan.

  2679. SUH 2001
    Oxidative stress in the aging rat heart is reversed by dietary supplementation with (R)-alpha-lipoic acid
    • ALA reduces oxidative stress of old rats.
    • Suh, Shigeno, Morrow, Cox, Rocha, Frei, Hagen.

  2680. SUH 2005
    Estimated daily intakes of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and tert-butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ) antioxidants in Korea
    • Estimated levels were far below ADI
    • Suh, CHung, Cho, Kim, Kim, Han, Kim. Korea.

  2681. SUKUMARAN 2015
    Adverse Events Following Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccine in Adults Reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), 2003–2013
    • Review VAERS, no new safety concerns for MMR. need to tell doctors not to vaccinate pregnant women with MMR.
    • Sukumaran, McNeil, Moro, Lewis, Winiecki, Shimabukuro

  2682. SULEKOVA 2016
    The Determination of Food Dyes in Vitamins by RP-HPLC
    • Sulekova, Hudak, Smrcova. Slovak.

  2683. SULLIVAN 2012
    The Impact of Maternal High-Fat Diet Consumption on Neural Development and Behavior of Offspring
    • prenatal environment. placental dysfunction, anxiety, depression adhd, autism increased.
    • Sullivan, Nousen, Chamlou, Grove.

  2684. SULLIVAN 2014
    Maternal High Fat Diet Consumption during the Perinatal Period Programs Offspring Behavior
    • serotonin affected, behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, inflammation, autism, adhd in children
    • Sullivan, Nousen, Chamlou.

  2685. SULLIVAN 2015
    Maternal High-Fat Diet Programming of the Neuroendocrine System and Behavior
    • causes brain changes, increased inflammation in brain, changes in serotonin, dopamine, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis.
    • increased risk for adhd, autism, schizophrenia, anxiety, depression. lowered emotional regulation.
    • Sullivan, Riper, Lockard, Valleau.

  2686. SUMMERS 2006
    Parentectomy in the Crossfire
    • falst abuse allegations

  2687. SUN 2000
    Effects of High Fluoride Drinking Water on the Cerebral Function of Mice

  2688. SUN 2009
    Salicylate Increases the Gain of the Central Auditory System
    • Tinnitus, hearing, deafness, rats, GABA
    • Sun, Lu, Stolzberg, Gray, Deng, Lobarinas, Salvi

  2689. SUN 2018
    The effect of vitamin C and iron on dopamine-mediated free radical generation: implications to Parkinson’s disease
    • Vitamin C is good for Parkinson's but increased uptake of iron, so should be used with iron chelation.
    • Sun, Pham, Waite. Australia.

  2690. SUND 2002
    Does extended medication with amphetamine or methylphenidate reduce growth in hyperactive children?
    • no problem .... "among those who may show reduced weight gain, most are above mean weight before treatment begins." ... so that makes it okay?
    • Sund, Zeiner.

  2691. SUNDARAM 1989
    Sulfation pharmacogenetics: Correlation of human platelet and small intestinal phenol sulfotransferase
    • PST,phenolic drugs. gut.
    • Sundaram, Van Loon, Tucker, Weinshilboum.

  2692. SUNDARRAJAN 2001
    Effect of metanil yellow and malachite green on DNA synthesis in N-nitrosodiethylamine induced preneoplastic rat livers
    • illegal colors, used anyhow. cause tumors. cancer.
    • Sundarrajan, Prabhudesai, Krishnamurthy, Rao. India.

  2693. SURESH 1999
    Suclinical hyperthyroidism and hyperkinetic behavior in children

  2694. SURMAN 2016
    Vitamin Supplementation at the Time of Immunization with a Cold-Adapted Influenza Virus Vaccine Corrects Poor Mucosal Antibody Responses in Mice Deficient for Vitamins A and D
    • Surman, Penkert, Jones, Sealy, Hurwitz.

  2695. SWAIN (GIBSON) h1978
    An Australian Exclusion Diet

  2696. SWAIN 1985
    Salicylates, oligoantigenic diets, and behaviour
    • Letter re Egger study. Says 86 of 140 children had significant improvement. 3/4 reacted to salicylates on double blind.
    • Also preservatives, dyes, msg, etc.
    • Swain, Soutter, Loblay, Truswell. Australia

  2697. SWAIN 1985
    Salicylates in foods
    • While she measured the quantity of salicylate in each food, she did not differentiate them by type of salicylate -- methyl, ethyl, octyl, acetyl, etc. A little of one type may be much more toxic than a lot of another type, but no study to define relative toxicities has yet been done.

  2698. SWAIN 1988
    The Role of Natural Salicylates in Food Intolerance (386 pages)

  2699. SWANSEA 1987
    Study of intellectual performance of children in ordinary schools after certain serious complications of whooping cough
    • Children who had seizures or apnea with wooping cough had lower IQ and poorer school performance. About 11% of the group with whooping cough with seizures had been vaccinated. 13% of the group who had whooping cough without complications, and 41% of the group who did not get sick were vaccinated.

  2700. SWANSON 1980
    Food dyes impair performance of hyperactive children on a laboratory learning test

      Letter re: Food dyes and impairment of performance in hyperactive children
      • complains of criteria for diagnosing hyperactivity, between-group focus
      • says Feingold diet not assessed for response
      • Ferguson, Rapoport, Weingartner, NIH

    2. SWANSON 1981 - Letter
      Response to Ferguson's complaint about 1980 study (above)

  2701. SWANSON 1993
    Effect of stimulant medication on children with attention deficit disorder: a "Review of Reviews"
    • Swanson, McBurnett, Wigal, Pfiffner, Lerner, Williams, Christian, Tamm, Willcutt, Crowley, Clevenger, Khouzam, Woo, Crinella, Fisher.

  2702. SWANSON 1998
    Seminar: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and hyperkinetic disorder
    • Swanson, Sergeant, Taylor, Sonuga-Barke, Jensen, Cantwell

  2703. SWANSON 1998 - correspondence
    Letters complaining about Swanson's lack of mention of diet treatment in a seminar, and his response to them.
    • Maberly, Anthony & Birtwistle
    • Soothill

  2704. SWANSON 2008
    Comparison of antipsychotic medication effects on reducing violence in people with schizophrenia
    • new antipsychotic meds do not reduce violence more than before.
    • Swanson, Swartz, Van Dorn, Volavka, Monahan, Stroup, McEvoy, Wagner, Elbogen, Lieberman. CATIE investigators.

  2705. SWEENEY 1994
    Evidence for Direct-acting Oxidative Genotoxicity by Reduction Products of Azo Dyes
    • food dyes, DNA damage, Sweeney, Chipman, Forsythe, UK
    • QUOTE final sentence: "The identification of this type of DNA damage hitherto not detected by many conventional genotoxicity assays may have important implications regarding the continued use of azo dyes in foodstuffs."

  2706. SWERLICK 2013
    Medication Dyes as a Source of Drug Allergy
    • Blue 1, Blue 2.
    • Swerlick, Campbell.

  2707. SWITHERS 2013
    Artificial sweeteners produce the counterintuitive effect of inducing metabolic derangements
    • weight gain. aspartame, sucralose, saccharin. diabetes.

  2708. SYDENSTRICKER 1958
    The History of Pellagra, its Recognition as a Disorder of Nutrition and its Conquest.

  2709. SYLVETSKY 2017
    Plasma concentrations of sucralose in children and adults
    • Children have higher plasma levels after diet soda than adults.
    • Sylvetsky, Bauman, Blau, Garraffo, Walter, Rother.

  2710. SYMES 1915
    II. The toxicity of sodium pyrophosphate administered in food; with a note on toxic cotton seed meal.
    • early study on toxins.
    • Symes, Gardner. UK

  2711. SYVANEN 2006
    Pharmacokinetic Consequences of Active Drug Efflux at the Blood–Brain Barrier
    • brain permeability to drugs.
    • Syvanen, Xie, Sabin, Hammarlund-Udenaes

  2712. SZAKACS 2015
    Psychiatric Comorbidity and Cognitive Profile in Children with Narcolepsy with or without Association to the H1N1 Influenza Vaccination
    • more of those who were vaccinated had multiple disorders; more had frequent tantrums.
    • Those with comorbidity had lower IQ but hard to draw conclusions from small sample.
    • Szakacs, Hallbrook, Tideman, Darin, Wentz. Sweden.

  2713. SZATMARI 1991
    IQ and the Genetics of Autism
    • attempt to compare IQs and connect to severety and genetics of autism.
    • Szatmari, Jones.

  2714. SZCZEKLIK 1990
    Choline magnesium trisalicylate in patients with aspirin-induced asthma.
    • salicylates. safe drug to replace aspirin.
    • Szczeklik, Nizankowska, Dworski. Poland.

  2715. SZKUP-JABLONSKA 2012
    Effects of blood lead and cadmium levels on the functioning of children with behaviour disorders in the family environment
    • heavy metals; lead definitely, cadmium unproven.
    • Poland.

  2716. TABARA 2012
    Low-calorie bread baked with charred cellulose granules and wheat flour to eliminate toxic xanthene food dye in the alimentary canal.
    • Good overview of toxic properties of xanthene food dyes including Red 3. The charcoal granules adsorb the food dye and remove it from the GI tract.
    • Tabara, Yamane, Seguchi. Japan.

  2717. TADA-OIKAWA 2016
    Titanium Dioxide Particle Type and Concentration Influence the Inflammatory Response in Caco-2 Cells
    • anatase TiO2 induce inflammation.
    • Tada-Oikawa, Ichihara, Fukatsu, Shimanuki, Tanaka ... Ichihara. Japan

  2718. TAGER 2001
    A controlled study of cognitive deficits in children with chronic Lyme disease.
    • cognitive deficits, memory, attention.
    • Tager, Fallon, Keilp, Rissenberg, Jones, Liebowitz.

  2719. TAKAHASHI 2012
    Effect of dental amalgam on gene expression profiles in rat cerebrum, cerebellum, liver and kidney
    • mercury vapor more than doubles some gene expressions in brain, liver, kidney. Including tumor necrosis factor.
    • Takahashi, Tsuruta, Honda, Fujiwara, Satoh, Yasutake. Japan.

  2720. TAKAYAMA 1999
    Effects of long-term oral administration of DDT on nonhuman primates
    • Longterm DDT causes hepatic and CNS toxicity & tumors.
    • Takayama, Sieber, Dalgard, Thorgeirsson, Adamson.

  2721. TAKEDA 2009
    Nanoparticles Transferred from Pregnant Mice to Their Offspring Can Damage the Genital and Cranial Nerve Systems
    • TiO2 prenatal exposure - reduced sperm, brain damage.
    • Takeda, Suzuki, Ishihara, Kubo-Irie, Fujimoto, Tabata, Oshio, Nihei, Ihara, Sugamata. Japan.

  2722. TAKEI 2002
    Plasma Immunoadsorption Therapy for Guillain-Barre Syndrome: Critical Day for Initiation
    • GBS.
    • Takei, Komaba, Araki, Iino, Katayama

  2723. TALBOTT 2015
    Air toxics and the risk of autism spectrum disorder: the results of a population based case–control study in southwestern Pennsylvania
    • air pollution, styrene, chromium, PAHs, methylene chloride, associated with autism.
    • Talbott, Marshall, Rager, Arena, Sharma, Stacy.

  2724. TALEN 2008
    What Physicians Want From Their Patients: Identifying What Makes Good Patient Communication
    • Talen, Grampp, Tucker, Schultz.

    A Clinical Study of ADHD Symptoms With Relation to Symptoms of Learning Disorders in Schoolchildren talerin Bogota, Colombia

  2726. TAMM 2010
    Attention Training for School-Aged Children With ADHD: Results of an Open Trial

  2727. TAN 2004
    Tourette's Syndrome Manifests as a Chronic Persistent Cough
    • TS, asthma, case report, twins, tic disorder, misdiagnosis
    • Tan, Buyukavci, Arik. Turkey.

  2728. TANAKA 2000
    Reduction of resuscitation fluid volumes in severely burned patients using ascorbic acid administration
    • vitamin C 66 mg/kg per hour during first 24 hours after burn reduces resuscitation fluid volume needed, wound edema and respiratory dysfunction.
    • Tanaka, Matsuda, Miyagantani, Yukioka, Shimazaki. Japan.

  2729. TANAKA 2001
    Reproductive and neurobehavioural toxicity study of erythrosine administered to mice in the diet.
    • Food dye, Red 3 "produced few adverse effects" ...
      • Number of turning of females (indicates emotionality) significantly increased, dose-related
      • middle & high doses: 1 female did not get pregnant, 2 had abortions
      • increased body weight both male and female
      • distance increased in high dose groups
      • females showed more activity as adults, but males at 3 weeks in F1 generation
    • ""actual dietary intake of erythrosine in Japan is presumed to be much lower," ... PRESUMED? Is this truly a scientific statement?

  2730. TANAKA 2006 - Yellow #5
    Reproductive and neurobehavioural toxicity study of tartrazine administered to mice in the diet
    • Note: the weirdest thing about this is that after finding the clear effects, they decided that people would be okay because their dietary intake is PRESUMED to be much lower.
    • Food dye.

  2731. TANAKA 2008 - Yellow #5
    Effects of tartrazine on exploratory behavior in a three-generation toxicity study in mice
    • Food dye.

  2732. TANAKA 2013
    Effects of exposure to nanoparticle-rich diesel exhaust on 8-OHdG synthesis in the mouse asthmatic lung
    • Tanaka, Takano, Fujitani, Hirano, Ichinose, Shimada, Inoue. Japan

  2733. TANG 2008
    Fluoride and Children's Intelligence: A Meta-analysis

  2734. TANIHARA 2016
    Somatic cell reprogramming-free generation of genetically modified pigs.
    • GMO, gene editing Cas9 protein GEEP, Myostatin mutant pigs.
    • Tanihara, Takemoto, Kitagawa, Rao, Do, ... Otoi. Japan.

  2735. TARLO 1982
    Tartrazine and benzoate challenge and dietary avoidance in chronic asthma.
    • Food dye. Yellow 5 .. got worse during diet avoiding one color and benzoate. Salicylates not avoided.
    • Some got worse. Tarlo, Broder. Canada.

  2736. TARLO 1993
    Asthma and Anaphylactoid Reactions to Food Additives
    • Food dye. Review. sulfites, MSG, benzoates, bht, bha, tartrazine (Yellow 5), nitrites, aspartame, others.
    • Tarlo, Sussman.

  2737. TARR 2015
    The prebiotics 3'Sialyllactose and 6'Sialyllactose diminish stressor-induced anxiety-like behavior and colonic microbiota alterations: evidence for effects on the gut-brain axis
    • Tarr, Galley, Fisher, Chichlowski, Berg, Bailey.

  2738. TARREN-SWEENEY 2010
    It’s time to re-think mental health services for children in care, and those adopted from care
    • see also DeJong 2010

  2739. TARTAGLIA 2012
    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: XXY, XXX, XYY, and XXYY
    • adhd risk high.
    • Tartaglia, Ayari, Hutaff-Lee, Boada.

  2740. TATTERSALL 2016
    Fixed Drug Eruption due to Achiote Dye
    • achiote dye = annatto. case study: Family came to US and bought annatto w/dye containing Yellow 5 -> fixed drug eruption.
    • Tattersall, Reddy.

    Food-Based Strategies for Depression Management From Iranian Traditional Medicine Resources
    • Comparing modern diet recommendations and findings with Iranian Traditional Medicine manuscripts

  2742. TAWFIK 2012
    Adverse effects of monosodium glutamate on liver and kidney functions in adult rats and potential protective effect of vitamins C and E
    • MSG, rats, urea, creatinine, oxidative stress.
    • Tawfik, Al-Badr. Egypt, Saudi Arabia.

