O’Nions 2014: Pathological demand avoidance: Exploring the behavioural profile

Onions2014-aAutism. 2014,  July; 18(5): 538-44.

This is the first report comparing the profiles of children labelled PDA to those in  other groups with behavioral overlap.

For example, children with conduct problems are strongly motivated by rewards; for PDA, however, rewards are ineffective, possibly because they are perceived as a form of control.  Another interesting point is that while children with ASD are mostly male, those with PDA seem to have a balanced gender distribution.  A third example of a major difference is that children with PDA have a preoccupation with role play and fantasy, while such pretend play is absent or delayed in ASD.

QUOTE:  “Findings highlight the extreme behavioural impairment associated with pathological demand avoidance and the need to explore whether behavioural overlap reflects a similar neurocognitive basis to existing groups.”

MedLine || Full Text

Studies on PDA/EDA:

  1. O’Nions et al (2016)
  2. Gillberg et al (2015)
  3. Reilly et al (2014)
  4. Gillberg (2014)
  5. O’Nions et al (2014)
  6. O’Nions et al (2014a)
  7. Newson et al (2003)
Resources for PDA/EDA:

  1. PDA Society: Awareness Matters
  2. PDA Guidance (blog, info)
  3. Help For Psychology (blog)
    1. Help For PDA  (in UK)
  4. Liz O’Nions

(click on picture to order)

This entry was posted in 2011-2015, EDA: Extreme Demand Avoidance (also PDA), PDA: Pathological Demand Avoidance, Review, Editorial or Speech. Bookmark the permalink.

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