Lee 2020: Dietary patterns are associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among preschoolers in South Korea: A prospective cohort study

Braised Short Ribs – Galbi jjim, Banchan, Korean food

Nutritional Neuroscience,
2020 Sep 4:1-9

In a large group of children followed from birth, data on diet and behavior were obtained on 535 children at both 4 and 6 years old.

The foodsinvestigated were divided into four basic groups:

    • Sweet:  high intake of snacks, chocolate, sweet drinks, ice cream
    • Vegetable:  high intake of vegetables, potatoes, fruit, anchovies, beans, kimchi
    • Meat: high intake of pork, chicken, fish
    • Carbohydrate: high intake of processed bread, sweet bread, fats, noodles, dumplings

The authors noted that junk foods have many additives and food colorings, as well as lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids and generally poor nutritional quality.

QUOTE:  “The result showed that high intake of sweetened desserts instead of a balanced diet and regular meals is associated with increasing behavioral problems.”

The authors found that not only did the sweet dietary pattern in children at age 4 significantly increased their ADHD symptoms by age 6, but that the vegetable dietary pattern appeared to be protective.

Similar studies:

    • Farsad-Naeimi 2020 Sugar consumption, sugar sweetened beverages and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Ghanizadeh 2015 – The effect of dietary education on ADHD, a randomized controlled clinical trial
    • Howard 2010 – ADHD is associated with a “Western” dietary pattern in adolescents
    • Yan 2018  – Dietary patterns are associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among preschoolers in mainland China
    • Yu 2016 – Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is adversely associated with childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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