  2743. TAYLOR 1984
    annotationa: Diet and Behaviour
    • article, claims Feingold Diet is placebo at best

  2744. TAYLOR 1998
    Flavorings and colorings
    • no proof of sensitivity to artificial colors & flavors, but some for natural ones.
    • Taylor, Dormedy

  2745. TAYLOR 2000
    Dyslexia in adults is associated with clinical signs of fatty acid deficiency
    • omega-3, EFA.
    • Taylor, Higgins, Calvin, Hall, Easton, McDaid, Richardson. UK

  2746. TAYLOR 2001
    Ingredient and labeling issues associated with allergenic foods
    • Taylor, Hefle.

  2747. TAYLOR 2005
    Tagatose and milk allergy
    • made from lactose but has no milk residues.
    • Taylor, Lambrecht, Hefle.

  2748. TAYLOR 2011
    Similarity of Bisphenol A Pharmacokinetics in Rhesus Monkeys and Mice: Relevance for Human Exposure
    • BPA, daily exposure is higher than thought and by multiple routes.
    • Taylor, vom Saal, Welshons, Drury, Rottinghaus, Hunt, Toutain, Laffont, and VandeVoort

  2749. TAYLOR 2014
    Human exposure to nitro musks and the evaluation of their potential toxicity: an overview
    • genotoxicity, chemicals.
    • Taylor, Weisskopf, Shine.

  2750. TAYLOR-BLACK 2014
    Prevalence of Food Allergy in New York City (NYC) School Children
    • food allergy increases with higher income levels. Maybe they can afford allergists? (allergy meds are not covered under insurance)
    • Taylor-Black, Mehta, Weiderpass, Boffetta, Sicherer,Wang.

  2751. TCHERNITCHIN 1999
    Imprinting: Perinatal exposures cause the development of diseases during the adult age.
    • Diethylstilbestrol, DES. pregnancy. hormones, pollutants, food additives, stress, drugs of abuse.
      * estrogens, DDT, etc. mice. humans, nitrites, food dyes. cocaine.
    • Tchernitchin, Mena, Unda, Soto. Chile.

  2752. TCHERNITCHIN 2005
    Perinatal Exposure to Chemical Agents: Delayed Effects by the Mechanism of Imprinting (Cell Programming)
    • Hormones, pollutants, metals, pesticides, drugs, smoking

  2753. TCHUM 2006
    Evaluation of vitamin A supplementation regimens in Ghanaian postpartum mothers with the use of the modified-relative-doseresponse test
    • Mothers had depleted liver reserves of vitamin A. Both dosages helped for more than 5 months.
    • Tchum, Tanumihardjo, Newton, Benoist, Owusu-Agyei, Arthur, Tetteh. Ghana.

  2754. TEATHER 2005
    Dietary CDP-choline supplementation prevents memory impairment caused by impoverished environmental conditions in rats
    • rats. memory. brain. long-term supplement needed.
    • Teather, Wurtman.

  2755. TEATHER 2006
    Chronic Administration of UMP Ameliorates the Impairment of Hippocampal-Dependent Memory in Impoverished Rats
    • rats. memory. brain. UMP works like CDP-choline.
    • Teather, Wurtman.

  2756. TEGOS 2000
    Stroke: Epidemiology, clinical picture, and risk factors, Part I of III
    • Tegos, Kalodiki, Daskalopoulou, Nicolaides. UK.

  2757. TENENBAUM 2002
    An experimental comparison of Pycnogenol® and methylphenidate in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • adhd. Ritalin. double blind study. 3 weeks each - placebo as good as each treatment.
    • possible low dose - maximum 45 mg/day Ritalin (dosage in PDR listed as 60 mg/day for adult.
    • Tenenbaum, Paull, Sparrow, Dodd, Green.

  2758. TEPHLY 1999
    Comments on the purported generation of formaldehyde and adduct formation from the sweetener aspartame.

  2759. TERRIS 2001
    Dietary supplementation with cranberry concentrate tablets may increase the risk of nephrolithiasis
    • urinary tract infection. oxalate, kidney stones.
    • Terris, Issa, Tacker.

  2760. TERRY 2002
    Effects of (.)-4-{[2-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)ethyl]thio}phenol Hydrochloride (SIB-1553A), a Selective Ligand for Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, in Tests of Visual Attention and Distractibility in Rats and Monkeys
    • Translation: trying to see if a chemical related to nicotine could help ADHD

  2761. TETRI 2008
    Severe NAFLD with hepatic necroinflammatory changes in mice fed trans fats and a high-fructose corn syrup equivalent
    • liver disease, sedentary behavior, western diet, liver disease, fatty liver disease, steatosis, insulin resistance, obesity,
    • glucose intolerance, steatosis. Tetri, Basaranoglu, Brunt, Yerian, Neuschwander-Tetri. See also Basaranoglu 2013

    Hyperzincemia from ingestion of denture adhesives.
    • using more than 2 tubes a week for poorly fitting dentures - 350 mg to 1700 mg zinc/day.
    • Tezvergil-Mutluay, Carvalho, Pashley. Brazil, Finland, US

  2763. THAKKER 1999
    A murine model of latex allergy-induced airway hyperreactivity.
    • mice.
    • Thakker, Zia, Rickaby, Krenz, Kelly, Kurup, Dawson.

  2764. THAPAR 2013
    Practitioner Review: What have we learnt about the causes of ADHD?
    • genetic risks small;
    • Thapar, Cooper, Eyre, Langley. UK.

  2765. THARPE 1994
    Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Acquired Epileptic Aphasia in Children
    • LKS, seizures. hearing & language lost first.
    • Tharpe, Olson

  2766. THIBODEAUX 2003
    Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse. I: Maternal and Prenatal Evaluations
    • I PFOS is toxic and causes birth defects, cleft palate, anasarca (swelling), heart problems, thyroid problem.
    • Thibodeaux, Hanson, Rogers, Grey, Barbee, Richards, Butenhoff, Stevenson, Lau.
    • SEE Lau 2003

    • erratum: THIBODEAUX 2003
      Exposure to Perfluorooctane Sulfonate during Pregnancy in Rat and Mouse: Maternal and Prenatal Evaluations
      • Table 3

  2767. THOMAE 2003
    Human catecholamine sulfotransferase (SULT1A3) Pharmacogenetics: functional genetic polymorphism
    • PST aka SULT, DNA, genes, sulfation.
    • Thomae, Rifki, Theobald, Eckloff, Wieben, Weinshilboum.

  2768. THOMPSON 1989
    The Peroxidase-dependent Activation of Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) to Reactive Intermediates: Formation of BHT-Quinone Methide via a Chemical-CHemical Interaction
    • BHA, BHT, interaction, toxic metabolites
    • Thompson, Cha, TRush

  2769. THOMPSON 1996
    Genetics versus environment in inflammatory bowel disease: results of a British twin study
    • Gut, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease.
    • Thompson, Driscoll, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

  2770. THOMPSON 2008
    First drug approved for treatment of phenylketonuria
    • PKU, Kuvan

  2771. THOMPSON 2010
    Picky Eating Habits or Sensory Processing Issues? Exploring Feeding Difficulties in Infants and Toddlers

  2772. THOMPSON 2014
    Associations between Acetaminophen Use during Pregnancy and ADHD Symptoms Measured at Ages 7 and 11 Years
    • Tylenol. prenatal, pregnancy, adhd
    • Thompson, Waldie, Wall, Murphy, Mitchell, ABC study group. New Zealand.

  2773. THORELL 2009
    Children's Self-Reports on Perceived Effects on Taking Stimulant Medication for ADHD

  2774. THORLEY 1984
    Pilot study to assess behavioural and cognitive effects of artificial food colours in a group of retarded children
    • food dyes, additives
    • Notes:
      1. Only 10 children (and only 7 were considered hyper)
      2. Children were on diet only 14 days before challenge;
      3. No indication of improvement reported before challenges begun
      4. used 98 mg color ... but included B carotene, titanium dioxide, carmoising, annatto, iron oxides
      5. Reported group (averages of all) scores

  2775. THRASHER 2009
    The biocontaminants and complexity of damp indoor spaces: more than what meets the eyes
    • 9 biocontaminants.bacteria, particulates, mycotoxins, VOC, proteins, endotoxins ...
    • Thrasher, Crawley

  2776. THURM 2016
    Development, behavior, and biomarker characterization of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome: an update
    • SLOS, cholesterol, gene, autism. brain.
    • Thurm, Tierney, Farmer, Albert, Joseph, Swedo, Bianconi, Bukelis, Wheeler, Sarphare, Lanham, Wassif, Porter.

  2777. TIBREWALA 2003
    Patent application: Manufacturing process of spheroidal food dyes

  2778. TIMIMMI 2004
    A critique of the International Consensus Statement on ADHD
    • adhd diagnosis, drug treatment, history.
    • "The evidence does not support the conclusion that ADHD identifies a group of children who suffer from a common and specific neurobiological disorder."
    • Timimi, 33 co-endorsers

  2779. TIMIMI 2005
    Effect of globalisation on children’s mental health
    • "Western child psychiatrists have much to learn from child rearing practices in other countries."

  2780. TISHLER 2004
    Vaccination may be associated with autoimmune diseases.

  2781. TIWANA 1997
    Antibody responses to gut bacteria in ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
    • Klebsiella antibodies. inflammatory bowel disease.
    • Tiwana, Wilson, Walmsley, Wakefield, Smith, Cox, Hudson, Ebringer. UK.

  2782. TIWANA 1998
    Characterization of the humoral immune response to Klebsiella species in inflammatory bowel disease and ankylosing spondylitis.
    • Many ankylosing spondylitis (inflammatory arthritis) patients have bowel inflammation.
    • Tiwana, Walmsley, Wilson, Yiannakou, Ciclitira, Wakefield, Ebringer. UK.

  2783. TOBAIQY 2011
    Parental reporting of adverse drug reactions associated with Attention-Deficit HHyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) medications in children attending specialist paediatric clinics in the UK.
    • adverse effects of adhd drugs. Tobaiqy, Stewart, Helms, Williams, Crum, Steer, McLay, UK. Tobai

  2784. TOBEY 1985
    Human intestinal brush border peptidases
    • peptides.
    • Tobey, Heizer, Yeh, Huang, Hoffner.

  2785. TOBEY 1986
    Intestinal hydrolysis of aspartylphenylalanine - the metabolic product of aspartame.
    • sweetener. symptoms may be caused by Asp-Phe hydrolase enzyme deficiency.
    • Tobey, Heizer.

  2786. TOCHITANI 2016
    Administration of Non-Absorbable Antibiotics to Pregnant Mice to Perturb the Maternal Gut Microbiota Is Associated with Alterations in Offspring Behavior
    • mice, behavior affected by antibiotic. low locomotor activity.
    • Tochitani, Ikeno, Ito, Sakurai, Yamauchi, Matsuzaki. Japan.

  2787. TOMLINSON 2009
    Diet and mental health in children
    • food additives, dyes, fish oil.
    • Tomlinson, Wilkinson. UK.

  2788. TOM 2014
    Heavy Metal Contamination of Vegetables Irrigated by Urban Stormwater: A Matter of Time?
    • metals, lead, copper, zinc, cadmium, etc. some vegetables (kale) can be watered with contaminated water.
    • Tom, Fletcher, McCarthy

  2789. TOMASZEWSKI 2016
    The influence of caffeine administered at 10°C on bone tissue development
    • rats. pregnancy,prenatal. bone. caffeine disturbs development of bone.
    • Tomaszewski, Olchowik, Tomaszewska, Dworzanski, Burdan. Poland.

  2790. TOMLINSON 2009
    Review: Diet and Mental Health in Children
    • depression, psychosis, omega-3, autism, conduct dsorder.
    • Tomlinson, Wilkinson, Wilkinson. UK.

  2791. TOMOVA 2015
    Gastrointestinal microbiota in children with autism in Slovakia Aleksandra Tomova
    • autism severity correlated with abnormal gut microflora, which was normalized by probiotic diet supplement.
    • Tomova, Husarova, Lakatosova, Bakos, Vlkova, Babinska, Ostatnikova. Slovakia

  2792. TONG 2007
    Tobacco Industry Efforts Undermining Evidence Linking Secondhand Smoke With Cardiovascular Disease
    • Tong, Stanton, Glantz

  2793. TONKS 2007
    Lyme Wars: Patients with long term symptoms, lack of a scientific explanation, and insurance companies' reluctance to pay for treatment have created a perfect breeding ground for dissent.
    • Lack of knowledge. Patients and research looking for better treatment for early & late disease.

  2794. TOREN 1997
    Thyroid Function in Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
    • adhd, thyroid. T3 levels slightly high in 16/43 (37%) adhd kids and 6/28 (21%) controls.(
    • Toren, Karasik, Eldar, Wolmer, Shimon, Weitz, Inbar, Koren, Pariente, Reiss, Weizman, Laor. Israel.

  2795. TORISKY 1993
    The NAC Pilot Project: A Model for Nutrition Screening and Intervention for Developmentally Disabled Children with Behavior Disorders
    • sensitivities by cytotoxic testing: Red 3, Red 4, Red 40; Yellow 5, Yehhow 6; chocolate, milk, egg, corn, Red 40, soybean, peanut
    • Torisky, Torisky, Kaplan, Speicher.

  2796. TORRES 2003
    Is fever suppression involved in the etiology of autism and neurodevelopmental disorders?
    • immune system, nervous system, brain, pregnancytorres

  2797. TORRES 2011
    Fate of Sucralose During Wastewater Treatment
    • chlorinated carbohydrate, does not degrade or oxidize after 62 days.
    • Torres, Ramakrishna, Chiu, Nelson, Westerhoff, Krajmalnik-Brown.

  2798. TOTAN 2015
    Brilliant blue G assisted macular surgery: the effect of air infusion on contrast recognisability in internal limiting membrane peeling
    • Totan, Guler, Guragac, Uzun, Dogdu. Turkey

  2799. TOUATI 2000
    Dietary therapy in two patients with a mild form of sulphite oxidase deficiency. Evidence for clinical and biological improvement.
    • case reports; special diet plus sulphur amino acids. A first report of positive effect of diet in SOD.
    • Touati, Rusthoven, Depondt, Dorche, Duran, Heron, Rabier, Russo, Saudubray. France.

  2800. TOWNS 1984
    Role of acetyl salicylic acid and sodium metabisulfite in chronic childhood asthma
    • asthma, sulfite, aspirin, salicylates, diet.
    • Towns, Mellis

  2801. TOXICOLOGY 1996
    Toxicology, July 1996, Vol. 111 No. 8, 1-345

  2802. TOXICOLOGY (ALOE) 2007
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Aloe Andongensis Extract, Aloe Andongensis Leaf Juice, Aloe ...

