April 26, 2017
The Senate Health Committee today approved a bill by Senator Bob Wieckowski (D-Fremont) to direct a state agency to review scientific literature on the risk synthetic food dyes pose to some children and what steps, if any, the state should take to protect the public health. Longstanding health concerns about food dyes have led to warning labels on most dyed foods in Europe and many companies are removing dyes from their products.
“Most parents are unaware of synthetic dyes’ potential effects on their children’s well-being,” Senator Wieckowski said. “They know their children are acting out, but are unaware that in many cases it is because of the artificial ingredients in their fruit flavor snacks or drink mixes. A study can help us raise awareness that children with Attention Deficit/Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD) are likely more at risk of adverse behavior as a result of these products. Parents should be made aware so they can make informed purchasing decisions.”
SB 504 directs the state’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) by Dec. 1, 2018 to review existing published, peer-reviewed scientific literature on the risks to children and report to the Legislature by July 1, 2019. The OEHHA is the lead state agency for assessment of health risks posed by environmental contaminants.
There’s a growing consensus among physicians and researchers that excluding food dyes reduces adverse behavior in some children. About 30 double blind studies have investigated the effects of synthetic dyes and other suspect additives. Companies such as Mars, Nestle, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Heinz, Frito-Lay, Dunkin’ Brands Group (owner of Dunkin’ Donuts and Baskin-Robbins) and others, are eliminating synthetic dyes from some or all of their products.
“California frequently leads the nation on pressing public health concerns, such as calorie disclosure on restaurant menus and artificial trans fat,” said Lisa Y. Lefferts, senior scientist with the Center for Science in the Public Interest, the bill’s co-sponsor. “We need California to lead again on food dyes.”
CSPI estimates that almost 40,000 children in California are affected by food dyes. About 2,000 people contacted CSPI to describe how dyes affected their kids.
Heather Knape told the committee that artificial colors can intensify the symptoms of ADHD in her son, who experienced problems after snacking on peanut M&Ms.
“(He) was uncharacteristically irritable, uncooperative and inconsolable,” she said. “He refused to help cook (usually a favorite activity), demanded the first piece of bacon, and his ADHD symptoms were kicked up into hyperdrive: impulsivity, overreaction to frustration, inability to consider the consequences of his actions. He was miserable, and it was affecting everyone around him, too.”
It was days later when Knape learned about the link between synthetic food dyes and children with ADHD. But staying away from the products is not easy.
“Foods with artificial color are really hard to avoid,” she said. “Friends serve them at parties, kids share them at school, and teachers give them out as rewards.”
Dr. Mark Horton, the former director of the California Department of Public Health, who supports the bill, agreed.
“Synthetic dyes are ubiquitous in foods marketed to kids,” he said. “All children, especially those not living near a quality grocery store, likely consume processed foods of low nutritional quality that contain dyes.”
The bill is also co-sponsored by the Children’s Advocacy Institute and is supported by many public health, consumer and environmental organizations.
Senator Wieckowski represents the 10th District, which includes parts of Alameda and Santa Clara counties.