Monteiro 2023: Dietary Exposure to Food Azo-Colours in a Sample of Pre-School Children from Southern Brazil

Food Additives & Contaminants,  Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment.  2023 Apr 26;1-12.
doi: 10.1080/19440049.2023.2203778.
Online ahead of print

In Guaratuba-Parana, Brazil, the diet of 323 preschool children aged 2 to 5 years were studied for three days to get an idea of whether they were eating an “acceptable” amount of six food dyes, compared to the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI).

NOTE:  Only two colors were described in the Abstract, so it is assumed the children were not consuming “excessive amounts” of the other food dyes.   I will update this when the full text becomes available.

The statistics used were the means — the middle point at which equal numbers were higher and lower — and the 50th and 95th percentiles.    

Red 2 (aka Amaranth & E123) 

In the two “most conservative scenarios,” the children were eating more than the ADI levels of this dye, while those in the highest percentiles were actually eating “about four times the ADI.”

Yellow 6 (aka Sunset Yellow & E110)

The children were eating up to 85% of the ADI of this dye.   This is far more than had been expected.

QUOTE:   “Further studies on dietary exposure assessment are needed at the national level. The authors highlight the need of controlling the use of such additives through national policies that are aligned with the consumption patterns observed in the country.”


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