    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate

  2804. TOXICOLOGY (BHT) 2002
    Final Report on the Safety Assessment of BHT

    Annual Review of Cosmetic Ingredient Safety Assessments—2004/20051

    Amended Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Ethyl Methacrylate - used in artificial fingernail products

  2807. TOXICOLOGY (GUIDELINES) 2000 (Hinton)
    US FDA "Redbook II" Immunotoxicity Testing Guidelines and Research in Immunotoxicity Evaluations of Food Chemicals and New Food Proteins

  2808. TOXICOLOGY (ILSI)2001
    ILSI Alternatives Methods for Carcinogenicity Testing Workshop Poster Abstracts

    Safety Assessment of Salicylic Acid, Butyloctyl Salicylate, Calcium Salicylate, C12–15 Alkyl Salicylate, Capryloyl Salicylic Acid, Hexyldodecyl Salicylate, Isocetyl Salicylate, Isodecyl Salicylate, Magnesium Salicylate, MEA-Salicylate, Ethylhexyl Salicylate, Potassium Salicylate, Methyl Salicylate, Myristyl Salicylate, Sodium Salicylate, TEA-Salicylate, and Tridecyl Salicylate1

  2810. TRAN 2002
    Effects of Neonatal Dietary Manganese Exposure on Brain Dopamine Levels and Neurocognitive Functions
    • adhd, brain, rats.
    • Tran, Chowanadisai, Lonnerdal, Le, Parker, Chicz-Demet, Crinella.

  2811. TRASANDE 2011
    article: Reducing The Staggering Costs Of Environmental Disease In Children, Estimated At $76.6 Billion In 2008
    • toxic chemicals, pollution, pesticides. cancer, asthma, adhd, autism, mercury.
    • Trasande, Liu.

  2812. TRASANDE 2014
    Environmental Contributors to Autism: The Pediatrician's Role
    • environmental contaminants, pesticides, pollution

  2813. TRAVE 2013
    Modelo dietético en pacientes con déficit de atención ehiperactividad
    • Spane. In Spanish.
    • ADHD Nutrition

  2814. TRAXEL 1982
    Hyperactivity and the Feingold Diet
    • Letter re Mattes & Gittelman, 1981, followed by their response

  2815. TREVIZOL 2013
    Influence of lifelong dietary fats on the brain fatty acids and amphetamine-induced behavioral responses in adult rat.
    • brain, oxidative damage, essential fatty acids, EFA, omega-3, rats. Trans fats.
    • Trevizol, Roversi, Dias, Roversi, Pase, Barcelos, Benvegnu, Kuhn, Dolci, Ross, Veit, Piccolo, Emanuelli, Burger. Brazil.

  2816. TRIPATHI 2010
    Intake Pattern Of Synthetic Colours by Different Age and Socio-Economic Consumer Groups of Lucknow, India

  2817. TRITES 1980
    Diet treatment for hyperactive childen with food allergies
    • source of "small subgroup" quote, maybe? He was not testing the Feingold diet but an allergy diet based on RAST tests on each child;
    • additives apparently were not eliminated. He used diet for only 3 weeks on kids newly off meds - amazing ANY improved.
    • Some improved on the placebo diet - not surprising; placebo diet also also eliminated many additives.

  2818. TROCHO 1998
    Formaldehyde derived from dietary aspartame binds to tissue components in vivo
    • rats given radioactive aspartame. liver, muscle, brain, cornea, retina.
    • "concluded that aspartame consumption may constitute a hazard because of its contribution to the formation of formaldehyde adducts."
    • Trocho, Pardo, Rafecas, Virgili, Remessar, Fernandez-Lopez, Alemany. Spain.
    • Criticized by TEPHLY 1999

  2819. TROESKEN 2011 Book Review
    The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster

  2820. TROTTER 2004
    Effectiveness of meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine 4 years after introduction
    • Short term effectiveness. Herd immunity.
    • Long-term effectiveness unknown; immunity of infants declines after 1 year.
    • Trotter, Andrewes, Kaczmarski, Miller, Ramsay. UK

  2821. TRYPPHONAS 1979
    Food allergy in children with hyperactivity, learning disabilities and/or minimal brain dysfunction.
    • RAST test. 52% tested positive. "causal relationship suspected" between hyperactivity with learning disability & food allergies
    • Tryphonas, Trites.

  2822. TSAI 2007
    Asperger Syndrome and Medication Treatment

  2823. TSAKIRIS 2006
    The effect of aspartame metabolites on human erythrocyte membrane acetylcholinesterase activity
    • aspartame, human sudy, neurological symptoms, learning, memory related to high or toxic levels.
    • Tsakiris, Giannoulia-Karantana, Simintzi, Schulpis. Greece.

  2824. TSAO 2013
    Delivery interaction between co-infused medications: an in vitro modeling study of microinfusion
    • food dyes used to test interaction.
    • Tsao, Lovich, Parker, Zheng, Peterfreund.

  2825. TSEKREKOS 2005
    Lead levels in Canadian children: Do we have to review the standard?
    • Levels once considered safe can adversely affect the neurodevelopment of children.
    • Tsekrekos, Buka.

  2826. TSUCHIYA 2012
    Single blood-Hg samples can result in exposure misclassification: temporal monitoring within the Japanese community (United States)
    • Fish, blood, mercury.
    • Tsuchiya, Duff, Stern, White, Krogstad, Burbacher, Faustman, Marien.

  2827. TSUDA 2001
    DNA damage induced by red food dyes orally administered to pregnant and male mice
    • Red 2, Red 40, DNA damage at very low dose by comet assay.
    • Tsuda, Murakami, Matsusaka, Kano, Taniguchi, Sasaki. Japan.

  2828. TSUNODA 2005
    Changes in Fluoride Levels in the Liver, Kidney, and Brain and in Neurotransmitters of Mice After Subacute Administration of Fluoride

  2829. TUORMAA 1994
    The Adverse Effects of Food Additives on Health: A Review of the Literature with Special Emphasis on Childhood Hyperactivity

  2830. TURAN 2010
    Turkish Special Education Teachers’ Reported Use of Positive and Reductive Interventions for Problem Behaviors: An Examination of the Variables Associated With Use

  2831. TURGUT 2010
    Levels of circulating homocysteine, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate in different types of open-angle glaucoma
    • comparison.
    • Turgut, Kaya, Arslan, Demir, Guler, Kaya. Turkey.

  2832. TURK 2003
    Melatonin supplementation for severe and intractable sleep disturbance in young people with genetically determined developmental disabilities: short review and commentary

  2833. TURKA 2011
    What is the evidence for our standards of care? (editorial)

  2834. TURLEY 2015
    The Nrf2 activator tBHQ inhibits T cell activation of primary human CD4 T cells
    • TBHQ inhibits activation of CD4T cells.
    • Turley, Zagorski, Rockwell.

  2835. TURNER 2012
    Environmental exposures and respiratory outcomes in children
    • review, asthma

  2836. TURNER 2012
    Intolerance to food additives - does it exist?
    • parents report 1/5 children, but they claim 1/20 based on testing. List of studies - Table 1
    • Turner, Kemp. Australia.

  2837. TURNER 2015
    Safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in atopic children with egg allergy
    • appears safe in egg allergy and asthma or wheeze.
    • Turner, Southern, Andrews, Miller, Erlewyn-Lajeunesse, SNIFFLE Study Investigators. UK.

  2838. TUTHILL 1996
    Hair Lead Levels Related to Children's Classroom Attention-Deficit Beihavior

  2839. TUTTLE 1997
    The Risk of Guillain-Barre Syndrome after Tetanus-Toxoid-Containing Vaccines in Adults and Children in the United States
    • risk not significant.
    • Tuttle, Chen, Rantala, Cherry, Rhodes, Hadler.

  2840. TYCZKOWSKI 1986
    Absorption, Transport, and Deposition in Chickens of Lutein Diester, a Carotenoid Extracted from Marigold (Tagetes erecta) Petals
    • corn, soy, lutein. liver marigold.
    • Tyczkowski, Hamilton.

  2841. TYCZKOWSKI 1987
    Metabolism of Lutein Diester During Aflatoxicosis in Young Chickens
    • mycotoxins, aflatoxins, pale birds.
    • Tyczkowski, Hamilton.

  2842. TYL 2003
    Developmental Toxicity Evaluation of Sodium Thioglycolate Administered Topically to Sprague-Dawley (CD) Rats and New Zealand White Rabbits
    • Rats, Rabbits, sodium thioglycolate, cosmetics, hair care, developmental toxicity,
    • Tyl, Price, Marr, Myers, Birgelen, Jahnke.

  2843. UCHIDA 2010
    The Effects of a Vitamin D-deficient Diet on Chronic Cadmium Exposure in Rats

  2844. UDAGAWA 2016
    Impact of Maternal Stress in Pregnancy on Brain Function of the Offspring
    • prenatal stressors - malnutrition, adverse life events - associated with schizophrenia, autism, adhd in children. maybe by alteration of HPA axis.
    • Udagawa, Hino. Japan. article in Japanese.

  2845. UHER 2005
    Brain lesions and eating disorders

  2846. UHLIG 1997
    Topographic mapping of brain electrical activity in children with food-induced attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder

  2847. UHLEMANN 2012
    Raman spectroscopic determination of norbixin and tartrazine in sugar
    • Food dye. test for Yellow 5 & annatto in colored sugar used to make candy.
    • Uhlemann, Strelau, Weber, ... Popp. Germany.

  2848. UHLMANN 2002
    Potential viral pathogenic mechanism for new variant inflammatory bowel disease
    • Autism, GI, measles, vaccine.
    • Uhlmann, Martin, Sheils, Pilkington, Silva, Killalea, Murch, Walker-Smith, Thomson, Wakefield, O'Leary.

  2849. ULBRICHT 2012
    An Evidence-Based Systematic Review of Annatto (Bixa orellana L.) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration
    • Achiote tree. South America. Likely safe in food. Not proven for medical uses but traditionally used.
    • Ulbricht, Windsor, Brigham, Bryan, ... Weissner.

  2850. UMEMURA 1999
    Susceptibility to urethane carcinogenesis of transgenic mice carrying a human prototype c-Ha-ras gene (rasH2 mice) and its modi®cation by butylhydroxytoluene
    • BHT. cancer. mice. genes.
    • Umemura, Kodama, Hioki, Inoue, Nomura, Kurokawa. Japan

  2851. UMEMURA 2001
    Butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) increases susceptibility of transgenic rasH2 mice to lung carcinogenesis
    • BHT makes mice more susceptible to other carcinogens, so it can be used to study them.
    • Umemura, Kodama, Hiioki, Inoue, Nomura, Kurokawa. Japan.

  2852. UMEMURA 2002
    The mouse rasH2/BHT model as an in vivo rapid assay for lung carcinogens
    • BHT causes other chemicals to produce cancer better and faster.
    • Umemura, Kodama, Hioki, Nomura, Nishikawa, Hirose, Kurokawa. Japan.

  2853. UMEMURA 2006
    Nine-week detection of six genotoxic lung carcinogens using the rasH2/BHT mouse model

  2854. UMEZAWA 2012
    Effect of fetal exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticle on brain development - brain region information
    • prenatal exposure. genes, brain. TiO2.
    • Umezawa, Tainaka, Kawashima, Shimizu, Takeda. Japan.

  2855. UNDHEIM 2010
    Prevalence of bullying and aggressive behavior and their relationship to mental health problems among 12- to 15-year-old Norwegian adolescents.
    • bullies more aggressive. both groups have social problems.
    • Undheim, Sund. Norway.

  2856. UNIS 1997
    Platelet Serotonin Measures in Adolescents Conduct Disorder
    • Serotonin dysregulation, aggression.
    • There are numerous other studies showing a dietary connection to serotonin function - this is not hardwired.
    • See BACKON 1989, BHAGAVAN 1977, DALAL 2010 to start.
    • Unis, Cook, Vincent, Gjerde, Perry, Mason, Mitchell.

  2857. UNO 2015
    Early exposure to the combined measles–mumps–rubella vaccine andthimerosal-containing vaccines and risk of autism spectrum disorder
    • studied adults; Neither group received MMR before 36 months; both groups had much later vaccinations than in US, and were the same.
    • Uno, Uchiyama, Kurosawa, Aleksic, Ozaki. Japan

  2858. UNSWORTH 1987
    Serum salicylate levels in a breast fed infant
    • Salicylates (aspirin) should not be used in breastfeeding mothers.
    • Unsworth, Assis-Fonseca, Beswick, Blake.

  2859. UPLEDGER 1983
    Craniosacral Function in Brain Dysfunction

  2860. UPRETI 2010
    Experimental impact of aspirin exposure on rat intestinal bacteria, epithelial cells and cell line
    • Upreti, Kannan, Pant. India

  2861. USDA TBHQ
    National Food Safety Standard: Food Additive Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)

  2862. VAHDAT 2007
    The relationship between depression and serum ferritin level

  2863. VALACCHI 1999
    Studies on the biological effects of ozone: 10. Release of factors from ozonated human platelets
    • heparin + ozone promotes aggregation and release of platelet components to heal necrotic ulcers.
    • Valacchi, Bocci. Italy.

  2864. VALACCHI 2000
    Studies on the biological effects of ozone: 11. Release of factors from human endothelial cells
    • ozonated autohemotherapy improves symptoms of chronic limb ischemia. induces vasodilation in ischemic areas.
    • Valecchi, Bocci. Italy.

    Efectos del flúor sobre el sistema nervioso central

    Effects of the fluoride on the central nervous system (TRANSLATED)

  2867. VALLY 1999
    Asthma induced by alcoholic drinks: A new food allergy questionnaire
    • asthma, wine
    • Vally, de Klerk, Thompson, Australia

  2868. VALLY 2000
    Alcoholic drinks: Important triggers for asthma
    • asthma, allergy, sulfites, salicylates
    • Vally, de Klerk, Thompson, Australia

  2869. VALLY 2001
    Role of sulfite additives in wine induced asthma: single dose and cumulative dose studies.

  2870. VALLY 2002
    The prevalence of aspirin intolerant asthma (AIA) in Australian asthmatic patients.

  2871. VALLY 2002
    Alcoholic drinks and asthma
    • asthma, sulfites, salicylates.
    • Vally, Thompson

  2872. VALLY 2002
    Review: Alcoholic drinks and asthma
    • wine, sulfite, salicylates. ethanol bronchodilation.
    • Vally, Thompson. Australia.

  2873. VALLY 2003
    Editorial: Alcoholic drink consumption: a role in the development of allergic disease?

  2874. VALLY 2003
    Review: Allergic and asthmatic reactions to alcoholic drinks
    • allergy, asthma, headache. amines, sulfites, histamine.
    • Vally, Thompson. Australia.

  2875. VALLY 2009
    Clinical effects of sulphite additives
    • allergy, sulfites, preservative, dermatitis, urticaria, hypotension, abdominal pain, diarrhea, asthma, anaphylaxis
    • Vally, Misso, Maden. UK.

  2876. VALLY 2012
    Adverse reactions to the sulphite additives
    • Sulfites, preservative, antioxidant, dermatitis, urticaria, abdominal pain, gi, diarrhea, asthma

  2877. VALVERDE 1980
    In vitro stimulation of lymphocytes in patients with chronic urticaria induced by additives and food.
    • diets helped 84% of 258 either fully or partly.
    • Valverde, Vich, Garcia-Calderon,. Spain.

  2878. VALVI 2014
    Prenatal Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants and Rapid Weight Gain and Overweight in Infancy
    • pesticides, obesity.
    • Valvi, Mendez, Garcia-Esteban1, Ballester, Ibarluzea, Go~ni, Grimalt, Llop, Santa Marina, Vizcaino, Sunyer and Vrijheid. Spain.

  2879. VAMECQ 2005
    Antiepileptic popular ketogenic diet: emerging twists in an ancient story
    • ideas for research on why it works
    • Vameq, Vallee, Lesage, Gressans, Stables

  2880. VAN ASPEREN 1983
    Experience with an elimination diet in children with atopic dermatitis
    • oligoantigenic diet, few foods, avoided salicylates, benzoates, tartrazine, yeast, and penicillin.
    • does not say avoiding other dyes
    • only used diet 2 weeks before beginning to add things back every 2 days; only 2 kids identified provoking foods
    • 55% did not stay on diet. 13/29 stayed on diet; 7/13 = 54% improved. sleep, skin.
    • Van Asperen, Lewis, Rogers, Kemp, Thompson. Australia.

  2881. VAN ASPEREN 1984
    Relationship of diet in the development of atopy in infancy
    • allergy, possibly through breast milk. dermatitis not related to intro of milk, wheat, etc.
    • Asperen, Kemp, Mellis. Australia.

  2882. VAN BEVER 1989
    Food and food additives in severe atopic dermatitis
    • Food dye. allergy, tartrazine, benzoate, MSG, sulfite, salicylate, tyramine.
    • Van Bever, Docx, Stevens

  2883. VAN BUCHEM 1982
    Acute Otitis Media: A New Treatment Strategy
    • 90% of children with earache recovered with nose drops and analgesics alone.
    • Van Buchem, Peeters, Hof. Netherlands

  2884. VAN DE LAAR 1992
    Food intolerance in rheumatoid arthritis. II. Clinical and histological aspects
    • Diet-responsive patients had increased mast cells; underlying immunoallergological mechanism.
    • van de Laar, Aalbers, Bruins, van Dinther-Janssen, van der Korst, Meijer.

  2885. VAN DEN HAZEL 2006
    Today’s epidemics in children: Possible relations to environmental pollution and suggested preventive measures
    • environmental contaminants, prenatal.
    • Van Den Hazel, Zuurbier, Babisch, Bartonova, Bistrup, ... Tusscher, Koppe. Netherlands.

  2886. van der TEMPEL 1990
    Effects of fish oil supplementation in rheumatoid arthritis
    • Effective. 12 capsules fractionated (?) fish oil.
    • van der Tempel, Tulleken, Limburg, Muskiet, van Rijswijk.

  2887. VANILLIN-Supreme - specs and promotion of wood-source vanillin by Borregaard Ingredients

  2888. VAN STEIN 2012
    The co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in parents of children with ASD or ASD with ADHD
    • adhd, autism, genetic, Netherlands, parents

  2889. VAN WAY 2004
    Editorial: The Blue Dye Blues
    • enteral (tube) feedings dyed blue, Blue 1. Food dye.

  2890. VAN WENDEL DE JOODE 2016
    Pesticide exposure and neurodevelopment in children aged 6e9 years from Talamanca, Costa Rica
    • children living near banana plantations are exposed to pesticides that affect neurodevelopment.
    • Van Wendel de Joode, Mora, Lindh, Hernandez-Bonilla, Cordoba, Wesseling, Hoppin Mergler. Mexico.

  2891. VARGAS 1993
    Modulating Effect of Dietary Carbohydrate Supplementation on Candida albicans Colonization and Invasion in a Neutropenic Mouse Model
    • Glucose makes yeast grow in GI.
    • Vargas, Patrick, Ayers, Hughes.

  2892. VARGAS 2005
    Neuroglial Activation and Neuroinflammation in the Brain of Patients with Autism
    • brain. macrophage chemoattractant protein increased, tumor growth factor-ß1 increased in (dead) people with autism.
    • Vargas, Nascimbene, Krishnan, Zimmerman, Pardo.

  2893. VARGHESE 2008
    Aspirin-exacerbated asthma
    • aspirin inhibits enzyme cycooxygenase-1 (COX-1).
    • Varghese & Lockey

  2894. VARNER 1998
    Chronic administration of aluminum-fluoride or sodium-fluoride to rats in drinking water: alterations in neuronal and cerebrovascular integrity.
    • aluminum, brain, kidney.
    • Varner, Jensen, Horvath, Isaacson.

  2895. VARVARA 2016
    The use of ascorbic acid as a food additive: technical-legal issues
    • vitamin C.
    • Varvara, Bozzo, Celano, Disanto, Pagliarone, Celano. Italy.

  2896. VEISSIER 2007
    Stress and welfare: Two complementary concepts that are intrinsically related to the animal's point of view
    • Veissier, Boissy. France.

  2897. VELING 2002
    Food allergies and hypersensitivities
    • Continuing Education Program, American Academy of Otolaryngology. 49 pages
    • pg. 21, Nonimmunologic reactions: "Toxic reactions result from food components or additives, such as monosodium glutamate, food dyes, bisulfites, ..."
    • Veling & Trevino.

  2898. VENTER 2009
    Factors Associated With Maternal Dietary Intake, Feeding and Weaning Practices, and the Development of Food Hypersensitivity in the Infant
    • Babies, breastfeeding, weaning age, survey, atopy, allergy
    • Venter, Pereira, Voigt, Grundy, Clayton, Higgins, Arshad, Dean, UK.

  2899. VERKASALO 2005
    Undiagnosed silent coeliac disease: a risk for underachievement?
    • celiac, ADHD, gluten - may explain why some children with ADHD need to remove gluten - beyond the simple Feingold diet - before seeing much improvement.
    • Our materials provide an introduction to the gluten-free/casein-free diet.
    • Verkasalo, Raitakari, Viikari, Marniemi, Savilahti. Finland.

  2900. VERLAET 2014
    Nutrition, immunological mechanisms and dietary immunomodulation in ADHD
    • gut, gi, immune, cytokines, ear infections, eczema, asthma, food additives, epigenetic changes to gene expression,
    • oxidative stress, T-cell, neuroinflammation, prenatal stress, diet, supplements, allergy, EPD
    • Discusses immune dysregulation but does not mention vaccination's role in that.

  2901. VERSPOOR 2015
    Dyeing insects for behavioral assays: the mating behavior of anesthetized Drosophila
    • better than CO2 and wing clipping to identify flies.
    • Verspoor, Heys, Price. UK.

  2902. VERSTRAETEN 2003
    Safety of Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines: A Two-Phased Study of Computerized Health Maintenance Organization Databases
    • as of 2005 - No consistent significant associations; conflicting results
    • Verstraeten, Davis, DeStefano, Lieu, Rhodes, Black, Shinefield, Chen. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team.

  2903. VESIKARI 2006
    Safety and Efficacy of a Pentavalent Human–Bovine (WC3) Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine
    • Intussesception risk similar to placebo - no comparison to non-vaccinated babies
    • Vesikari, Matson, Dennehy, Van Damme, Santosham, Rodriguez, Dallas, Heyse, Goveia, Black, Shinefield, Christie, Ylitalo, Itzler, Coia, Onorato, Adeyi, Marshall, Gothefors, Campens, Karvonen, Watt, O'Brien, DiNubile, Clark, Boslego,
      Offit, Heaton (at Merck).

  2904. VESZELKA 2013
    Docosahexaenoic Acid Reduces Amyloid-ß Induced Toxicity in Cells of the Neurovascular Unit
    • DHA, fatty acids reduces amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's.
    • Veszelka, Toth, Walter, Datki, Mozes, Fulop ... Deli. Hungary.

  2905. VIAL 2011
    Clinical Immunotoxicity of Pesticides.
    • Immunosuppression. Vial, Nicolas, Descotes. France.

  2906. VICKERS 1999
    ABC of complementary medicine: Unconventional approaches to nutritional medicine

  2907. VIEIRA 2004
    Is Fluoride Concentration in Dentin and Enamel a Good Indicator of Dental Fluorosis?
    • correlation between fluoride & fluorosis in dentin but not in enamel.
    • Vieira, Hancock, Limeback, Maia, Grynpas. Canada. Brazil.

  2908. VIEIRA 2005
    How Does Fluoride Affect Dentin Microhardness and Mineralization?
    • comparison of fluoride and fluorosis in 3 cities.
    • Vieira, Hancock, Dumitriu, Schwartz, Limeback, Grynpas. Canada.

  2909. VILLBERG 2008
    Prevalence of Plastic Additives in Indoor Air related to Newly Diagnosed Asthma

  2910. VIN 2015
    Estimation of the dietary intake of 13 priority additives in France, Italy, the UK and Ireland as part of the FACET project
    • children may exceed ADI of 4 additives:
    • sulfites (E220-228),
    • polysorbates (E432–436),
    • stearoyl-lactylates (E481–482)
    • sorbitan esters (E493–494
    • Vin, Connolly, McCaffrey, McKevitt, O'Mahony, Prieto, Tennant, Hearty, Volatier. UK, Ireland, Belgium.

  2911. VINGTDEUX 2016
    A modification-specific peptide-based immunization approach using CRM197 carrier 2 protein: Development of a selective vaccine against pyroglutamate Aß peptides
    • Anti-alzheimer's vaccine; first trial increased risk of encephalitis. Looking for new carrier.
    • Vingtdeux, Zhao, Chandakkar, Acker, Davies, Marambaud. France.

  2912. VIRDEE 2015
    Food-specific IgG Antibody–guided Elimination Diets Followed by Resolution of Asthma Symptoms and Reduction in Pharmacological Interventions in Two Patients: A Case Report
    • Eliminatng whole foods, no mention of additives. However, this kind of diet automatically eliminates most processed foods too.
    • Accidental Feingold diet?

  2913. VIRMANI 2013
    Food, Nutrigenomics, and Neurodegeneration—Neuroprotection by What You Eat!
    • augmenting neuroprotective pathways using diet.
    • Virmani, Pinto, Binienda, Ali.

  2914. VISMARA 2009
    Can one hour per week of therapy lead to lasting changes in young children with autism?
    • Parents learn ABA, Early Start Denver Model.
    • Vismara, Colombi, Rogers.

  2915. VITIELLO 2009 Stimulant Treatment of ADHD and Risk of Sudden Death in Children
    • Claim maybe the kids used other drugs, maybe the ADHD itself caused the deaths, etc.

  2916. VITIELLO 2012 Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in the Multimodal Treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Study Over 10 Years

  2917. VOELLER 2004
    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  2918. VOJDANI 1997
    Elevated apoptotic cell population in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: the pivotal role of protein kinase RNA
    • CFS. PKR-mediated apoptosis (cell death) may contribute to symptoms.
    • Vojdani, Ghoneum, Choppa, Magtoto, Lapp.

  2919. VOJDANI 2003
    Infections, toxic chemicals and dietary peptides binding to lymphocyte receptors and tissue enzymes are major instigators of autoimmunity in autism.
    • genetic, environment, diet, infection, peptides (gluten, casein), mercury, lymphocyte receptors, enzymes. IgG, IgM, IgA antibodies. autoimmune reactions.
    • Vojdani, Pangborn, Cooper.

  2920. VOJDANI 2014
    Environmental Triggers and Autoimmunity
    • Review. toxic chemicals, diet, GI, infections cause autoimmune disorders. Effect of salt, milk, wheat, gluten, celiac, dental bacteria, mercury.
    • Vojdani, Pollard, Campbell

  2921. VOJDANI 2014
    Elevated levels of antibodies against xenobiotics in a subgroup of healthy subjects
    • autoimmune diseases, genetics, environmental chemicals, haptens, antibodies found in 20% healthy people.
    • Vojdani, Kharrazian, Mukherjee

  2922. VOJDANI 2015
    Immune Reactivity to Food Coloring
    • Food dyes can bond to food or proteins, acting in stealth mode to disrupt immune system.

  2923. VOLKOW 2008
    Methylphenidate Decreased the Amount of Glucose Needed by the Brain to Perform a Cognitive Task
    • Ritalin, ADHD, stimulants, amphetamine, PET, glucose, brain.
    • Volkow, Fowler, Wang, Teland, Logan, Wong, Ma, Pradhan, Benveniste, Swanson.

  2924. VOLTOLINI 2001
    Sublingual immunotherapy in tree pollen allergy. Double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a biologically standardised extract of three pollens (alder, birch and hazel) administered by a rush schedule
    • allergy.
    • Voltolini, Modena, Minale, Bignardi, Troise, Puccinelli, Parmiani. Italy.

  2925. VOM SAAL 2007
    Hormesis Controversy (letter)
    • estrogenic endocrine-disruptors first stimulate and then inhibit responses when low dose -> high doses.
    • chemical industry claims environmental chemicals are good for you.

  2926. VOM SAAL 2014
    Evidence that bisphenol A (BPA) can be accurately measured without contamination in human serum and urine, and that BPA causes numerous hazards from multiple routes of exposure
    • Regulatory agencies ignoring the evidence of harm from BPA.
    • Evidence says significant and continuous exposure from multiple sources.
    • Vom Saal, Welshons.

  2927. VON HILSHEIMER 1974
    Allergy, Toxins, and the Learning Disabled Child

  2928. VON MUTIUS 2000
    The burden of childhood asthma
    • discusses burden, prevalence, & risk factors.

  2929. VON MUTIUS 2010
    Farm living: effects on childhood asthma and allergy
    • raw milk, Mutius, Vercelli, see also Loss 2011

  2930. VON SCHACKY 2007
    Review: Cardiovascular benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
    • Proposing new risk factor - Omega-3 Index. Omega-3 index > 8% = 90% less risk sudden cardiac death.
    • Schacky, Harris.

  2931. VON SCHACKY 2012
    Omega-3 fatty acids: anti-arrhythmic, pro-arrhythmic, or both?
    • Review.

  2932. VORHEES 1983
    Developmental Toxicity and Psychotoxicity of FD and C Red Dye No. 40 (Allura Red AC) in Rats
    • Food dye.

  2933. VORHEES 2014
    Effects of developmental manganese, stress, and the combination of both on monoamines, growth, and corticosterone
    • brain, dopamine, morepinephrine, corticosterone. Mn effect depends on stress condition.
    • Vorhees, Graham, Amos-Kroohs, Braun, Grace, Schaefer, Skelton, Erikson, Aschner, Williams.

  2934. VORHEES 2014
    Assessing Spatial Learning and Memory in Rodents
    • allocentric (cues outside body), ego-centric (internal cues, self-movement) navigation and testing.
    • Vorhees, Williams

  2935. VOURDAS 1998
    Double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of sublingual immunotherapy with standardized olive pollen extract in pediatric patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and mild asthma due to olive pollen sensitization.
    • Allergy. mild seasonal asthma.
    • Vourdas, Syrigou, Potamianou, Carat, Batard, Andre, Papageorgiou. France. Greece.

  2936. WAAIJENBORG 2013
    Waning of Maternal Antibodies Against Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella in Communities With Contrasting Vaccination Coverage
    • MMR. Babies born to vaccinated mothers had short immunity to MMR. Babies of unvaxed mothers had higher immunity, longer.
    • Mothers had more antibodies to rubella than vaxed mothers. "This increases the risk of disease transmission in highly vaccinated populations."
    • Waaijenborg, Hahne, Mollema, Smits, Berbers, van der Klis, de Melker, Wallinga. Netherlands.

  2937. WAGNER 2003
    Food Additives and Cancer: Banging the Drum - Letter to the Editor, Toxicologic Pathology

  2938. WAGNER-SCHUMAN 2015
    Association of pyrethroid pesticide exposure with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a nationally representative sample of U.S. children
    • Pesticides, dopamine system, adhd. Tested children's urine for exposure. Above level of detection: 200% adhd. + 50% more for every 10-fold increase. Boys, not girls.hyper, not attention.
    • Wagner-Schuman, Richardson, Auinger, Braun, Lanphear, Epstein, Yolton, Froehlich.

  2939. WAISBREN 2015
    Maternal Phenylketonuria: Long-term Outcomes in Offspring and Post-pregnancy Maternal Characteristics
    • maternal diet influences babies' outcome.
    • Waisbren, Rohr, Anastasoaie, Brown, Harris, Ozonoff, Petrides, Wessel, Levy.

  2940. WAKEFIELD 1994
    Immunohistochemical study of vascular injury in acute multiple sclerosis
    • Wakefield, More, Difford, McLaughlin.

      Other studies by Wakefield group:

    1. Anthony 1996
      Gastric mucosal contraction and vascular injury induced by indomethacin precede neutrophil infiltration in the rat
      • NSAID gastric ulcer, gut.
      • Anthony, Sim, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK

    2. Anthony 1997
      Vascular anatomy defines sites of indomethacin induced jejunal ulceration along the mesenteric margin.
      • rat. gut.
      • Anthony, Pounder, Dhillon, Wakefield. UK.

    3. Anthony 1997
      Ulceration of the ileum in Crohn's disease: correlation with vascular anatomy
      • GI. vessels supplying ulcerated areas are terminal.
      • Anthony, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    4. Daszak 1997
      Detection and comparative analysis of persistent measles virus infection in Crohn's disease by immunogold electron microscopy
      • gut, Crohn's disease, immunogold electron microscopy. ulcerative colitis. measles.
      • subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) brain.
      • Daszak, Purcell, Lewin, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    5. Kelly 1998
      Focal reduction of villous blood flow in early indomethacin enteropathy: a dynamic vascular study in the rat
      • indomethacin injury. rats.
      • Kelly, Piasecki, Anthony, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    6. Lewin 1995
      Persistent measles virus infection of the intestine: confirmation by immunogold electron microscopy
      • Crohn's disease, measles. gut.
      • Lewin, Dhillon, Sim, Mazure, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    7. Mazure 1994
      Measles virus induction of human endothelial cell tissue factor procoagulant activity in vitro
      • Inflammatory bowel disease. Measles.
      • Mazure, Grundy, Nygard, Hudson, Khan, Srai, Dhillon, Pounder, Wakefield. UK

    8. Montgomery 1998
      Prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease in British 26 year olds: national longitudinal birth cohort
      • Montgomery, Morris, Thompson, Subhani, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    9. Morris 2001
      Inflammatory bowel disease and laterality: is left handedness a risk?
      • Morris, Montgomery, Galloway, Pounder, Wakefield; see MORRIS 2001

    10. Thompson 1996
      Genetics versus environment in inflammatory bowel disease: results of a British twin study
      • Gut, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease.
      • Thompson, Driscoll, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

    11. Tiwana 1997
      Antibody responses to gut bacteria in ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
      • Klebsiella antibodies. inflammatory bowel disease.
      • Tiwana, Wilson, Walmsley, Wakefield, Smith, Cox, Hudson, Ebringer. UK.

    12. Tiwana 1998
      Characterization of the humoral immune response to Klebsiella species in inflammatory bowel disease and ankylosing spondylitis.
      • Many ankylosing spondylitis (inflammatory arthritis) patients have bowel inflammation.
      • Tiwana, Walmsley, Wilson, Yiannakou, Ciclitira, Wakefield, Ebringer. UK.

    13. Uhlmann 2002
      Potential viral pathogenic mechanism for new variant inflammatory bowel disease
      • Uhlmann, Martin, Sheils, Pilkington, Killalea, Murch, Walker-Smith, Thompson, Wakefield, O'Leary. SEE UHLMANN 2002

    14. Walmsley 1997
      Antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein in inflammatory bowel disease
      • vasculitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, enteritis, ibs.
      • Walmsley, Zhao, Hamilton, Brownlee, Chapman, Pounder, Wakefield, Lockwood. UK.

    15. Walmsley 1998
      Absence of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Klebsiella pneumoniae antigens within inflammatory bowel disease tissues
      • Bacteria. gut. Escherichia coli, listeria, strep Crohn's disease.
      • Walmsley, Anthony, Sim, Pounder, Wakefield. UK.

  2941. WAKEFIELD 1998
    Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children
    • This is the article later retracted by Lancet
    • chronic enterocolitis, GI, MMR vaccination, autism, celiac.
    • Wakefield, Much, Anthony, Linnell, Casson, Mialik, Berelowitz, Dhillon, Thomson, Harvey, Valentine, Davies, Walker-Smith.
    • Comment by Sabra 1998
    • Haller: responding to parent fears of vaccines
    • News for the Practitioner says perhaps the enterocolitis in the autistic children caused failure of viral clearance, & claims no association found in epidemiological studies.

  2942. WAKEFIELD 2000
    Autism Research Review International article

  2943. WAKEFIELD 2001
    Immunohistochemical analysis of measles related antigen in IBD
    • Letter to Editor re IIZUKA 2000 - measles, Crohn's, IBD (inflammatory bowel disease, similar to IBS?)

  2944. WAKEFIELD 2002
    Enterocolitis, autism and measles virus
    • GI, autsm

  2945. WAKEFIELD 2003
    Prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases in two British national birth cohorts
    • Ehllin, Montgomery, Ekbom, Pounder, Wakefield

  2946. WAKEFIELD 2011
    article by PF Louis in claiming that the BMJ said they were wrong.

  2947. WAKEFIELD 2012
    Dyer: Wakefield sues BMJ over MMR articles

  2948. WAKSCHLAG 2002
    Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Severe Antisocial Behavior in Offspring: A Review
    • Children of mothers who smoked are more likely to have antisocial behavior, conduct disorder, delinquency.
    • Wakschlag, Pickett, Cook, Benowitz, Leventhal.

  2949. WALKER 2000
    The Safety Evaluation of Monosodium Glutamate
    • MSG did not pass placental barrier, not in breast milk. Decided it's safe. Walker, Lupien, UK, Ialy.
    • NOTE: Funded by International Glutamate Technical Committee, parent of The Glutamate Association (MSG industry reps -- see

  2950. WALKER 2008
    Test and Product Review: Freer, P. (2003). Play Attention Interactive Learning Tool. Asheville, NC: Unique Logic and Technology Inc. - J. of Attention Disorders

  2951. WALKER 2010
    Neurodevelopment and Schizophrenia : Broadening the Focus

  2952. WALLACE 1995
    Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of methylphenidate in older, depressed, medically ill patients.
    • Wallace, Kofoed, West.

  2953. WALMSLEY 1997
    Antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein in inflammatory bowel disease
    • vasculitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, enteritis, ibs.
    • Walmsley, Zhao, Hamilton, Brownlee, Chapman, Pounder, Wakefield, Lockwood. UK.

  2954. WALSH 1994 (unpublished)
    Zinc Deficiency, Metal Metabolism, and Behavior Disorders
    • brain, behavior, diagnosis.

  2955. WALSH 2004
    Reduced violent behavior following biochemical therapy
    • Pfeiffer Treatment Center

  2956. WALTER 2015
    The effectiveness of school-based family asthma educational programs on the quality of life and number of asthma exacerbations of children aged five to 18 years diagnosed with asthma: a systematic review protocol
    • Review.
    • Walter, Sadeque-Iqbal, Ulysse, Castillo, Fitzpatrick, Singleton

  2957. WALTON 1993
    Adverse Reactions to Aspartame: Double-Blind Challenge in Patients from a Vulnerable Population
    • mood disorders: unipolar depression
    • IRB stopped study after 13 subjects because of severe reactions
    • People with depression are very vulnerable to reaction to aspartame
    • Walton, Hudak, Green-Waite

  2958. WAMBOLDT 1995
    Parental criticism and treatment outcome in adolescents hospitalized for severe, chronic asthma
    • Parents of children with & without (control group) asthma were observed.
    • Parents of children with asthma were more negative and critical; children were noncompliant and oppositional.
    • BUT those children with more critical parents responded better to treatment when separated from parents and forced to follow structured treatment.
    • Improvement is only short-term, until back in family. Called them "family-reactive rapid remitter" asthmatic children
    • Wamboldt, Wamboldt, Gavin, Roesler, Brugman.

  2959. WAN 1999
    Dampness and airway inflammation and systemic symptoms in office building workers
    • sick building syndrome. fatigue, cough, eyes.
    • Wan, Li. China.

  2960. WANG 1995
    Changes of the Human Erythrocyte Membrane Protein SH Binding Site Property With Exposure to Fluoride and Three Strong Mutagens.

  2961. WANG 1996
    Comparison of three inhaled non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the airway response to sodium metabisulphite and adenosine 5'-monophosphate challenge in asthma
    • Asthma, bronchoconstriction, inhaled NSAID
    • Wang, Wisniewski, Pavord, Knox, Tattersfield

  2962. WANG 2004
    Effects of high fluoride and low iodine on oxidative stress and antioxidant defense of the brain in offspring rats.
    • Wang, Ge, Ning, Wang, Shanxi. China.

  2963. WANG 2007
    Arsenic and fluoride exposure in drinking water: Children's IQ and growth in Shanyin County, Shanxi Province, China
    • also controls were taller, heavier, and had better lung capacity.
    • Wang, Cheng, Li, Sang, Zhang, Han, Qiao, Wu. China.

  2964. WANG 2007
    Dietary supplementation with uridine-5Œ-monophosphate (UMP), a membrane phosphatide precursor, increases acetylcholine level and release in striatum of aged rat
    • rats. brain. UMP raises acetylcholine levels.
    • Wang, Albrecht, Wurtman.

  2965. WANG 2010
    Dietary Intake Patterns of Low-Income Urban African-American Adolescents
    • Several unhealthy eating patterns such as sweetened beverages, fried foods, and high-fat snacks prevailed in their diets
    • Not mentioned but obvious is that these children are also exposed to high levels of additives
    • Wang, Jahns, Tussing-Humphreys, Xie, Rockett, Liang, Johnson.

  2966. WANG 2011
    Possible Role of Repetitive Practice of Activities Requiring Reflexive Responses in the Treatment of Tourette’s Disorder

  2967. WANG 2011
    Food allergies and asthma.
    • Wang, Liu.

  2968. WANG 2013
    Long-Term Stimulant Treatment Affects Brain Dopamine Transporter Level in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
    • Wang, Volkow, Wigal, Kollins, Newcorn, Telang, Logan, Jayne, Wong, Han, Fowler, Zhu, Swanson.

  2969. WANG 2014
    Tert-Butylhydroquinone Alleviates Early Brain Injury and Cognitive Dysfunction after Experimental Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Role of Keap1/Nrf2/ARE Pathway
    • preservative. after brain trauma in rat model, oral TBHQ prevents brain swelling, blood brain barrier impairment,
      * learning deficits, neurodegeneration, cognitive dysfunction. Activated Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway.
    • Wang, Ji, Wu, Qiu, Li, Shao, CHen. China.

  2970. WANG 2019
    Dietary Profiles, Nutritional Biochemistry Status, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Path Analysis for a Case-Control Study
    • ADHD, diet, lower B12, folate, Bg, ferritin, monounsaturated fatty acids, high saturated fatty acid, omega 6, phosphorous, sugar, "managing diet and nutrition conditions should be considered to improve adhd symptoms"
    • Wang, Yu, Fu, Yeh, Hsu, Yang, Yang, Huang, Wei, Chen, Chiang, Pan. Taiwan.

  2971. WANTKE 1993
    Histamine-free diet: treatment of choice for histamine-induced food intolerance and supporting treatment for chronical headaches
    • allergy, diamine oxidase, headache.
    • Wantke, Gotz, Jarisch. Austria.

  2972. WARD 1970
    Early Infantile Autism: Diagnosis, Etiology, and Treatment
    • autism, very old article gives historical view of early attitude toward autism, refers to "refrigerator mothers"

  2973. WARD 1990
    The influence of the chemical additive tartrazine on the zinc status of hyperactive children: A double-blind placebo-controlled study
    • Food dye. 20 hyperactive boys, 20 controls. amount of Yellow 5 = 0.5 mg ... even so, hyperactive children reacted.
    • Ward, Soulsbury, Zettel, Colquhoun, Bunday, Barnes. UK

  2974. WARD 1997
    Assessment of chemical factors in relation to child hyperactivity

  2975. WARD 2000
    Enzyme potentiated desensitization (EPD): a potential revolution in allergy care
    • allergy, placebo, T-cells, IL10

  2976. WARD 2004
    Rotavirus Immunoglobulin A Responses Stimulated by Each of 3 Doses of a Quadrivalent Human/ Bovine Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine
    • Ward, Bernstein, Smith, Sander, Shaw, Eiden, Heaton, Offit, Clarkward

    WARING: See also HARRIS

  2977. WARING 2000
    Sulphur Metabolism in Autism
    • Autistic children excreted more sulfate, sulfite, and thiosulfate, but less thiocyanate.
    • See diet suggestions, page 30.
    • Waring, Klovrza, UK.

  2978. WARING 2008
    Phytoestrogens and Xenoestrogens: The Contribution of Diet and Environment to Endocrine Disruption
    • Phthalates, Phenols, Sulfotransferase, PST, Phenolic, Soy, Cancer
    • Waring, Ayers, Gescher c, Glatt, Meinl, Jarratt, Kirk, Pettitt, Reab, Harris

  2979. WARRINGTON 1986
    Cell-mediated immune responses to artificial food additives in chronic urticaria

  2980. WATSON 2008
    European Food Safety Authority
    • European agency rejects links between hyperactivity and food additives
    • According to Corporate Europe Observatory & European Court of Auditors, about half the members of the EFSA have conflicts of interest.

  2981. WAUGH 2016
    Risk Assessment of Fluoride Intake from Tea in the Republic of Ireland and its Implications for Public Health and Water Fluoridation
    • Irish population gettng too much fluoride from water and tea. water is fluoridated.
    • Waugh, Potter, Limeback, Godfrey. Canada, New Zealand, Ireland.

  2982. WEBER 1979
    Incidence of Bronchoconstriction Due to Aspirin, Azo Dyes, Non-Azo Dyes, and Preservatives in a Population of Perennial Asthmatics
    • Asthma, Salicylate, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Tartrazine, Sunset Yellow, Amaranth, Ponceau, Erythrosine, Brilliant Blue, Blue 1, Indogotin Blue 2, Sodium Benzoate, BHA, BHT, Nasal Polyps,
    • Weber, Hoffman, Raine, Nelson
    • Used small doses of food dyes & used bronchodilator meds the entire time of the study!

  2983. WEBER 2007
    Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism
    • Review. Generally claims studies are poorly done, biased, etc.
    • Weber, Newmark

  2984. WEBER 2012
    Intraoral Metal Contact Allergy as a Possible Risk Factor for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • Dental. mouth. Metal allergy can cause oral squamous cell cancer.

  2985. Web Sites Worth Watching - Psychiatric Services

  2986. WECHSLER 2014
    Elimination diets in the management of eosinophilic esophagitis
    • artificial colors, flavors, corn syrup, salicylates were all allowed on this diet. In fact, candies and drinks were allowed to contain ONLY sugar and artificial flavors/colors.

  2987. WEI 2010
    Oxidative stress induced by urban fine particles in cultured EA.hy926 cells

  2988. WEIG 1999
    Limited effect of refined carbohydrate dietary supplementation on colonization of the gastrointestinal tract of healthy subjects by Candida albicans
    • No difference found. Weig, Werner, Frosch, Kasper. Germany
    • NOTE: In this 11 week study, 6 weeks were baseline, 4 weeks were followup - so only 1 week of an elevated sugar diet was used, by adding only 110 grams sugar ... only about 3 cans of Coke a day for 1 week.

  2989. WEINSHILBOUM 1997
    Sulfotransferase molecular biology: cDNAs and genes
    • DNA, genes, PST. review.
    • Weinshilbourm, Otterness, Aksoy, Wood, Her, Raftogianis.

  2990. WEIR 2012
    Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Food and Personal Care Products
    • children have highest exposure; from 1 mg/kg/day to several hundred mg/day
    • Weir, Westerhoff, Fabricius, Goetz. Norway.

  2991. WEISBURGER 1996
    Human protection against non-genotoxic carcinogens in the US without the Delaney Clause
    • cancer, Delaney Clause unjustified usage.

  2992. WEISBURGER 2002
    Mechanisms of chronic disease causation by nutritional factors and tobacco products and their prevention by tea polyphenols
    • cancer, DNA damage.
    • Weisburger, Chung

  2993. WEISBURGER 2004
    Hazards of Fast Food.

  2994. WEISINGER 1998
    Effect of diet on the rate of depletion of n–3 fatty acids in the retina of the guinea pig
    • omega-3 EFA. guinea pigs. animals. if mother has enough omega-3, protects baby after weaning.
    • Weisinger, Vingrys, Abedin, Sinclair. Australia.

  2995. WEISS 1974
    Behavioral Implications of Prenatal and Early Postnatal Exposure to Chemical Pollutants.
    • Weiss, Spyker.

  2996. WEISS 1980
    Behavioral responses to artificial food colors
    • Note: Dr. Weiss is a toxicologist at U of Rochester School of Medicine

  2997. WEISS 1982 - analysis of studies
    Food additives and environmental chemicals as sources of childhood behavioral disorders

  2998. WEISS 1984
    Food Additive Safety Evaluation: The link to behavioral disorders in children

  2999. WEISS 1986
    Food Additives as a Source of Behavioral Disturbances in Children

  3000. WEISS 1994 - abstract only
    Low level chemical sensitivity: a perspective from behavioral toxicology

  3001. WEISS 1997
    Experimental Strategies for Research on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
    • Best - single subject design with repeated observations.

  3002. WEISS 2000
    The Developing Brain and the Environment: An Introduction
    • Thalidomide, CDC, pesticides birth defects. Weiss, Landrigan.
    • QUOTE: (Dr. Needleman) "We are conducting a vast toxicologic experiment in our society, in which our children and our children's children are the experimental subjects"

  3003. WEISS 2000
    Vulnerability of Children and the Developing Brain to Neurotoxic Hazards
    • functional impairment hard to determine.
    • magnitude of effect may be small but significant for public health.
    • brain changes may not occur until advanced age.

  3004. WEISS 2008 - correspondence
    Food Additives and Hyperactivity

  3005. WEISS 2009
    The first 83 and the next 83: perspectives on neurotoxicology
    • biography & history

  3006. WEISS 2012
    Synthetic Food Colors and Neurobehavioral Hazards: The View from Environmental Health Research

  3007. WEISS 2012
    The Intersection of Neurotoxicology and Endocrine Disruption
    • Endocrine disruptors, phthalate esters, Bisphenol A (BPA). estrogens, anti-androgens, obesity, transgenerational effects.

  3008. WEISSENBERGER 2017
    ADHD, Lifestyles and Comorbidities: A Call for an Holistic Perspective – from Medical to Societal Intervening Factors
    • Review. adhd. prenatal diet, toxins, pollution, phthalates, BPA, nicotine.
    • (diet as treatment not mentioned).
    • Weissenberger, Ptacek, Klicperova-Baker, Erman, Schonova, Raboch, Goetz. Czech

  3009. WELIKY 1979
    Correlation of tartrazine hypersensitivity with specific serum IgD levels.
    • food dye Yellow 5, antibodies.
    • Weliky, Heiner, Tamura, Anderson, Stenius-Aarniala, German, Hawley, Lockey.weliky

  3010. WELLS 2006
    Nutrition and aging: assessment and treatment of compromised nutritional status in frail elderly patients
    • elderly, malnutrition, vitamins.
    • Wells, Dumbrell. Canada.

  3011. WELLS 2011
    Low-Level Lead Exposure and Elevations in Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

  3012. WENDER 1986
    The Food Additive-Free Diet in the Treatment of Behavior Disorders: A Review
    • Note: Wender is often quoted as the expert claiming that only 1% of children “demonstrated any consistent behavioral change in the expected direction.” However, she was not talking about 1% responding to the DIET, but rather 1% responding to the CHALLENGEs. Since the challenges were uniformly small, this is not very surprising. It is like using a baby aspirin in a study attempting to show aspirin useful for headache reduction in grown men.

  3013. WENDER 1991
    Effects of sugar on aggressive and inattentive behavior in children with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity and normal children.
    • aggression. sugar challenge with high-carbohydrate breakfast. Aggression not changed but attention less after sugar.
    • Wender, Solanto.

  3014. WERBACH 1992
    Nutritional Influences on Aggressive Behavior
    • conduct disorder, adhd, oppositional defiant disorder, aggressive behavioral syndrome organic personality syndrome.
    • vitamins: niacin, pantothenic acid, thiamine, vitamin B6, vitamin C
    • minerals: iron, lithium, magnesium, manganese, heavy metals, aluminum, cadmium, lead
    • amino acids:serotonin, tryptophan, reactive hypoglycemia, food sensitivity

  3015. WERBACH 2000
    A Nutritional Perspective

  3016. WERTZ 2011
    The Toxic Effects of Cigarette Additives. Philip Morris’ Project Mix Reconsidered: An Analysis of Documents Released through Litigation
    • Tobacco, cigarettes, FDA

  3017. WESSELING 2010
    Symptoms of psychological distress and suicidal ideation among banana workers with a history of poisoning by organiphosphate or n-methyl carbamate pesticides.
    • Note - you hear a lot about the farmers in India who buy the Monsanto GMO seeds and end up killing themselves. How much of that is financial stress and how much is pesticide poisoning?

  3018. WEST 2005
    A Comparison of Teachers' and Parents' Knowledge and Beliefs About Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)
    • Note: They complained that "66 percent of teachers mistakenly reported ADHD could be caused by dietary intake of sugar or additives." The author said, "Of particular concern is that 34 percent of teachers incorrectly identified special diets as an effective form of treatment for ADHD."
    • Bekle 2004, found that 78% of teachers thought it was an effective treatment.
    • Can't they get it that a teacher will certainly recognize an effective treatment when she/he sees one? Teachers are down there in the trenches with the kids, after all.

  3019. WESTLING 2011
    Increased IL-1β reactivity upon a glucose challenge in patients with deliberate self-harm
    • glucose metabolism. Interleukin. cytokine, hypoglycaemia. hostility, aggression, borderline personality disorder.
    • Westling, Ahren, Traskman-Bendz, Brundin. Sweden.

  3020. WESTOVER 2015
    Exercise outcomes in prevalent users of stimulant medications
    • risk of chronotropic incompetence but lower peak heart rate.
    • Westover, Nakonezny, Barlow, Vongpatanasin, Adinoff, Brown, Mortensen, Halm, DeFina.

  3021. WHITAKER 2006
    Food Insecurity and the Risks of Depression and Anxiety in Mothers and Behavior Problems in their Preschool-Aged Children

  3022. WHITAKER 2011
    Serial Pediatric Symptom Checklist Screening in Children with Prenatal Drug Exposure

  3023. WHITE 1995
    Effect of sugar on behavior and mental performance
    • Sugar improves memory, but no effect on behavior except sedative in babies. Reviews elimination diet studies on ADHD but sugar was not restricted anyhow.
    • White, Wolraich

  3024. WHITEHOUSE 2008
    The Potential Toxicity of Artificial Sweeteners
    • Whitehouse, Boullata, McCauley

  3025. WHITELEY 2004
    Correlation of urinary excretion of cysteine - sulphate metabolites and trans-indolyl-3-acrloylglycine (IAcrGly) in ten children diagnosed with pervasive developmental disorders.
    • Durham Conference Proceedings. UK.
    • Possible link between immune system and tryptophan and cystein pathways in PDD, autism.
    • Problem in cysteine - sulphate metabolism. Sulfate. See Waring 2000.
    • Whiteley, Waring, Shattock, Hooper.

  3026. WHITELEY 2010
    The ScanBrit randomised, controlled, single-blind study of a gluten- and casein-free dietary intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders
    • Whiteley, Haracopos, Knivsberg, Reichelt, Parlar, Jacobsen, Seim, Pedersen, Schondel, Shattock. Denmark/Norway.
    • Note: Group A (diet) did so well that Group B was given the diet too after 12 months.

  3027. WHITELEY 2013
    Gluten- and casein-free dietary intervention for autism spectrum conditions.
    • Review. Whiteley, Shattock,
    • Knivsberg, Seim, Reichelt, Todd, Carr, Hooper. UK, Norway.

  3028. WIADERNA 2002
    Assessment of long-term neurotoxic effects of exposure to Mesitylene (1,3,5-trimethylbenzene) based on the analysis of selected behavioral responses.
    • solvents, inhalation. rats. behavioral changes persist long term.
    • Wiaderna, Gralewicz, Tomas. Poland

  3029. WIBERG 1976
    Consumer Hazards of Plastics
    • plastic-induced disease. toxins. environment.

  3030. WIDAMAN 2009
    Phenylketonuria in Children and Mothers: Genes, Environments, Behavior
    • Tyrosine, phenylalanine, brain, mental retardation. diet. prenatal exposure, genes.

  3031. WIDHOLM 2004
    Spatial Alternation Deficits Following Developmental Exposure to Aroclor 1254 and/or Methylmercury in Rats

  3032. WIGAL 2013
    An update on lisdexamfetamine dimesylate for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • Vyvanse. pro-drug.
    • Wigal, Raja, Shukla.

  3033. WIGLE 2007
    Environmental Hazards: Evidence for Effects on Child Health
    • air quality, lead, pesticides, water contaminants, tobacco smoke. environment. pollution, children.
    • Wigle, Arbuckle, Walker, Wade, Liu, Krewski. Canada.

  3034. WILES 2009
    “Junk food” diet and childhood behavioural problems: Results from the ALSPAC cohort
    • bad diet at 4 is associated with bad behavior at 7 yrs.
    • Wiles, Northstone, Emmett, Lewis. UK.
    • SEE Peacock 2011

  3035. WILEY 1987
    The Effect of Acid/Alkaline Nutrition on Psychophysiological Function

  3036. WILLERS 2007
    Maternal food consumption during pregnancy and asthma, respiratory and atopic symptoms in 5-year-old children
    • allergy, apples, fish protective effect.
    • Willers, Devereux, Craig, McNeill, Wijga, El-Magd, Turner, Helms, Seaton. Netherlands.

  3037. WILLIAMS 1978
    Relative effects of drugs and diet on hyperactive behaviors: an experimental study

  3038. WILLIAMS 1989
    Aspirin-like effects of selected food additives and industrial sensitizing agents.
    • some food additives & industrial chemicals induce intolerance because they are like aspirin.
    • Williams, Pawlowicz, Davies. UK

  3039. WILLIAMS 1999
    Diet and Cancer Prevention: The Fiber First Diet
    • Williams, Williams, Weisburger.

  3040. WILLIAMS 2009
    Monosodium glutamate ‘allergy’: menace or myth?
    • No clear relationship. Williams, Woessner.

  3041. WILLIAMS 2012
    No evidence yet to support omega-3 fatty acids as a treatment for autism.
    • waiting for study results.
    • Williams & Marraffa. Australia.

  3042. WILLIAMS 2012
    Genome-wide analysis of copy number variants in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The role of rare variants and duplications at 15q13.3
    • Williams, Franke, Mick, ... Faraone.

  3043. WILLIAMS 2014
    Neuronal reorganization in adult rats neonatally exposed to (±)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine
    • Ecstasy (MDMA) in pregnancy changes brain and damages learning & memory in babies.
    • Williams, Skelton, Longacre, Huggins, Maple, Vorhees, Brown.

  3044. WILLOUGHBY 2008
    Parent-Reported Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology and Sleep Problems in a Preschool-Aged Pediatric Clinic Sample

  3045. WILSON 1989
    A double-blind assessment of additive intolerance in children using a 12 day challenge period at home
    • adhd, asthma, urticaria. Yellow 5/6, sulfite/benzoate.
    • Challenge was only 8.5 mg each Yellow 5 & 6 per day, or 8.5 sulfite + 55 mg benzoate
    • Note: challenges were added to a British drink called Lucozade, which was also the control drink.
    • Ingredients of Lucozade vary but seem to include various artificial flavorings, the preservatives potassium sorbate sodium bisulfite, caffeine, and a lot of sugar. Some flavors contain artificial coloring too.
    • Besides the additives in the "control" drink, caffeine is a stimulant similar to Ritalin.

  3046. WINDHAM 2006
    Autism Spectrum Disorders in Relation to Distribution of Hazardous Air Pollutants in the San Francisco Bay Area

  3047. WING 2008
    Daily cranberry juice for the prevention of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy: A randomized, controlled pilot study
    • UTI less in cranberry group. cranberry juice sweetened with sucralose; placebo w/no listed ingredients.
    • Wing, Rumney, Preslicka, Chung.

  3048. WINGEIER 2011
    Neuropsychological impairments and the impact of dystrophin mutations on general cognitive functioning of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    • genes, intelligence.
    • Wingeier, Giger, Strozzi, Kreis, Joncourt, Conrad, Gallati, Steinlin. Switzerland.

  3049. WINKLER 2016
    Critical review of the safety assessment of nano-structured silica additives in food
    • common food additive but relevant risk assessment has never been satisfactorily completed.
    • Winkler, Suter, Naegeli.

  3050. WINTER 2019
    Precocious and Early Central Puberty in Children With Pre-existing Medical Conditions: A Single Center Study
    • Epilepsy, dravet syndrome, psychiatric disorders, psychomotor delay, etc.
    • Winter, Durand, Brauner. France

  3051. WITTMAN 2009 Pg. 612
    Chiropractic management of a 6-year-old-child wth ADHD
    • Child got better in 6 weeks of care including chiropractic adjustments and nutritional supplementation.
    • Child began cod liver oil, DMG, folic acid, B12, plus liquid vitamin designed for ADHD.
    • Plus dietary changes to decrease amount of food dyes and additives.
    • Wittman, Vallone, Williams.

  3052. WOESSNER 2003
    Crossreacting Drugs and Chemicals

  3053. WOLF 1996
    Effects of Feeding a Return Chewing Gum/Packaging Material Mixture on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Feedlot Cattle
    • Accepted 1996 but published 2014; Replace 30% of food for cows with gum/wrappers, and the meat still seems okay.
    • Wolf, Berger, Fahey.

  3054. WOLF 1999
    Effects of a Return Chewing Gum/Packaging Material Mixture on In Situ Disappearance and on Feed Intake, Nutrient Digestibility, and Ruminal Characteristics of Growing Steers
    • okay to replace 30% of corn-alfalfa hay diet for cows with chewing gum and packaging.
    • Wolf, Berger, Hussein, Fahey.

  3055. WOLFE 2002
    Anti­vaccinationists past and present

  3056. WOLFF 1995
    Schizoid Personality in Girls: A Follow-Up Study—What are the Links with Asperger's Syndrome?
    • Wolff, McGuire.

    Note that studies on "sugar" all used TABLE SUGAR, not CORN SYRUP which is what the children are actually ingesting.

  3057. WOLRAICH 1986
    Dietary Characteristics of Hyperactive and Control Boys
    • diets same even in families that tried to avoid sugar. >LI> Wolraich, Stumbo, Milch, Schultz.

  3058. WOLRAICH 1994
    Effects of Diets High in Sucrose or Aspartame on The Behavior and Cognitive Performance of Children (see also White1995)

  3059. WOLRAICH 1994 - correspondence
    Letters to editor about sugar & behavior:
    • CROOK
    • WOLRAICH (authors reply)

  3060. WOLRAICH 1997
    The Practical Aspects of Diagnosing and Managing Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • diet is discussed under "unorthodox treatments" and discounted.
    • Rowe & Rowe 1994 & Boris 1994 totally ignored.
    • Wolraich, Baumgaertel

  3061. WONG 2011
    Xanthene Food Dye, as a Modulator of Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloid-beta Peptide Aggregation and the Associated Impaired Neuronal Cell Function
    • Dementia, memory, behavior, thinking, cognitive function, Red 3, Erythrosin, blood brain barrier, Red 3 to treat or prevent Alzheimer's?
    • Wong, Kwon

  3062. WONG 2011
    A Safe, Blood-Brain Barrier Permeable Triphenylmethane Dye Inhibits Amyloid-beta Neurotoxicity by Generating Nontoxic Aggregates
    • Alzheimer's disease. Brilliant Blue (Blue 1) goes through blood brain barrier and is reduces alpha-beta cytotoxicity.
    • Wong, Qi, Choi, Fernandez, Kwon. Korea.

  3063. WONG 2016
    Relationship between all fevers or fever after vaccination, and atopy and atopic disorders at 18 and 36 months
    • fever after vaccines decreased odds of eczema but increased asthma and rhinitis.
    • Wong, Lee, Shek, Lee, Goh, Teoh, Gluckman, Godfrey, Saw, Kwek, Chong, Bever. Singapore.

  3064. WOO 2014
    Dietary Patterns in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • In Korea, the "traditional-healthy" diet was associated with lower odds of having ADHD, and the "snack pattern" was positively associated with the risk of ADHD.

  3065. WOODBURY-SMITH 2010
    Autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia and diagnostic confusion
    • some adults diagnosed with schizophrenia have autism and should be re-evaluated.

  3066. WOODS 1998
    The effects of monosodium glutamate in adults with asthma who perceive themselves to be monosodium glutamate–intolerant
    • MSG, subjects with asthma were on an additive-free, salicylate-free diet, AND continued meds & bronchodilators.
    • No wonder they had no reaction to MSG ... probably interaction required (like in Lau 2006) to overcome med control
    • Woods, Weiner, Thien, Abramson, Walters. Australia

  3067. WOODWARD 2005
    The potential impact of the use of homeopathic and herbal remedies on monitoring the safety of prescription products

  3068. WOOLF 2002
    A Child with Chronic Manganese Exposure from Drinking Water
    • Case report of child with elevated manganese from well water. Poor memory, attention deficits. Brother's level was normal but hair elevated, so apparently brother was better at detox.
    • Woolf, Wright, Amarasiriwardena, Bellinger

  3069. World Congress for NeuroRehabilitation - Abstracts

  3070. World Health Organization 2011
    Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants.

  3071. WORM 2000
    Clinical relevance of food additives in adult patients with atopic dermatitis
    • 26/41 got better on low-allergen diet, but only 6 relapsed after double blind challenge of food additives only.
    • Food dye. Tartrazine (Yellow 5) given as 50 mg but others only 5 mg. Medication continued during study.
    • Worm, Ehlers, Sterry, Zuberbier. Germany.

  3072. WORM 2001
    Increased leukotriene production by food additives in patients with atopic dermatitis and proven food intolerance
    • Food dye. Tartrazine. Yellow 5, Benzoate, Nitrite. increased sLT
    • Worm, Vieth, Ehlers, Sterry, Zuberbier. Germany.

  3073. WORRALL 1990
    Detecting Health Fraud in the Field of Learning Disabilities
    • Therapy Rating Scale.

  3074. WRAY 2000
    The role of allergy in oral mucosal diseases
    • Aphthous stomatitis, oral ulcers, oral lichen planus, burning mouth syndrome, gingivitis, etc. 70% reacted to allergens food additives,
    • benzoic acid, perfumes, flavourings, cinnamon, metals, mercury (amalgam) etc.
    • Wray, Rees, Gibson, Forsyth

  3075. WRIGHT 1986
    Food allergy or intolerance in severe recurrent aphthous ulceration of the mouth.
    • Association with coeliac disease, but suggested may be associated with gluten even without coeliac disease.
    • Tested gluten, milk, azo food dyes, preservatives. Good responses.
    • Wright, Ryan, Willingham, Holt, Page.

  3076. WRIGHT 1999
    Urticaria and Hidden Salicylates.
    • case report of child reacting to Bonjela on pacifier.
    • Wright, Minford. K.

  3077. WU 2013
    Public risk perception of food additives and food scares. The case in Suzhou, China
    • importance of risk communication about government supervision,
    • "curbing misleading media reports on public food safety risk," and
    • giving info about food additives. Wu, Zhong, Shan, Qin. China

  3078. WU 2014
    Low-Cost, Disposable, Flexible and Highly Reproducible Screen Printed SERS Substrates for the Detection of Various Chemicals
    • detecting melamine in milk.
    • Wu, Liu, Dai, Liu, Yang, Zhou, Xiao, Jiang, Roy. China.

  3079. WU 2015
    Curcumin boosts DHA in the brain: implications for the prevention of anxiety disorders
    • fish oil. liver, brain, anxiety. rat study.
    • Wu, Noble, Tyagi, Ying, Zhuang, Gomez-Pinilla.

  3080. WURTMAN 1995
    Brain Serotonin, Carbohydrate-Craving, Obesity and Depression
    • brain serotonin, using foods like drugs, nicotine. Dexfenfluramine (Redux) increases serotonin and reduces appetite.
    • note: this drug was developed by Interneuron Pharmaceuticals, founded by the author

  3081. WURTMAN 2003
    Effects of normal meals rich in carbohydrates or proteins on plasma tryptophan and tyrosine ratios
    • Difference is large: 54% for tryptophan and 28% for tyrosine.
    • Wurtman, Regan, McDermott, Tsay, Breu

  3082. WURTMAN 2008
    Synapse Formation and Cognitive Brain Development: effect of docosahexaenoic (DHA) and other dietary constituents
    • babies, UMP, Alzheimer's, brain, synapses

  3083. WURTMAN 2011
    Non-Nutritional Uses of Nutrients

  3084. WURTMAN 2014
    A Nutrient Combination that Can Affect Synapse Formation
    • uridine (UMP), DHA, EPA, choline accelerate formation of synaptic membranes, in baby formula, Souvenaid (but not availble yet) Alzheimer's disease.

  3085. WUTHRICH 1998
    Food-induced cutaneous adverse reactions
    • skin, food addivies

  3086. WYSOCKI 2015
    Immunogenicity and safety of a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine administered to older infants and children naïve to pneumococcal vaccination
    • vaccine. catch-cup schedules, adverse effects, Wysocki, ... Scott.
    • Poland

  3087. WYSOWSKI 1978
    Epidemic Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia and Use of a Phenolic Disinfectant Detergent.
    • when the bassinets cleaned with phenolic disinfectant, babies got sick. Liver.
    • Wysowski, Flynt, Goldfield, Altman, Davis.

    XIAOLING 2014 (see LI 2014)

  3088. XIE 2014
    Antagonistic control of a dual-input mammalian gene switch by food additives
    • benzoates, Flavoring, preservatives.
    • Xie, Ye, Charpin-El Hamri, Fussenegger. Switzerland.

  3089. XIE 2015
    Association between low dietary zinc and hyperuricaemia in middle-aged and older males in China: a cross-sectional study
    • Xie, Xiong, Zeng, Wei, Yang, Li, Wang, Gao, Li, Lei. China.

  3090. XU 2001
    Human 3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate Synthetase: Radiochemical Enzymatic Assay, Biochemical Properties, and Hepatic Variation.
    • PST, sulfation, xenobiotic metabolism.
    • Xu, Wood, Adjei, Weinshilboum.

  3091. XU 2001 - correction
    • In the above article [Xu Z-H, Wood TC, Adjei AA and Weinshilboum RM (2001) Drug Metab Dispos 29:172–178], in the first paragraph of the introduction, adenosine 59-phosphate kinase should be adenosine 59-phosphosulfate kinase. We apologize for any confusion and inconvenience caused by this error.

  3092. XUE-YUN 1990
    Studies on the relation between bladder cancer and benzidine or its derived dyes in Shanghai
    • Xue-Yun, Ji-Gang, Yong-Ning. China.

  3093. XYLITOL PAPER 2010
    XIVIATM White Paper: Sustainable and substantiated - Making Xylitol from wood @ the paper mill

  3094. YADAV 2013
    Sunset yellow FCF, a permitted food dye, alters functional responses of splenocytes at non-cytotoxic dose
    • Yellow 6, immune system, changes gene expression.
    • Yadav, Kumar, Tripathi, Das. India.

  3095. YAGHMAIE 2013
    Mental Health Comorbidity in Atopic Dermatitis
    • "a striking association between mental health disorders and atopic dermatitis"

  3096. YAGYU 1998
    Smell and taste of chewing gum affect frequency domain EEG source localizations.
    • flavor-smell made chewers more comfortable; activates different brain neurons & different brain functional state than gum without them.
    • Yagyu, Kondakor, Kochi, Koenig, Lehmann. Japan

  3097. YAJNIK 2008
    Vitamin B12 and folate concentrations during pregnancy and insulin resistance in the offspring: the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
    • low maternal vitamin B12, high folate, may contribute to obesity and diabetes in India.
    • Yajnik, Deshpande, Jackson, Refsum, Rao, Fisher, Bhat, Naik, Coyaji, Joglekar, Joshi, Lubree, Despande, Rege, Fall. India.

  3098. YAN 2018
    Dietary patterns are associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among preschoolers in mainland China.
    • Higher intake of processed, snack, and beverage dietary patterns were positively associated with ADHD symptoms.

  3099. YANG 1997
    The monosodium glutamate symptom complex: Assessment in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study
    • MSG. oral challenge produced symptoms, double blind. Threshold 2.5 gm.
    • Yang, Drouin, Herbert, Mao, Karsh. Canada.

  3100. YANG 2003
    Circulation of Endemic Type 2 Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus in Egypt from 1983 to 1993
    • related to Sabin type 2 oral poliovirus vaccine.
    • conclusion: "In the meantime, universally high rates of polio vaccine coverage must be maintained at least until implementation of the WHO endgame strategy"
    • Yang, Naguib, Yang, Nasr, Jorba, Ahmed, Campagnoli, van der Avoort, Shimizu, Yoneyama, Miyamura, Pallansch, Kew. Japan. Egypt.

  3101. YANG 2004
    Routine monitoring of antibiotics in water and wastewater with a radioimmunoassay technique
    • antibiotixa toxic to aquatic organisma, resistant bacteria. environment.
    • Yang, Carlson.

  3102. YANG 2008
    Antioxidant intervention of smoking-induced lung tumor in mice by vitamin E and quercetin
    • vitamin E better than quercetin in preventing lung cancer in smoking mice. DNA damage
    • Yang, Wang, Chen, Shen, Jin, Wang, Zheng, Qiu, Wang, Li. China.

  3103. YANG 2010
    Gain weight by “going diet?” Artificial sweeteners and the neurobiology of sugar cravings
    • history, neurobiology of food reward, obesity. research shows weight gain from artificial sweeteners.

  3104. YANG 2011
    Simultaneous determination of five aluminum lake dyes in chewing gum by HPLC with photodiode array detection
    • Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Red 40, Blue1 & Ponceau lakes. to find illegal uses.
    • Yang, Yin, Shao. China.

  3105. YAOITA 2016 (in Japanese)
    Animal Models for Elucidation of the Mechanisms of Neuropsychiatric Disorders Induced by Sleep and Dietary Habits
    • sleep deprivation -> hyperactivity, improved by adhd drugs
    • powdered diet -> social behavior increase, but elevated blood glucose & hypertension.

  3106. YAPUCU GUNES 2007
    Effectiveness of a honey dressing for healing pressure ulcers.
    • Honey is effective and practical. Yapucu Gunes, Eser. Turkey.

  3107. YASUDA 2013
    Estimation of autistic children by metallomics analysis
    • autism. aluminum, lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic. epigenetic. Yasuda, Tsutsui.
    • toxic metals, low zinc. calcium, magnesium deficiency. Japan

  3108. YASUDA 2013
    Assessment of Infantile Mineral Imbalances in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)
    • Metallomics study scalp hair. young children have more zinc, magnesium deficiency and high metals. "infantile window" critical for neurodevelopment and maybe therapy.
    • Yasuda, Tsutsui. Japan.

  3109. YAZAR 2003
    Changes of Total Content of Magnesium and Zinc Status in Patients with Chronic Toxoplasmosis
    • parasite, carried by cats and many animals, and humans. blood. abortion, retardation. CNS. brain.
    • Yazar, Kilic, Saraymen. Turkey.

  3110. YAZBAK 2002
    Postpartum live virus vaccination: lessons from veterinary medicine
    • virus from live vaccines secreted in breast milk.
    • Yazbak, Diodati. Canada.

  3111. YAZBAK 2002
    Live virus vaccination near a pregnancy: flawed policies, tragic results
    • autism.

  3112. YE 2006
    Parabens as Urinary Biomarkers of Exposure in Humans
    • preservatives, urine.
    • Ye, Bishop, Reidy, Needham, Calafat.

  3113. YE 2011
    Assessment of the Determination of Azodicarbonamide and Its Decomposition Product Semicarbazide: Investigation of Variation in Flour and Flour Products
    • bread bleaching additive, semicarbazide, cancer, tumors, flour
    • Ye, Wang, Sang, Liu. China

  3114. YE 2016
    t-BHQ Provides Protection against Lead Neurotoxicity via Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway
    • rats. brain.
    • Ye, Li, Li, Yuan, Chen. China.

  3115. YEH 2005
    Induction of Phenolsulfotransferase Expression by Phenolic Acids in Human Hepatoma HepG2 Cells

  3116. YEH 2005
    Effect of vegetables on human phenolsulfotransferases in relation to their antioxidant activity and total phenolics
    • heart. PSt. Cancer. phenolic acids HepG2 cells, broccoli.
    • Yeh, Yen. Taiwan.

  3117. YEH 2006
    Modulation of Hepatic Phase II Phenol Sulfotransferase and Antioxidant Status by Phenolic Acids in Rats
    • Yeh, Yen. Taiwan.

  3118. YEHUDA 1998
    Modulation of Learning and Neuronal Membrane Composition in the Rat by Essential Fatty Acid Preparation: Time-Course Analysis
    • EFA, cholesterol, rats. learning, behavior. brain. Yehuda, Rabinovitz, Mostofsky. Israel

  3119. YEHUDA 2005
    Mediation of cognitive function by high fat diet following stress and inflammation
    • obesity, brain, EFA, stress, diabetes. review.
    • Yehuda, Rabinovitz, Mostofsky. Israel.

  3120. YEHUDA 2006
    Nutritional Deficiencies in Learning and Cognition
    • brain, IQ, iron deficiency, EFA. review.
    • Yehuda, Rabinovitz, Mostofsky. Israel.

  3121. YEHUDA 2008
    Long-lasting cognitive, physiological and hematological effects in rehabilitated, early dietary iron-deficiency adult rats, and improvement by treatment with a mixture of essential fatty acids
    • rats. IQ, learning. omega-3, EFA.
    • Yehuda, Rabinovitz, Carasso, Mostofsky. Israel.

  3122. YEHYE 2015
    Understanding the chemistry behind the antioxidant activities of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT): A review
    • Trying to synthesize new antioxidants based on BHT structure.
    • Yehye, Abdul Rahman, Arifin, Abd Hamid, Alhadi, Kadir, Yaeghoobi. Malaysia.

  3123. Yellow 5
    EFSA: Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation Tartrazine (E 102)
    • Food dye

  3124. Yellow 6
    Revised exposure assessment for Sunset Yellow FCF based on the proposed revised maximum permitted levels of use as a food additive
    • Food dye

  3125. YEN 2011
    Food safety involving ingestion of foods and beverages prepared with phthalate-plasticizer-containing clouding agents
    • Taiwan, phthalate, sperm DNA damaage, eczema, asthma, rhinitis, hormones, endocrine disruptor, ADHD, low IQ, thyroid hormone change
    • Yen, Tan, Lin

  3126. YESTON 2013
    Happy gut, happy mouse?
    • editorial; gut microbe balance, dysbiosis, autism

  3127. YOCHUM 2014
    Prenatal Cigarette Smoke Exposure Causes Hyperactivity and Agressive Behavior: Role of Altered Catcholamines and BDNF
    • smoking in pregnancy, mice, male babies hyperactivity, aggression, dopamine, serotonin, ritalin.
    • Yochum, Doherty-Lyon, Hoffman, Hossain, Zellikoff, Richardson.

  3128. YOLTON 2014
    Review: Exposure to neurotoxicants and the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its related behaviors in childhood
    • adhd. tobacco smoke, alcohol, cocaine, heroin, genes.
    • Yolton, Cornelius, Ornoy, McGough, Makris, Schantz.

  3129. YOON 2003
    Assessment of estimated daily intakes of benzoates for average and high consumers in Korea
    • Levels were considered safe. Foods contributing most to benzoate intake were beverages and soy sauce.
    • Yoon, Cho, Park, Lee, Park, Cho, Han, Lee, Lee

  3130. YOON 2014
    Polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched diet therapy for a child with epilepsy
    • Ketogenic diet, seizures, low-carb, fatty acids, PUFAs, omega-3, Atkins, case-study.
    • Yoon, Lee, Kim, Lee, Kang. Korea

  3131. YOSHIDA 1999
    Amalgam allergy associated with exacerbation of aspirin-intolerant asthma

  3132. YOSHINO 1998
    Diesel Exhaust Particles Block Induction of Oral Tolerance in Mice
    • Diesel exhaust is involved in asthma; this study showed that exposure to diesel particles before exposure to allergen prevents development of tolerance.
    • Yoshino, Ohsawa, Sagai. Japan

  3133. YOSHINO 2002
    Effect of Diesel Exhaust Particle Extracts on Induction of Oral Tolerance in Mice
    • Diesel extracts block Th1 and Th2 oral tolerance.
    • Yoshino, Hayashi, Taneda, Takano, Sagai, Mori. Japan

  3134. YOUDIM 2000
    Essential fatty acids and the brain: possible health implications
    • omega-3, brain.
    • Youdim, Martin, Joseph.

  3135. YOUNES 2015
    Subacute toxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles in male rats: emotional behavior and pathophysiological examination
    • rats. food dye,liver, lung, brain.
    • Younes, Amara, Mrad, Ben-Slama, Jeljeli, Omri, Ghoul, El Mir, Rhouma, Abdelmelek, Sakly. Tunisia

  3136. YOUNG 1994
    A Population Study of Food Intolerance
    • Young, Stoneham, Petruckevitch, Barton, Rona. UK

  3137. YOUNG 1990
    The Influence of Sucralose on Bacterial Metabolism
    • Young, Bowen.

  3138. YOUNG 2002
    Clinical nutrition: 3. The fuzzy boundary between nutrition and psychopharmacology

  3139. YOUNG 2008
    Thimerosal exposure in infants and neurodevelopmental disorders: An assessment of computerized medical records in the Vaccine Safety Datalink

  3140. YOUNGER 2013
    Low-Dose Naltrexone for the Treatment of Fibromyalgia
    • specific & clinically beneficial impact on fibromyalgia pain.

  3141. YOUNGER 2014
    The use of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) as a novel anti-inflammatory treatment for chronic pain
    • Fibromyalgia, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, MS, complex regional pain syndrome.
    • Anti-inflammatory, CNS, microglial cells. Not by activity on opioid receptors.
    • Glial cell modulator for chronic pain.

  3142. YOUNGS 2006
    Lithium Administration to Preadolescent Rats Causes Long-Lasting Increases in Anxiety-Like Behavior and Has Molecular Consequences

  3143. YU 1997 - TBHQ
    Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Its Metabolite tert-Butylhydroquinone Differentially Regulate Mitogen-activated Protein Kinases

  3144. YU 2000
    Molecular Mechanisms of Butylated Hydroxylanisole-Induced Toxicity: Induction of Apoptosis through Direct Release of Cytochrome C
    • BHA, preservative, cytotoxicity
    • Yu, Mandlekar, Kong

  3145. YU 2008
    Neurotransmitter and Receptor Changes in the Brains of Fetuses From Areas of Endemic Fluorosis

  3146. YU 2016
    article: Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Is Adversely Associated with Childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Dopamine genes DRD4 and DAT1, dose response effect of ADHD with sugar sweetened beverages. The drinks also included a lot of preservatives benzoic acid and sorbic acid, and food dyes
    • Yu, Du, Chiou, Feng, Chung, Yang, Chen, Chien, Hwang, Chen. Taiwan.

  3147. YUKI 2010
    Reduced-serum vitamin C and increased uric acid levels in normal-tension glaucoma
    • eyes.
    • Yuki, Murat, Kimura, Ohtake, Tsubota. Japan.

  3148. YUSOFF 2004
    The effects of exclusion of dietary egg and milk in the management of asthmatic children: a pilot study
    • Note: Eliminating milk and egg also eliminates most processed foods, thereby lowering the level of additives significantly. So - was it the milk, the egg, or the additives?

  3149. ZAFAR 2010
    Anxiety is a better predictor of platelet reactivity in coronary artery disease patients than depression
    • platelet reactivity mediated by serotonin.
    • Zafar, Paz-Yepes, Shimbo, Vilahur, Burg, Chaplin, Fuster, Davidson, Badimon.

  3150. ZAGORSKI 2013
    The Nrf2 Activator, tBHQ, Differentially Affects Early Events Following Stimulation of Jurkat Cells
    • TBHQ inhibits IL-2 and CD25 expression. T-cell regulation.
    • Zagorski, Turley, Dover, VanDenBerg, Compton, Rockwell

  3151. ZAMETKIN 1999
    Problems in the Management of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
    • ADHD. diagnosis. Mentions diet as having "minimal evidence of efficacy and extreme difficulty of inducing children and adolescents to comply"
    • Zametkin, Ernst.

  3152. ZANCHIN 2007
    Osmophobia [intolerance to smell] in migraine and tension-type headache and its clinical features in patients with migraine

  3153. ZANG 2007
    Cardiac mitochondrial damage and loss of ROS defense after burn injury: the beneficial effects of antioxidant therapy
    • Antioxidant therapy prevents burn-related heart problem.
    • Zang, Maass, White, Horton.

  3154. ZELNIK 2004
    Range of neurologic disorders in patients with celiac disease

  3155. ZENG 2004
    Functional genomics of the dopaminergic system in hypertension

  3156. ZERVAS 2008
    Review: Control of asthma

  3157. ZHANG 1997
    Vitamin E Inhibits Apoptosis, DNA Modification, and Cancer Incidence Induced by Iron-mediated Peroxidation in Wistar Rat Kidney.
    • kidney, cancer, antioxidant, vitamins. rats. Zhang, Okada,
    • Yu, Zheng, Yamaguchi, Kassai. China.

  3158. ZHANG 1999 - abstract (Chinese)
    Effect of fluoride-arsenic exposure on the neurobehavioral development of rats offspring
    • 2-generations exposed to fluoride and arsenic. Development rate, learning, memory decreased.
    • Visible brain nerve damage. Zhang, Ling, Liu, Wang.

  3159. ZHANG 2010
    Molecular mechanism of the sweet taste enhancers

  3160. ZHANG 2011
    The estrogenic potential of salicylate esters and their possible risks in foods and cosmetics
    • Flavors, fragrances, several salicylates are estrogen receptor agonists; estradiol equivalent concentrations;
    • up to more than 3 times the ADI. See text with highlights

  3161. ZHANG 2014
    “Orange alert”: A fluorescent detector for bisphenol A in water environments
    • BPA, detector called Bishenol Orange (BPO)
    • Zhang, Er, Xu, Qin, Samanta, Jana, Lee, Chang. Singapore.

  3162. ZHONG 2010
    You Are How You Eat : Fast Food and Impatience
    • just seeing the logo causes impatience etc. question: could it have to do with familiarity, and not context?

  3163. ZHANG 2015
    Mosquito coil exposure associated with small cell lung cancer: A report of three cases
    • octachlorodipropyl ether, pesticide. 3 case studies of workers making the coils.
    • Zhang, Qi, Sun, Xie, Zhou. China.

  3164. ZHANG 2015
    Hyperbaric Oxygen and Ginkgo Biloba Extract Ameliorate Cognitive and Memory Impairment via Nuclear Factor Kappa.B Pathway in Rat Model of Alzheimerfs Disease
    • rat model of Alzheimer's. cognitive and memory improved.
    • Zhang, Ma, Zhang, Dai, Chang, Huang, Tian. China.

  3165. ZHANG 2015
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms in preschool children from an E-waste recycling town: assessment by the parent report derived from DSM-IV
    • electronic waste. lead, cadmium.
    • Zhang, Huo, Ho, Chen, Wang, Ma. China.

  3166. ZHAO 2012
    Analysis of Nine Food Additives in Red Wine by Ion-Suppression Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Using Trifluoroacetic Acid and Ammonium Acetate as Ion-Suppressors
    • acesulfame, saccharin, caffeine, aspartame, benzoic acid, sorbic acid, stevia, dehydroacetic acid, neotame are not allowed or are controlled in wine but are often present.
    • Can cause metabolic acidosis, convulsions, hyperpnoea, allergy, bladder cancer.
    • Zhao, Chen, Yao, Pan, Li, Jin. China.

  3167. ZHONG 2018
    Relevance of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene variants C677T and A1298C with response to fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy in colorectal cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    • These gene variants did not predict clinical response.

  3168. ZHOU 2008
    Oxidative Stress in Parkinson's Disease: A Mechanism of Pathogenic and Therapeutic Significance
    • Zhou, Huang, Przedborski.

  3169. ZHOU 2016
    article: Dietary, Nutrient Patterns and Blood Essential Elements in Chinese Children with ADHD
    • blood zinc may be helpful in diagnosis. fish, white meat diet w/protein, phosphorus, selenium, calcium, riboflavin.
    • Zhou, Wu, Zou, Chen, Feng, Fan. China.

  3170. ZHU 2016
    Review: Rabies Control and Treatment: From Prophylaxis to Strategies with Curative Potential
    • trying to find better vaccines and cure.
    • Zhu, Guo. China.

  3171. ZIEM 1997
    Profile of Patients with Chemical Injury and Sensitivity
    • migraine, headache, fibromyalgia, fatigue, pain, respiratory, adhd, tremor, seizures, mitral valve prolapse.
    • causes: gasoline, kerosens, gas, pesticides, solvents, carpet, glue, fiberglass, copy paper, fabric softener, formaldehyde, carpet shampoo (lauryl sulfate), anesthesia. Porphyrin disturbance

  3172. ZILLICH 2000
    Skin Discoloration with Blue Food Coloring
    • Zillich, Kuhn, Petersen. Blue 1, food dye, enteral feeding, tube feeding. skin cyanotic.

  3173. ZIMMERMANN 2007
    Cues and Concerns by Patients in Medical Consultations: A Literature Review
    • Doctors don't pick up paatient cues well in interview.
    • Zimmermann, Piccolo. Norway.

  3174. ZIMMERMANN 2012
    The Effects of Acute Tryptophan Depletion on Reactive Aggression in Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Healthy Controls
    • adhd, tryptophan, aggression, neurotransmitter,
    • Zimmermann, Grabemann, Mette, Abdel-Hamid, Ueckermann, Kraemer, Wiltfang, Kis, Zepf

  3175. ZIRWAS 2010
    Toothpaste Allergy Diagnosis and Management
    • case study. Otto, Zirwas

  3176. ZIVADINOV 2003
    Migraine and Tension-Type Headache in Croatia: A Population-Based Survey of Precipitating Factors

  3177. ZLAMY 2016
    Rediscovering Pertussis

  3178. ZLOTLOW 1977
    Allergic potential of food additives: A report of a case of tartrazine sensitivity without aspirin intolerance
    • early study, urticaria, tartrazine, yellow 5, food dyes
    • Zlotlow, Settipane

  3179. ZOEGA 2012
    Age, Academic Performance, and Stimulant Prescribing for ADHD: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    • "Children in the youngest third of class were 50% more likely than those in the oldest third to be prescribed stimulants ..."
    • It is recommended doctors take age into account to avoid unnecessary stimulant treatment.
    • Zoega, Valdimarsdottir, Hernandez-Diaz. Iceland, US

  3180. ZOU 2005
    TNFα potentiates glutamate neurotoxicity by inhibiting glutamate uptake in organotypic brain slice cultures: neuroprotection by NFkB inhibition
    • TNFα = tumor necrosis factor alpha, neurodegeneration with excitotoxin, glutamate.
    • Zou, Crews.

  3181. ZOU 2011
    Tourette Syndrome and Excitatory Substances: is There a Connection?
    • TS, urine, food, children, tic disorders, testosterone, ephedrine, no real results, used adult tests, "relationship needs to be explored,"
    • Zou, Wang, Zhang, Zhao, Lu, Liu, Wang. China.

  3182. ZUBERBIER 1995
    Pseudoallergen-free diet in the treatment of chronic urticaria: A prospective study
    • urticaria, food additives. 73% patients improved in 2 weeks on diet, but only 19% reacted to individual provocation tests.
    • Zuberbier, Chanatraine-Hess, Hartmann, Czarnetzki. Germany

  3183. ZUBERBIER 1996
    High response rate to additive-free diet in chronic urticaria
    • Correspondence re findings of Greaves & O'Donnell 1995 and Smith & Burton 1994

  3184. ZUBERBIER 2001
    The Role of Allergens and Pseudoallergens in Urticaria
    • skin allergy, urticaria, pseudoallergic reactions, foods. Tomato but not salicylate residue. diet, autoantibodies, GI permeability Germany.

  3185. ZUBERBIER 2002
    Aromatic components of food as novel eliciting factors of pseudoallergic reactions in chronic urticaria
    • allergy, eczema, skin, urticaria, food additives, salicylates, histamine
    • Zuberbier, Pfrommer, Specht, Vieths, Bastl-Borrmann, Worm, Henz, Germany

  3186. ZUESS 2003
    An Integrative Approach to Depression: Part 2--Assessment and Treatment

  3187. ZUKIER 2010 (Review)
    The Role of Nutrition in Mental Health: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • children, adults, adhd, diet.
    • Zukier, Solomon, Hamadeh. Canada

  3188. ZUPPA 2010
    Safety and Efficacy of Galactogogues: Substances that Induce, Maintain and Increase Breast Milk Production
    • Breastfeeding, nursing,
    • Zuppa, Sindico, Orchi, Carducci, Cardiello, Romagnoli, Catenazzi, Italy

  3189. ZUREK 2014
    Sustained increase in α5GABAA receptor function impairs memory after anesthesia
    • anesthesia, memory, mouse study shows function does not return to baseline
    • Study used etomidate and isoflurane (inhaled)
    • "a mechanism to account for persistent memory deficits after general anesthesia."

  3190. ZURLO 2012
    Incidental Rickets in the Emergency Department Setting
    • breast feeding + sunblock = rickets. Zurlo, Wagner.

  3191. ZYLSTRA 2014
    Autism: Why the rise in rates?
    • history. Zylstra, Prater, Walthour, Aponte.